O you who have believed, do not violate the rites of God or the sacred month or [neglect the marking of] the sacrificial animals and garlanding [them] or [violate the safety of] those coming to the Sacred House *14:37 seeking bounty from their Lord and [His] approval. But when you are permitted, then [you may] hunt. And do not let the hatred of a people for having obstructed you from the Sacred [House] *14:37 lead you to transgress. And cooperate in righteousness and the fear [of God], but do not cooperate in sin and aggression. And fear God; indeed, God is severe in penalty.
Prohibited to you are dead [animals], *Leviticus 22:8 blood, *Genesis 9:4, *Leviticus 7:26, *Leviticus 17:12, *Deuteronomy 12:23 the flesh of swine, *Leviticus 11:7 - 8, *Deuteronomy 14:8 and that which has been dedicated to other than God, *Exodus 34:15, *1 Corinthians 10:28 and [those animals] killed by strangling *Acts 15:20, *Acts 15:28 - 29, *Acts 21:25 or by a violent blow or by a head-long fall or by the goring of horns, and those from which a wild animal has eaten, *Exodus 22:31, *Leviticus 22:8 except what you [are able to] slaughter [before its death], and those which are sacrificed on stone altars, and [prohibited is] that you seek decision through divining arrows. That is grave disobedience. This day those who disbelieve have despaired of [defeating] your religion; so do not fear them, but fear Me. This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you submission [to God] as religion. But whoever is forced by severe hunger with no inclination to sin - then indeed, God is Forgiving and Merciful.
They ask you, what has been made lawful for them. Say, "Lawful for you are [all] good foods and [game caught by] what you have trained of hunting animals which you train as God has taught you. So eat of what they catch for you, and remember the name of God over it, and fear God." Indeed, God is swift in account.
This day [all] good foods have been made lawful, and the food of those who were given the Scripture is lawful for you and your food is lawful for them. And [lawful in marriage are] chaste women from among the believers and chaste women from among those who were given the Scripture before you, when you have given them their due compensation, desiring chastity, not unlawful sexual intercourse or taking [secret] lovers. And whoever denies the faith - his work has become worthless, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the ones in loss.
O you who have believed, when you rise to [perform] prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe over your heads and wash your feet to the ankles. And if you are impure, then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women and do not find water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and hands with it. God does not intend to make difficulty for you, but He intends to purify you and complete His favor upon you that you may be grateful.
And remember the favor of God upon you and His covenant with which He bound you when you said, "We hear and we obey"; *Exodus 24:7, *Joshua 24:24 - 25 and fear God. Indeed, God is Knowing of that within the breasts.
O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm for God, witnesses in justice, and do not let the hatred of a people prevent you from being just. Be just; that is nearer to fearing [God]. And fear God; indeed, God is Aware of what you do.
O you who have believed, remember the favor of God upon you when a people determined to extend their hands [in aggression] against you, but He withheld their hands from you; and fear God. And upon God let the believers trust.
And God had already taken a covenant from the Children of Israel, and We delegated from among them twelve leaders. *Genesis 49:28, *1 Chronicles 2:1 - 2 And God said, "I am with you. If you establish prayer and give purifying [alms] and believe in My messengers and support them and loan God a goodly loan, I will surely remove from you your misdeeds and admit you to gardens beneath which rivers flow. But whoever of you disbelieves after that has certainly strayed from the right way."
So for their breaking of the covenant We cursed them and made their hearts hard. They distort words from their [proper] usages and have forgotten a portion of that of which they were reminded. And you will still observe deceit among them, except a few of them. But pardon them and overlook [their misdeeds]. Indeed, God loves the doers of good.
And from those who say, "We are Christians" We took their covenant; but they forgot a portion of that of which they were reminded. So We caused among them animosity and hatred until the Day of Resurrection. And God is going to inform them about what they used to do.
O People of the Scripture, there has come to you Our messenger making clear to you much of what you used to conceal of the Scripture *2 Ezra 12:36 - 38, *2 Ezra 14:3 - 6, *2 Ezra 14:26, *2 Ezra 14:44 - 48 and overlooking much. There has come to you from God a light and a clear Book.
By which God guides those who pursue His pleasure to the ways of peace and brings them out from darknesses into the light, *Luke 1:79 by His permission, and guides them to a straight path.
They have certainly disbelieved who say that God is Christ, the son of Mary. Say, "Then who could prevent God at all if He had intended to destroy Christ, the son of Mary, or his mother or everyone on the earth?" And to God belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them. *Deuteronomy 10:14 He creates what He wills, and God is over all things Powerful.
But the Jews and the Christians say, "We are the children of God *Deuteronomy 14:1, *Psalms 82:6, *Hosea 1:10, *2 Ezra 6:58, *Romans 8:14 - 16, *Galatians 3:26 and His beloved." Say, "Then why does He punish you for your sins?" Rather, you are human beings from among those He has created. He forgives whom He wills, and He punishes whom He wills. And to God belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them, *Deuteronomy 10:14 and to Him is the [final] destination.
O People of the Scripture, there has come to you Our messenger to make clear to you [the religion] after a period [of suspension] of messengers, *John 16:7 lest you say, "There did not come to us any bringer of good news or a warner." But there has come to you a bringer of good news and a warner. And God is over all things Powerful.
And when Moses said to his people, "O my people, remember the favor of God upon you when He appointed among you prophets and made you possessors and gave you that which He had not given anyone among the worlds.
They said, "O Moses, indeed within it is a people of tyrannical strength, *Numbers 13:30 - 31, *Deuteronomy 1:28 and indeed, we will never enter it until they leave it; but if they leave it, then we will enter."
Said two men from those who feared [to disobey] upon whom God had bestowed favor, "Enter upon them through the gate, for when you have entered it, you will be predominant. And trust in God, if you should be believers." *Numbers 14:6 - 9
[God] said, "Then indeed, it is forbidden to them for forty years [in which] they will wander throughout the land. *Numbers 14:33, *Numbers 32:13 So do not grieve over the defiantly disobedient people."
And recite to them the story of Adam's two sons, in truth, when they both offered a sacrifice [to God], and it was accepted from one of them but was not accepted from the other. Said [the latter], "I will surely kill you." Said [the former], "Indeed, God only accepts from those who fear [Him].
Then God sent a crow searching in the ground to show him how to hide the disgrace of his brother. He said, "O woe to me! Have I failed to be like this crow and hide the body of my brother?" And he became of the regretful.
Because of that, We decreed upon the Children of Israel that whoever kills a soul unless for a soul or for corruption [done] in the land - it is as if he had slain mankind entirely. And whoever saves one - it is as if he had saved mankind entirely. And Our messengers had certainly come to them with clear proofs. Then indeed many of them, [even] after that, throughout the land, were transgressors.
Indeed, the penalty for those who wage war against God and His messenger and strive upon earth [to cause] corruption is none but that they be killed or crucified or that their hands and feet be cut off from opposite sides *2 Samuel 4:12 or that they be exiled from the land. That is for them a disgrace in this world; and for them in the Hereafter is a great punishment,
Indeed, those who disbelieve - if they should have all that is in the earth and the like of it with it by which to ransom themselves from the punishment of the Day of Resurrection, it will not be accepted from them, and for them is a painful punishment *Book of Enoch 52:7, *Book of Enoch 63:10, *Book of Jubilees 5:23, *Job 36:18 - 19, *Psalms 49:6 - 7, *Proverbs 11:4, *Zephaniah 1:18, *Ezekiel 7:19
O messenger, do not let them grieve you who hasten into disbelief of those who say, "We believe" with their mouths, but their hearts do not believe, and from among the Jews. [They are] avid listeners to falsehood, listening to another people who have not come to you. They distort words beyond their [proper] usages, saying "If you are given this, take it; but if you are not given it, then beware." But he for whom God intends a trial - never will you possess [power to do] for him a thing against God. Those are the ones for whom God does not intend to purify their hearts. For them in this world is disgrace, and for them in the Hereafter is a great punishment.
[They are] avid listeners to falsehood, devourers of [what is] unlawful. So if they come to you, judge between them or turn away from them. And if you turn away from them - never will they harm you at all. And if you judge, judge between them with justice. Indeed, God loves those who act justly.
Indeed, We sent down the Torah, in which was guidance and light. The prophets who submitted [to God] judged by it for the Jews, as did the rabbis and scholars by that with which they were entrusted of the Scripture of God, and they were witnesses thereto. So do not fear the people but fear Me, and do not exchange My verses for a small price. And whoever does not judge by what God has revealed - then it is those who are the disbelievers.
And We ordained for them therein a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and for wounds is legal retribution. *Exodus 21:23 - 25, *Deuteronomy 19:21, *Matthew 5:38 But whoever gives [up his right as] charity, it is an expiation for him. And whoever does not judge by what God has revealed - then it is those who are the wrongdoers.
And We sent, following in their footsteps, Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming that which came before him in the Torah; and We gave him the Gospel, in which was guidance and light and confirming that which preceded it of the Torah as guidance and instruction for those who fear [God].
And We have revealed to you, the Book in truth, confirming that which preceded it of the Scripture and as a criterion over it. So judge between them by what God has revealed and do not follow their inclinations away from what has come to you of the truth. To each of you We prescribed a law and a method. Had God willed, He would have made you one nation [united in religion], but [He intended] to test you in what He has given you; so race to [all that is] good. To God is your return all together, and He will [then] inform you concerning that over which you used to differ.
And judge between them by what God has revealed and do not follow their inclinations and beware of them, lest they tempt you away from some of what God has revealed to you. And if they turn away - then know that God only intends to afflict them with some of their [own] sins. And indeed, many among the people are defiantly disobedient.
O you who have believed, do not take the Jews and the Christians as allies. They are [in fact] allies of one another. And whoever is an ally to them among you - then indeed, he is [one] of them. Indeed, God does not guide the wrongdoing people. *Luke 22:3 - 4
So you see those in whose hearts is disease hastening into [association with] them, saying, "We are afraid a misfortune may strike us." But perhaps God will bring conquest or a decision from Him, and they will become, over what they have been concealing within themselves, regretful. *Matthew 27:3 - 4
And those who believe will say, "Are these the ones who swore by God their strongest oaths that indeed they were with you?" Their deeds have become worthless, and they have become the ones in loss.
O you who have believed, whoever of you should revert from his religion - God will bring forth [in place of them] a people He will love and who will love Him [who are] humble toward the believers, powerful against the disbelievers; they strive in the cause of God and do not fear the blame of a critic. That is the favor of God; He bestows it upon whom He wills. And God is all-Encompassing and Knowing.
O you who have believed, do not take those who have taken your religion in ridicule and amusement among the ones who were given the Scripture before you nor the disbelievers as allies. And fear God, if you should [truly] be believers.
Say, "O People of the Scripture, do you resent us except [for the fact] that we have believed in God and what was revealed to us and what was revealed before and because most of you are defiantly disobedient?"
Say, "Shall I inform you of [what is] worse than that as penalty from God? [It is that of] those whom God has cursed and with whom He became angry and made of them apes and pigs and slaves of false gods. Those are worse in position and further astray from the sound way."
And when they come to you, they say, "We believe." But they have entered with disbelief [in their hearts], and they have certainly left with it. And God is most knowing of what they were concealing.
And the Jews say, "The hand of God is chained." *Isaiah 59:1 Chained are their hands, and cursed are they for what they say. Rather, both His hands are extended; He spends however He wills. And that which has been revealed to you from your Lord will surely increase many of them in transgression and disbelief. And We have cast among them animosity and hatred until the Day of Resurrection. Every time they kindled the fire of war [against you], God extinguished it. And they strive throughout the land [causing] corruption, and God does not love the corrupters.
And if only they upheld [the law of] the Torah, the Gospel, and what has been revealed to them from their Lord, they would have consumed [provision] from above them and from beneath their feet. Among them are a moderate community, but many of them - evil is that which they do.
O messenger, announce that which has been revealed to you from your Lord, and if you do not, then you have not conveyed His message. And God will protect you from the people. Indeed, God does not guide the disbelieving people.
Say, "O People of the Scripture, you are [standing] on nothing until you uphold [the law of] the Torah, the Gospel, and what has been revealed to you from your Lord." And that which has been revealed to you from your Lord will surely increase many of them in transgression and disbelief. So do not grieve over the disbelieving people.
Indeed, those who have believed and those who were Jews or Sabeans or Christians - those [among them] who believed in God and the Last Day and did righteousness - no fear will there be concerning them, nor will they grieve.
We had already taken the covenant of the Children of Israel and had sent to them messengers. Whenever there came to them a messenger with what their souls did not desire, a group they denied, and another group they killed.
And they thought there would be no [resulting] punishment, so they became blind and deaf. Then God turned to them in forgiveness; then [again] many of them became blind and deaf. And God is Seeing of what they do.
They have certainly disbelieved who say, "God is the Messiah, the son of Mary" while the Messiah has said, "O Children of Israel, serve God, *Matthew 4:10, *Matthew 22:37 - 38, *Mark 12:29 - 30, *Luke 4:8, *Luke 10:27 my Lord and your Lord." *John 20:17 Indeed, he who associates others with God - God has forbidden him the Garden, and his refuge is the Fire. And there are not for the wrongdoers any helpers.
They have certainly disbelieved who say, "God is the third of three." And there is no god except one God. *Deuteronomy 6:4, *Mark 12:29, *Mark 12:32, *James 2:19, *Shepherd of Hermas 26:1 And if they do not desist from what they are saying, there will surely afflict the disbelievers among them a painful punishment.
The Messiah, son of Mary, was not but a messenger; [other] messengers have passed on before him. And his mother was a supporter of truth. They both used to eat food. Look how We make clear to them the signs; then look how they are deluded.
Say, "O People of the Scripture, do not exceed limits in your religion beyond the truth and do not follow the inclinations of a people who had gone astray before and misled many and have strayed from the right way."
Cursed were those who disbelieved among the Children of Israel by the tongue of David and of Jesus, the son of Mary. That was because they disobeyed and [habitually] transgressed. *Matthew 23:13 - 16, *Matthew 23:23 - 33, *Luke 11:42 - 44, *Luke 11:46 - 47, *Luke 11:52
You see many of them becoming allies of those who disbelieved. How wretched is that which they have put forth for themselves in that God has become angry with them, and in the punishment they will abide eternally.
You will surely find the most intense of the people in animosity toward the believers [to be] the Jews and those who associate others with God; and you will find the nearest of them in affection to the believers those who say, "We are Christians." That is because among them are priests and monks and because they are not arrogant.
And when they hear what has been revealed to the messenger, you see their eyes overflowing with tears because of what they have recognized of the truth. They say, "Our Lord, we have believed, so register us among the witnesses.
God will not impose blame upon you for what is meaningless in your oaths, but He will impose blame upon you for [breaking] what you intended of oaths. So its expiation is the feeding of ten needy people from the average of that which you feed your [own] families or clothing them or the freeing of a slave. But whoever cannot find [or afford it] - then a fast of three days [is required]. That is the expiation for oaths when you have sworn. But guard your oaths. Thus does God make clear to you His verses that you may be grateful.
There is not upon those who believe and do righteousness [any] blame concerning what they have eaten [in the past] if they [now] fear God and believe and do righteous deeds, and then fear God and believe, and then fear God and do good; and God loves the doers of good.
O you who have believed, God will surely test you through something of the game that your hands and spears [can] reach, that God may make evident those who fear Him unseen. And whoever transgresses after that - for him is a painful punishment.
O you who have believed, do not kill game while you are forbidden. And whoever of you kills it intentionally - the penalty is an equivalent to what he killed of animals, as judged by two just men among you as an offering [to God] delivered to the Ka'bah, or an expiation the feeding of needy people or the equivalent of that in fasting, that he may taste the consequence of his deed. God has pardoned what is past; but whoever returns [to violation], then God will take retribution from him. And God is Almighty and Owner of Retribution.
Lawful to you is game from the sea and its food as provision for you and the travelers, but forbidden to you is game from the land as long as you are forbidden. And fear God to whom you will be gathered.
God has made the Ka'bah, the Sacred House, *14:37 standing for the people and [has sanctified] the sacred months and the sacrificial animals and the garlands [by which they are identified]. That is so you may know that God knows what is in the heavens and what is in the earth and that God is Knowing of all things.
O you who have believed, do not ask about things which, if they are shown to you, will distress you. But if you ask about them while the Qur'an is being revealed, they will be shown to you. God has pardoned that which is past; and God is Forgiving and Forbearing.
And when it is said to them, "Come to what God has revealed and to the messenger," they say, "Sufficient for us is that upon which we found our fathers." Even though their fathers knew nothing, nor were they guided?
O you who have believed, upon you is [responsibility for] yourselves. Those who have gone astray will not harm you when you have been guided. To God is your return all together; then He will inform you of what you used to do.
O you who have believed, testimony [should be taken] among you when death approaches one of you at the time of bequest - [that of] two just men from among you or two others from outside if you are going forth through the land and the disaster of death should strike you. Detain them after the prayer and let them both swear by God if you doubt [their testimony, saying], "We will not exchange our oath for a price, even if he should be a near relative, and we will not withhold the testimony of God. Indeed, we would then be of the sinful."
But if it is found that those two were guilty of perjury, let two others stand in their place [who are] foremost [in claim] from those who have a lawful right. And let them swear by God, "Our testimony is truer than their testimony, and we have not transgressed. Indeed, we would then be of the wrongdoers."
That is more likely that they will give testimony according to its [true] objective, or [at least] they would fear that [other] oaths might be taken after their oaths. And fear God and listen; and God does not guide the defiantly disobedient people.
[The Day] when God will say, "O Jesus, Son of Mary, remember My favor upon you and upon your mother when I supported you with the Holy Spirit *Luke 4:1, *Acts 10:38 and you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity; and [remember] when I taught you writing and wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you designed from clay [what was] like the form of a bird with My permission, then you breathed into it, and it became a bird with My permission; and you healed the blind *Matthew 9:27 - 30, *Matthew 20:30 - 34, *Mark 8:22 - 25, *Mark 10:51 - 52, *Luke 18:41 - 43, *John 9:6 - 7 and the leper with My permission; *Matthew 8:3, *Mark 1:40 - 41, *Luke 5:12 - 13, *Luke 17:12 - 14 and when you brought forth the dead with My permission; *Matthew 9:24 - 25, *Mark 5:39 - 42, *Luke 7:12 - 15, *Luke 8:52 - 55, *John 11:41 - 44 and when I restrained the Children of Israel from [killing] you when you came to them with clear proofs and those who disbelieved among them said, 'This is not but obvious magic.'
Said Jesus, the son of Mary, 'O God, our Lord, send down to us a table [spread with food] from the heaven to be for us a festival for the first of us and the last of us and a sign from You. And provide for us, and You are the best of providers.'
God said, 'Indeed, I will send it down to you, *Psalms 23:5 but whoever disbelieves afterwards from among you - then indeed will I punish him with a punishment by which I have not punished anyone among the worlds.'
And [beware the Day] when God will say, "O Jesus, Son of Mary, did you say to the people, 'Take me and my mother as gods besides God?'" He will say, "Exalted are You! It was not for me to say that to which I have no right. If I had said it, You would have known it. You know what is within myself, and I do not know what is within Yourself. Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen.
I did not say to them except what You commanded me - to serve God, *Matthew 4:10, *Matthew 22:37 - 38, *Mark 12:29 - 30, *Luke 4:8, *Luke 10:27 my Lord and your Lord." *John 20:17 And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them; but when You took me in death, You were the Observer over them, and You are, over all things, Witness.
God will say, "This is the Day when the truthful will benefit from their truthfulness." For them are gardens [in Paradise] beneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever, God being pleased with them, and they with Him. That is the great success.