Revealed 102nd  

[This is] a surah which We have sent down and made [that within it] obligatory and revealed therein verses of clear evidence that you might remember.
The fornicatress or fornicator found guilty of sexual intercourse - lash each one of them with a hundred lashes, and do not be taken by pity for them in the religion of God, if you should believe in God and the Last Day.  And let a group of the believers witness their punishment.  *4:15

The fornicator does not marry except a [female] fornicator or polytheist, and none marries her except a fornicator or a polytheist, and that has been made unlawful to the believers.

And those who accuse chaste women and then do not produce four witnesses - lash them with eighty lashes and do not accept from them testimony ever after.  And those are the defiantly disobedient,

Except for those who repent thereafter and reform, for indeed, God is Forgiving and Merciful.

And those who accuse their wives [of adultery] and have no witnesses except themselves - then the witness of one of them [shall be] four testimonies [swearing] by God that indeed, he is of the truthful.

And the fifth [oath will be] that the curse of God be upon him if he should be among the liars.

But it will prevent punishment from her if she gives four testimonies [swearing] by God that indeed, he is of the liars.

And the fifth [oath will be] that the wrath of God be upon her if he was of the truthful.

And if not for the favor of God upon you and His mercy...  and because God is Accepting of repentance and Wise.

Indeed, those who came with falsehood are a group among you.  Do not think it bad for you; rather it is good for you.  For every person among them is what [punishment] he has earned from the sin, and he who took upon himself the greater portion thereof - for him is a great punishment.

Why, when you heard it, did not the believing men and believing women think good of one another and say, "This is an obvious falsehood"?

Why did they [who slandered] not produce for it four witnesses?  And when they do not produce the witnesses, then it is they, in the sight of God, who are the liars.

And if it had not been for the favor of God upon you and His mercy in this world and the Hereafter, you would have been touched for that [lie] in which you were involved by a great punishment

When you received it with your tongues and said with your mouths that of which you had no knowledge and thought it was insignificant while it was, in the sight of God, tremendous.

And why, when you heard it, did you not say, "It is not for us to speak of this.  Exalted are You, [O God]; this is a great slander"?

God warns you against returning to the likes of this [conduct], ever, if you should be believers.

And God makes clear to you the verses, and God is Knowing and Wise.

Indeed, those who like that immorality should be spread [or publicized] among those who have believed; for them is a painful punishment in this world and the Hereafter.  And God knows and you do not know.

And if it had not been for the favor of God upon you and His mercy...  and because God is Kind and Merciful.

O you who have believed, do not follow the footsteps of Satan. And whoever follows the footsteps of Satan - indeed, he enjoins immorality and wrongdoing. And if not for the favor of God upon you and His mercy, not one of you would have been pure, ever, but God purifies whom He wills, and God is Hearing and Knowing.
And let not those of virtue among you and wealth swear not to give [aid] to their relatives and the needy and the emigrants for the cause of God, and let them pardon and overlook.  Would you not like that God should forgive you?  And God is Forgiving and Merciful.  *~Sirach 28:2*~Matthew 6:14 - 15, *~Matthew 18:23 - 35*~Mark 11:25 - 26, *~Luke 6:37
Indeed, those who [falsely] accuse chaste, unaware and believing women are cursed in this world and the Hereafter; and they will have a great punishment
On a Day when their tongues, their hands and their feet will bear witness against them as to what they used to do.  *Wisdom of Solomon 4:20*2 Ezra 16:65
That Day, God will pay them in full their deserved recompense, and they will know that it is God who is the perfect in justice.
Evil words are for evil men, and evil men are [subjected] to evil words.  And good words are for good men, and good men are [an object] of good words. *Matthew 12:34 - 35*Luke 6:43 - 45  Those [good people] are declared innocent of what the slanderers say.  For them is forgiveness and noble provision.

O you who have believed, do not enter houses other than your own houses until you ascertain welcome and greet their inhabitants.  That is best for you; perhaps you will be reminded.

And if you do not find anyone therein, do not enter them until permission has been given to you.  And if it is said to you, "Go back," then go back; it is purer for you.  And God is Knowing of what you do.

There is no blame upon you for entering houses not inhabited in which there is convenience for you.  And God knows what you reveal and what you conceal.
Tell the believing men to lower their eyes, *Proverbs 6:25, *Sirach 9:8, *Sirach 25:21, *Matthew 5:28 and guard their private parts.  That is purer for them.  Indeed, God is Acquainted with what they do.

And tell the believing women to lower their eyes and guard their private parts and not expose their beauty except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap [a portion of] their headcovers over their chests and not expose their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands' fathers, their sons, their husbands' sons, their brothers, their brothers' sons, their sisters' sons, their women, that which they possess by oath, or those male attendants having no physical desire, or children who are not yet aware of the private aspects of women.  And let them not stamp their feet to make known what they conceal of their beauty.  And turn to God in repentance, all of you, O believers, that you might succeed.

And marry the unmarried among you and the righteous among your male slaves and female slaves.  If they should be poor, God will enrich them from His bounty, and God is all-Encompassing and Knowing.

But let them who find not marriage abstain until God enriches them from His bounty.  And those who seek a contract [for eventual emancipation] from among whom you possess by oath - then make a contract with them if you know there is within them goodness and give them from the wealth of God which He has given you.  And do not compel your slave girls to prostitution if they desire chastity, so that you may seek the temporary gains of worldly life.  And if someone should compel them, then indeed, God is [to them], after their compulsion, Forgiving and Merciful.

And We have certainly sent down to you distinct verses and examples from those who passed on before you and an admonition for those who fear God.

God is the Light of the heavens and the earth.  The example of His light is like a niche within which is a lamp, the lamp is within glass, the glass as if it were a pearly [white] star lit from [the oil of] a blessed olive tree, neither of the east nor of the west, whose oil would almost glow even if untouched by fire.  Light upon light.  God guides to His light whom He wills.  And God presents examples for the people, and God is Knowing of all things.

[Such niches are] in Houses [of God] which God has ordered to be raised and that His name be remembered therein; exalting Him within them in the morning and the afternoons

[Are] men whom neither commerce nor sale distracts from the remembrance of God and performance of prayer and giving of alms.  They fear a Day in which the hearts and eyes will [fearfully] turn about -

That God may reward them [according to] the best of what they did and increase them from His bounty.  And God gives provision to whom He wills without account.

But those who disbelieved - their deeds are like a mirage in a lowland which a thirsty one thinks is water until, when he comes to it, he finds it is nothing but finds God before him, and He will pay him in full his due; and God is swift in account.

Or [they are] like darknesses within an unfathomable sea which is covered by waves, upon which are waves, over which are clouds - darknesses, some of them upon others.  When one puts out his hand [therein], he can hardly see it.  And he to whom God has not granted light - for him there is no light.

Do you not see that God is exalted by whomever is within the heavens and the earth and [by] the birds with wings spread [in flight]?  Each [of them] has known his [means of] prayer and exalting [Him], and God is Knowing of what they do.

And to God belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and to God is the destination.

Do you not see that God drives clouds?  Then He brings them together, then He makes them into a mass, and you see the rain emerge from within it.  And He sends down from the heaven, mountains [of clouds] within which is hail, and He strikes with it whom He wills and averts it from whom He wills.  The flash of its lightning almost takes away the eyesight.

God alternates the night and the day.  Indeed in that is a lesson for those who have vision.
God has created every [living] creature from water. *2 Ezra 6:48  And of them are those that move on their bellies, and of them are those that walk on two legs, and of them are those that walk on four.  God creates what He wills.  Indeed, God is over all things Competent.

We have certainly sent down distinct verses.  And God guides whom He wills to a straight path.

But the hypocrites say, "We have believed in God and in the messenger, and we obey"; then a party of them turns away after that.  And those are not believers.

And when they are called to [the words of] God and His messenger to judge between them, at once a party of them turns aside [in refusal].

But if the right is theirs, they come to him in prompt obedience.

Is there disease in their hearts?  Or have they doubted?  Or do they fear that God will be unjust to them, or His messenger?  Rather, it is they who are the wrongdoers.

The only statement of the [true] believers when they are called to God and His messenger to judge between them is that they say, "We hear and we obey."  And those are the successful.

And whoever obeys God and His messenger and fears God and is conscious of Him - it is those who are the attainers.
And they swear by God their strongest oaths that if you ordered them, they would go forth [in God's cause].  Say, "Do not swear. *Matthew 5:33 - 37  [Such] obedience is known.  Indeed, God is Acquainted with that which you do."

Say, "Obey God and obey the messenger; but if you turn away - then upon him is only that [duty] with which he has been charged, and upon you is that with which you have been charged.  And if you obey him, you will be [rightly] guided.  And there is not upon the messenger except the [responsibility for] clear notification."

God has promised those who have believed among you and done righteous deeds that He will surely grant them succession [to authority] upon the earth just as He granted it to those before them and that He will surely establish for them [therein] their religion which He has preferred for them and that He will surely substitute for them, after their fear, security, [for] they worship Me, not associating anything with Me.  But whoever disbelieves after that - then those are the defiantly disobedient.

And establish prayer and give alms and obey the messenger - that you may receive mercy.

Never think that the disbelievers are causing failure [to God] upon the earth.  Their refuge will be the Fire - and how wretched the destination.

O you who have believed, let those whom you possess by oath and those who have not [yet] reached puberty among you ask permission of you [before entering] at three times: before the dawn prayer and when you put aside your clothing [for rest] at noon and after the night prayer.  [These are] three times of privacy for you.  There is no blame upon you nor upon them beyond these [periods], for they continually circulate among you - some of you, among others.  Thus does God make clear to you the verses; and God is Knowing and Wise.

And when the children among you reach puberty, let them ask permission [at all times] as those before them have done.  Thus does God make clear to you His verses; and God is Knowing and Wise.

And women of post-menstrual age who have no desire for marriage - there is no blame upon them for putting aside their outer garments [but] not displaying beauty.  But to modestly refrain [from that] is better for them.  And God is Hearing and Knowing.

There is not upon the blind [any] constraint nor upon the lame constraint nor upon the ill constraint nor upon yourselves when you eat from your [own] houses or the houses of your fathers or the houses of your mothers or the houses of your brothers or the houses of your sisters or the houses of your father's brothers or the houses of your father's sisters or the houses of your mother's brothers or the houses of your mother's sisters or [from houses] whose keys you possess or [from the house] of your friend.  There is no blame upon you whether you eat together or separately.  But when you enter houses, give greetings of peace upon each other - a greeting from God, blessed and good.  Thus does God make clear to you the verses [of ordinance] that you may understand.

The believers are only those who believe in God and His messenger and, when they are [meeting] with him for a matter of common interest, do not depart until they have asked his permission.  Indeed, those who ask your permission, - those are the ones who believe in God and His messenger.  So when they ask your permission for something of their affairs, then give permission to whom you will among them and ask forgiveness for them of God.  Indeed, God is Forgiving and Merciful.

Do not make [your] calling of the messenger among yourselves as the call of one of you to another.  Already God knows those of you who slip away, concealed by others.  So let those beware who dissent from the prophet's order, lest a trial strike them or a painful punishment.

Unquestionably, to God belongs whatever is in the heavens and earth.  Already He knows that upon which you [stand] and [knows] the Day when they will be returned to Him and He will inform them of what they have done.  And God is Knowing of all things.