James, a servant of God and of the master Jesus, the Messiah; to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting.
My brethren, count it all [as] joy when you fall into various temptations;
Knowing [this], that the trying of your faith works patience.
But let patience have [her] perfect work, that you may be perfect and whole, wanting nothing.
If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all [men] liberally, and does not upbraid; and it will be given to him.
But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering. For he who wavers is like a wave of the sea driven with the wind and tossed.
For do not let that man think that he will receive anything of the Lord.
A double minded man [is] unstable in all his ways.
Let the brother of low degree rejoice in that he is exalted.
But the rich, in that he is made low, because as the flower of the grass, he will pass away.
For the sun has no sooner risen with a burning heat, but it withers the grass, and the flower thereof falls, and the grace of its fashion perishes, so also will the rich man fade away in his ways.
Blessed [is] the man who endures temptation, for when he is tried, he will receive the crown of life, which the Lord has promised to those who love Him.
Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted by God, for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither does He tempt any man.
But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away by his own lust, and enticed.
Then when lust has conceived, it brings forth sin, and sin, when it is finished, brings forth death.
Do not err, my beloved brethren.
Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.
Of His own will, He fathered us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of His creatures.
Therefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath.
For the wrath of man does not work the righteousness of God.
Therefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls.
But be doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves.
For if any is a hearer of the word, and not a doer, he is like a man beholding his natural face in a glass.
For he beholds himself, and goes his way, and straightway forgets what manner of man he was.
But whoso looks into the perfect law of liberty, and continues [therein], he, not being a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man will be blessed in his deed.
If any man among you seems to be religious, and does not bridle his tongue, but deceives his own heart, this man's religion [is] vain.
Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, 'To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, [and] to keep himself unspotted from the world.'
My brethren, do not have the faith of our master Jesus, the Messiah, [the master] of glory, with respect of persons.
For if there come to your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there also comes in a poor man in vile raiment;
And you have respect to him who wears the shining clothing, and say to him, "Sit here in a good place;" and say to the poor, "Stand there, or sit here under my footstool."
Are you not then partial in yourselves, and have become judges of evil thoughts?
Hear, my beloved brethren, "Has God not chosen the poor of this world, rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which He has promised to those who love Him?
But you have despised the poor. Do rich men not oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats?
If you fulfill the royal law according to the Scripture, "You will love your neighbor as yourself [*Leviticus 19:18]," you do well.
But if you have respect to persons, you commit sin, and are convinced of the law as transgressors.
For He who said, "Do not commit adultery [*Exodus 20:14]," also said, "Do not kill [*Exodus 20:13]." Now if you commit no adultery, yet if you kill, you have become a transgressor of the law.
So speak, and so do, as those who will be judged by the law of liberty.
For He will have judgment without mercy to one who has shown no mercy; and mercy rejoices against judgment.
What [does it] profit, my brethren, though a man says he has faith, and does not have works? Can faith save him?
If a brother or sister is naked, and destitute of daily food,
And one of you says to them, "Depart in peace, be warmed and filled;" notwithstanding you do not give them those things which are needful to the body; what [does it] profit?
Even so faith, if it has not works, is dead, being alone.
Indeed, a man may say, "You have faith, and I have works, show me your faith without your works, and I will show you my faith by my works."
But will you know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
Was not Abraham, our father, justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar?
And the Scripture was fulfilled which says, "Abraham believed God, and it was imputed to him for righteousness [*Genesis 15:6, *1 Maccabees 2:52];" and he was called the Friend of God [*2 Chronicles 20:7, *Isaiah 41:8, *4:125].
You see then, how by works a man is justified, and not by faith only.
Likewise was Rahab, the harlot, also not justified by works, when she had received the messengers, and had sent [them] out another way?
For as the body is dead without the spirit, so faith without works is also dead.
My brethren, do not be many masters, knowing that we will receive the greater condemnation.
For in many things we offend all. If any man does not offend in word, the same [is] a perfect man, [and] also able to bridle the whole body.
Behold, we put bits in the horses' mouths, that they may obey us; and we turn about their whole body.
Behold also the ships, which, though [they are] so great, and [are] driven by fierce winds, yet are they turned about with a very small helm, wherever the helmsmen intends.
Even so the tongue is a little member, and boasts great things. Behold, how great a matter a little fire kindles!
And the tongue [is] a fire, a world of iniquity, so is the tongue among our members, that it defiles the whole body, and sets on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of Gehenna.
For every kind of beasts, and birds, and serpents, and things in the sea, is tamed, and has been tamed of mankind.
But the tongue, no man can tame; [it is] an unruly evil, full of deadly poison.
Therewith we bless God, even the Father; and therewith we curse men, who are made after the similitude of God.
Out of the same mouth proceeds blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things need not so be.
Does a fountain send forth at the same place, sweet [water] and bitter?
Can the fig tree, my brethren, bear olive berries? Either a vine, figs? So no fountain [can] both yield salt water and fresh.
Who [is] a wise man and endued with knowledge among you? Let him show out of a good conversation his works with meekness of wisdom.
But if you have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, do not glory, and do not lie against the truth.
This wisdom descends not from above, but [is] earthly, sensual, devilish.
For where envying and strife [is], there [is] confusion and every evil work.
But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, [and] easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.
And the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace by those who make peace.
From where [are] wars and fightings among you? [They come,] not from here, [even] of your lusts that war in your members?
You lust, and do not have, you kill, and desire to have, and cannot obtain, you fight and war, yet you do not have, because you do not ask.
You ask, and do not receive, because you ask amiss, that you may consume [it] upon your lusts.
You adulterers and adulteresses, do you not know that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? Whoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.
Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. [*22:78]
Draw near to God, and He will draw near to you. Cleanse [your] hands, [you] sinners; and purify [your] hearts, [you] double minded.
Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep, let your laughter be turned to mourning, and [your] joy to heaviness.
Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and He will lift you up.
Do not speak evil of one another, brethren. He who speaks evil of [his] brother, and judges his brother, speaks evil of the law, and judges the law, but if you judge the law, you are not a doer of the law, but a judge.
There is one lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy, who are you who judges another?
Go now, you who say, "Today or tomorrow we will go into such a city, and continue there a year, and buy and sell, and get gain."
Go now, [you] rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that will come upon [you].
Your riches are corrupted, and your garments are moth-eaten.
Your gold and silver is cankered; and their rust will be a witness against you, and will eat your flesh as it were fire. You have heaped treasure together for the Last Days. [*9:35]
Behold, the hire of the laborers who have reaped down your fields, which is kept back of you by fraud, cries, and the cries of those who have reaped have entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth.
You have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been voluptuous; you have nourished your hearts, as in a day of slaughter.
You have condemned [and] killed the just; [and] he does not resist you.
Be patient therefore, brethren, to the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waits for the precious fruit of the earth, and has long patience for it, until he receives the early and latter rain.
Be also patient; establish your hearts, for the coming of the Lord draws near.
Do not grudge against one another, brethren, unless you become condemned, behold, the judge stands before the door.
Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience.
Behold, we count them happy who endure. You have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.
But above all things, my brethren, do not swear, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath, but let your yes be yes; and [your] no, no; unless you fall into condemnation.
Is any among you afflicted? Let him pray. Is any merry? Let him sing Psalms.
Is any sick among you? Let him call for the elders of the church; and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord.
And the prayer of faith will save the sick, and the Lord will raise him up; and if he has committed sins, they will be forgiven him.
Confess [your] faults to one another, and pray for one another, that you may be healed. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man avails much.
Elijah was a man subject to like passions as we are, and he prayed earnestly that it might not rain, and it did not rain on the earth by the space of three years and six months.
And he prayed again, and the heaven gave rain, and the earth brought forth her fruit.
Brethren, if any of you do err from the truth, and one converts him;
Let him know, that he who converts the sinner from the error of his way will save a soul from death, and will hide a multitude of sins.