And give the women [upon marriage] their [bridal] gifts graciously. But if they give up willingly to you anything of it, then take it in satisfaction and ease.
And do not give the weak-minded your property, which God has made a means of sustenance for you, but provide for them with it and clothe them and speak to them words of appropriate kindness.
And test the orphans [in their abilities] until they reach marriageable age. Then if you perceive in them sound judgement, release their property to them. And do not consume it excessively and quickly, [anticipating] that they will grow up. And whoever, [when acting as guardian], is self-sufficient should refrain [from taking a fee]; and whoever is poor - let him take according to what is acceptable. Then when you release their property to them, bring witnesses upon them. And sufficient is God as Accountant.
For men is a share of what the parents and close relatives leave, and for women is a share of what the parents and close relatives leave, be it little or much - an obligatory share.
And when [other] relatives and orphans and the needy are present at the [time of] division, then provide for them [something] out of the estate and speak to them words of appropriate kindness.
And let those [executors and guardians] fear [injustice] as if they had left weak offspring behind and feared for them. So let them fear God and speak words of appropriate justice.
Indeed, those who devour the property of orphans unjustly are only consuming into their bellies fire. And they will be burned in a Blaze.
God instructs you concerning your children for the male, what is equal to the share of two females. But if there are [only] daughters, two or more, for them is two thirds of one's estate. And if there is only one, for her is half. And for one's parents, to each one of them is a sixth of his estate if he left children. But if he had no children and the parents [alone] inherit from him, then for his mother is one third. And if he had brothers [or sisters], for his mother is a sixth, after any bequest he [may have] made or debt. Your parents or your children - you know not which of them are nearest to you in benefit. [These shares are] an obligation [imposed] by God. Indeed, God is ever Knowing and Wise.
And for you is half of what your wives leave if they have no child. But if they have a child, for you is one fourth of what they leave, after any bequest they [may have] made or debt. And for the wives is one fourth if you leave no child. But if you leave a child, then for them is an eighth of what you leave, after any bequest you [may have] made or debt. And if a man or woman leaves neither ascendants nor descendants but has a brother or a sister, then for each one of them is a sixth. But if they are more than two, they share a third, after any bequest which was made or debt, as long as there is no detriment [caused]. [This is] an ordinance from God, and God is Knowing and Forbearing.
These are the limits [set by] God, and whoever obeys God and His messenger will be admitted by Him to gardens [in Paradise] under which rivers flow, abiding eternally therein; and that is the great attainment.
And the two who commit it among you, dishonor them both. But if they repent and correct themselves, leave them alone. Indeed, God is ever Accepting of repentance and Merciful.
The repentance accepted by God is only for those who do wrong in ignorance [or carelessness] and then repent soon after. It is those to whom God will turn in forgiveness, and God is ever Knowing and Wise.
But repentance is not [accepted] of those who [continue to] do evil deeds up until, when death comes to one of them, he says, "Indeed, I have repented now," or of those who die while they are disbelievers. For them We have prepared a painful punishment.
O you who have believed, it is not lawful for you to inherit women by compulsion. And do not make difficulties for them in order to take [back] part of what you gave them unless they commit a clear immorality. And live with them in kindness. For if you dislike them - perhaps you dislike a thing and God makes therein much good.
But if you want to replace one wife with another and you have given one of them a great amount [in gifts], do not take [back] from it anything. Would you take it in injustice and manifest sin?
God wants to make clear to you [the lawful from the unlawful] and guide you to the [good] practices of those before you and to accept your repentance. And God is Knowing and Wise.
God wants to accept your repentance, but those who follow [their] passions want you to digress [into] a great deviation.
And whoever does that in aggression and injustice - then We will drive him into a Fire. And that, for God, is easy.
If you avoid the major sins which you are forbidden, We will remove from you your lesser sins and admit you to a noble entrance.
And do not wish for that by which God has made some of you exceed others. For men is a share of what they have earned, and for women is a share of what they have earned. And ask God of His bounty. Indeed God is ever, of all things, Knowing.
Who are stingy and enjoin upon [other] people stinginess and conceal what God has given them of His bounty - and We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating punishment -
And [also] those who spend of their wealth to be seen by the people and believe not in God nor in the Last Day. And he to whom Satan is a companion - then evil is he as a companion.
And what [harm would come] upon them if they believed in God and the Last Day and spent out of what God provided for them? And God is ever, about them, Knowing.
Indeed, God does not do injustice, [even] as much as an atom's weight; while if there is a good deed, He multiplies it and gives from Himself a great reward.
So how [will it be] when We bring from every nation a witness and We bring you, against these [people] as a witness?
That Day, those who disbelieved and disobeyed the messenger will wish they could be covered by the earth. And they will not conceal from God a [single] statement.
O you who have believed, do not approach prayer while you are intoxicated until you know what you are saying or [when you are] impure, except those passing through [a place of prayer], until you have washed [your whole body]. And if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women and find no water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and your hands [with it]. Indeed, God is ever Pardoning and Forgiving.
Have you not seen those who were given a portion of the Scripture, purchasing error [in exchange for it] and wishing you would lose the way?
And God is most knowing of your enemies; and sufficient is God as an ally, and sufficient is God as a helper.
Among the Jews are those who distort words from their [proper] usages and say, "We hear and disobey" and "Hear but be not heard" and "Ra'ina," twisting their tongues and defaming the religion. And if they had said [instead], "We hear and obey" and "Wait for us [to understand]," it would have been better for them and more suitable. But God has cursed them for their disbelief, so they believe not, except for a few.
O you who were given the Scripture, believe in what We have sent down [to Muhammad], confirming that which is with you, before We obliterate faces and turn them toward their backs or curse them as We cursed the sabbath-breakers. And ever is the decree of God accomplished.
Indeed, God does not forgive association with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates others with God has certainly fabricated a tremendous sin.
Have you not seen those who claim themselves to be pure? Rather, God purifies whom He wills, and injustice is not done to them, [even] as much as a thread [inside a date seed].
Look how they invent about God untruth, and sufficient is that as a manifest sin.
Have you not seen those who were given a portion of the Scripture, who believe in superstition and false objects of worship and say about the disbelievers, "These are better guided than the believers as to the way"?
Those are the ones whom God has cursed; and he whom God curses - never will you find for him a helper.
Or have they a share of dominion? Then [if that were so], they would not give the people [even as much as] the speck on a date seed.
Or do they envy people for what God has given them of His bounty? But We had already given the family of Abraham the Scripture and wisdom and conferred upon them a great kingdom.
And some among them believed in it, and some among them were averse to it. And sufficient is Hell as a blaze.
Indeed, those who disbelieve in Our verses - We will drive them into a Fire. Every time their skins are roasted through We will replace them with other skins so they may taste the punishment. Indeed, God is ever Almighty and Most Wise.
O you who have believed, obey God and obey the messenger and those in authority among you. And if you disagree over anything, refer it to God and the messenger, if you should believe in God and the Last Day. That is the best [way] and best in result.
Have you not seen those who claim to have believed in what was revealed to you, and what was revealed before you? They wish to refer legislation to false gods, while they were commanded to reject it; and Satan wishes to lead them far astray.
And when it is said to them, "Come to what God has revealed and to the messenger," you see the hypocrites turning away from you in aversion.
So how [will it be] when disaster strikes them because of what their hands have put forth and then they come to you swearing by God, "We intended nothing but good conduct and accommodation."
Those are the ones of whom God knows what is in their hearts, so turn away from them but admonish them and speak to them a far-reaching word.
And We did not send any messenger except to be obeyed by permission of God. And if, when they wronged themselves, they had come to you, and asked forgiveness of God and the messenger had asked forgiveness for them, they would have found God Accepting of repentance and Merciful.
But no, by your Lord, they will not [truly] believe until they make you judge concerning that over which they dispute among themselves and then find within themselves no discomfort from what you have judged and submit in [full, willing] submission.
And if We had decreed upon them, "Kill your own" or "Leave your homes," they would not have done it, except for a few of them. But if they had done what they were instructed, it would have been better for them and a firmer position [for them in faith].
And then We would have given them from Us a great reward.
And We would have guided them to a straight path.
And whoever obeys God and the messenger - those will be with the ones upon whom God has bestowed favor of the prophets, the steadfast affirmers of truth, the martyrs and the righteous. And excellent are those as companions.
That is the bounty from God, and sufficient is God as Knower.
O you who have believed, take your precaution and [either] go forth in companies or go forth all together.
And indeed, there is among you he who lingers behind; and if disaster strikes you, he says, "God has favored me in that I was not present with them."
But if bounty comes to you from God, he will surely say, as if there had never been between you and him any affection, "Oh, I wish I had been with them so I could have attained a great attainment."
And what is [the matter] with you that you fight not in the cause of God and [for] the oppressed among men, women, and children who say, "Our Lord, take us out of this city of oppressive people and appoint for us from Yourself a protector and appoint for us from Yourself a helper?"
Those who believe fight in the cause of God, and those who disbelieve fight in the cause of false gods. So fight against the allies of Satan. Indeed, the plot of Satan has ever been weak.
Have you not seen those who were told, "Restrain your hands [from fighting] and establish prayer and give alms"? But then when fighting was ordained for them, at once a party of them feared men as they fear God or with [even] greater fear. They said, "Our Lord, why have You decreed upon us fighting? If only You had postponed [it for] us for a short time." Say, "The enjoyment of this world is little, and the Hereafter is better for he who fears God. And injustice will not be done to you, [even] as much as a thread [inside a date seed]."
Wherever you may be, death will overtake you, even if you should be within towers of lofty construction. But if good comes to them, they say, "This is from God"; and if evil befalls them, they say, "This is from you." Say, "All [things] are from God." So what is [the matter] with those people that they can hardly understand any statement?
What comes to you of good is from God, but what comes to you of evil, [O man], is from yourself. And We have sent you, to the people as a messenger, and sufficient is God as Witness.
He who obeys the messenger has obeyed God; but those who turn away - We have not sent you over them as a guardian.
And they say, "[We pledge] obedience." But when they leave you, a group of them spend the night determining to do other than what you say. But God records what they plan by night. So leave them alone and trust in God. And sufficient is God as Disposer of affairs.
Then do they not reflect upon the Qur'an? If it had been from [any] other than God, they would have found within it much contradiction.
And when there comes to them information about [public] security or fear, they spread it around. But if they had referred it back to the messenger or to those of authority among them, then the ones who [can] draw correct conclusions from it would have known about it. And if not for the favor of God upon you and His mercy, you would have followed Satan, except for a few.
So fight, in the cause of God; you are not held responsible except for yourself. And encourage the believers [to join you] that perhaps God will restrain the [military] might of those who disbelieve. And God is greater in might and stronger in [exemplary] punishment.
Whoever intercedes for a good cause will have a reward therefrom; and whoever intercedes for an evil cause will have a burden therefrom. And ever is God, over all things, a Keeper.
And when you are greeted with a greeting, greet [in return] with one better than it or [at least] return it [in a like manner]. Indeed, God is ever, over all things, an Accountant.
God - there is no god except Him. He will surely assemble you for the Day of Resurrection, about which there is no doubt. And who is more truthful than God in statement?
What is [the matter] with you [that you are] two groups concerning the hypocrites, while God has made them fall back [into error and disbelief] for what they earned. Do you wish to guide those whom God has sent astray? And he whom God sends astray - never will you find for him a way [of guidance].
And never is it for a believer to kill a believer except by mistake. And whoever kills a believer by mistake - then the freeing of a believing slave and a compensation payment presented to the deceased's family [is required] unless they give [up their right as] charity. But if the deceased was from a people at war with you and he was a believer - then [only] the freeing of a believing slave; and if he was from a people with whom you have a treaty - then a compensation payment presented to his family and the freeing of a believing slave. And whoever does not find [one or cannot afford to buy one] - then [instead], a fast for two months consecutively, [seeking] acceptance of repentance from God. And God is ever Knowing and Wise.
But whoever kills a believer intentionally - his recompense is Hell, wherein he will abide eternally, and God has become angry with him and has cursed him and has prepared for him a great punishment.
O you who have believed, when you go forth [to fight] in the cause of God, investigate; and do not say to one who gives you peace "You are not a believer," aspiring for the goods of worldly life; for with God are many acquisitions. You were like that before; then God conferred His favor upon you, so investigate. Indeed God is ever, with what you do, Acquainted.
Not equal are those believers remaining [at home] - other than the disabled - and the mujahideen, [who strive and fight] in the cause of God with their wealth and their lives. God has preferred the mujahideen through their wealth and their lives over those who remain [behind], by degrees. And to both God has promised the best [reward]. But God has preferred the mujahideen over those who remain [behind] with a great reward -
Degrees [of high position] from Him and forgiveness and mercy. And God is ever Forgiving and Merciful.
Indeed, those whom the angels take [in death] while wronging themselves - [the angels] will say, "In what [condition] were you?" They will say, "We were oppressed in the land." The angels will say, "Was not the earth of God spacious [enough] for you to emigrate therein?" For those, their refuge is Hell - and evil it is as a destination.
Except for the oppressed among men, women and children who cannot devise a plan nor are they directed to a way -
For those it is expected that God will pardon them, and God is ever Pardoning and Forgiving.
And whoever emigrates for the cause of God will find on the earth many [alternative] locations and abundance. And whoever leaves his home as an emigrant to God and His messenger and then death overtakes him - his reward has already become incumbent upon God. And God is ever Forgiving and Merciful.
And when you travel throughout the land, there is no blame upon you for shortening the prayer, [especially] if you fear that those who disbelieve may disrupt [or attack] you. Indeed, the disbelievers are ever to you a clear enemy.
And when you are among them and lead them in prayer, let a group of them stand [in prayer] with you and let them carry their arms. And when they have prostrated, let them be [in position] behind you and have the other group come forward which has not [yet] prayed and let them pray with you, taking precaution and carrying their arms. Those who disbelieve wish that you would neglect your weapons and your baggage so they could come down upon you in one attack. But there is no blame upon you, if you are troubled by rain or are ill, for putting down your arms, but take precaution. Indeed, God has prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating punishment.
And when you have completed the prayer, remember God standing, sitting, or on your sides. But when you become secure, re-establish prayer. Indeed, prayer has been decreed upon the believers a decree of specified times.
And do not weaken in pursuit of the enemy. If you should be suffering - so are they suffering as you are suffering, but you expect from God that which they expect not. And God is ever Knowing and Wise.
Indeed, We have revealed to you the Book in truth so you may judge between the people by that which God has shown you. And do not be for the deceitful an advocate.
And seek forgiveness of God. Indeed, God is ever Forgiving and Merciful.
And do not argue on behalf of those who deceive themselves. Indeed, God loves not one who is a habitually sinful deceiver.
They conceal [their evil intentions and deeds] from the people, but they cannot conceal [them] from God, and He is with them [in His knowledge] when they spend the night in such as He does not accept of speech. And ever is God, of what they do, Encompassing.
Here you are - those who argue on their behalf in [this] worldly life - but who will argue with God for them on the Day of Resurrection, or who will [then] be their representative?
And whoever does a wrong or wrongs himself but then seeks forgiveness of God will find God Forgiving and Merciful.
And whoever commits a sin only earns it against himself. And God is ever Knowing and Wise.
But whoever earns an offense or a sin and then throws it on an innocent [person] has taken upon himself a slander and manifest sin.
And if it was not for the favor of God upon you, and His mercy, a group of them would have determined to mislead you. But they do not mislead except themselves, and they will not harm you at all. And God has revealed to you the Book and wisdom and has taught you that which you did not know. And ever has the favor of God upon you been great.
No good is there in much of their private conversation, except for those who enjoin charity or that which is right or conciliation between people. And whoever does that seeking means to the approval of God - then We are going to give him a great reward.
And whoever opposes the messenger after guidance has become clear to him and follows other than the way of the believers - We will give him what he has taken and drive him into Hell, and evil it is as a destination.
Indeed, God does not forgive association with Him, but He forgives what is less than that for whom He wills. And he who associates others with God has certainly gone far astray.
They call upon instead of Him none but female [gods], and they [actually] call upon none but a rebellious Satan.
Whom God has cursed. For he had said, "I will surely take from among Your servants a specific portion.
And I will mislead them, and I will arouse in them [sinful] desires, and I will command them so they will slit the ears of cattle, and I will command them so they will change the creation of God." And whoever takes Satan as an ally instead of God has certainly sustained a clear loss.
Satan promises them and arouses desire in them. But Satan does not promise them except delusion.
The refuge of those will be Hell, and they will not find from it an escape.
And to God belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And ever is God, of all things, Encompassing.
And they request from you, a [legal] ruling concerning women. Say, "God gives you a ruling about them and [about] what has been recited to you in the Book concerning the orphan girls to whom you do not give what is decreed for them - and [yet] you desire to marry them - and concerning the oppressed among children and that you maintain for orphans [their rights] in justice." And whatever you do of good - indeed, God is ever Knowing of it.
And if a woman fears from her husband contempt or evasion, there is no sin upon them if they make terms of settlement between them - and settlement is best. And present in [human] souls is stinginess. But if you do good and fear God - then indeed God is ever, with what you do, Acquainted.
And you will never be able to be equal [in feeling] between wives, even if you should strive [to do so]. So do not incline completely [toward one] and leave another hanging. And if you amend [your affairs] and fear God - then indeed, God is ever Forgiving and Merciful.
And to God belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. And sufficient is God as Disposer of affairs.
If He wills, He can do away with you, O people, and bring others [in your place]. And ever is God Competent to do that.
Whoever desires the reward of this world - then with God is the reward of this world and the Hereafter. And ever is God Hearing and Seeing.
O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm in justice, witnesses for God, even if it be against yourselves or parents and relatives. Whether one is rich or poor, God is more worthy of both. So follow not [personal] inclination, lest you not be just. And if you distort [your testimony] or refuse [to give it], then indeed God is ever, with what you do, Acquainted.
O you who have believed, believe in God and His messenger and the Book that He sent down upon His messenger and the Scripture which He sent down before. And whoever disbelieves in God, His angels, His Books, His messengers, and the Last Day has certainly gone far astray.
Indeed, those who have believed then disbelieved, then believed, then disbelieved, and then increased in disbelief - never will God forgive them, nor will He guide them to a way.
Give tidings to the hypocrites that there is for them a painful punishment -
Wavering between them, [belonging] neither to the believers nor to the disbelievers. And whoever God leaves astray - never will you find for him a way.
O you who have believed, do not take the disbelievers as allies instead of the believers. Do you wish to give God against yourselves a clear case?
Indeed, the hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of the Fire - and never will you find for them a helper -
Except for those who repent, correct themselves, hold fast to God, and are sincere in their religion for God, for those will be with the believers. And God is going to give the believers a great reward.
What would God do with your punishment if you are grateful and believe? And ever is God Appreciative and Knowing.
God does not like the public mention of evil except by one who has been wronged. And ever is God Hearing and Knowing.
If [instead] you show [some] good or conceal it or pardon an offense - indeed, God is ever Pardoning and Competent.
Indeed, those who disbelieve in God and His messengers and wish to discriminate between God and His messengers and say, "We believe in some and disbelieve in others," and wish to adopt a way in between -
Those are the disbelievers, truly. And We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating punishment.
But they who believe in God and His messengers and do not discriminate between any of them - to those He is going to give their rewards. And ever is God Forgiving and Merciful.
And [We cursed them] for their breaking of the covenant and their disbelief in the signs of God and their killing of the prophets without right and their saying, "Our hearts are uncircumcised". Rather, God has sealed them because of their disbelief, so they believe not, except for a few.
But those firm in knowledge among them and the believers believe in what has been revealed to you, and what was revealed before you. And the establishers of prayer [especially] and the givers of alms and the believers in God and the Last Day - those We will give a great reward.
[We sent] messengers as bringers of good tidings and warners so that mankind will have no argument against God after the messengers. And ever is God Almighty and Most Wise.
But God bears witness to that which He has revealed to you. He has sent it down with His knowledge, and the angels bear witness [as well]. And sufficient is God as Witness.
Indeed, those who disbelieve and avert [people] from the way of God have certainly gone far astray.
Indeed, those who disbelieve and commit wrong [or injustice] - never will God forgive them, nor will He guide them to a path.
Except the path of Hell; they will abide therein forever. And that, for God, is [always] easy.
Never would the Messiah disdain to be a servant of God, nor would the angels near [to Him]. And whoever disdains His worship and is arrogant - He will gather them to Himself all together.
And as for those who believed and did righteous deeds, He will give them in full their rewards and grant them extra from His bounty. But as for those who disdained and were arrogant, He will punish them with a painful punishment, and they will not find for themselves besides God any protector or helper.
O mankind, there has come to you a conclusive proof from your Lord, and We have sent down to you a clear light.
So those who believe in God and hold fast to Him - He will admit them to mercy from Himself and bounty and guide them to Himself on a straight path.
They request from you a [legal] ruling. Say, "God gives you a ruling concerning one having neither descendants nor ascendants [as heirs]." If a man dies, leaving no child but [only] a sister, she will have half of what he left. And he inherits from her if she [dies and] has no child. But if there are two sisters [or more], they will have two-thirds of what he left. If there are both brothers and sisters, the male will have the share of two females. God makes clear to you [His law], lest you go astray. And God is Knowing of all things.