Mary Guarded her Chastity, and so when she Withdrew from her Family, she Took, in Seclusion from them, a Partition [ḥijāban]

So O you who have Believed, when you Ask the Prophet's Wives for Something, Ask them from Behind a Partition [ḥijābin]; that is Purer for your Hearts and their Hearts

33:53, Qur'an
[O you who have believed,] when you ask [the prophet's wives] for something, ask them from behind a partition [ḥijābin].  That is purer for your hearts and their hearts -

19:16 - 17, Qur'an
[For] remember in the Book [the story of] Mary, when she withdrew from her family to a place toward the east.
  And she took, [in seclusion] from them, a partition [ḥijābin].  Then We sent to her Our [Holy] Spirit, and he represented himself to her as a well-proportioned man.

19:18, Qur'an
She said, "Indeed, I seek refuge in the Most Gracious from you, [so leave me], if you should be fearing [of God]."

19:19, Qur'an
He said, "I am only the messenger of your Lord to give you [news of] a pure boy."

19:20, Qur'an
She said, "How can I have a boy while no man has touched me and I have not been unchaste?"

19:21, Qur'an
He said, "Thus [it will be]; your Lord says, 'It is easy for Me, and We will make him a sign to the people and a mercy from Us.  And it is a matter [already] decreed.'"

19:22, Qur'an
So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a remote place.  And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm tree.  She said, "Oh, I wish I had died before this and was in oblivion, forgotten."

19:24 - 26, Qur'an
But [Jesus] called her from below her, "Do not grieve; your Lord has provided beneath you a stream.
  And shake toward you the trunk of the palm tree; it will drop upon you ripe, fresh dates.  So eat and drink and be contented.  And if you see from among humanity anyone, say, 'Indeed, I have vowed to the Most Gracious [abstention through] a fast, so I will not speak today to [any] man.'"

66:12, Qur'an
And [thus] Mary, the daughter of 'Imran - guarded her chastity, so We breathed into [her womb] through Our [Holy] Spirit [Gabriel], and she believed in the words of her Lord and His Scriptures and was of the devoutly obedient.


Sections of Women


Let the People of the Gospel Judge by what God has Revealed Therein - "If a Woman has Long Hair, it is a Glory to her, so Let her be Covered"

And so Christians depict Mary in a hijab, but they do not likewise cover their hair, and they ridicule Muslim women who do.

And so Christians depict Mary in a hijab, but they do not likewise cover their hair, and they ridicule Muslim women who do.

Then How do you Judge?  Or do you have a Scripture in which is whatever you Choose?  Indeed, the Hypocrites Enjoin what is Wrong and Forbid what is Right

5:15, Qur'an
O People of the Scripture, there has come to you Our messenger making clear to you much of what you used to conceal of the Scripture and overlooking much.  There has come to you from God a light and a clear Book -

3:3, Qur'an
[For] He has revealed to you, the Book in truth, confirming what was before it.  And He revealed the Torah and the Gospel -

5:47, Qur'an
[So] let the People of the Gospel judge by what God has revealed therein.  And whoever does not judge by what God has revealed - then it is those who are the defiantly disobedient.

1 Corinthians 11:13, Gospel
[So] judge in yourselves [O People of the Gospel], is it suitable that a woman prays to God uncovered?

1 Corinthians 11:14 - 15, Gospel
Does even nature itself not teach you, that, if a man has long hair, it is a shame to him?
  But if a woman has long hair, it is a glory to her, for [her] hair is given to her for a covering.

1 Corinthians 11:5 - 6, Gospel
[And thus] every woman who prays or prophesies with [her] head uncovered dishonors her head, for that is one and the same as if she were shaven.
  For if the woman is not covered, let her also be shaved, but if it is a shame for a woman to be sheared or shaven, let her be covered.

68:36 - 39, Qur'an
[So] what is [the matter] with you?  How do you judge?
  Or do you have a scripture in which you learn that indeed for you is whatever you choose?  Or do you have oaths [binding] upon Us, extending until the Day of Resurrection, that indeed for you is whatever you judge?

5:68, Qur'an
[So] say, "O People of the Scripture, you are [standing] on nothing until you uphold [the law of] the Torah, the Gospel, and what has been revealed to you from your Lord."  And that which has been revealed to you [O Muhammad] from your Lord will surely increase many of them in transgression and disbelief.  So do not grieve over the disbelieving people -

9:67, Qur'an
[For] the hypocrite men and hypocrite women are of one another.  They enjoin what is wrong and forbid what is right and close their hands.  They have forgotten God, so He has forgotten them [accordingly].  Indeed, the hypocrites - it is they who are the defiantly disobedient.

5:14, Qur'an
And [thus,] from those who say, "We are Christians" We took their covenant; but they forgot a portion of that of which they were reminded.  So We caused among them animosity and hatred until the Day of Resurrection.  And God is going to inform them about what they used to do.


Tell the Women of the Believers to Bring Down Over themselves Part of their Outer Garments; that is More Suitable that they will be Known and Not be Abused

For you will Surely Hear from those who were Given the Scripture Before you Much Abuse

8:49, Qur'an
[Remember] when the hypocrites and those in whose hearts was disease said, "Their religion has deluded those [Muslims]."  But whoever relies upon God - then indeed, God is Almighty and Most Wise.

73:10, Qur'an
[So] be patient over what they say and avoid them with gracious avoidance -

83:29 - 32, Qur'an
[For] indeed, those who committed crimes used to laugh at those who believed.
And when they passed by them, they would exchange derisive glances. And when they returned to their people, they would return jesting. And when they saw them, they would say, "Indeed, those are truly lost."

3:186, Qur'an
[And thus] you will surely be tested in your possessions and in yourselves.  And you will surely hear from those who were given the Scripture before you and from those who associate others with God much abuse.  But if you are patient and fear God - indeed, that is of the matters [worthy] of determination.

16:127, Qur'an
[So] be patient, and your patience is not but through God.  And do not grieve over them and do not be in distress over what they conspire -

33:58 - 59, Qur'an
[For] those who abuse believing men and believing women for [something] other than what they have earned have certainly born upon themselves a slander and manifest sin.
[So] O prophet, tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to bring down over themselves [part] of their outer garments.  That is more suitable that they will be known and not be abused.  And ever is God Forgiving and Merciful.


Tell the Believing Women to Not Expose their Beauty Except to those Having No Physical Desire or those who are Unaware of the Private Aspects of Women

And Tell the Believing Men to Lower their Eyes and Guard their Private Parts

Matthew 5:27 - 28, Gospel
[Jesus said,] "You have heard that it was said by them of old time, 'You will not commit adultery.'
 But I say to you that whoever looks on a woman to lust after her has committed adultery with her already in his heart."

24:30, Qur'an
[So] tell the believing men to lower their eyes and guard their private parts.  That is purer for them.  Indeed, God is Aware of what they do.

Proverbs 6:25, Torah
[So] do not lust after her beauty in your heart; neither let her take with her eyelids.

[Sirach 25:21], Torah
[And] do not stumble at the beauty of a woman, and do not desire her for pleasure.

Nehemiah 13:26, Torah
For [did] Solomon, king of Israel, not sin by these things? Yet among many nations there was no king like him, who was beloved of his God, and God made him king over all Israel, nevertheless outlandish women even caused him to sin.

[Sirach 9:8], Torah
[So] turn away your eye from a beautiful woman, and do not look upon another's beauty; for many have been deceived by the beauty of a woman; for herewith, love is kindled as a fire.

24:31, Qur'an
[And, likewise] tell the believing women to lower their eyes and guard their private parts and not expose their beauty except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap their headcovers over their chests and not expose their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands' fathers, their sons, their husbands' sons, their brothers, their brothers' sons, their sisters' sons, their women, that which they possess by oath, or those male attendants having no physical desire, or children who are not yet aware of the private aspects of women.  And let them not stamp their feet to make known what they conceal of their beauty.  And turn to God in repentance, all of you, O believers, that you might succeed.

33:54 - 55, Qur'an
[And] whether you display anything or conceal it, indeed God is ever, of all things, Knowing.
  [But] there is no blame upon women concerning their fathers or their sons or their brothers or their brothers' sons or their sisters' sons or their women or those they possess by oath [for displaying their beauty].  And fear God.  Indeed God is ever, over all things, Witness.


Men are Protectors of Women because they Spend from their Wealth

Upon the Father is the Mother's Provision and their Clothing According to what is Acceptable

4:34, Qur'an
Men are protectors of women by [right of] what God has given one over the other and because they spend from their wealth.

2:233, Qur'an
[And thus] upon the father is the mothers' provision and their clothing according to what is acceptable.  No person is charged with more than his capacity.  No mother should be harmed through her child, and no father through his child.  And upon the [father's] heir is [a duty] like that [of the father].

65:7, Qur'an
[So] let a man of wealth spend from his wealth, and he whose provision is restricted - let him spend from what God has given him.  God does not charge a soul except [according to] what He has given it.  God will bring about, after hardship, ease.

4:4, Qur'an
And give the women [upon marriage] their [bridal] gifts graciously.  But if they give up willingly to you anything of it, then take it in satisfaction and ease.

4:24, Qur'an
So for whatever you enjoy [of marriage] from them, give them their due compensation as an obligation.  And there is no blame upon you for what you mutually agree to beyond the obligation.  Indeed, God is ever Knowing and Wise.

Exodus 21:10, Torah
[And] if he takes another [wife]; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, he will not diminish.

2:241 - 242, Qur'an
And for divorced women is a provision according to what is acceptable - a duty upon those who fear [God].
 Thus does God make clear to you His verses that you might use reason.


Marry those that Seem Good to you, Two, Three, or Four

But if you Fear that you will Not be Just, then Marry Only One so that you may Not Oppress

4:3, Qur'an
If you fear that you will not deal justly with the orphans, then marry those that seem good to you of [other] women, two or three or four.  But if you fear that you will not be just, then [marry only] one or those you possess by oath.  That is more suitable that you may not oppress.

4:129, Qur'an
And you will never be able to be equal [in feeling] between wives, even if you should strive [to do so].  So do not incline completely [toward one] and leave another hanging.  And if you amend [your affairs] and fear God - then indeed, God is ever Forgiving and Merciful.

The Wives of the Past Messengers

David the King

1 Samuel 25:42 - 43, Torah
And Abigail hastened, and arose, and rode upon a donkey, with five damsels of hers who went after her; and she went after the messengers of David, and became his wife.
 And David had taken Ahinoam of Jezreel, to be his wife; these two were his wives.

2 Samuel 5:13, Torah
And David took more women and wives in Jerusalem, after he had come from Hebron, and he had more sons and daughters.

Matthew 1:6, Gospel
[Whereby] David the king fathered Solomon of the wife of Uriah.

Deuteronomy 17:17, Torah
[But a king must not] multiply wives to himself, that his heart does not turn away, neither will he greatly multiply silver and gold to himself -

Deuteronomy 17:20, Torah
That his heart is not lifted up above his brethren, and that he does not turn aside from the commandment, [to] the right hand, or [to] the left, to the end that he may prolong [his] days in his kingdom, he and his children, in the midst of Israel.

Jacob

Genesis 29:18, Torah
Jacob loved Rachel; and said, "I will serve you seven years for Rachel your younger daughter."

Genesis 29:28, Torah
And Jacob did so, and fulfilled her week, and he gave [Jacob] Rachel his daughter to wife also.

Genesis 29:30, Torah
And he also went in to Rachel, and he also loved Rachel more than Leah, and still served with him for seven more years.

4:23, Qur'an
[But prohibited is] that you take [in marriage] two sisters simultaneously, except for what has already occurred.  Indeed, God is ever Forgiving and Merciful.

Esau, the Son of Isaac

Genesis 35:29 - 36:3, Torah
And Isaac breathed out and died, and was gathered to his people, [being] old and full of days, and his sons Esau and Jacob buried him.
 Now these [are] the generations of Esau, who [is] Edom.  Esau took his wives from the daughters of Canaan; Adah, the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Aholibamah, the daughter of Anah, the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite; and Bashemath, Ishmael's daughter, sister of Nebajoth.

Lamech, the Father of Noah

Genesis 4:19, Torah
And Lamech took two wives to him, the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah.

Genesis 5:28 - 29, Torah
And Lamech lived a hundred [and] eighty two years, and fathered a son.
 And he called his name Noah, saying, "This [same] will comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground which the Lord has cursed."

Elkanah, the Father of Samuel

1 Samuel 1:1 - 2, Torah
Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of Mount Ephraim, and his name [was] Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite.
 And he had two wives, one named Hannah and the other Peninnah, and Peninnah was the mother of children, but Hannah had no children.

1 Samuel 1:20, Torah
Therefore it came to pass, when the time was brought about, after Hannah had conceived, that she bore a son, and called his name Samuel, [saying], "Because I have asked him of the Lord."

Jehoiada the Priest

2 Chronicles 24:2 - 3, Torah
And Joash did [that which was] right in the sight of the Lord all the days of Jehoiada the priest.
 And Jehoiada took two wives for him, and he became the father of sons and daughters.


It is Not Lawful to Inherit Women by Compulsion

And do Not Compel your Slave Girls to Prostitution

4:25, Qur'an
Whoever among you cannot [find] the means to marry free, believing women, then [he may marry] from those whom you possess by oath of believing slave girls.  And God is most knowing about your faith.  You [believers] are of one another.  So marry them with the permission of their people and give them their due compensation according to what is acceptable.  [They should be] chaste, neither [of] those who commit unlawful intercourse randomly nor those who take [secret] lovers.  But once they are sheltered in marriage, if they should commit adultery, then for them is half the punishment for free [unmarried] women.  This [allowance] is for him among you who fears sin, but to be patient is better for you.  And God is Forgiving and Merciful.

24:32, Qur'an
And marry the unmarried among you and the righteous among your male slaves and female slaves.  If they should be poor, God will enrich them from His bounty, and God is all-Encompassing and Knowing. 

24:33, Qur'an
But let those who do not find marriage abstain until God enriches them from His bounty.  And those who seek a contract [for eventual emancipation] from among whom you possess by oath - then make a contract with them if you know there is within them goodness and give them from the wealth of God which He has given you.  And do not compel your slave girls to prostitution if they desire chastity, so that you may seek the temporary gains of worldly life.  And if someone should compel them, then indeed, God is [to them], after their compulsion, Forgiving and Merciful.

4:19, Qur'an
[So] O you who have believed, it is not lawful for you to inherit women by compulsion.  And do not make difficulties for them in order to take [back] part of what you gave them unless they commit a clear immorality.  And live with them in kindness.  For if you dislike them - perhaps you dislike a thing and God makes therein much good.


Sarai Gave her Maid to her Husband Abraham to be his Wife, for the Lord had Restrained her from Bearing

The Believers are those who Guard their Private Parts Except from their Wives or those they Possess by Oath

42:49 - 50, Qur'an
To God belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth; He creates what He wills.  He gives to whom He wills female [children], and He gives to whom He wills males.
 Or He makes them males and females, and He renders whom He wills barren.  Indeed, He is Knowing and Powerful.

Genesis 16:2, Torah
[So remember when] Sarai said to Abram, "Behold now, the Lord has restrained me from bearing, please go in to my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her."  And Abram listened to the voice of Sarai.

Genesis 16:3, Torah
And Sarai, Abram's wife, took Hagar, her maid the Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife.

23:5 - 6, Qur'an
[And so certainly will the believers have succeeded, those] who guard their private parts,
except from those they possess by oath or their wives, for indeed, they will not be blamed.

Leah Took her Maid and Gave her Jacob to Wife so that she may have Children by her

Genesis 30:3 - 5, Torah
And [Rachel] said, "Behold my maid, Bilhah, go in to her; and she will bear upon my knees, that I may also have children by her."
And she gave him Bilhah her handmaid to wife, and Jacob went in to her. And Bilhah conceived, and bore Jacob a son.

Genesis 30:9 - 10, Torah
[And] when Leah saw that she had left bearing, she took Zilpah her maid, and gave her Jacob to wife.
 And Zilpah, Leah's maid, bore Jacob a son.

70:31, Qur'an
But whoever seeks beyond that, then they are the transgressors.

70:29 - 30, Qur'an
[For the believers are] those who guard their private parts,
except from their wives or those they possess by oath, for indeed, they are not to be blamed.

38:45 - 47, Qur'an
[So] remember Our servants, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob - those of strength and [religious] vision.
Indeed, We chose them for an exclusive quality: remembrance of the home [of the Hereafter]. And indeed they are, to Us, among the chosen and outstanding.

Luke 13:28, Gospel
[And thus,] there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when you will see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you [yourselves] thrust out.



When you Divorce Women, Divorce them for their Waiting Period

For those who are Pregnant, their Term is Until they Give Birth; for those who have Not Menstruated, their Waiting Period is Three Months; but if you have Not Touched them, then there is Not Any Waiting Period

65:1, Qur'an
O prophet, when you divorce women, divorce them for their waiting period and keep count of the waiting period, and fear God, your Lord.  Do not turn them out of their houses, nor should they leave unless they are committing a clear immorality.  And those are the limits [set by] God.  And whoever transgresses the limits of God has certainly wronged himself.  You do not know; perhaps God will bring about after that a [different] matter.

65:4, Qur'an
[So for] those who no longer expect menstruation among your women [post-menstrual] - if you doubt, then their [waiting] period is three months, and [also for] those who have not menstruated [potentially due to pregnancy].

2:228, Qur'an
[And thus] divorced women remain in waiting for three periods, and it is not lawful for them to conceal what God has created in their wombs if they believe in God and the Last Day.  And their husbands have more right to take them back in this [period] if they want reconciliation.  And due to the wives is similar to what is expected of them, according to what is reasonable.  But the men have a degree over them [in responsibility and authority].  And God is Almighty and Most Wise.

65:4, Qur'an
[But] for those who are pregnant, their term is until they give birth.  And whoever fears God - He will make for him of his matter ease.

65:6 - 7, Qur'an
[So] lodge them [in a section] of where you dwell out of your means and do not harm them in order to oppress them.  And if they should be pregnant, then spend on them until they give birth.  And if they breastfeed for you, then give them their payment and confer among yourselves in the acceptable way; but if you are in discord, then there may breastfeed for the father another woman.
 Let a man of wealth spend from his wealth, and he whose provision is restricted - let him spend from what God has given him.  God does not charge a soul except [according to] what He has given it.  God will bring about, after hardship, ease.

33:49, Qur'an
[But] when you marry believing women and then divorce them before you have touched them, then there is not for you any waiting period [because they could not be pregnant] to count concerning them.  So provide for them and give them a gracious release.

Divorce is Twice, so When they have Fulfilled their Term, Either Retain them According to Acceptable Terms, or Part with them According to Acceptable Terms

65:2, Qur'an
When they have fulfilled their term, either retain them according to acceptable terms or part with them according to acceptable terms.  And bring to witness two just men from among you and establish the testimony for [the acceptance of] God. That is instructed to whoever should believe in God and the Last Day.  And whoever fears God - He will make for him a way out.

2:229, Qur'an
[And thus] divorce is twice.  Then, either keep [her] in an acceptable manner or release [her] with good [treatment].  And it is not lawful for you to take anything of what you have given them unless both fear that they will not be able to keep [within] the limits of God.  But if you fear that they will not keep [within] the limits of God, then there is no blame upon either of them concerning that by which she ransoms herself.  These are the limits of God, so do not transgress them.  And whoever transgresses the limits of God - it is those who are the wrongdoers.

2:236, Qur'an
[But] there is no blame upon you if you divorce women you have not touched nor specified for them an obligation.  But give them [a gift of] compensation - the wealthy according to his capability and the poor according to his capability - a provision according to what is acceptable, a duty upon the doers of good.

2:237, Qur'an
And if you divorce them before you have touched them and you have already specified for them an obligation, then [give] half of what you specified - unless they forego the right or the one in whose hand is the knot of marriage foregoes it.  And to forego it is nearer to righteousness.  And do not forget graciousness between you.  Indeed God, of whatever you do, is Seeing.

If he has Divorced her, Then she is Not Lawful to him Afterward until she Marries a Husband Other than him

2:230, Qur'an
[So] if he has divorced her, then she is not lawful to him afterward until [after] she marries a husband other than him.  And if the latter husband divorces her [or dies], there is no blame upon the woman and her former husband for returning to each other if they think that they can keep [within] the limits of God.  These are the limits of God, which He makes clear to a people who know.

2:232, Qur'an
And when you divorce women and they have fulfilled their term, do not prevent them from remarrying their [former] husbands if they agree among themselves on an acceptable basis.  That is instructed to whoever of you believes in God and the Last Day.  That is better for you and purer, and God knows and you do not know.


Advise them, Forsake them in Bed, "Strike them?"

4:34, Qur'an
Men are protectors of women by [right of] what God has given one over the other and because they spend from their wealth.  So righteous women are devoutly obedient [to God], guarding in [the husband's] absence what God would have them guard.  But those [wives] from whom you fear arrogance - [first] advise them; [then if they persist], forsake them in bed; and [finally], "strike them?"  But if they obey you [once more], do not seek a way against them.  Indeed, God is ever Exalted and Grand.

1.  Advise them

And if you Fear Dissension, Send an Arbitrator; if they Both Desire Reconciliation, God will Cause it Between them

4:34, Qur'an
Those [wives] from whom you fear arrogance - [first] advise them -

4:35, Qur'an
And if you fear dissension between the two, send an arbitrator from his people and an arbitrator from her people.  If they both desire reconciliation, God will cause it between them.  Indeed, God is ever Knowing and Aware [of all things].

2.  Forsake them in Bed

When you Divorce Women, Divorce them for their Waiting Period - for those who Swear to Not Have Sexual Relations with their Wives, it is a Waiting Time of Four Months

65:1, Qur'an
O prophet, when you divorce women, divorce them for their waiting period and keep count of the waiting period, and fear God, your Lord.  Do not turn them out of their houses, nor should they leave unless they are committing a clear immorality.  And those are the limits [set by] God.  And whoever transgresses the limits of God has certainly wronged himself.  You do not know; perhaps God will bring about after that a [different] matter.

4:34, Qur'an
[So for] those [wives] from whom you fear arrogance - [first] advise them; [then if they persist], forsake them in bed -

2:226 - 227, Qur'an
[Whereby] for those who swear to not have sexual relations with their wives, it is a waiting time of four months, but if they return [to normal relations] - then indeed, God is Forgiving and Merciful.
 And if they decide on divorce - then indeed, God is Hearing and Knowing.

3.  "Strike them?" Rather, "Set Forth from them [in Divorce]"

For when you Divorce Women and they have Fulfilled their Term, then Either Retain them According to Acceptable Terms or Release them, do Not Keep them Intending Harm

4:34, Qur'an
Men are protectors of women by [right of] what God has given one over the other and because they spend from their wealth.  So righteous women are devoutly obedient [to God], guarding in [the husband's] absence what God would have them guard.  But those [wives] from whom you fear arrogance - [first] advise them [whereby if you fear dissension, then send an arbitrator]; [but if they persist], forsake them in bed [for a waiting period of four months]; and [finally], set forth from them [in divorce].  But if they obey you [once more], do not seek a way against them.  Indeed, God is ever Exalted and Grand.

2:231, Qur'an
And [thus] when you divorce women and they have fulfilled their term, either retain them according to acceptable terms or release them according to acceptable terms, and do not keep them, intending harm, to transgress [against them].  And whoever does that has certainly wronged himself.  And do not take the verses of God in jest.  And remember the favor of God upon you and what has been revealed to you of the Book and wisdom by which He instructs you.  And fear God and know that God is Knowing of all things.

4:128, Qur'an
And if a woman fears from her husband contempt or evasion, there is no sin upon them if they make terms of settlement between them - and settlement is best.  And present in [human] souls is stinginess.  But if you do good and fear God - then indeed God is ever, of what you do, Aware.

4:130, Qur'an
[And] if they separate [by divorce], [then] God will enrich each [of them] from His abundance.  And ever is God Encompassing and Wise.

The meaning for wa-iḍ'ribūhunna (وَاضْرِبُوهُنَّ) in 4:34 follows the meaning for the triliteral root ḍād rā bā (ض ر ب) found in 3:156, 4:94, 4:101, and 5:106



She Sought to Seduce Joseph, but he Remained Chaste and Refused

And Thus it was that We should Avert from him Evil and Immorality

12:22, Qur'an
When Joseph reached maturity, We gave him judgement and knowledge.  And thus We reward the doers of good.

Genesis 39:3, Torah
And his master saw that the Lord [was] with him, and that the Lord made all that he did to prosper in his hand.

Genesis 39:7, Torah
And it came to pass after these things, that his master's wife cast her eyes upon Joseph; and she said, "Lie with me."

Genesis 39:8 - 9, Torah
But he refused, and said to his master's wife, "Behold, my master does not know what [is] with me in the house, and he has committed all that he has to my hand;
[there is] none greater in this house than I; neither has he kept back anything from me but you, because you [are] his wife, how then can I do this great wickedness, and sin against God?"

Genesis 39:10 - 12, Torah
And it came to pass, as she spoke to Joseph day by day, that he did not listen to her, to lie by her, [or] to be with her.
  And it came to pass about this time, that [Joseph] went into the house to do his business; and none of the men of the house [were] there within.  And she caught him by his garment, saying, "Lie with me," and he left his garment in her hand, and fled, and got himself out.

12:23, Qur'an
And [thus] she, in whose house he was, sought to seduce him.  She closed the doors and said, "Come, you."  He said, "[I seek] the refuge of God.  Indeed, He is my Lord, who has made good my residence.  Indeed, wrongdoers will not succeed."

Genesis 39:13 - 14, Torah
[So] it came to pass, when she saw that he had left his garment in her hand and had fled forth,
that she called to the men of her house, and spoke to them, saying, "See, he has brought in a Hebrew to us to mock us; he came in to me to lie with me, and I cried with a loud voice."

12:26 - 28, Qur'an
[But Joseph] said, "It was she who sought to seduce me."  And a witness from her family testified.  "If his shirt is torn from the front, then she has told the truth, and he is of the liars.
  But if his shirt is torn from the back, then she has lied, and he is of the truthful."  So when her husband saw his shirt torn from the back, he said, "Indeed, it is of the woman's plan.  Indeed, your plan is great."

12:30, Qur'an
[Then,] women in the city said, "The wife of al-'Azeez is seeking to seduce her slave boy; he has impassioned her with love.  Indeed, we see her [to be] in clear error."

12:31, Qur'an
So when she heard of their scheming, she sent for them and prepared for them a banquet and gave each one of them a knife and said [to Joseph], "Come out before them."  And when they saw him, they greatly admired him and cut their hands and said, "God forbid!  This is not a man; this is none but a noble angel."

12:32, Qur'an
She said, "That is the one about whom you blamed me.  And I certainly sought to seduce him, but he remained chaste; and if he will not do what I order him, he will surely be imprisoned and will be of those debased."

12:33, Qur'an
[So Joseph] said, "My Lord, prison is more to my liking than that to which they invite me.  And if You do not avert from me their plan, I might incline toward them and [thus] be of the ignorant."

12:24, Qur'an
[So] she certainly determined [to seduce] him, and he would have inclined to her had he not seen the proof of his Lord.  And thus [it was] that We should avert from him evil and immorality.  Indeed, he was of Our chosen servants.

[4 Maccabees 2:2 - 5], Torah
[And] it is for this reason, certainly, that the temperate Joseph is praised, because he overcame sexual desire by mental effort.
  For when he was young and in his prime for intercourse, he nullified the frenzy of the passions by his reason.  Not only is reason proved to rule over the frenzied urge of sexual desire, but also over every desire.  Thus the law says, "You will not covet your neighbor's wife, or anything that is your neighbor's." 

[4 Maccabees 5:22 - 24], Torah
[And so] you [may] scoff at our philosophy as though living by it were irrational,
but it teaches us self-control, so that we master all pleasures and desires, and it also trains us in courage, so that we endure any suffering willingly; it instructs us in justice, so that we act impartially in all our dealings, and it teaches us piety, so that we serve the only real God with proper reverence.


The Fornicatress or Fornicator Found Guilty - Lash Each of them with a Hundred Lashes

But if they Repent and Correct themselves, Leave them Alone

4:15, Qur'an
Those who commit unlawful sexual intercourse of your women - bring against them four [witnesses] from among you.

24:6 - 7, Qur'an
[But] those who accuse their wives [of adultery] and have no witnesses except themselves - then the witness of one of them [shall be] four testimonies [swearing] by God that indeed, he is of the truthful.
And the fifth [oath will be] that the curse of God be upon him if he should be among the liars.

24:8 - 9, Qur'an
But it will prevent punishment from her if she gives four testimonies [swearing] by God that indeed, he is of the liars.
And the fifth [oath will be] that the wrath of God be upon her if he was of the truthful.

4:15, Qur'an
[But] if they testify, confine the guilty women to [prison] houses until death takes them or God ordains for them [another] way.

24:1 - 2, Qur'an
[Now this is] a surah which We have sent down and made [that within it] obligatory and revealed therein verses of clear evidence that you might remember [that God has ordained for them another way] -
the fornicatress or fornicator found guilty of sexual intercourse - lash each one of them with a hundred lashes, and do not be taken by pity for them in the religion of God, if you should believe in God and the Last Day.  And let a group of the believers witness their punishment.

4:16, Qur'an
And the two who commit it among you, dishonor them both.  But if they repent and correct themselves, leave them alone.  Indeed, God is ever Accepting of repentance and Merciful.

4:17 - 18, Qur'an
[But] the repentance accepted by God is only for those who do wrong in ignorance [or carelessness] and then repent soon after.  It is those to whom God will turn in forgiveness, and God is ever Knowing and Wise.
 But repentance is not [accepted] of those who [continue to] do evil deeds up until, when death comes to one of them, he says, "Indeed, I have repented now," or of those who die while they are disbelievers.  For them We have prepared a painful punishment.


Those who Falsely Accuse Chaste Women are Cursed in this World and the Hereafter

And when they do Not Produce the Witnesses, it is they who are the Liars, so Lash them with Eighty Lashes

Proverbs 19:5, Torah
A false witness will not be unpunished, and [he who] speaks lies will not escape.

Deuteronomy 19:16, Torah
[And thus] if a false witness rises up against any man to testify against him [that which is] wrong -

Deuteronomy 19:19 - 20, Torah
Then you will do to him, as he had thought to have done to his brother, so you will put the evil away from among you.
And those who remain will hear, and fear, and will from now on commit no more any such evil among you.

24:4, Qur'an
And [thus,] those who accuse chaste women and then do not produce four witnesses - lash them with eighty lashes and do not accept from them testimony ever after.  And those are the defiantly disobedient -

John 8:3 - 6, Gospel
[Such as when] the scribes and Pharisees brought a woman taken in adultery to [Jesus]; and when they had set her in the midst,
they say to him, "Master, this woman was taken in adultery, in the very act.  Now Moses in the law commanded us, that such should be stoned, but what do you say?"  They said this, tempting him, that they might have to accuse him.  But Jesus stooped down, and with [his] finger, wrote on the ground, [as though he did not hear them] -

24:22, Qur'an
[Let those of virtue among you] pardon and overlook.  Would you not like that God should forgive you?  And God is Forgiving and Merciful.

John 8:7, Gospel
So when they continued asking him, he lifted himself up and said to them, "He who is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her."

John 8:8, Gospel
And again he stooped down, and wrote on the ground -

4:16, Qur'an
The two who commit it among you, dishonor them both. But if they repent and correct themselves, leave them alone.  Indeed, God is ever Accepting of repentance and Merciful.

John 8:9 - 10, Gospel
[So] those who heard [it], being convicted by [their own] conscience, went out one by one, beginning at the eldest, [even] to the last, and Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst.
[And] when Jesus had lifted himself up, and saw none but the woman, he said to her, "Woman, where are your accusers?  Has no man condemned you?"

24:13, Qur'an
Why [then] did those [who slandered] not produce for it four witnesses?   When they do not produce the witnesses, then it is they, in the sight of God, who are the liars.

24:12, Qur'an
[And] why, when you heard it, did the believing men and believing women not think good of one another and say, "This is an obvious falsehood"?

24:15 - 17, Qur'an
[And so] when you received it with your tongues and said with your mouths that of which you had no knowledge and thought it was insignificant while it was, in the sight of God, tremendous.
  And why, when you heard it, did you not say, "It is not for us to speak of this.  Exalted are You, [O God]; this is a great slander"?  God warns you against returning to the likes of this [conduct], ever, if you should be believers -

24:34, Qur'an
[So] We have certainly sent down to you distinct verses and examples from those who passed on before you and an admonition for those who fear God.

24:23, Qur'an
[For] indeed, those who [falsely] accuse chaste, unaware and believing women are cursed in this world and the Hereafter; and they will have a great punishment -

24:26, Qur'an
[For] evil words are for evil men, and evil men are [subjected] to evil words.  And good words are for good men, and good men are [an object] of good words.  Those [good people] are declared innocent of what the slanderers say.  For them is forgiveness and noble provision.

John 8:11, Gospel
[And thus] she said, "No man, master, [no man has condemned me]."  And Jesus said to her, "Neither do I condemn you, go, and sin no more."


Do Not Take your Oaths as Deceit, and Stand Firm in Justice, Even if it is Against yourselves or Parents and Relatives

So Woe to Every Sinful Liar who Hears the Verses of God, then Says, "This is Not Except a Lie Invented"

4:135, Qur'an
O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm in justice, witnesses for God, even if it is against yourselves or parents and relatives. Whether one is rich or poor, God is more worthy of both. So do not follow [personal] inclination, lest you not be just. And if you distort [your testimony] or refuse [to give it], then indeed God is ever, with what you do, Acquainted.

16:91, Qur'an
[So] fulfill the covenant of God when you have taken it, and do not break oaths after their confirmation while you have made God, over you, a Witness. Indeed, God knows what you do.

Exodus 20:16, Torah
[And thus,] you should not bear false witness against your neighbor,

16:94, Qur'an
Nor take your oaths as [means of] deceit between you, lest a foot slip after it was [once] firm, and you would taste evil [in this world] for what [people] you diverted from the way of God, and you would have [in the Hereafter] a great punishment.

34:43, Qur'an
[But] when Our verses are recited to them as clear evidences, they say, "This is not but a man who wishes to avert you from that which your fathers were worshiping." And they say, "This is not except a lie invented." And those who disbelieve say of the truth when it has come to them, "This is not but obvious magic."

25:4, Qur'an
And those who disbelieve say, "This [Qur'an] is not except a falsehood he invented, and another people assisted him in it." But they have committed an injustice and a lie.

John 7:12, Gospel
[Just as] there was much murmuring among the people concerning [Jesus], for some said, "He is a good man." Others said, "No; but he deceives the people."

11:27, Qur'an
[Likewise,] the eminent among those who disbelieved from [Noah's] people said, "We do not see you but as a man like ourselves, and we do not see you followed except by those who are the lowest of us [and] immature in opinion. And we do not see in you over us any merit; rather, we think you are liars."

7:66, Qur'an
[And] the eminent ones who disbelieved among [Hud's] people said, "Indeed, we see you in foolishness, and indeed, we think you are of the liars."

26:186, Qur'an
[And they said to Shu'ayb], "You are but a man like ourselves, and indeed, we think you are among the liars."

54:25, Qur'an
[And Thamud said of Salih], "Has the message been sent down upon him from among us? Rather, he is an insolent liar."

40:23 - 24, Qur'an
And We did certainly send Moses with Our signs and a clear authority
to Pharaoh, Haman and Korah; but they said, "[He is] a magician and a liar."

40:26, Qur'an
And Pharaoh said, "Let me kill Moses and let him call upon his Lord. Indeed, I fear that he will change your religion or that he will cause corruption in the land."

40:28, Qur'an
[But] a believing man from the family of Pharaoh who concealed his faith said, "Do you kill a man [merely] because he says, 'My Lord is God' while he has brought you clear proofs from your Lord? And if he should be lying, then upon him is [the consequence of] his lie; but if he should be truthful, there will strike you some of what he promises you. Indeed, God does not guide one who is a transgressor and a liar."

45:7 - 8, Qur'an
[So] woe to every sinful liar
who hears the verses of God recited to him, then persists arrogantly as if he had not heard them. So give him good news of a painful punishment -

11:18 - 19, Qur'an
[For] who is more unjust than he who invents a lie about God?  Those will be presented before their Lord, and the witnesses will say, "These are the ones who lied against their Lord."  Unquestionably, the curse of God is upon the wrongdoers -
who averted [people] from the way of God and sought to make it [seem] deviant while they, concerning the Hereafter, were disbelievers -

25:70 - 72, Qur'an
Except for those who repent, believe and do righteous work. For them God will replace their evil deeds with good. And ever is God Forgiving and Merciful.
And he who repents and does righteousness does indeed turn to God with [accepted] repentance. And [they are] those who do not testify to falsehood, and when they pass near ill speech, they pass by with dignity.

5:8, Qur'an
[So] O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm for God, witnesses in justice, and do not let the hatred of a people prevent you from being just. Be just; that is nearer to righteousness. And fear God; indeed, God is Acquainted with what you do.


Loan God a Goodly Loan and it will be Multiplied for them with a Noble Reward on the Day of Judgement

Whereby Charities are Only for the Poor, the Needy, those Employed to Collect, for Bringing Hearts Together, for Freeing Captives, for those in Debt, for the Cause of God, and for the Traveler

2:261, Qur'an
The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of God is like a seed [of grain] which grows seven spikes; in each spike is a hundred grains.  And God multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills.  And God is all-Encompassing and Knowing.

57:11 - 12, Qur'an
[So] who is it that would loan God a goodly loan so He will multiply it for him and he will have a noble reward?
On the Day [of Judgement] you [will] see the believing men and believing women, their light proceeding before them and on their right, [it will be said], "Your good news Today is [of] gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein you will abide eternally." That is what is the great success.

57:18, Qur'an
[So] indeed, the men who practice charity and the women who practice charity and [they who] have loaned God a goodly loan - it will be multiplied for them, and they will have a noble reward.

30:38 - 39, Qur'an
So give the relative his right, as well as the needy and the traveler. That is best for those who desire the Countenance of God, and it is they who will be the successful.
And whatever you give for interest to increase within the wealth of people will not increase with God. But what you give in purifying [alms], desiring the Countenance of God - those are the multipliers -

9:60, Qur'an
[Whereby] charities are only for the poor and for the needy and for those employed to collect and for bringing hearts together and for freeing captives [or slaves] and for those in debt and for the cause of God and for the [stranded] traveler - an obligation [imposed] by God.  And God is Knowing and Wise.

64:16 - 17, Qur'an
So fear God as much as you are able and listen and obey and spend [in the way of God]; it is better for yourselves. And whoever is protected from the stinginess of his soul - it is those who will be the successful.
If you loan God a goodly loan, He will multiply it for you and forgive you. And God is Most Appreciative and Forbearing.

2:245, Qur'an
[So] who is it that would loan God a goodly loan so He may multiply it for him many times over? And it is God who withholds and grants abundance, and to Him you will be returned.


Spend from that which God has Provided for you, for the Lord Makes Poor, and Makes Rich

And the Poor will Never Cease out of the Land, so Give Alms of your Substance to the Poor and the Needy

[Tobit 4:8 - 9], Torah
If you have abundance, give alms accordingly; if you have but a little, do not be afraid to give according to that little;
for you lay up a good treasure for yourself against the Day of Necessity.

36:47, Qur'an
[But] when it is said to them, "Spend from that which God has provided for you," those who disbelieve say to those who believe, "Should we feed one whom, if God had willed, He would have fed?  You are not but in clear error."

30:37, Qur'an
Do they not see that God extends provision for whom He wills and restricts [it]?  Indeed, in that are signs for a people who believe -

1 Samuel 2:7, Torah
[For] the Lord makes poor, and makes rich, He brings low, and lifts up.

[Shepherd of Hermas 51:10], Gospel
[And so] blessed are the rich, who also understand that they are enriched from the Lord.  For those who have this mind will be able to do some good work.

1 Timothy 6:17 - 19, Gospel
[So] charge those who are rich in this world, that they do not be high-minded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who gives us richly all things to enjoy;
that they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate; laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may lay hold on eternal life.

2:215, Qur'an
[And so] they ask you, what they should spend.  Say, "Whatever you spend of good is [to be] for parents and relatives and orphans and the needy and the traveler.  And whatever you do of good - indeed, God is Knowing of it."

Deuteronomy 15:7, Torah
[And thus] if there is among you a poor man of one of your brethren within any of your gates in your land which the Lord your God gives you, you will not harden your heart, nor shut your hand from your poor brother.

Deuteronomy 15:10 - 11, Torah
You will surely give him, and your heart will not be grieved when you give to him, because for this thing the Lord your God will bless you in all your works, and in all that you put your hand to.
  For the poor will never cease out of the land, therefore I command you, saying, "You will open your hand wide to your brother, to your poor, and to your needy in your land."

17:28 - 30, Qur'an
[But] if you [must] turn away from the needy awaiting mercy from your Lord which you expect, then speak to them a gentle word.
 And do not make your hand [as] chained to your neck or extend it completely and [thereby] become blamed and insolvent.  Indeed, your Lord extends provision for whom He wills and restricts [it].  Indeed He is ever, concerning His servants, Aware and Seeing.

[Tobit 4:7], Torah
[So] give alms of your substance; and when you give alms, do not let your eye be envious, neither turn your face from any poor, and the Face of God will not be turned away from you.



The Difficult Pass is the Freeing of a Slave

For it is God who has Raised Some of you Above Others so that He may Try you through what He has Given you

16:71, Qur'an
God has favored some of you over others in provision.  But those who were favored would not hand over their provision to those whom they possess by oath so they would be equal to them therein.  Then is it the favor of God they reject?

43:32, Qur'an
[Or] do they distribute the mercy of your Lord? [For] it is We who have apportioned among them their livelihood in the life of this world and have raised some of them above others in degrees [of rank] that they may make use of one another for service. But the mercy of your Lord is better than whatever they accumulate.

[Wisdom of Solomon 6:1 - 3], Torah
[So] hear therefore, O you kings, and understand; learn, you who are judges of the ends of the earth.
 Give ear, you who rule the people, and glory in the multitude of nations.  For power is given to you of the Lord, and sovereignty from the Highest, who will try your works, and search out your counsels.

Deuteronomy 24:14, Torah
[And thus,] you will not oppress a hired servant [who is] poor and needy, [whether he is] of your brethren, or of your strangers who [are] in your land within your gates.

6:165, Qur'an
[For] it is He who has made you successors upon the earth and has raised some of you above others in degrees [of rank] that He may try you through what He has given you.  Indeed, your Lord is swift in penalty; but indeed, He is Forgiving and Merciful.

90:10 - 17, Qur'an
[Then] have [We] shown him the two ways?
 But he has not broken through the difficult pass.  And what can make you know what is [breaking through] the difficult pass?  It is the freeing of a slave, or feeding on a day of severe hunger - an orphan of near relationship or a needy person in misery.  And then being among those who believed and advised one another to patience and advised one another to compassion.

2:177, Qur'an
[Thus] righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who believes in God, the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveler, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves; [and who] establishes prayer and gives charity; [those who] fulfill their promise when they promise; and [those who] are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle.  Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those who fear [God].

3:25 - 26, Qur'an
So how will it be when We assemble them for a Day about which there is no doubt? And each soul will be compensated [in full for] what it earned, and they will not be wronged.
[So] say, "O God, Owner of Sovereignty, You give sovereignty to whom You will and You take sovereignty away from whom You will. You honor whom You will and You humble whom You will. In Your hand is [all] good. Indeed, You are over all things Powerful."


Those will have Lost who Killed their Children

For they Sacrificed their Sons and Daughters to Devils, which I did Not Command them

17:31, Qur'an
Do not kill your children for fear of poverty.  We provide for them and for you.  Indeed, their killing is ever a great sin.

16:58 - 59, Qur'an
And [likewise,] when one of them is given good news of [the birth of] a female, his face becomes dark, and he suppresses grief.
  He hides himself from the people because of the evil of what he has been given good news about.  Should he keep it in humiliation or bury it in the ground?  Unquestionably, evil is what they decide.

6:137, Qur'an
And likewise, to many of the polytheists, their partners have made [to seem] pleasing the killing of their children in order to bring about their destruction and to cover them with confusion in their religion.  And if God had willed, they would not have done so.  So leave them and that which they invent.

Psalms 106:35 - 38, Torah
[For they] were mingled among the heathen, and learned their works.
 And they served their idols, which were a snare to them.  They sacrificed their sons and their daughters to devils, and shed innocent blood, [even] the blood of their sons and of their daughters, whom they sacrificed to the idols of Canaan, and the land was polluted with blood.

Jeremiah 7:31, Torah
And they have built the high places of Tophet, which [is] in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire; which I did not command [them], neither did it come into My heart.

Jeremiah 19:5, Torah
[And] they have built also the high places of Baal, to burn their sons with fire [for] burnt offerings to Baal, which I did not command, nor spoke [it], neither did [it] come into My mind.

Psalms 106:39, Torah
[Rather,] they were defiled with their own works, and went whoring with their own inventions.

6:140, Qur'an
[But] those will have lost - [those] who killed their children in foolishness without knowledge and prohibited what God had provided for them, inventing [untruth] about God.  They have gone astray and were not [rightly] guided.

Deuteronomy 12:31 - 32, Torah
[Thus,] you will not do so to the Lord your God, for every abomination to the Lord, which He hates, they have done to their gods; for they have even burnt their sons and their daughters in the fire to their gods.
 Whatever thing I command you, observe to do it, you will not add thereto, nor diminish from it.

60:12, Qur'an
[So] O prophet, when the believing women come to you pledging to you that they will not associate anything with God, nor will they steal, nor will they commit unlawful sexual intercourse, nor will they kill their children, nor will they bring forth a slander they have invented between their arms and legs, nor will they disobey you in what is right - then accept their pledge and ask forgiveness for them of God.  Indeed, God is Forgiving and Merciful.



Love your Neighbor as yourself

So to Parents do Good, to Relatives, Orphans, the Needy, the Near Neighbor, the Neighbor Farther Away, the Companion at your Side, the Traveler, and those whom you Possess by Oath

2:83, Qur'an
[Recall] when We took the covenant from the Children of Israel, [enjoining upon them], "Do not serve except God; and to parents do good and to relatives, orphans, and the needy.  And speak to people good [words] and establish prayer and give charity."  Then you turned away, except a few of you, and you were refusing.

Zechariah 7:9 - 11, Torah
[For] the Lord of hosts [spoke], saying, "Execute true judgement, and show mercy and compassion, every man to his brother.
 And do not oppress the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart."  But they refused to listen, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.

93:9 - 10, Qur'an
So as for the orphan, do not oppress [him].
 And as for the one who asks, do not repel [him].

30:38, Qur'an
So give the relative his right, as well as the needy and the traveler.  That is best for those who desire the Countenance of God, and it is they who will be the successful.

James 2:8, Gospel
[For] if you fulfill the royal law according to the Scripture, "You will love your neighbor as yourself," you do well -

Mark 12:29 - 31, Gospel
[For] the first of all the commandments [is], Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord,
and you will love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength - this [is] the first commandment.  And the second [is] like, [namely] this, "You will love your neighbor as yourself."  There is no other commandment greater than these.

4:36, Qur'an
[So] serve God and associate nothing with Him, and to parents do good, and to relatives, orphans, the needy, the near neighbor, the neighbor farther away, the companion at your side, the traveler, and those whom you possess by oath.  Indeed, God does not love those who are self-deluding and boastful.

Leviticus 19:17 - 18, Torah
[Thus] you will not hate your brother in your heart, you will in any wise rebuke your neighbor, and not allow sin upon him.
 You will not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of your people, but you will love your neighbor as yourself, I [am] the Lord.