[a concealed Scripture found in Codex Sinaiticus]
All wisdom comes from the Lord, and is with Him forever.
Who can number the sand of the sea, and the drops of rain, and the days of eternity?
Who can find out the height of heaven, and the breadth of the earth, and the deep, and wisdom?
Wisdom has been created before all things, and the understanding of prudence from everlasting.
The word of God Most High is the fountain of wisdom; and her ways are everlasting commandments.
To whom has the root of wisdom been revealed? Or who has known her wise counsels?
To whom has the knowledge of wisdom been made manifest? And who has understood her great experience?
There is One Wise and greatly to be feared, the Lord sitting upon His Throne.
He created her, and saw her, and numbered her, and poured her out upon all His works.
She is with all flesh according to His gift, and He has given her to those who love Him.
The fear of the Lord is honor, and glory, and gladness, and a crown of rejoicing.
The fear of the Lord makes a merry heart, and gives joy, and gladness, and a long life.
She has built an everlasting foundation with men, and she will continue with their seed.
To fear the Lord is fullness of wisdom, and fills men with her fruits.
She fills all their house with desirable things, and the garners with her increase.
The fear of the Lord is a crown of wisdom, making peace and perfect health to flourish; both which are the gifts of God; and it enlarges their rejoicing who love Him.
Wisdom rains down skill and knowledge of understanding, and exalts them to honor, [those] who hold her fast.
The root of wisdom is to fear the Lord, and the branches thereof are long life.
The fear of the Lord drives away sins; and where it is present, it turns away wrath.
A furious man cannot be justified; for the sway of his fury will be his destruction.
A patient man will tear for a time, and afterward, joy will spring up to him.
He will hide his words for a time, and the lips of many will declare his wisdom.
The parables of knowledge are in the treasures of wisdom; but godliness is an abomination to a sinner.
If you desire wisdom, keep the commandments, and the Lord will give her to you.
For the fear of the Lord is wisdom and instruction; and faith and meekness are His delight.
Do not distrust the fear of the Lord when you are poor; and do not come to Him with a double heart.
Do not be a hypocrite in the sight of men, and take good heed what you speak.
Do not exalt yourself, unless you fall, and bring dishonor upon your soul, and God so discovers your secrets, and casts you down in the midst of the congregation, because you did not come in truth to the fear of the Lord, but your heart is full of deceit.
My son, if you come to serve the Lord, prepare your soul for temptation.
Set your heart aright, and constantly endure, and do not make haste in time of trouble.
Cleave to Him, and do not depart away, that you may be increased at your last end.
Whatsoever is brought upon you, take cheerfully, and be patient when you are changed to a low estate.
For gold is tried in the fire, and acceptable men in the furnace of adversity.
Believe in Him, and He will help you; order your way aright, and trust in Him.
You who fear the Lord, wait for His mercy; and do not go aside, unless you fall.
You who fear the Lord, believe Him; and your reward will not fail.
You who fear the Lord, hope for good, and for everlasting joy and mercy.
Look at the generations of old, and see; did any ever trust in the Lord, and were confounded? Or did any abide in His fear, and were forsaken? Or whom did He ever despise, who called upon Him?
For the Lord is full of compassion and mercy, longsuffering, and very pitiful, and forgives sins, and saves in time of affliction.
Woe to fearful hearts, and faint hands, and the sinner who goes two ways!
Woe to him who is fainthearted! For he does not believe; therefore he will not be defended.
Woe to you who have lost patience! And what will you do when the Lord will visit you?
Those who fear the Lord will not disobey His Word; and those who love Him will keep His ways.
Those who fear the Lord will seek that which is well, pleasing to Him; and those who love Him will be filled with the law.
Those who fear the Lord will prepare their hearts, and humble their souls in His sight,
Saying, "We will fall into the hands of the Lord, and not into the hands of men;" for as His majesty is, so is His mercy.
Hear me, your father, O children, and do thereafter, that you may be safe.
For the Lord has given the father honor over the children, and has confirmed the authority of the mother over the sons.
Whoso honors his father makes an atonement for his sins;
And he who honors his mother is as one who lays up treasure.
Whoso honors his father will have joy of his own children; and when he makes his prayer, he will be heard.
He who honors his father will have a long life; and he who is obedient to the Lord will be a comfort to his mother.
He who fears the Lord will honor his father, and will do service to his parents, as to his masters.
Honor your father and mother both in word and deed, that a blessing may come upon you from them.
For the blessing of the father establishes the houses of children; but the curse of the mother roots out foundations.
Do not glory in the dishonor of your father; for your father's dishonor is not glory to you.
For the glory of a man is from the honor of his father; and a mother in dishonor is a reproach to the children.
My son, help your father in his age, and do not grieve him as long as he lives.
And if his understanding fails, have patience with him; and do not despise when you are in your full strength.
For the relieving of your father will not be forgotten; and instead of sins, it will be added to build you up.
In the day of your affliction, it will be remembered; your sins will also melt away, as the ice in the fair warm weather.
He who forsakes his father is as a blasphemer; and he who angers his mother is cursed; of God.
My son, go on with your business in meekness; so you will be beloved of him who is approved.
The greater you are, the more humble yourself, and you will find favor before the Lord.
Many are in high places, and of renown; but mysteries are revealed to the meek.
But what is commanded you, think thereupon with reverence, for it is not needful for you to see with your eyes, the things that are in secret.
Do not be curious in unnecessary matters; for more things are shown to you than men understand.
For many are deceived by their own vain opinion; and an evil suspicion has overthrown their judgment.
Without eyes you will want light; do not profess the knowledge therefore that you do not have.
A stubborn heart will fare evil at the last; and he who loves danger will perish therein.
An obstinate heart will be laden with sorrows; and the wicked man will heap sin upon sin.
In the punishment of the proud, there is no remedy; for the plant of wickedness has taken root in him.
The heart of the prudent will understand a parable; and an attentive ear is the desire of a wise man.
Water will quench a flaming fire; and alms make an atonement for sins.
And he who requites good turns is mindful of that which may come hereafter; and when he falls, he will find a stay.
My son, do not defraud the poor of his living, and do not make the needy eyes wait long.
Do not make a hungry soul sorrowful; neither provoke a man in his distress.
Do not add more trouble to a heart that is vexed; and do not defer to give to him who is in need.
Do not reject the supplication of the afflicted; neither turn your face away from a poor man.
Do not turn away your eye from the needy, and give him no occasion to curse you;
For if he curses you in the bitterness of his soul, his prayer will be heard of Him who made him.
Get yourself the love of the congregation, and bow your head to a great man.
Let it not grieve you to bow down your ear to the poor, and give him a friendly answer with meekness.
Deliver him who suffers wrong from the hand of the oppressor; and do not be fainthearted when you sit in judgment.
Be as a father to the fatherless, and instead of a husband to their mother; so will you be as the son of the Most High, and He will love you more than your mother does.
Wisdom exalts her children, and lays hold of those who seek her.
He who loves her loves life; and those who seek to her early will be filled with joy.
He who holds her fast will inherit glory; and wherever she enters, the Lord will bless.
Those who serve her will minister to the Holy One; and those who love her, the Lord loves.
Whoso gives ear to her will judge the nations; and he who attends to her will dwell securely.
If a man commits himself to her, he will inherit her; and his generation will hold her in possession.
For at first, she will walk with him by crooked ways, and bring fear and dread upon him, and torment him with her discipline, until she may trust his soul, and try him by her laws.
Then she will return the straight way to him, and comfort him, and show him her secrets.
But if he goes wrong, she will forsake him, and give him over to his own ruin.
Observe the opportunity, and beware of evil; and do not be ashamed when it concerns your soul.
For there is a shame that brings sin; and there is a shame which is glory and grace.
Accept no person against your soul, and do not let the reverence of any man cause you to fall.
And do not refrain to speak, when there is occasion to do good, and do not hide your wisdom in her beauty.
For by speech, wisdom will be known; and learning by the word of the tongue.
In no wise speak against the truth; but be abashed of the error of your ignorance.
Do not be ashamed to confess your sins; and do not force the course of the river.
Do not make yourself an underling to a foolish man; neither accept the person of the mighty.
Strive for the truth to death, and the Lord will fight for you.
Do not be hasty in your tongue, and in your deeds, slack and remiss.
Do not be as a lion in your house, nor frantic among your servants.
Do not let your hand be stretched out to receive, and shut when you should repay.
Set your heart upon your goods; and do not say, "I have enough for my life."
Do not follow your own mind and your strength, to walk in the ways of your heart;
And do not say, "Who will control me for my works?" For the Lord will surely revenge your pride.
Do not say, "I have sinned, and what harm has happened to me?" For the Lord is longsuffering, He will in no wise let you go.
Concerning propitiation, do not be without fear to add sin to sin;
And do not say, "His mercy is great; He will be pacified for the multitude of my sins;" for mercy and wrath come from Him, and His indignation rests upon sinners.
Make no delay to turn to the Lord, and do not put off from day to day; for suddenly the wrath of the Lord will come forth, and in your security, you will be destroyed, and perish in the Day of Vengeance.
Do not set your heart upon goods unjustly gotten, for they will not profit you in the Day of Calamity.
Do not winnow with every wind, and do not go into every way; for so does the sinner who has a double tongue.
Be stedfast in your understanding; and let your word be the same.
Be swift to hear; and let your life be sincere; and with patience, give answer.
If you have understanding, answer your neighbor; if not, lay your hand upon your mouth.
Honor and shame is in talk; and the tongue of man is his fall.
Do not be called a whisperer, and do not lie in wait with your tongue; for a foul shame is upon the thief, and an evil condemnation upon the double tongue.
Do not be ignorant of anything in a great matter or a small.
Instead of a friend, do not become an enemy; for [thereby] you will inherit an ill name, shame, and reproach; even so will a sinner who has a double tongue.
Do not extol yourself in the counsel of your own heart; that your soul is not torn in pieces as a bull [straying alone.]
You will eat up your leaves, and lose your fruit, and leave yourself as a dry tree.
A wicked soul will destroy him who has it, and will make him to be laughed to scorn of his enemies.
Sweet language will multiply friends; and a fairspeaking tongue will increase kind greetings.
Be in peace with many; nevertheless, have but one counselor of a thousand.
If you would get a friend, prove him first and do not be hasty to credit him.
For some man is a friend for his own occasion, and will not abide in the day of your trouble.
And there is a friend, who being turned to enmity, and strife will discover your reproach.
Again, some friend is a companion at the table, and will not continue in the day of your affliction.
But in your prosperity, he will be as yourself, and will be bold over your servants.
If you are brought low, he will be against you, and will hide himself from your face.
Separate yourself from your enemies, and take heed of your friends.
A faithful friend is a strong defence; and he who has found such a one has found a treasure.
Nothing countervails a faithful friend, and his excellency is invaluable.
A faithful friend is the medicine of life; and those who fear the Lord will find him.
Whoso fears the Lord will direct his friendship aright; for as he is, so will his neighbor be also.
My son, gather instruction from your youth up; so will you find wisdom until your old age.
Come to her as one who plows and sows, and wait for her good fruits; for you will not toil much in laboring about her, but you will eat of her fruits right soon.
She is very unpleasant to the unlearned; he who is without understanding will not remain with her.
She will lie upon him as a mighty stone of trial; and he will cast her from him before it is long.
For wisdom is according to her name, and she is not manifest to many.
Give ear, my son, receive my advice, and do not refuse my counsel,
And put your feet into her fetters, and your neck into her chain.
Bow down your shoulder, and bear her, and do not be grieved with her bonds.
Come to her with your whole heart, and keep her ways with all your power.
Search, and seek, and she will be made known to you; and when you have gotten hold of her, do not let her go.
For at the last you will find her rest, and that will be turned to your joy.
Then her fetters will be a strong defence for you, and her chains, a robe of glory.
For there is a golden ornament upon her, and her bands are purple lace.
You will put her on as a robe of honor, and will put her about you as a crown of joy.
My son, if you will, you will be taught; and if you will apply your mind, you will be prudent.
If you love to hear, you will receive understanding; and if you bow your ear, you will be wise,
Stand in the multitude of the elders; and cleave to him who is wise.
Be willing to hear every godly discourse; and do not let the parables of understanding escape you.
And if you see a man of understanding, get, come early to him, and let your foot wear the steps of his door.
Let your mind be upon the ordinances of the Lord and meditate continually in His commandments; He will establish your heart, and give you wisdom at your own desire.
Do no evil, so will no harm come to you.
Depart from the unjust, and iniquity will turn away from you.
My son, do not sow upon the furrows of unrighteousness, and you will not reap them sevenfold.
Do not seek of the Lord preeminence, neither of the king the seat of honor.
Do not justify yourself before the Lord; and do not boast of your wisdom before the king.
Do not seek to be judge, not being able to take away iniquity; unless at any time you fear the person of the mighty, a stumblingblock in the way of your uprightness.
Do not offend against the multitude of a city, and then you will not cast yourself down among the people.
Do not bind one sin upon another; for you will not be unpunished in one.
Do not say, "God will look upon the multitude of my oblations, and when I offer to the Most High God, He will accept it."
Do not be fainthearted when you make your prayer, and do not neglect to give alms.
Do not laugh at a man to scorn in the bitterness of his soul; for there is One who humbles and exalts.
Do not devise a lie against your brother; neither do the like to your friend.
Do not make any manner of lie; for the custom thereof is not good.
Do not use many words in a multitude of elders, and do not make much babbling when you pray.
Do not hate laborious work, neither husbandry, which the Most High has ordained.
Do not number yourself among the multitude of sinners, but remember that wrath will not delay for long.
Humble yourself greatly; for the vengeance of the ungodly is fire and worms.
Do not change a friend for any good by no means; neither a faithful brother for the gold of Ophir.
Do not forgo a wise and good woman; for her grace is above gold.
Whereas your servant works truly, do not entreat him evil, nor the hireling who bestows himself wholly for you.
Let your soul love a good servant, and do not defraud him of liberty.
Do you have cattle? Have an eye to them; and if they are for your profit, keep them with you.
Do you have children? Instruct them, and bow down their neck from their youth.
Do you have daughters? Have care of their body, and do not show yourself cheerful toward them.
Marry your daughter, and so will you have performed a weighty matter; but give her to a man of understanding.
Do you have a wife after your mind? Do not forsake her; but do not give yourself over to a light woman.
Honor your father with your whole heart, and do not forget the sorrows of your mother.
Remember that you were begotten of them; and how can you recompense them the things that they have done for you?
Fear the Lord with all your soul, and reverence His priests.
Love Him who made you with all your strength, and do not forsake His ministers.
Fear the Lord, and honor the priest; and give him his portion, as it is commanded you; the firstfruits, and the trespass offering, and the gift of the shoulders, and the sacrifice of sanctification, and the firstfruits of the holy things.
And stretch your hand to the poor, that your blessing may be perfected.
A gift has grace in the sight of every living man; and for the dead, do not detain it.
Do not fail to be with those who weep, and mourn with those who mourn.
Do not be slow to visit the sick; for that will make you beloved.
Whatsoever you take in hand, remember the end, and you will never do sin.
Do not strive with a mighty man unless you fall into his hands.
Do not be at variance with a rich man, unless he overweighs you; for gold has destroyed many, and perverted the hearts of kings.
Do not strive with a man who is full of tongue, and do not heap wood upon his fire.
Do not jest with a rude man, unless your ancestors are disgraced.
Do not reproach a man who turns from sin, but remember that we are all worthy of punishment.
Do not dishonor a man in his old age; for even some of us wax old.
Do not rejoice over your greatest enemy being dead, but remember that we all die.
Do not despise the discourse of the wise, but acquaint yourself with their proverbs; for of them you will learn instruction, and how to serve great men with ease.
Do not miss the discourse of the elders; for they also learned of their fathers, and of them you will learn understanding, and to give answer as need requires.
Do not kindle the coals of a sinner, unless you are burnt with the flame of his fire.
Do not rise up [in anger] at the presence of an injurious person, unless he lies in wait to entrap you in your words
Do not lend to him who is mightier than yourself; for if you lend to him, count it but lost.
Do not pledge above your power; for if you are pledged, take care to pay it.
Do not go to law with a judge; for they will judge for him according to his honor.
Do not travel by the way with a bold fellow, unless he becomes grievous to you; for he will do according to his own will, and you will perish with him through his folly.
Do not strive with an angry man, and do not go with him into a solitary place; for blood is as nothing in his sight, and where there is no help, he will overthrow you.
Do not consult with a fool; for he cannot keep counsel.
Do no secret thing before a stranger; for you do not know what he will bring forth.
Do not open your heart to every man, unless he requites you with a shrewd turn.
Do not be jealous over the wife of your bosom, and do not teach her an evil lesson against yourself.
Do not give your soul to a woman to set her foot upon your substance.
Do not meet with a harlot, unless you fall into her snares.
Do not use much company of a woman who is a singer, unless you are taken with her attempts.
Do not gaze on a maid, that you do not fall by those things that are precious in her.
Do not give your soul to harlots, that you do not lose your inheritance.
Do not sit at all with another man's wife, nor sit down with her in your arms, and do not spend your money with her at the wine; unless your heart inclines to her, and so through your desire, you fall into destruction.
Do not forsake an old friend; for the new is not comparable to him; a new friend is as new wine; when it is old, you will drink it with pleasure.
Do not envy the glory of a sinner; for you do not know what will be his end.
Do not delight in the thing that the ungodly have pleasure in; but remember they will not go unpunished to their grave.
Keep far from the man who has power to kill; so will you not doubt the fear of death; and if you come to him, make no fault, unless he takes away your life presently; remember that you go in the midst of snares, and that you walk upon the battlements of the city.
As near as you can, guess at your neighbor, and consult with the wise.
Let your talk be with the wise, and all your communication in the law of the Most High.
And let just men eat and drink with you; and let your glorying be in the fear of the Lord.
For the hand of the artificer, the work will be commended; and the wise ruler of the people for his speech.
A man of an ill tongue is dangerous in his city; and he who is rash in his talk will be hated.
A wise judge will instruct his people; and the government of a prudent man is well ordered.
As the judge of the people is himself, so are his officers; and what manner of man the ruler of the city is, such are all those who dwell therein.
An unwise king destroys his people; but through the prudence of those who are in authority, the city will be inhabited.
The power of the earth is in the hand of the Lord, and in due time, He will set over it one who is profitable.
In the hand of God is the prosperity of man; and upon the person of the scribe, He will lay His honor.
Do not bear hatred to your neighbor for every wrong; and do nothing at all by injurious practices.
Pride is hateful before God and man; and by both does one commit iniquity.
Because of unrighteous dealings, injuries, and riches gotten by deceit, the kingdom is translated from one people to another.
Why is earth and ashes proud? There is not a more wicked thing than a covetous man; for such sets his own soul to sale; because while he lives, he casts away his bowels.
The physician cuts off a long disease; and he who is a king today will die tomorrow.
For when a man is dead, he will inherit creeping things, beasts, and worms.
The beginning of pride is when one departs from God, and his heart is turned away from his Maker.
For pride is the beginning of sin, and he who has it will pour out abomination; and therefore the Lord brought upon them strange calamities, and utterly overthrew them.
The Lord has cast down the thrones of proud princes, and set up the meek in their stead.
The Lord has plucked up the roots of the proud nations, and planted the lowly in their place.
The Lord overthrew countries of the heathen, and destroyed them to the foundations of the earth.
He took some of them away, and destroyed them, and has made their memorial to cease from the earth.
Pride was not made for men, nor furious anger for those who are born of a woman.
Those who fear the Lord are a sure seed, and those who love Him, an honorable plant; those who do not regard the law are a dishonorable seed; those who transgress the commandments are a deceivable seed.
Among brethren, he who is chief is honorable; so are those who fear the Lord in His eyes.
The fear of the Lord goes before the obtaining of authority; but roughness and pride is the losing thereof.
Whether he is rich, noble, or poor, their glory is the fear of the Lord.
It is not meet to despise the poor man who has understanding; neither is it convenient to magnify a sinful man.
Great men, and judges, and potentates, will be honored; yet there are none greater than he who fears the Lord.
To the servant who is wise, those who are free will do service; and he who has knowledge will not grudge when he is reformed.
Do not be overwise in doing your business; and do not boast yourself in the time of your distress.
Better is he who labors, and abounds in all things, than he who boasts himself, and wants bread.
My son, glorify your soul in meekness, and give it honor according to the dignity thereof.
Who will justify him who sins against his own soul? And who will honor him who dishonors his own life?
The poor man is honored for his skill, and the rich man is honored for his riches.
He who is honored in poverty, how much more in riches? And he who is dishonorable in riches, how much more in poverty?
Wisdom lifts up the head of him who is of low degree, and makes him to sit among great men.
Do not commend a man for his beauty; neither abhor a man for his outward appearance.
The bee is little among such that fly; but her fruit is the chief of sweet things.
Do not boast of your clothing and raiment, and do not exalt yourself in the day of honor; for the works of the Lord are wonderful, and His works among men are hidden.
Many kings have sat down upon the ground; and one who was never thought of has worn the crown.
Many mighty men have been greatly disgraced; and the honorable, delivered into other men's hands.
Do not blame before you have examined the truth; understand first, and then rebuke.
Do not answer before you have heard the cause; neither interrupt men in the midst of their talk.
Do not strive in a matter that does not concern you; and do not sit in judgment with sinners.
My son, do not meddle with many matters; for if you meddle much, you will not be innocent; and if you follow after, you will not obtain, neither will you escape by fleeing.
There is one who labors, and takes pains, and makes haste, and is so much the more behind.
Again, there is another that is slow, and has need of help, wanting ability, and full of poverty; yet the eye of the Lord looked upon him for good, and set him up from his low estate,
And He lifted up his head from misery; so that many who saw him are in amazement.
Prosperity and adversity, life and death, poverty and riches, come of the Lord.
Wisdom, knowledge, and understanding of the law, are of the Lord; love, and the way of good works, are from Him.
Error and darkness had their beginning together with sinners; and evil will wax old with those who glory therein.
The gift of the Lord remains with the ungodly, and His favor brings prosperity forever.
There is [one] who waxes rich by his wariness and pinching, and this, his portion of his reward;
Whereas he says, "I have found rest, and now will eat continually of my goods;" and yet he does not know what time will come upon him, and that he must leave those things to others, and die.
Be stedfast in your covenant, and be conversant therein, and wax old in your work.
Do not marvel at the works of sinners; but trust in the Lord, and abide in your labor; for it is an easy thing in the sight of the Lord to suddenly make a poor man rich.
The blessing of the Lord is in the reward of the godly, and He suddenly makes His blessing flourish.
Do not say, "What profit is there of my service? And what good things will I have hereafter?"
Again, do not say, "I have enough, and possess many things, and what evil will I have hereafter?"
In the day of prosperity there is a forgetfulness of affliction; and in the day of affliction there is no more remembrance of prosperity.
For it is an easy thing to the Lord in the day of death to reward a man according to his ways.
The affliction of an hour makes a man forget pleasure; and in his end, his deeds will be discovered.
Judge none blessed before his death; for a man will be known in his children.
Do not bring every man into your house; for the deceitful man has many trains.
Like as a partridge taken [and kept] in a cage, so is the heart of the proud; and as a spy, he watches for your fall;
For he lies in wait, and turns good into evil, and in things worthy of praise, he will lay blame upon you.
Of a spark of fire, a heap of coals is kindled; and a sinful man lays wait for blood.
Take heed of a mischievous man, for he works wickedness; unless he brings a perpetual blot upon you.
Receive a stranger into your house, and he will disturb you, and turn you out of your own.
When you will do good, know to whom you do it; so will you be thanked for your benefits.
Do good to the godly man, and you will find a recompence; and if not from him, yet from the Most High.
No good can come to him who is always occupied in evil, nor to him who gives no alms.
Give to the godly man, and do not help a sinner.
Do well to him who is lowly, but do not give to the ungodly; hold back your bread, and do not give it to him, unless he overmasters you thereby; for [else] you will receive twice as much evil for all the good you will have done to him.
For the Most High hates sinners, and will repay vengeance to the ungodly, and keeps them against the Mighty Day of their punishment.
Give to the good, and do not help the sinner.
A friend cannot be known in prosperity; and an enemy cannot be hidden in adversity.
In the prosperity of a man, enemies will be grieved; but in his adversity, even a friend will depart.
Never trust your enemy; for as iron rusts, so is his wickedness.
Though he humbles himself, and goes crouching, yet take good heed and beware of him, and you will be to him as if you had wiped a lookingglass, and you will know that his rust has not been wiped away altogether.
Do not set him by you, unless, when he has overthrown you, he stands up in your place; neither let him sit at your right hand, unless he seeks to take your seat, and you, at the last, remember my words, and are pricked therewith.
Who will pity a charmer who is bitten with a serpent, or any such who come near wild beasts?
So one who goes to a sinner, and is defiled with him in his sins, who will pity?
For he will abide with you a while, but if you begin to fall, he will not remain.
An enemy speaks sweetly with his lips, but in his heart he imagines how to throw you into a pit; he will weep with his eyes, but if he finds opportunity, he will not be satisfied with blood.
If adversity comes upon you, you will find him there first; and though he pretends to help you, yet he will undermine you.
He will shake his head, and clap his hands, and whisper much, and change his countenance.
He who touches pitch will be defiled therewith; and he who has fellowship with a proud man will be like him.
Do not burden yourself above your power while you live; and have no fellowship with one who is mightier and richer than yourself; for how do the kettle and the earthen pot agree together? For if the one is struck against the other, it will be broken.
The rich man has done wrong, and yet he threatens withal; the poor are wronged, and he must intreat also.
If you are for his profit, he will use you; but if you have nothing, he will forsake you.
If you have anything, he will live with you; indeed, he will make you bare, and will not be sorry for it.
If he has need of you, he will deceive you, and smile upon you, and put you in hope; he will speak fair, and say, "What do you want?"
And he will shame you by his meats, until he has drawn you dry twice or three times, and at the last, he will laugh you to scorn afterward, when he sees you, he will forsake you, and shake his head at you.
Beware that you are not deceived and brought down in your jollity.
If you are invited of a mighty man, withdraw yourself, and he will invite you so much more.
Do not press upon him, unless you are put back; do not stand afar off, unless you become forgotten.
Do not affect to be made equal to him in talk, and do not believe his many words; for he will tempt you with much communication, and smiling upon you, he will get your secrets out;
But he will cruelly lay up your words, and will not spare to do you hurt, and to put you in prison.
Observe, and take good heed, for you walk in peril of your overthrowing; when you hear these things, awake in your sleep.
Love the Lord all your life, and call upon Him for your salvation.
Every beast loves his like, and every man loves his neighbor.
All flesh consorts according to kind, and a man will cleave to his like.
What fellowship does the wolf have with the lamb? So the sinner with the godly.
What agreement is there between the hyena and a dog? And what peace between the rich and the poor?
As the wild ass is the lion's prey in the wilderness; so the rich eat up the poor.
As the proud hate humility; so do the rich abhor the poor.
A rich man beginning to fall is held up by his friends; but a poor man being down is thrust away by his friends.
When a rich man has fallen, he has many helpers; he speaks things not to be spoken, and yet men justify him; the poor man slipped, and yet they rebuked him too; he spoke wisely, and could have no place.
When a rich man speaks, every man holds his tongue, and, look, what he says, they extol it to the clouds; but if the poor man speaks, they say, "What fellow is this?" And if he stumbles, they will help to overthrow him.
Riches are good to him who has no sin, and poverty is evil in the mouth of the ungodly.
The heart of a man changes his countenance, whether it is for good or evil; and a merry heart makes a cheerful countenance.
A cheerful countenance is a token of a heart that is in prosperity; and the finding out of parables is a wearisome labor of the mind.
Blessed is the man who has not slipped with his mouth, and is not pricked with the multitude of sins.
Blessed is he whose conscience has not condemned him, and who has not fallen from his hope in the Lord.
Riches are not ideal for a man of few words; and what should an envious man do with money?
He who gathers by defrauding his own soul gathers for others, who will spend his goods riotously.
He who is evil to himself, to whom will he be good? He will not take pleasure in his goods.
There are none worse than he who envies himself; and this is a recompence of his wickedness.
And if he does good, he does it unwillingly; and at the last, he will declare his wickedness.
The envious man has a wicked eye; he turns away his face, and despises men.
A covetous man's eye is not satisfied with his portion; and the iniquity of the wicked dries up his soul.
A wicked eye envies [his] bread, and he is lacking at his table.
My son, according to your ability do good to yourself, and give the Lord His due offering.
Remember that death will not be long in coming, and that the covenant of the grave is not shown to you.
Do good to your friend before you die, and according to your ability, stretch out your hand and give to him.
Do not defraud yourself of the good day, and do not let the part of a good desire overpass you.
Will you not leave your travails to another? And your labors to be divided by lot?
Give, and take, and sanctify your soul; for there is no seeking of dainties in the grave.
All flesh waxes old as a garment; for the covenant from the beginning is, "You will die the death."
As of the green leaves on a thick tree, some fall, and some grow; so is the generation of flesh and blood, one comes to an end, and another is born.
Every work rots and consumes away, and the worker thereof will go withal.
Blessed is the man who meditates good things in wisdom, and who reasons of holy things by his understanding.
He who considers her ways in his heart will also have understanding in her secrets.
Go after her as one who traces, and lie in wait in her ways.
He who pries in at her windows will also listen at her doors.
He who lodges near her house will also fasten a pin in her walls.
He will pitch his tent near her, and will lodge in a lodging where good things are.
He will set his children under her shelter, and will lodge under her branches.
By her, he will be covered from heat, and in her glory, he will dwell.
He who fears the Lord will do good, and he who has the knowledge of the law will obtain her.
And as a mother, she will meet him, and receive him as a wife married of a virgin.
She will feed him with the bread of understanding, and give him the water of wisdom to drink.
He will be stood upon her, and will not be moved; and will rely upon her, and will not be confounded.
She will exalt him above his neighbors, and in the midst of the congregation, she will open his mouth.
He will find joy and a crown of gladness, and she will cause him to inherit an everlasting name.
But foolish men will not attain to her, and sinners will not see her.
For she is far from pride, and men who are liars cannot remember her.
Praise is not seemly in the mouth of a sinner, for it was not sent to him of the Lord.
For praise will be uttered in wisdom, and the Lord will prosper it.
Do not say, "It is through the Lord that I fell away;" for you should not do the things that He hates.
Do not say, "He has caused me to err;" for He has no need of the sinful man.
The Lord hates all abomination; and those who fear God do not love it.
He Himself made man from the beginning, and left him in the hand of His counsel;
If you will, you will keep the commandments and perform acceptable faithfulness.
He has set fire and water before you; stretch forth your hand to whichever you will.
Before man is life and death; and which [one] he likes, it will be given to him.
For the wisdom of the Lord is great, and He is mighty in power, and beholds all things;
And His eyes are upon those who fear Him, and He knows every work of man.
He has commanded no man to do wickedly, neither has He given any man licence to sin.
Do not desire a multitude of unprofitable children, neither delight in ungodly sons.
Though they multiply, do not rejoice in them, unless the fear of the Lord is with them.
Do not trust in their life, neither respect their multitude; for one who is just is better than a thousand; and it is better to die without children, than to have those who are ungodly.
For by one who has understanding, the city will be replenished; but the kindred of the wicked will speedily become desolate.
I have seen with many such things my eyes, and my ear has heard greater things than these.
In the congregation of the ungodly, a fire will be kindled; and in a rebellious nation, wrath is set on fire.
He was not pacified toward the old giants, who fell away in the strength of their foolishness.
Neither did He spare the place where Lot sojourned, but abhorred them for their pride.
He did not pity the people of perdition, who were taken away in their sins;
Nor the six hundred thousand footmen, who were gathered together in the hardness of their hearts.
And if there is one stiffnecked among the people, it is a marvel if he escapes unpunished; for mercy and wrath are with Him; He is mighty to forgive, and to pour out displeasure.
As His mercy is great, so is His correction also; He judges a man according to his works
The sinner will not escape with his spoils; and the patience of the godly will not be frustrated.
Make way for every work of mercy; for every man will find according to his works.
The Lord hardened Pharaoh, that he should not know Him, that His powerful works might be known to the world.
His mercy is manifest to every creature; and He has separated His light from the darkness with an adamant.
Do not say, "I will hide myself from the Lord; will any remember me from above? I will not be remembered among so many people; for what is my soul among such an infinite number of creatures?"
Behold, the heaven, and the heaven of heavens, the deep, and the earth, and all that is therein, will be moved when He will visit.
The mountains also and foundations of the earth will be shaken with trembling, when the Lord looks upon them.
No heart can think upon these things worthily; and who is able to conceive His ways?
It is a tempest which no man can see; for the most part of His works are hidden.
Who can declare the works of His justice? Or who can endure them? For His covenant is afar off, and the trial of all things is in the end.
He who wants understanding will think upon vain things; and a foolish man, erring, imagines follies.
My son, listen to me, and learn knowledge, and mark my words with your heart.
I will show forth doctrine in weight, and declare His knowledge exactly.
The works of the Lord are done in judgment from the beginning; and from the time He made them, He disposed the parts thereof.
He garnished His works forever, and in His hand are the chief of them to all generations; they neither labor, nor are weary, nor cease from their works.
None of them hinders another, and they will never disobey His word.
After this, the Lord looked upon the earth, and filled it with His blessings.
With all manner of living things, He has covered the face thereof; and they will return into it again.
The Lord created man of the earth, and turned him into it again.
He gave them few days, and a short time, and power also over the things therein.
He endued them with strength by themselves, and made them according to His image,
And put the fear of man upon all flesh, and gave him dominion over beasts and fowls.
They received the use of the five operations of the Lord, and in the sixth place, He imparted them understanding, and in the seventh speech, an interpreter of the cogitations thereof.
Counsel, and a tongue, and eyes, ears, and a heart, He gave them to understand.
Withal He filled them with the knowledge of understanding, and showed them good and evil.
He set His eye upon their hearts, that He might show them the greatness of His works.
He gave them to glory in His marvelous acts forever, that they might declare His works with understanding.
And the elect will praise His holy name.
Beside this, He gave them knowledge, and the law of life for a heritage.
He made an everlasting covenant with them, and showed them His judgments.
Their eyes saw the majesty of His glory, and their ears heard His glorious voice.
And He said to them, "Beware of all unrighteousness;" and He gave every man commandment concerning his neighbor.
Their ways are ever before Him, and will not be hidden from His eyes.
Every man from his youth is given to evil; neither could they make to themselves fleshy hearts for stony.
For in the division of the nations of the whole earth, He set a ruler over every people; but Israel is the Lord's portion;
Whom, being His firstborn, He nourishes with discipline, and giving him the light of His love, does not forsake him.
Therefore all their works are as the sun before Him, and His eyes are continually upon their ways.
None of their unrighteous deeds are hidden from Him, but all their sins are before the Lord.
But the Lord, being gracious and knowing His workmanship, neither left or forsook them, but spared them.
The alms of a man is as a signet with Him, and He will keep the good deeds of man as the apple of the eye, and give repentance to His sons and daughters.
Afterwards, He will rise up and reward them, and render their recompence upon their heads.
But to those who repent, He granted them return, and comforted those who failed in patience.
Return to the Lord, and forsake your sins, make your prayer before His Face, and offend less.
Turn again to the Most High, and turn away from iniquity; for He will lead you out of darkness into the light of health, and you must vehemently hate abomination.
Who will praise the Most High in the grave, instead of those who live and give thanks?
Thanksgiving perishes from the dead, as from one who is not; the living and sound in heart will praise the Lord.
How great is the lovingkindness of the Lord our God, and His compassion to such who turn to Him in holiness!
For all things cannot be in men, because the Son of man is not immortal.
What is brighter than the sun? Yet the light thereof fails; and flesh and blood will imagine evil.
He views the power of the height of heaven; and all men are but earth and ashes.
He who lives forever has created all things in general.
Only the Lord is righteous, and there are none other but Him,
Who governs the world with the palm of His hand, and all things obey His will; for He is the King of all, by His power, dividing holy things among them from profane.
To whom has He given power to declare His works? And who will find out His noble acts?
Who will number the strength of His majesty? And who will also tell out His mercies?
As for the wondrous works of the Lord, nothing may be taken from them, neither may anything be put to them, neither can the ground of them be found out.
When a man has done, then he begins; and when he leaves off, then he will be doubtful.
What is man, and whereto does he serve? What is his good, and what is his evil?
Therefore God is patient with them, and pours forth His mercy upon them.
He saw and perceived their end to be evil; therefore He multiplied His compassion.
The mercy of man is toward his neighbor; but the mercy of the Lord is upon all flesh; He reproves, and nurtures, and teaches and brings again, as a shepherd his flock.
He has mercy on those who receive discipline, and who diligently seek after His judgments.
My son, do not blemish your good deeds, neither use uncomfortable words when you give anything.
Will the dew not cease the heat? So is a word better than a gift.
Look, is a word not better than a gift? But both are with a gracious man.
A fool will joyfully reproach, and a gift of the envious consumes the eyes.
Learn before you speak, and before you are sick, be cured.
Before judgment, examine yourself, and in the Day of Visitation you will find mercy.
Humble yourself before you are sick, and in the time of sins, show repentance.
Let nothing hinder you to pay your vow in due time, and do not defer until death to be justified.
Before you pray, prepare yourself; and do not be as one who tempts the Lord.
Think upon the wrath that will be at the End, and the time of vengeance, when He will turn away His Face.
When you have enough, remember the time of hunger; and when you are rich, think upon poverty and need.
From the morning until the evening, the time is changed, and all things are soon done before the Lord.
A wise man will fear in everything, and in the day of sinning, he will beware of offence; but a fool will not observe time.
Every man of understanding knows wisdom, and will give praise to him who found her.
Those who were of understanding in sayings also became wise themselves, and poured forth exquisite parables.
Do not go after your lusts, but refrain yourself from your appetites.
If you give your soul the desires that please her, she will make you a laughingstock to your enemies who malign you.
Do not take pleasure in much good cheer, neither be tied to the expense thereof.
Do not be made a beggar by banqueting upon borrowing when you have nothing in your purse; for you will lie in wait for your own life, and be talked on.
A laboring man who is given to drunkenness will not be rich; and he who contemns small things will fall little by little.
Wine and women will make men of understanding fall away; and he who cleaves to harlots will become impudent.
Moths and worms will have him to heritage, and a bold man will be taken away.
He who is hasty to give credit is lightminded; and he who sins will offend against his own soul.
Whoso takes pleasure in wickedness will be condemned; but he who resists pleasures crowns his life.
He who can rule his tongue will live without strife; and he who hates babbling will have less evil.
Do not rehearse to another that which is told to you, and you will never fare the worse.
Whether it is to friend or foe, do not talk of other men's lives; and if you can without offense, do not reveal them.
For he heard and observed you, and when the time comes, he will hate you.
If you have heard a word, let it die with you; and be bold, it will not burst you.
A fool travails with a word, as a woman in labor of a child.
As an arrow that sticks in a man's thigh, so is a word within a fool's belly.
Admonish a friend, it may be he has not done it; and if he has done it, that he does it no more.
Admonish your friend, it may be he has not said it; and if he has, that he does not speak it again.
Admonish a friend; for many times it is a slander, and do not believe every tale.
There is one who slips in his speech, but not from his heart; and who is he who has not offended with his tongue?
Admonish your neighbor before you threaten him; and not being angry, give place to the law of the Most High.
The fear of the Lord is the first step to be accepted [of Him,] and wisdom obtains His love.
The knowledge of the commandments of the Lord is the doctrine of life; and those who do things that please Him will receive the fruit of the Tree of Immortality.
The fear of the Lord is all wisdom; and in all wisdom is the performance of the law, and the knowledge of His omnipotency.
If a servant says to his master, "I will not do as it pleases you;" though afterward he does it, he angers him who nourishes him.
The knowledge of wickedness is not wisdom, neither at any time, the counsel of sinners, prudence.
There is a wickedness, and the same, an abomination; and there is a fool wanting in wisdom.
He who has small understanding, and fears God, is better than one who has much wisdom, and transgresses the law of the Most High.
There is an exquisite subtilty, and the same is unjust; and there is one who turns aside to make judgment appear; and there is a wise man who justifies in judgment.
There is a wicked man who hangs his head down sadly; but inwardly, he is full of deceit,
Casting down his countenance, and making as if he did not hear; where he is not known, he will do you a mischief before you are aware.
And if for want of power, he is hindered from sinning, yet when he finds opportunity, he will do evil.
A man may be known by his look, and one who has understanding by his countenance, when you meet him.
A man's attire, and excessive laughter, and gait, show what he is.
There is a reproof that is not comely; again, some man holds his tongue, and he is wise.
It is much better to reprove, than to be angry secretly; and he who confesses his fault will be preserved from hurt.
How good is it, when you are reproved, to show repentance! For you will so escape willful sin.
As is the lust of a eunuch to deflower a virgin; so is he who executes judgment with violence.
There is one who keeps silence, and is found wise; and another by much babbling, becomes hateful.
Some man holds his tongue, because he does not have an answer; and some keep silence, knowing his time.
A wise man will hold his tongue until he sees opportunity; but a babbler and a fool will regard no time.
He who uses many words will be abhorred; and he who takes to himself authority therein will be hated.
There is a sinner who has good success in evil things; and there is a gain that turns to loss.
There is a gift that will not profit you; and there is a gift whose recompence is double.
There is an abasement because of glory; and there is [one] who lifts up his head from a low estate.
There is [one] who buys much for a little, and repays it sevenfold.
A wise man makes him beloved by his words; but the graces of fools will be poured out.
The gift of a fool will do you no good when you have it; neither yet of the envious for his necessity; for he looks to receive many things for one.
He gives little, and upbraids much; he opens his mouth like a crier; today he lends, and tomorrow he will ask it again; such a one is to be hated of God and man.
The fool says, "I have no friends, I have no thanks for all my good deeds, and those who eat my bread speak evil of me."
How often, and of how many will he be laughed to scorn! For he does not know aright what it is to have; and it is all one to him as if he did not have it.
To slip upon a pavement is better than to slip with the tongue; so the fall of the wicked will come speedily.
An unseasonable tale will always be in the mouth of the unwise.
A wise sentence will be rejected when it comes out of a fool's mouth; for he will not speak it in due season.
There is [one] who is hindered from sinning through want; and when he takes rest, he will not be troubled.
There is [one] who destroys his own soul through bashfulness, and by accepting of persons, overthrows himself.
There is [one] who, for bashfulness, promises to his friend, and makes him his enemy for nothing.
A lie is a foul blot in a man, yet it is continually in the mouth of the untaught.
A thief is better than a man who is accustomed to lie; but they will both have destruction to heritage.
The disposition of a liar is dishonorable, and his shame is ever with him.
A wise man will promote himself to honor with his words; and he who has understanding will please great men.
He who tills his land will increase his heap; and he who pleases great men will get pardon for iniquity.
Presents and gifts blind the eyes of the wise, and stop his mouth that he cannot reprove.
Wisdom that is hidden, and treasure that is hoarded up, what profit is in them both?
Better is he who hides his folly than a man who hides his wisdom.
Necessary patience in seeking the Lord is better than he who leads his life without a guide.
My son, have you sinned? Do so no more, but ask pardon for your former sins.
Flee from sin as from the face of a serpent; for if you come too near toward it, it will bite you; the teeth thereof are as the teeth of a lion, slaying the souls of men.
All iniquity is as a two edged sword, the wounds thereof cannot be healed.
To terrify and do wrong will waste riches; thus the house of proud men will be made desolate.
A prayer out of a poor man's mouth reaches to the ears of God, and His judgment comes speedily.
He who hates to be reproved is in the way of sinners; but he who fears the Lord will repent from his heart.
An eloquent man is known far and near; but a man of understanding knows when he slips.
He who builds his house with other men's money is like one who gathers himself stones for the tomb of his burial.
The congregation of the wicked is like tow wrapped together; and the end of them is a flame of fire to destroy them.
The way of sinners is made plain with stones, but at the end thereof is the pit of Hell.
He who keeps the law of the Lord gets the understanding thereof; and the perfection of the fear of the Lord is wisdom.
He who is not wise will not be taught; but there is a wisdom which multiplies bitterness.
The knowledge of a wise man will abound like a flood; and his counsel is like a pure fountain of life.
The inner parts of a fool are like a broken vessel, and he will hold no knowledge as long as he lives.
If a skillful man hears a wise word, he will commend it, and add to it; but as soon as one of no understanding hears it, it displeases him, and he casts it behind his back.
The talking of a fool is like a burden in the way; but grace will be found in the lips of the wise.
They enquire at the mouth of the wise man in the congregation, and they will ponder his words in their heart.
As is a house that is destroyed, so is wisdom to a fool; and the knowledge of the unwise is as talk without sense.
Doctrine to fools is as fetters on the feet, and like manacles on the right hand.
A fool lifts up his voice with laughter; but a wise man does scarcely smile a little.
Learning is to a wise man as an ornament of gold, and like a bracelet upon his right arm.
A foolish man's foot is soon in his [neighbor's] house; but a man of experience is ashamed of him.
A fool will peep in at the door into the house; but he who is well nurtured will stand outside.
It is the rudeness of a man to listen at the door; but a wise man will be grieved with the disgrace.
The lips of talkers will be telling such things as do not pertain to them; but the words of such who have understanding are weighed in the balance.
The heart of fools is in their mouth; but the mouth of the wise is in their heart.
When the ungodly curse Satan, he curses his own soul.
A whisperer defiles his own soul, and is hated wherever he dwells.
A slothful man is compared to a filthy stone, and everyone will hiss him out to his disgrace.
A slothful man is compared to the filth of a dunghill; every man who takes it up will shake his hand.
An evilnurtured man is the dishonor of his father who fathered him; and a [foolish] daughter is born to his loss.
A wise daughter will bring an inheritance to her husband; but she who lives dishonestly is her father's heaviness.
She who is bold dishonors both her father and her husband, but they will both despise her.
A tale out of season [is as] music in mourning; but stripes and correction of wisdom are never out of time.
Whoso teaches a fool is as one who glues a potsherd together, and as he who wakes one from a sound sleep.
He who tells a tale to a fool speaks to one in a slumber; when he has told his tale, he will say, "What is the matter?"
If children live honestly, and have wherewithal, they will cover the baseness of their parents.
But children, being haughty, through disdain and want of nurture stain the nobility of their kindred.
Weep for the dead, for he has lost the light; and weep for the fool, for he wants understanding; make little weeping for the dead, for he is at rest; but the life of the fool is worse than death.
Seven days do men mourn for him who is dead; but for a fool and an ungodly man, all the days of his life.
Do not talk much with a fool, and do not go to him who has no understanding; beware of him, unless you have trouble, and you will never be defiled with his fooleries; depart from him, and you will find rest, and never be disquieted with madness.
What is heavier than lead? And what is the name thereof, but a fool?
Sand, and salt, and a mass of iron, is easier to bear, than a man without understanding.
As timber girt and bound together in a building cannot be loosed with shaking; so the heart that is established by advised counsel will fear at no time.
A heart settled upon a thought of understanding is as a fair plaistering on the wall of a gallery.
Pales set on a high place will never stand against the wind; so a fearful heart in the imagination of a fool cannot stand against any fear.
He who pricks the eye will make tears to fall; and he who pricks the heart makes it show her knowledge.
Whoso casts a stone at the birds frays them away; and he who upbraids his friend breaks friendship.
Though you drew a sword at your friend, yet do not despair; for there may be a returning [to favor.]
If you have opened your mouth against your friend, do not fear; for there may be a reconciliation; except for upbraiding, or pride, or disclosing of secrets, or a treacherous wound; for these things, every friend will depart.
Be faithful to your neighbor in his poverty, that you may rejoice in his prosperity; abide stedfast to him in the time of his trouble, that you may be an heir with him in his heritage; for a mean estate is not always to be contemned; nor the rich that is foolish to be had in admiration.
As the vapor and smoke of a furnace go before the fire; so reviling before blood.
I will not be ashamed to defend a friend; neither will I hide myself from him.
And if any evil happens to me by him, everyone who hears it will beware of him.
Who will set a watch before my mouth, and a seal of wisdom upon my lips, that I do not fall suddenly by them, and that my tongue does not destroy me?
O Lord, Father and Governor of all my whole life, do not leave me to their counsels, and do not let me fall by them.
Who will set scourges over my thoughts, and the discipline of wisdom over my heart? That they do not spare me for my ignorances, and it does not pass by my sins;
Unless my ignorances increase, and my sins abound to my destruction, and I fall before my adversaries, and my enemy rejoices over me, whose hope is far from Your mercy.
O Lord, Father and God of my life, do not give me a proud look, but always turn a haughty mind away from Your servants.
Turn away vain hopes and concupiscence from me, and You will hold him up who is always desirous to serve You.
Do not let the greediness of the belly, nor lust of the flesh take hold of me; and do not give over me, Your servant, into an impudent mind.
Hear, O you children, the discipline of the mouth; he who keeps it will never be taken in his lips.
The sinner will be left in his foolishness; both the evil speaker and the proud will fall thereby.
Do not accustom your mouth to swearing; neither use yourself to the naming of the Holy One.
For as a servant who is continually beaten will not be without a blue mark; so he who swears and names God continually will not be faultless.
A man who uses much swearing will be filled with iniquity, and the plague will never depart from his house; if he will offend, his sin will be upon him; and if he does not acknowledge his sin, he makes a double offence; and if he swears in vain, he will not be innocent, but his house will be full of calamities.
There is a word that is clothed about with death; God grants that it is not found in the heritage of Jacob; for all such things will be far from the godly, and they will not wallow in their sins.
Do not use your mouth to intemperate swearing, for therein is the word of sin.
Remember your father and your mother, when you sit among great men. Do not be forgetful before them, and so you, by your custom, become a fool, and wish that you had not been born, and you curse the day of your nativity.
The man who is accustomed to words of reproach will never be reformed all the days of his life.
Two sorts of men multiply sin, and the third will bring wrath; a hot mind is as a burning fire, it will never be quenched until it is consumed; a fornicator in the body of his flesh will never cease until he has kindled a fire.
All bread is sweet to a whoremonger, he will not leave off until he dies.
A man who breaks wedlock, saying thus in his heart, "Who sees me? I am encompassed about with darkness, the walls cover me, and nobody sees me; what do I need to fear? The Most High will not remember my sins;"
Such a man only fears the eyes of men, and does not know that the eyes of the Lord are ten thousand times brighter than the sun, beholding all the ways of men, and considering the most secret parts.
He knew all things before they were ever created; so also after they were perfected, He looked upon them all.
This man will be punished in the streets of the city, and where he does not suspect, he will be taken.
Thus will it also go with the wife who leaves her husband, and brings in an heir by another.
For first, she has disobeyed the law of the Most High; and secondly, she has trespassed against her own husband; and thirdly, she has played the whore in adultery, and brought children by another man.
She will be brought out into the congregation, and inquisition will be made of her children.
Her children will not take root, and her branches will bring forth no fruit.
She will leave her memory to be cursed, and her reproach will not be blotted out.
And those who remain will know that there is nothing better than the fear of the Lord, and that there is nothing sweeter than to take heed to the commandments of the Lord.
It is great glory to follow the Lord, and to be received of Him is long life.
Wisdom will praise herself, and will glory in the midst of her people.
In the congregation of the Most High, she will open her mouth, and triumph before His power.
"I came out of the mouth of the Most High, and covered the earth as a cloud.
I dwelt in high places, and my throne is in a cloudy pillar.
I alone compassed the circuit of heaven, and walked in the bottom of the deep.
In the waves of the sea and in all the earth, and in every people and nation, I got a possession.
With all these I sought rest; and in whose inheritance will I abide?
So the Creator of all things gave me a commandment, and He who made me caused my tabernacle to rest, and said, 'Let your dwelling be in Jacob, and your inheritance in Israel.'
He created me from the beginning before the world, and I will never fail.
In the holy tabernacle I served before Him; and so I was established in Zion.
Likewise in the beloved city, He gave me rest, and in Jerusalem was my power.
And I took root in an honorable people, even in the portion of the Lord's inheritance.
I was exalted like a cedar in Libanus, and as a cypress tree upon the mountains of Hermon.
I was exalted like a palm tree in En-gaddi, and as a rose plant in Jericho, as a fair olive tree in a pleasant field, and grew up as a plane tree by the water.
I gave a sweet smell like cinnamon and aspalathus, and I yielded a pleasant odor like the best myrrh, as galbanum, and onyx, and sweet storax, and as the fume of frankincense in the tabernacle.
As the turpentine tree, I stretched out my branches, and my branches are the branches of honor and grace.
As the vine, I brought forth pleasant savor, and my flowers are the fruit of honor and riches.
I am the mother of fair love, and fear, and knowledge, and holy hope; I therefore, being eternal, am given to all my children who are named of Him.
Come to me, all you who are desirous of me, and fill yourselves with my fruits.
For my memorial is sweeter than honey, and my inheritance, [sweeter] than the honeycomb.
Those who eat me will yet be hungry, and those who drink me will yet be thirsty.
He who obeys me will never be confounded, and those who work by me will not sin.
All these things are the Book of the covenant of the Most High God, even the law which Moses commanded for a heritage to the congregations of Jacob.
Do not faint to be strong in the Lord; that He may confirm you, cleave to Him; for the Lord Almighty is God alone, and beside Him there is no other savior.
He fills all things with His wisdom, as Phison and as Tigris in the time of the new fruits.
He makes the understanding to abound like Euphrates, and as Jordan in the time of the harvest.
He makes the doctrine of knowledge appear as the light, and as Geon in the time of vintage.
The first man did not know her perfectly; no more will the last find her out.
For her thoughts are more than the sea, and her counsels profounder than the great deep.
I also came out as a brook from a river, and as a conduit into a garden.
I said, 'I will water my best garden, and will water my garden bed abundantly;' and, lo, my brook became a river, and my river became a sea.
I will yet make doctrine to shine as the morning, and will send forth her light afar off.
I will yet pour out doctrine as prophecy, and leave it to all ages forever.
Behold that I have not labored for myself only, but for all those who seek wisdom.
In three things I was beautified, and stood up beautiful both before God and men; the unity of brethren, the love of neighbors, a man and a wife who agree together.
Three sorts of men, my soul hates, and I am greatly offended at their life; a poor man who is proud, a rich man who is a liar, and an old adulterer who lessens.
If you have gathered nothing in your youth, how can you find anything in your age?
O how comely a thing is judgment for gray hairs, and for ancient men to know counsel!
O how comely is the wisdom of old men, and understanding and counsel to men of honor.
Much experience is the crown of old men, and the fear of God is their glory.
There are nine things which I have judged in my heart to be happy, and the tenth, I will utter with my tongue; 'A man who has joy of his children; and he who lives to see the fall of his enemy;'
Well is he who dwells with a wife of understanding, and who has not slipped with his tongue, and who has not served a man more unworthy than himself;
Well is he who has found prudence, and he who speaks in the ears of those who will hear;
O how great is he who finds wisdom! Yet there are none above him who fears the Lord.
But the love of the Lord passes all things for illumination; he who holds it, whereto will he be likened?
The fear of the Lord is the beginning of His love; and faith is the beginning of cleaving to Him.
[Give me] any plague, but the plague of the heart; and any wickedness, but the wickedness of a woman;
And any affliction, but the affliction from those who hate me; and any revenge, but the revenge of enemies.
There is no head above the head of a serpent; and there is no wrath above the wrath of an enemy.
I had rather dwelled with a lion and a dragon, than to keep house with a wicked woman.
The wickedness of a woman changes her face, and darkens her countenance like sackcloth.
Her husband will sit among his neighbors; and when he hears it, he will sigh bitterly.
All wickedness is but little to the wickedness of a woman; let the portion of a sinner fall upon her.
A woman, if she maintains her husband, is full of anger, impudence, and much reproach.
A wicked woman abates the courage, makes a heavy countenance and a wounded heart; a woman who will not comfort her husband in distress makes weak hands and feeble knees.
Of the woman, came the beginning of sin, and through her, we all die.
Give the water no passage; neither a wicked woman liberty to gad abroad.
If she does not go as you would have her, cut her off from your flesh, and give her a bill of divorce, and let her go.
Blessed is the man who has a virtuous wife, for the number of his days will be double.
A virtuous woman rejoices her husband, and he will fulfill the years of his life in peace.
A good wife is a good portion, which will be given in the portion of those who fear the Lord.
Whether a man is rich or poor, if he has a good heart toward the Lord, he will at all times rejoice with a cheerful countenance.
There are three things that my heart fears; and for the fourth I was sore afraid; the slander of a city, the gathering together of an unruly multitude, and a false accusation; all these are worse than death.
But a grief of heart and sorrow is a woman who is jealous over another woman, and a scourge of the tongue which communicates with all.
An evil wife is a yoke shaken here and there; he who has hold of her is as though he held a scorpion.
A drunken woman and a gadder abroad causes great anger, and she will not cover her own shame.
The whoredom of a woman may be known in her haughty looks and eyelids.
If your daughter is shameless, keep her in straitly, unless she abuses herself through overmuch liberty.
Watch over an impudent eye; and do not marvel if she trespasses against you.
She will open her mouth, as a thirsty traveller when he has found a fountain, and drink of every water near her; by every hedge will she sit down, and open her quiver against every arrow.
The grace of a wife delights her husband, and her discretion will fatten his bones.
A silent and loving woman is a gift of the Lord; and there is nothing worth so much as a well-instructed mind.
A shamefaced and faithful woman is a double grace, and her continent mind cannot be valued.
As the sun when it arises in the high heaven; so is the beauty of a good wife in the ordering of her house.
As the clear light is upon the holy candlestick; so is the beauty of the face in ripe age.
As the golden pillars are upon the sockets of silver; so are the fair feet with a constant heart.
My son, keep the flower of your age sound; and do not give your strength to strangers.
When you have gotten a fruitful possession through all the field, sow it with your own seed, trusting in the goodness of your stock.
So your race which you leave will be magnified, having the confidence of their good descent.
A harlot will be accounted as spittle; but a married woman is a tower against death to her husband.
A wicked woman is given as a portion to a wicked man; but a godly woman is given to him who fears the Lord.
A dishonest woman contemns shame; but an honest woman will reverence her husband.
A shameless woman will be counted as a dog; but she who is shamefaced will fear the Lord.
A woman who honors her husband will be judged wise of all; but she who dishonors him in her pride will be counted ungodly of all.
A loud crying woman and a scold will be sought out to drive away the enemies.
There are two things that grieve my heart; and the third makes me angry; a man of war who suffers poverty; and men of understanding who are not set by; and one who returns from righteousness to sin; the Lord prepares such for the sword.
A merchant will hardly keep himself from doing wrong; and a huckster will not be freed from sin.
Many have sinned for a small matter; and he who seeks for abundance will turn his eyes away.
As a nail sticks fast between the joinings of the stones; so does sin stick close between buying and selling.
Unless a man holds himself diligently in the fear of the Lord, his house will soon be overthrown.
As when one sifts with a sieve, the refuse remains; so the filth of man in his talk.
The furnace proves the potter's vessels; so the trial of man is in his reasoning.
The fruit declares if the tree has been dressed; so is the utterance of a conceit in the heart of man.
Praise no man before you hear him speak; for this is the trial of men.
If you follow righteousness, you will obtain her, and put her on, as a glorious long robe.
The birds will resort to their like; so will truth return to those who practise in her.
As the lion lies in wait for the prey; so sin for those who work iniquity.
The discourse of a godly man is always with wisdom; but a fool changes as the moon.
If you are among the indiscreet, observe the time; but be continually among men of understanding.
The discourse of fools is irksome, and their sport is the wantonness of sin.
The talk of him who swears much makes the hair stand upright; and their brawls make one stop his ears.
The strife of the proud is bloodshedding, and their revilings are grievous to the ear.
Whoso discovers secrets loses his credit; and will never find a friend to his mind.
Love your friend, and be faithful to him; but if you betray his secrets, no longer follow after him.
For as a man has destroyed his enemy; so have you lost the love of your neighbor.
As one who lets a bird go out of his hand, so have you let your neighbor go, and will not get him again
Follow after him no more, for he is too far off; he is as a roe escaped out of the snare.
As for a wound, it may be bound up; and after reviling there may be reconcilement; but he who betrays secrets is without hope.
He who winks with the eyes works evil; and he who knows him will depart from him.
When you are present, he will speak sweetly, and will admire your words; but at the last he will writhe his mouth, and slander your sayings.
I have hated many things, but nothing like him; for the Lord will hate him.
Whoso casts a stone on high casts it on his own head; and a deceitful stroke will make wounds.
Whoso digs a pit will fall therein; and he who sets a trap will be taken therein.
He who works mischief, it will fall upon him, and he will not know from where it comes.
Mockery and reproach are from the proud; but vengeance, as a lion, will lie in wait for them.
Those who rejoice at the fall of the righteous will be taken in the snare; and anguish will consume them before they die.
Malice and wrath, even these are abominations; and the sinful man will have them both.
One man bears hatred against another, and does he seek pardon from the Lord?
He shows no mercy to a man, who is like himself; and does he ask forgiveness of his own sins?
If he who is but flesh nourishes hatred, who will intreat for pardon of his sins?
Remember your end, and let enmity cease; [remember] corruption and death, and abide in the commandments.
Remember the commandments, and bear no malice to your neighbor; [remember] the covenant of the Highest, and wink at ignorance.
Abstain from strife, and you will diminish your sins; for a furious man will kindle strife,
A sinful man disquiets friends, and makes debate among those who are at peace.
As the matter of the fire is, so it burns; and as a man's strength is, so is his wrath; and according to his riches his anger rises; and the stronger they are who contend, the more they will be inflamed.
A hasty contention kindles a fire; and a hasty fighting sheds blood.
If you blow the spark, it will burn; if you spit upon it, it will be quenched; and both these come out of your mouth.
Curse the whisperer and doubletongued; for such have destroyed many who were at peace.
A backbiting tongue has disquieted many, and driven them from nation to nation; it has pulled down strong cities, and overthrown the houses of great men.
A backbiting tongue has cast out virtuous women, and deprived them of their labors.
Whoso listens to it will never find rest, and never dwell quietly.
The stroke of the whip makes marks in the flesh; but the stroke of the tongue breaks the bones.
Many have fallen by the edge of the sword; but not so many as have fallen by the tongue.
Well is he who is defended through the venom thereof; who has not drawn the yoke thereof, nor has been bound in her bands.
For the yoke thereof is a yoke of iron, and the bands thereof are bands of brass.
The death thereof is an evil death, the grave was better than it.
It will not have rule over those who fear God, neither will they be burned with the flame thereof.
Such who forsake the Lord will fall into it; and it will burn in them, and not be quenched; it will be sent upon them as a lion, and devour them as a leopard.
Look that you hedge your possession about with thorns, and bind up your silver and gold,
And weigh your words in a balance, and make a door and bar for your mouth.
Beware [that] you do not slide by it, unless you fall before him who lies in wait.
He who is merciful will lend to his neighbor; and he who strengthens his hand keeps the commandments.
Lend to your neighbor in a time of his need, and pay your neighbor again in due season.
Keep your word, and deal faithfully with him, and you will always find the thing that is necessary for you.
Many, when a thing was lent them, reckoned it to be found, and put them to trouble who helped them.
Until he has received, he will kiss a man's hand; and for his neighbor's money, he will speak submissly; but when he should repay, he will prolong the time, and return words of grief, and complain of the time.
If he prevails, he will hardly receive the half, and he will count as if he had found it; if not, he has deprived him of his money, and he has gotten him an enemy without cause; he pays him with cursings and railings; and for honor, he will pay him disgrace.
Many therefore have refused to lend for other men's ill dealing, fearing to be defrauded.
Yet have patience with a man in poor estate, and do not delay to show him mercy.
Help the poor for the commandment's sake, and do not turn him away because of his poverty.
Lose your money for your brother and your friend, and do not let it rust under a stone to be lost.
Lay up your treasure according to the commandments of the Most High, and it will bring you more profit than gold.
Shut up alms in your storehouses; and it will deliver you from all affliction.
It will fight for you against your enemies better than a mighty shield and strong spear.
An honest man is a pledge for his neighbor; but he who is impudent will forsake him.
Do not forget the friendship of your pledge, for he has given his life for you.
A sinner will overthrow the good estate of his pledge;
And he who is of an unthankful mind will leave him [in danger] who delivered him.
Suretiship has undone many of good estate, and shaken them as a wave of the sea; it has driven mighty men from their houses, so that they wandered among strange nations.
A wicked man transgressing the commandments of the Lord will fall into suretiship; and he who undertakes and follows other men's business for gain will fall into judgment.
Help your neighbor according to your power, and beware that you yourself do not fall into the same.
The chief thing for life is water, and bread, and clothing, and a house to cover shame.
Better is the life of a poor man in a mean cottage, than delicate fare in another man's house.
Be it little or much, hold yourself contented, that you do not hear the reproach of your house.
For it is a miserable life to go from house to house; for where you are a stranger, you do not dare open your mouth.
You will entertain, and feast, and have no thanks; moreover, you will hear bitter words;
Come, you stranger, and furnish a table, and feed me of that [which] you have ready.
Give place, you stranger, to an honorable man; my brother comes to be lodged, and I have need of my house.
These things are grievous to a man of understanding; the upbraiding of houseroom, and reproaching of the lender.
He who loves his son causes him to often feel the rod, that he may have joy of him in the end.
He who chastises his son will have joy in him, and will rejoice of him among his acquaintance.
He who teaches his son grieves the enemy; and he will rejoice of him before his friends.
Though his father dies, yet he is as though he were not dead; for he has left one behind him who is like himself.
While he lived, he saw and rejoiced in him; and when he died, he was not sorrowful.
He left behind him an avenger against his enemies, and one who will requite kindness to his friends.
He who makes too much of his son will bind up his wounds; and his bowels will be troubled at every cry.
A horse not broken becomes headstrong; and a child left to himself will be willful.
Cocker your child, and he will make you afraid; play with him, and he will bring you to heaviness.
Do not laugh with him, unless you have sorrow with him, and unless you gnash your teeth in the end.
Give him no liberty in his youth, and do not wink at his follies.
Bow down his neck while he is young, and beat him on the sides while he is a child, unless he waxes stubborn, and becomes disobedient to you, and so brings sorrow to your heart.
Chastise your son, and hold him to labor, unless his lewd behaviour becomes an offence to you.
Better is the poor, being sound and strong of constitution, than a rich man who is afflicted in his body.
Health and good estate of body are above all gold, and a strong body above infinite wealth.
There are no riches above a sound body, and no joy above the joy of the heart.
Death is better than a bitter life or continual sickness.
Delicates poured upon a mouth shut up are as messes of meat set upon a grave.
What good does the offering to an idol? For neither can it eat or smell; so is he who is persecuted of the Lord.
He sees with his eyes and groans, as an eunuch who embraces a virgin and sighs.
Do not give over your mind to heaviness, and do not afflict yourself in your own counsel.
The gladness of the heart is the life of man, and the joyfulness of a man prolongs his days.
Love your own soul, and comfort your heart, remove sorrow far from you; for sorrow has killed many, and there is no profit therein.
Envy and wrath shorten the life, and carefulness brings age before the time.
A cheerful and good heart will have a care of his meat and diet.
Watching for riches consumes the flesh, and the care thereof drives away sleep.
Watching care will not let a man slumber, as a sore disease breaks sleep,
The rich have great labor in gathering riches together; and when he rests, he is filled with his delicates.
The poor labors in his poor estate; and when he leaves off, he is still needy.
He who loves gold will not be justified, and he who follows corruption will have enough thereof.
Gold has been the ruin of many, and their destruction was present.
It is a stumblingblock to those who sacrifice to it, and every fool will be taken therewith.
Blessed is the rich who is found without blemish, and has not gone after gold.
Who is he? And we will call him blessed; for he has done wonderful things among his people.
Who has been tried thereby, and found perfect? Then let him glory. Who might offend, and has not offended? Or done evil, and has not done it?
His goods will be established, and the congregation will declare his alms.
If you sit at a bountiful table, do not be greedy upon it, and do not say, "There is much meat on it."
Remember that a wicked eye is an evil thing; and what is created more wicked than an eye? Therefore it weeps upon every occasion.
Do not stretch your hand wherever it looks, and do not thrust with him into the dish.
Do not judge your neighbor by yourself; and be discreet in every point.
Eat as it becomes a man, those things which are set before you; and devour note, unless you become hated.
Leave off first for manners' sake; and do not be unsatiable, unless you offend.
When you sit among many, do not reach your hand out first of all.
A very little is sufficient for a man well nurtured, and he does not fetch his wind short upon his bed.
Sound sleep comes of moderate eating; he rises early, and his wits are with him; but the pain of watching, and choler, and pangs of the belly, are with an unsatiable man.
And if you have been forced to eat, arise, go forth, vomit, and you will have rest.
My son, hear me, and do not despise me, and at the last you will find as I told you; in all your works be quick, so will no sickness come to you.
Whoso is liberal of his meat, men will speak well of him; and the report of his good housekeeping will be believed.
But against him who is miserable of his meat, the whole city will murmur; and the testimonies of his miserableness will not be doubted of.
Do not show your valiantness in wine; for wine has destroyed many.
The furnace proves the edge by dipping; so does wine by drunkeness [prove] the hearts of the proud.
Wine is as good as life to a man, if it is drunk moderately; what life is then to a man who is without wine? For it was made to make men glad.
Wine drunk measurably and in season brings gladness of the heart, and cheerfulness of the mind;
But wine drunken with excess makes bitterness of the mind, with brawling and quarrelling.
Drunkenness increases the rage of a fool until he offends; it diminishes strength, and makes wounds.
Do not rebuke your neighbor at the wine, and do not despise him in his mirth; give him no despiteful words, and do not press upon him with urging him [to drink.]
If you are made the master [of a feast,] do not lift yourself up, but be among them as one of the rest; take diligent care for them, and so sit down.
And when you have done all your office, take your place, that you may be merry with them, and receive a crown for your well ordering of the feast.
Speak, you who are the elder, for it behooves you, but with sound judgment; and do not hinder music.
Do not pour out words where there is a musician, and do not show forth wisdom out of time.
A concert of music in a banquet of wine is as a signet of carbuncle set in gold.
As a signet of an emerald set in a work of gold, so is the melody of music with pleasant wine.
Speak, young man, if there is need of you; and yet scarcely when you are asked twice.
Do not let your speech be short, comprehending much in few words; be as one who knows and yet holds his tongue.
If you are among great men, do not make yourself equal with them; and when ancient men are in place, do not use many words.
Before the thunder goes lightning; and before a shamefaced man will go favor.
Rise up in time, and do not be the last; but get home without delay.
There, take your pastime, and do what you will; but do not sin by proud speech.
And for these things, bless Him who made you, and has replenished you with His good things.
Whoso fears the Lord will receive His discipline; and those who seek Him early will find favor.
He who seeks the law will be filled therewith; but the hypocrite will be offended thereat.
Those who fear the Lord will find judgment, and will kindle justice as a light.
A sinful man will not be reproved, but find an excuse according to his will.
A man of counsel will be considerate; but a strange and proud man is not daunted with fear, even when, of himself, he has done without counsel.
Do nothing without advice; and when you have once done, do not repent.
Do not go in a way wherein you may fall, and do not stumble among the stones.
Do not be confident in a plain way.
And beware of your own children.
In every good work, trust your own soul; for this is the keeping of the commandments.
He who believes in the Lord takes heed to the commandment; and he who trusts in Him will never fare the worse.
No evil will happen to him who fears the Lord; but in temptation, even again, He will deliver him.
A wise man does not hate the law; but he who is a hypocrite therein is as a ship in a storm.
A man of understanding trusts in the law; and the law is faithful to him, as an oracle.
Prepare what to say, and so you will be heard; and bind up instruction, and then make answer.
The heart of the foolish is like a cartwheel; and his thoughts are like a rolling axletree.
A stallion horse is as a mocking friend, he neighs under everyone who sits upon him.
Why does one day excel another, when all the light of every day in the year is as of the sun?
By the knowledge of the Lord they were distinguished; and He altered seasons and feasts.
Some of them He has made high days, and made them holy, and some of them He has made ordinary days.
And all men are from the ground, and Adam was created of earth;
In much knowledge, the Lord has divided them, and made their ways diverse.
Some of them He has blessed and exalted, and some of them He sanctified, and set near Himself; but some of them He has cursed and brought low, and turned out of their places.
As the clay is in the potter's hand, to fashion it at his pleasure; so man is in the hand of Him who made him, to render to them according to His judgment.
Good is set against evil, and life against death; so is the godly against the sinner, and the sinner against the godly.
So look upon all the works of the Most High; and there are two and two, one against another.
I awoke up last of all, as one who gathers after the grapegatherers; by the blessing of the Lord, I profited, and tread my winepress like a gatherer of grapes.
Consider that I did not labor for myself only, but for all those who seek learning.
Hear me, O you great men of the people, and listen with your ears, you rulers of the congregation.
Do not give your son and wife, your brother and friend, power over you while you live, and do not give your goods to another; unless it repents you, and you intreat for the same again.
As long as you live and have breath in you, do not give yourself over to any.
For it is better that your children should seek you, than that you should stand to their courtesy.
In all your works, keep to yourself the preeminence; do not leave a stain in your honor.
At the time when you will end your days, and finish your life, distribute your inheritance.
Fodder, a wand, and burdens, are for the ass; and bread, correction, and work, for a servant.
If you set your servant to labor, you will find rest; but if you let him go idle, he will seek liberty.
A yoke and a collar bow the neck; so are tortures and torments for an evil servant.
Send him to labor, that he is not idle; for idleness teaches much evil.
Set him to work, as is fit for him; if he is not obedient, put on more heavy fetters.
But do not be excessive toward any; and do nothing without discretion.
If you have a servant, let him be to you as yourself, because you have bought him with a price.
If you have a servant, entreat him as a brother; for you have need of him, as of your own soul; if you entreat him evil, and he runs from you, which way will you go to seek him?
The hopes of a man void of understanding are vain and false; and dreams lift up fools.
Whoso regards dreams is like him who catches at a shadow, and follows after the wind.
The vision of dreams is the resemblance of one thing to another, even as the likeness of a face to a face.
Of an unclean thing, what can be cleansed? And from that thing which is false, what truth can come?
Divinations, and soothsayings, and dreams, are vain; and the heart fancies, as a woman's heart in travail.
If they are not sent from the Most High in your visitation, do not set your heart upon them.
For dreams have deceived many, and they have failed who put their trust in them.
The law will be found perfect without lies; and wisdom is perfection to a faithful mouth.
A man who has travelled knows many things; and he who has much experience will declare wisdom.
He who has no experience knows little; but he who has travelled is full of prudence.
When I travelled, I saw many things; and I understand more than I can express.
I was often times in danger of death; yet I was delivered because of these things.
The spirit of those who fear the Lord will live; for their hope is in Him who saves them.
Whoso fears the Lord will not fear or be afraid; for He is his hope.
Blessed is the soul of him who fears the Lord; to whom does he look? And who is his strength?
For the eyes of the Lord are upon those who love Him, He is their mighty protection and strong stay, a defence from heat, and a cover from the sun at noon, a preservation from stumbling, and a help from falling.
He raises up the soul, and lightens the eyes; He gives health, life, and blessing.
He who sacrifices of a thing wrongfully gotten, his offering is ridiculous; and the gifts of unjust men are not accepted.
The Most High is not pleased with the offerings of the wicked; neither is He pacified for sin by the multitude of sacrifices.
Whoso brings an offering of the goods of the poor does as one who kills the son before his father's eyes.
The bread of the needy is their life; he who defrauds him thereof is a man of blood.
He who takes away his neighbor's living slays him; and he who defrauds the laborer of his hire is a bloodshedder.
When one builds, and another pulls down, what profit do they have then but labor?
When one prays, and another curses, whose voice will the Lord hear?
He who washes himself after the touching of a dead body, if he touches it again, what avails his washing?
So is it with a man who fasts for his sins, and goes again, and does the same; who will hear his prayer? Or what does his humbling profit him?
He who keeps the law brings enough offerings; he who takes heed to the commandment offers a peace offering.
He who requites a goodturn offers fine flour; and he who gives alms sacrifices praise.
To depart from wickedness is a thing pleasing to the Lord; and to forsake unrighteousness is a propitiation.
You will not appear empty before the Lord.
For all these things [are to be done] because of the commandment.
The offering of the righteous makes the altar fat, and the sweet savor thereof is before the Most High.
The sacrifice of a just man is acceptable. And the memorial thereof will never be forgotten.
Give the Lord His honor with a good eye, and diminish not the firstfruits of your hands.
In all your gifts, show a cheerful countenance, and dedicate your tithes with gladness.
Give to the Most High accordingly as He has enriched you; and as you have gotten, give with a cheerful eye.
For the Lord recompenses, and will give you seven times as much.
Do not think to corrupt with gifts; for He will not receive such; and do not trust unrighteous sacrifices; for the Lord is Judge, and with Him is no respect of persons.
He will not accept any person against a poor man, but will hear the prayer of the oppressed.
He will not despise the supplication of the fatherless; nor the widow, when she pours out her complaint.
Do the tears not run down the widow's cheeks? And is her cry not against him who causes them to fall?
He who serves the Lord will be accepted with favor, and his prayer will reach to the clouds.
The prayer of the humble pierces the clouds; and until it comes near, he will not be comforted; and will not depart, until the Most High will behold to judge righteously, and execute judgment.
For the Lord will not be slack, neither will the Mighty be patient toward them, until He has smitten in sunder the loins of the unmerciful, and repaid vengeance to the heathen; until He has taken away the multitude of the proud, and broken the sceptre of the unrighteous;
Until He has rendered to every man according to his deeds, and to the works of men according to their devices; until He has judged the cause of His people, and made them to rejoice in His mercy.
Mercy is seasonable in the time of affliction, as clouds of rain in the time of drought.
Have mercy upon us, O Lord God of all, and behold us;
And send Your fear upon all the nations that do not seek after You.
Lift up Your hand against the strange nations, and let them see Your power.
As You were sanctified in us before them; so are You magnified among them before us.
And let them know You, as we have known You, that there is no God but only You, O God.
Show new signs, and make other strange wonders; glorify Your hand and Your right arm, that they may set forth Your wondrous works.
Raise up indignation, and pour out wrath; take away the adversary, and destroy the enemy.
Be diligent in season, remember the covenant, and let them declare Your wonderful works.
Let him who escapes be consumed by the rage of the fire; and let them perish who oppress the people.
Smite the heads of the rulers of the heathen in sunder, who say, "There is none other but us."
Gather all the tribes of Jacob together, and inherit them, as from the beginning.
O Lord, have mercy upon the people who are called by Your name, and upon Israel, whom You have named Your firstborn.
O be merciful to Jerusalem, Your holy city, the place of Your rest.
Fill Zion with Your unspeakable oracles, and Your people with Your glory;
Give testimony to those whom You have possessed from the beginning, and raise up prophets who have been in Your name.
Reward those who wait for You, and let Your prophets be found faithful.
O Lord, hear the prayer of Your servants, according to the blessing of Aaron over Your people, that all those who dwell upon the earth may know that You are the Lord, the eternal God.
The belly devours all meats, yet one meat is better than another.
As the palate tastes various kinds of venison; so does a heart of understanding, false speeches.
A froward heart causes heaviness; but a man of experience will recompense him.
A woman will receive every man, yet one daughter is better than another.
The beauty of a woman cheers the countenance, and a man loves nothing better.
If there is kindness, meekness, and comfort, in her tongue, then her husband is not like other men.
He who gets a wife begins a possession, a help like to himself, and a pillar of rest.
Where no hedge is, there the possession is spoiled; and he who has no wife will wander up and down mourning.
Who will trust a thief well appointed, who skips from city to city? So [who will believe] a man who has no house, and lodges wherever the night takes him?
Every friend says, "I am his friend also;" but there is a friend, who is only a friend in name.
Is it not a grief to death, when a companion and friend are turned to an enemy?
O wicked imagination, from where did you come in to cover the earth with deceit?
There is a companion, who rejoices in the prosperity of a friend, but will be against him in the time of trouble.
There is a companion, who helps his friend for the belly, and takes up the buckler against the enemy.
Do not forget your friend in your mind, and do not be unmindful of him in your riches.
Every counselor extols counsel; but there are some who counsel for himself.
Beware of a counselor, and know before what need he has; for he will counsel for himself; unless he cast the lot upon you,
And say to you, "Your way is good;" and afterward he stands on the other side, to see what will befall you.
Do not consult with one who suspects you; and hide your counsel from such who envy you.
Neither consult with a woman touching her of whom she is jealous; neither with a coward in matters of war; nor with a merchant concerning exchange; nor with a buyer of selling; nor with an envious man of thankfulness; nor with an unmerciful man touching kindness; nor with the slothful for any work; nor with a hireling for a year of finishing work; nor with an idle servant of much business; do not listen to these in any matter of counsel.
But be continually with a godly man, whom you know keeps the commandments of the Lord, whose, mind is according to your mind, and will sorrow with you, if you will miscarry.
And let the counsel of your own heart stand; for there is no man more faithful to you than it.
For a man's mind is sometimes accustomed to tell him more than seven watchmen, who sit above in a high tower.
And above all this, pray to the Most High, that He will direct your way in truth.
Let reason go before every enterprize, and counsel before every action.
The countenance is a sign of changing of the heart.
Four manner of things appear; good and evil, life and death; but the tongue rules over them continually.
There is one who is wise and teaches many, and yet is unprofitable to himself.
There is one who shows wisdom in words, and is hated; he will be destitute of all food.
For grace is not given, him from the Lord, because he is deprived of all wisdom.
Another is wise to himself; and the fruits of understanding are commendable in his mouth.
A wise man instructs his people; and the fruits of his understanding do not fail.
A wise man will be filled with blessing; and all those who see him will count him happy.
The days of the life of man may be numbered; but the days of Israel are innumerable.
A wise man will inherit glory among his people, and his name will be perpetual.
My son, prove your soul in your life, and see what is evil for it, and do not give that to it.
For all things are not profitable for all men, neither does every soul have pleasure in everything.
Do not be unsatiable in any dainty thing, nor too greedy upon meats;
For excess of meats brings sickness, and surfeiting will turn into choler.
By surfeiting have many perished; but he who takes heed prolongs his life.
Honor a physician with the honor due to him for the uses which you may have of him; for the Lord has created him.
For of the Most High comes healing, and He will receive honor of the king.
The skill of the physician will lift up his head; and in the sight of great men, he will be in admiration.
The Lord has created medicines out of the earth; and he who is wise will not abhor them.
Was the water not made sweet with wood, that the virtue thereof might be known?
And He has given men skill, that He might be honored in His marvelous works.
With such does He heal [men,] and takes away their pains.
Of such does the apothecary make a confection; and of His works there is no end; and from Him is peace over all the earth,
My son, in your sickness do not be negligent; but pray to the Lord, and He will make you whole.
Leave off from sin, and order your hands aright, and cleanse your heart from all wickedness.
Give a sweet savor, and a memorial of fine flour; and make a fat offering, as not being.
Then give place to the physician, for the Lord has created him; let him not go from you, for you have need of him.
There is a time when there is good success in their hands.
For they will also pray to the Lord, that He would prosper that, which they give for ease and remedy to prolong life.
He who sins before his Maker, let him fall into the hand of the physician.
My son, let tears fall down over the dead, and begin to lament, as if you had suffered great harm yourself; and then cover his body according to the custom, and do not neglect his burial.
Weep bitterly, and make great moan, and use lamentation, as he is worthy, and that a day or two, unless you are spoken evil of; and then comfort yourself for your heaviness.
For of heaviness comes death, and the heaviness of the heart breaks strength.
In affliction, sorrow also remains; and the life of the poor is the curse of the heart.
Take no heaviness to heart; drive it away, and member the last end.
Do not forget it, for there is no turning again; you will not do him good, but hurt yourself.
Remember my judgment; for yours will also be so; yesterday for me, and today for you.
When the dead are at rest, let his remembrance rest; and be comforted for him, when his spirit has departed from him.
The wisdom of a learned man comes by opportunity of leisure; and he who has little business will become wise.
How can he get wisdom who holds the plough, and who glories in the goad, who drives oxen, and is occupied in their labors, and whose talk is of bullocks?
He gives his mind to make furrows; and is diligent to give the kine fodder.
So every carpenter and workmaster, who labors night and day; and those who cut and grave seals, and are diligent to make great variety, and give themselves to counterfeit imagery, and watch to finish a work;
The smith also sitting by the anvil, and considering the iron work, the vapor of the fire wastes his flesh, and he fights with the heat of the furnace; the noise of the hammer and the anvil is ever in his ears, and his eyes look still upon the pattern of the thing that he makes; he sets his mind to finish his work, and watches to polish it perfectly;
So does the potter sitting at his work, and turning the wheel about with his feet, who is alway carefully set at his work, and makes all his work by number;
He fashions the clay with his arm, and bows down his strength before his feet; he applies himself to lead it over; and he is diligent to make the furnace clean;
All these trust their hands; and everyone is wise in his work.
Without these, a city cannot be inhabited; and they will not dwell where they will, nor go up and down;
They will not be sought for in public counsel, nor sit high in the congregation; they will not sit on the judges' seat, nor understand the sentence of judgment; they cannot declare justice and judgment; and they will not be found where parables are spoken.
But they will maintain the state of the world, and [all] their desire is in the work of their craft.
But he who gives his mind to the law of the Most High, and is occupied in the meditation thereof, will seek out the wisdom of all the ancient, and be occupied in prophecies.
He will keep the sayings of the renowned men; and where subtil parables are, he will also be there.
He will seek out the secrets of grave sentences, and be conversant in dark parables.
He will serve among great men, and appear before princes; he will travel through strange countries; for he has tried the good and the evil among men.
He will give his heart to resort early to the Lord who made him, and will pray before the Most High, and will open his mouth in prayer, and make supplication for his sins.
When the great Lord wills, he will be filled with the Spirit of Understanding; he will pour out wise sentences, and give thanks to the Lord in his prayer.
He will direct his counsel and knowledge, and in his secrets, he will meditate.
He will show forth that which he has learned, and will glory in the law of the covenant of the Lord.
Many will commend his understanding; and so long as the world endures, it will not be blotted out; his memorial will not depart away, and his name will live from generation to generation.
Nations will show forth his wisdom, and the congregation will declare his praise.
If he dies, he will leave a greater name than a thousand; and if he lives, he will increase it.
Yet I have more to say, which I have thought upon; for I am filled as the moon at the full.
Listen to me, you holy children, and bud forth as a rose growing by the brook of the field;
And give a sweet savor as frankincense, and flourish as a lily, send forth a smell, and sing a song of praise, bless the Lord in all His works.
Magnify His name, and show forth His praise with the songs of your lips, and with harps, and in praising Him you will say after this manner;
"All the works of the Lord are exceedingly good, and whatever He commands will be accomplished in due season."
And none may say, "What is this? Why is that?" For at a convenient time they will all be sought out; at His commandment, the waters stood as a heap, and at the words of His mouth, the receptacles of waters.
At His commandment is done whatever pleases Him; and none can hinder, when He will save.
The works of all flesh are before Him, and nothing can be hidden from His eyes.
He sees from everlasting to everlasting; and there is nothing wonderful before Him.
A man does not need to say, "What is this? Why is that?" For He has made all things for their uses.
His blessing covered the dry land as a river, and watered it as a flood.
As He has turned the waters into saltness; so the heathen will inherit His wrath.
As His ways are plain to the holy; so are they stumblingblocks to the wicked.
For the good, are good things created from the beginning; so evil things for sinners.
The principal things for the whole use of man's life are water, fire, iron, and salt, flour of wheat, honey, milk, and the blood of the grape, and oil, and clothing.
All these things are for good to the godly; so to the sinners they are turned into evil.
There are spirits that are created for vengeance, which in their fury, lay on sore strokes; in the time of destruction, they pour out their force, and appease the wrath of Him who made them.
Fire, and hail, and famine, and death, all these were created for vengeance;
Teeth of wild beasts, and scorpions, serpents, and the sword punishing the wicked to destruction.
They will rejoice in His commandment, and they will be ready upon earth, when need is; and when their time has come, they will not transgress His word.
Therefore from the beginning, I was resolved, and thought upon these things, and have left them in writing.
All the works of the Lord are good; and He will give every needful thing in due season.
So that a man cannot say, "This is worse than that;" For in time, they will all be well approved.
And therefore praise the Lord with the whole heart and mouth, and bless the name of the Lord.
Great travail is created for every man, and a heavy yoke is upon the sons of Adam, from the day that they go out of their mother's womb, until the day that they return to the mother of all things.
Their imagination of things to come, and the day of death, [trouble] their thoughts, and [cause] fear of heart;
From him who sits on a throne of glory, to him who is humbled in earth and ashes;
From him who wears purple and a crown, to him who is clothed with a linen frock.
Wrath, and envy, trouble, and unquietness, fear of death, and anger, and strife, and in the time of rest upon his bed, his night sleep, do change his knowledge.
A little or nothing is his rest, and afterward he is in his sleep, as in a day of keeping watch, troubled in the vision of his heart, as if he had escaped out of a battle.
When all is safe, he awakes, and marvels that the fear was nothing.
[Such things happen] to all flesh, both man and beast, and that is sevenfold more upon sinners.
Death, and bloodshed, strife, and sword, calamities, famine, tribulation, and the scourge;
These things are created for the wicked, and for their sake, the flood came.
All things that are of the earth will turn to the earth again; and that which is of the waters returns into the sea.
All bribery and injustice will be blotted out; but true dealing will endure forever.
The goods of the unjust will be dried up like a river, and will vanish with noise, like a great thunder in rain.
While he opens his hand, he will rejoice; so will transgressors come to nothing.
The children of the ungodly will not bring forth many branches; but are as unclean roots upon a hard rock.
The weed growing upon every water and bank of a river will be pulled up before all grass.
Bountifulness is as a most fruitful garden, and mercifulness endures forever.
To labor, and to be content with that a man has, is a sweet life; but he who finds a treasure is above them both.
Children and the building of a city continue a man's name; but a blameless wife is counted above them both.
Wine and music rejoice the heart; but the love of wisdom is above them both.
The pipe and the psaltery make sweet melody; but a pleasant tongue is above them both.
Your eye desires favor and beauty; but more than both, corn while it is green.
A friend and companion never meet amiss; but above both is a wife with her husband.
Brethren and help are against time of trouble; but alms will deliver more than them both.
Gold and silver make the foot stand sure; but counsel is esteemed above them both.
Riches and strength lift up the heart; but the fear of the Lord is above them both; there is no want in the fear of the Lord, and it does not need to seek help.
The fear of the Lord is a fruitful garden, and covers him above all glory.
My son, do not lead a beggar's life; for it is better to die than to beg.
The life of him who depends on another man's table is not to be counted for a life; for he pollutes himself with other men's meat; but a well nurtured wise man will beware thereof.
Begging is sweet in the mouth of the shameless; but in his belly, there will burn a fire.
O death, how bitter is the remembrance of you to a man who lives at rest in his possessions, to the man who has nothing to vex him, and who has prosperity in all things; indeed, to him who is yet able to receive meat!
O death, acceptable is your sentence to the needy, and to him whose strength fails, that is now in the last age, and is vexed with all things, and to him who despairs, and has lost patience!
Do not fear the sentence of death, remember those who have been before you, and who come after; for this is the sentence of the Lord over all flesh.
And why are you against the pleasure of the Most High? There is no inquisition in the grave, whether you have lived ten, or a hundred, or a thousand years.
The children of sinners are abominable children, and those who are conversant in the dwelling of the ungodly.
The inheritance of sinners' children will perish, and their posterity will have a perpetual reproach.
The children will complain of an ungodly father, because they will be reproached for his sake.
Woe to you, ungodly men, who have forsaken the law of the Most High God! For if you increase, it will be to your destruction;
And if you are born, you will be born to a curse; and if you die, a curse will be your portion.
All that are of the earth will turn to earth again; so the ungodly will go from a curse to destruction.
The mourning of men is about their bodies; but an ill name of sinners will be blotted out.
Have regard to your name; for that will continue with you above a thousand great treasures of gold.
A good life has but few days; but a good name endures forever.
My children, keep discipline in peace; for wisdom that is hidden, and a treasure that is not seen, what profit is in them both?
A man who hides his foolishness is better than a man who hides his wisdom.
Therefore be shamefaced according to my word; for it is not good to retain all shamefacedness; neither is it altogether approved in everything.
Be ashamed of whoredom before father and mother; and of a lie before a prince and a mighty man;
Of an offence before a judge and ruler; of iniquity before a congregation and people; of unjust dealing before your partner and friend;
And of theft in regard of the place where you sojourn, and in regard of the truth of God and His covenant; and to lean with your elbow upon the meat; and of scorning to give and take;
And of silence before those who salute you; and to look upon a harlot;
And to turn your face away from your kinsman; or to take away a portion or a gift; or to gaze upon another man's wife.
Or to be overbusy with his maid, and not come near her bed; or of upbraiding speeches before friends; and after you have given, do not upbraid;
Or of iterating and speaking again that which you have heard; and of revealing of secrets.
So you will be truly shamefaced and find favor before all men.
Of these things, do not be ashamed, and accept no person to sin thereby;
Of the law of the Most High, and His covenant; and of judgment to justify the ungodly;
Of reckoning with your partners and travellers; or of the gift of the heritage of friends;
Of exactness of balance and weights; or of getting much or little;
And of merchants' indifferent selling; of much correction of children; and to make the side of an evil servant to bleed.
Sure keeping is good, where an evil wife is; and shut up, where many hands are.
Deliver all things in number and weight; and put all in writing that you give out, or receive in.
Do not be ashamed to inform the unwise and foolish, and the extreme aged who contend with those who are young; thus you will be truly learned, and approved of all living men.
The father wakes for the daughter, when no man knows; and the care for her takes away sleep; when she is young, unless she passes away the flower of her age; and being married, unless she should be hated;
In her virginity, unless she should be defiled and gotten with child in her father's house; and having a husband, unless she should misbehave herself; and when she is married, unless she should be barren.
Keep a sure watch over a shameless daughter, unless she makes you a laughingstock to your enemies, and a byword in the city, and a reproach among the people, and make you ashamed before the multitude.
Do not behold every body's beauty, and do not sit in the midst of women.
For from garments comes a moth, and from women, wickedness.
Better is the churlishness of a man than a courteous woman, a woman, I say, who brings shame and reproach.
I will now remember the works of the Lord, and declare the things that I have seen; In the words of the Lord are His works.
The sun that gives light looks upon all things, and the work thereof is full of the glory of the Lord.
The Lord has not given power to the saints to declare all His marvelous works, which the Almighty Lord firmly settled, that whatever is, might be established for His glory.
He seeks out the deep, and the heart, and considers their crafty devices; for the Lord knows all that may be known, and He beholds the signs of the world.
He declares the things that are past, and to come, and reveals the steps of hidden things.
No thought escapes Him, neither is any word hidden from Him.
He has garnished the excellent works of His wisdom, and He is from everlasting to everlasting; to Him may nothing be added, neither can He be diminished, and He has no need of any counselor.
Oh how desirable are all His works! And that a man may see even to a spark.
All these things live and remain forever for all uses, and they are all obedient.
All things are double one against another; and He has made nothing imperfect.
One thing establishes the good of another; and who will be filled with beholding His glory?
The pride of the height, the clear firmament, the beauty of heaven, with His glorious show;
The sun when it appears, declaring at his rising a marvelous instrument, the work of the Most High;
At noon it parches the country, and who can abide the burning heat thereof?
A man blowing a furnace is in works of heat, but the sun burns the mountains three times more; breathing out fiery vapors, and sending forth bright beams, it dims the eyes.
Great is the Lord who made it; and at His commandment, runs hastily.
He made the moon also to serve in her season for a declaration of times, and a sign of the world.
From the moon is the sign of feasts, a light that decreases in her perfection.
The month is called after her name, increasing wonderfully in her changing, being an instrument of the armies above, shining in the firmament of heaven;
The beauty of heaven, the glory of the stars, an ornament giving light in the highest places of the Lord.
At the commandment of the Holy One, they will stand in their order, and never faint in their watches.
Look upon the rainbow, and praise Him who made it; very beautiful it is in the brightness thereof.
It encompasses the heaven about with a glorious circle, and the hands of the Most High have bent it.
By His commandment, He makes the snow to fall aplace, and swiftly sends the lightnings of His judgment.
Through this, the treasures are opened; and clouds fly forth as fowls.
By His great power, He makes the clouds firm, and the hailstones are broken small.
At His sight, the mountains are shaken, and at His will, the south wind blows.
The noise of the thunder makes the earth tremble; so does the northern storm and the whirlwind; as birds flying, He scatters the snow, and the falling down thereof is as the lighting of grasshoppers;
The eye marvels at the beauty of the whiteness thereof, and the heart is astonished at the raining of it.
He also pours the hoarfrost as salt on the earth, and being congealed, it lies on the top of sharp stakes.
When the cold north wind blows, and the water is congealed into ice, it abides upon every gathering together of water, and clothes the water as with a breastplate.
It devours the mountains, and burns the wilderness, and consumes the grass as fire.
A present remedy of all is a mist coming speedily, a dew coming after heat refreshes.
By His counsel, He appeases the deep, and plants islands therein.
Those who sail on the sea tell of the danger thereof; and when we hear it with our ears, we marvel thereat.
For therein are strange and wondrous works, a variety of all kinds of beasts and whales created.
By Him, the end of them has prosperous success, and by His word, all things exist.
We may speak much, and yet come short; therefore in sum, He is all.
How will we be able to magnify Him? For He is great above all His works.
The Lord is terrible and very great, and marvelous is His power.
When you glorify the Lord, exalt Him as much as you can; for even yet will He far exceed; and when you exalt Him, put forth all your strength, and do not be weary; for you can never go far enough.
Who has seen Him, that He might tell us? And who can magnify Him as He is?
There are yet greater things hidden than these are, for we have seen but a few of His works.
For the Lord has made all things; and He has given wisdom to the godly.
Let us now praise famous men, and our fathers who fathered us.
The Lord has done great glory by them through His great power from the beginning.
Such who bore rule in their kingdoms, men renowned for their power, giving counsel by their understanding, and declaring prophecies;
Leaders of the people by their counsels, and by their knowledge of learning, meet for the people, wise and eloquent are their instructions;
Such who found out musical tunes, and recited verses in writing;
Rich men furnished with ability, living peaceably in their habitations;
All these were honored in their generations, and were the glory of their times.
There are of them, who have left a name behind them, that their praises might be reported.
And there are some, who have no memorial; who have perished, as though they had never been; and have become as though they had never been born; and their children after them.
But these were merciful men, whose righteousness has not been forgotten.
With their seed will a good inheritance continually remain, and their children are within the covenant.
Their seed stands fast, and their children for their sake.
Their seed will remain forever, and their glory will not be blotted out.
Their bodies are buried in peace; but their name lives forevermore.
The people will tell of their wisdom, and the congregation will show forth their praise.
Enoch pleased the Lord, and was translated, being an example of repentance to all generations.
Noah was found perfect and righteous; in the time of wrath, he was taken in exchange [for the world;] therefore he was left as a remnant to the earth, when the flood came.
An everlasting covenant was made with him, that all flesh should no longer perish by the flood.
Abraham was a great father of many people; there were none like him in glory;
Who kept the law of the Most High, and was in covenant with Him; he established the covenant in his flesh; and when he was tested, he was found faithful.
Therefore He assured him by an oath, that He would bless the nations in his seed, and that He would multiply him as the dust of the earth, and exalt his seed as the stars, and cause them to inherit from sea to sea, and from the river to the utmost part of the land.
With Isaac, He established likewise [for Abraham, his father's sake] the blessing of all men, and the covenant, and made it rest upon the head of Jacob. He acknowledged him in His blessing, and gave him a heritage, and divided his portions; He parted them among the twelve tribes.
And He brought a merciful man out of him, who found favor in the sight of all flesh, even Moses, beloved of God and men, whose memorial is blessed.
He made him like the glorious saints, and magnified him, so that his enemies stood in fear of him.
By His words, He caused the wonders to cease, and He made him glorious in the sight of kings, and gave him a commandment for His people, and showed him part of His glory.
He sanctified him in his faithfuless and meekness, and chose him out of all men.
He made him hear His voice, and brought him into the dark cloud, and gave him commandments before His Face, even the law of life and knowledge, that He might teach Jacob His covenants, and Israel His judgments.
He exalted Aaron, a holy man like him, even his brother, of the tribe of Levi.
He made an everlasting covenant with him and gave him the priesthood among the people; He beautified him with comely ornaments, and clothed him with a robe of glory.
He put perfect glory upon him; and strengthened him with rich garments, with breeches, with a long robe, and the ephod.
And He compassed him with pomegranates, and with many golden bells round about, that as he went, there might be a sound, and a noise made that might be heard in the temple, for a memorial to the children of His people;
With a holy garment, with gold, and blue silk, and purple, the work of the embroidere, with a breastplate of judgment, and with Urim and Thummim;
With twisted scarlet, the work of the cunning workman, with precious stones graven like seals, and set in gold, the work of the jeweller, with a writing engraved for a memorial, after the number of the tribes of Israel.
He set a crown of gold upon the mitre, wherein Holiness was engraved, an ornament of honor, a costly work, the desires of the eyes, goodly and beautiful.
Before him there were none such, neither did any stranger ever put them on, but only his children and his children's children perpetually.
Their sacrifices will continually be wholly consumed every day twice.
Moses consecrated him, and anointed him with holy oil; this was appointed to him by an everlasting covenant, and to his seed, so long as the heavens should remain, that they should minister to him, and execute the office of the priesthood, and bless the people in His name.
He chose him out of all living men to offer sacrifices to the Lord, incense, and a sweet savor, for a memorial, to make reconciliation for His people.
He gave His commandments to him, and authority in the statutes of judgments, that He should teach Jacob the testimonies, and inform Israel in His laws.
Strangers conspired together against him, and maligned him in the wilderness, even the men who were of Dathan's and Abiron's side, and the congregation of Core, with fury and wrath.
The Lord saw this, and it displeased Him, and in His wrathful indignation, they were consumed; He did wonders upon them, to consume them with the fiery flame.
But He made Aaron more honorable, and gave him a heritage, and divided the firstfruits of the increase to him; He especially prepared bread in abundance;
For they eat of the sacrifices of the Lord, which He gave to him and his seed.
Howbeit, in the land of the people, he had no inheritance, neither did he have any portion among the people; for the Lord Himself is his portion and inheritance.
The third in glory is Phinees, the son of Eleazar, because he had zeal in the fear of the Lord, and stood up with good courage of heart; when the people were turned back, and made reconciliation for Israel.
Therefore there was a covenant of peace made with him, that he should be the chief of the sanctuary and of His people, and that he and his posterity should have the dignity of the priesthood forever;
According to the covenant made with David, son of Jesse, of the tribe of Judah, that the inheritance of the king should be to his posterity alone; so the inheritance of Aaron should also be to his seed.
God gives you wisdom in your heart to judge His people in righteousness, that their good things are not abolished, and that their glory may endure forever.
Jesus, the son of a Nave, was valiant in the wars, and was the successor of Moses in prophecies, who according to his name, was made great for the saving of the elect of God, and taking vengeance of the enemies who rose up against them, that he might set Israel in their inheritance.
How great glory he got, when he lifted up his hands, and stretched out his sword against the cities!
Who so stood to it before him? For the Lord Himself brought his enemies to him.
Did the sun not go back by his means? And was one day not as long as two?
He called upon the Most High Lord, when the enemies pressed upon him on every side; and the great Lord heard him.
And with hailstones of mighty power, he made the battle to fall violently upon the nations, and in the descent [of Beth-horon] he destroyed those who resisted, that the nations might know all their strength, because he fought in the sight of the Lord, and he followed the Mighty One.
In the time of Moses, he also did a work of mercy, he and Caleb, the son of Jephunne, in that they withstood the congregation, and withheld the people from sin, and appeased the wicked murmuring.
And of six hundred thousand people on foot, those two were preserved to bring them in to the heritage, even to the land that flows with milk and honey.
The Lord also gave strength to Caleb, which remained with him to his old age; so that he entered upon the high places of the land, and his seed obtained it for a heritage;
That all the Children of Israel might see that it is good to follow the Lord.
And concerning the judges, everyone by name, whose heart did not go whoring, nor depart from the Lord, let their memory be blessed.
Let their bones flourish out of their place, and let the name of those who were honored be continued upon their children.
Samuel, the prophet of the Lord, beloved of his Lord, established a kingdom, and anointed princes over His people.
By the law of the Lord, he judged the congregation, and the Lord had respect to Jacob.
By his faithfulness, he was found a true prophet, and by his word, he was known to be faithful in vision.
He called upon the mighty Lord, when his enemies pressed upon him on every side, when he offered the sucking lamb.
And the Lord thundered from heaven, and with a great noise, made His voice to be heard.
And he destroyed the rulers of the Tyrians, and all the princes of the Philistines.
And before his long sleep, he made protestations in the sight of the Lord and His anointed, I have not taken any man's goods, so much as a shoe; and no man accused him.
And after his death, he prophesied, and showed the king his end, and lifted up his voice from the earth in prophecy, to blot out the wickedness of the people.
And after him, Nathan rose up to prophesy in the time of David.
As is the fat taken away from the peace offering, so was David chosen out of the Children of Israel.
He played with lions as with kids, and with bears as with lambs.
Did he not slay a giant, when he was yet but young? And did he not take away reproach from the people, when he lifted up his hand with the stone in the sling, and beat down the boasting of Goliath?
For he called upon the Most High Lord; and He gave him strength in his right hand to slay that mighty warrior, and set up the horn of His people.
So the people honored him with ten thousands, and praised him in the blessings of the Lord, in that He gave him a crown of glory.
For he destroyed the enemies on every side, and brought the Philistines his adversaries to nothing, and brake their horn in sunder to this day.
In all his works, he praised the Holy One Most High with words of glory; with his whole heart, he sung songs, and loved Him who made him.
He set singers also before the altar, that by their voices, they might make a sweet melody, and sing daily praises in their songs.
He beautified their feasts, and set the solemn times in order until the end, that they might praise His holy name, and that the temple might sound from morning.
The Lord took away his sins, and exalted his horn forever; He gave him a covenant of kings, and a throne of glory in Israel.
After him, a wise son rose up, and for his sake, he dwelt at large.
Solomon reigned in a peaceable time, and was honored; for God made all quiet round about him, that he might build a house in His name, and prepare His sanctuary forever.
How wise were you in your youth and, as a flood, filled with understanding!
Your soul covered the whole earth, and you filled it with dark parables.
Your name went far to the islands; and for your peace, you were beloved.
The countries marveled at you for your songs, and proverbs, and parables, and interpretations.
By the name of the Lord God, which is called the Lord God of Israel, you gathered gold as tin and multiplied silver as lead.
You bowed your loins to women, and by your body, you were brought into subjection.
You stained your honor, and polluted your seed; so that you brought wrath upon your children, and were grieved for your folly.
So the kingdom was divided, and out of Ephraim, a rebellious kingdom ruled.
But the Lord will never leave off His mercy, neither will any of His works perish, neither will He abolish the posterity of His elect, and the seed of him who loves Him, He will not take away; therefore He gave a remnant to Jacob, and out of him, a root to David.
Thus Solomon rested with his fathers, and of his seed, he left Roboam behind him, even the foolishness of the people, and one who had no understanding, who turned the people away through his counsel. There was also Jeroboam, the son of Nebat, who caused Israel to sin, and showed Ephraim the way of sin;
And their sins were multiplied exceedingly, that they were driven out of the land.
For they sought out all wickedness, until the vengeance came upon them.
Then Elias the prophet stood up as fire, and his word burned like a lamp.
He brought a sore famine upon them, and by his zeal, he diminished their number.
By the word of the Lord, he shut up the heaven, and also brought down fire three times.
O Elias, how were you honored in your wondrous deeds! And who may glory like you!
Who raised up a dead man from death, and his soul from the place of the dead, by the word of the Most High;
Who brought kings to destruction, and honorable men from their bed;
Who heard the rebuke of the Lord in Sinai, and the judgment of vengeance in Horeb;
Who annointed kings to take revenge, and prophets to succeed after him;
Who was taken up in a whirlwind of fire, and in a chariot of fiery horses;
Who were ordained for reproofs in their times, to pacify the wrath of the Lord's judgment, before it broke forth into fury, and to turn the heart of the father to the son, and to restore the tribes of Jacob.
Blessed are those who saw you, and slept in love; for we will surely live.
Elias it was, who was covered with a whirlwind; and Eliseus was filled with his spirit; while he lived, he was not moved with the presence of any prince, neither could any bring him into subjection.
No word could overcome him; and after his death, his body prophesied.
He did wonders in his life, and at his death, his works were marvelous.
For all this, the people did not repent, neither did they depart from their sins, until they were spoiled and carried out of their land, and were scattered through all the earth; yet there remained a small people, and a ruler in the house of David;
Of whom some did that which was pleasing to God, and some multiplied sins.
Ezekiel fortified his city, and brought in water into the midst thereof; he dug the hard rock with iron, and made wells for waters.
In his time, Sennacherib came up, and sent Rabsaces, and lifted up his hand against Zion, and boasted proudly.
Then their hearts and hands trembled, and they were in pain, as women in travail.
But they called upon the Lord who is merciful, and stretched out their hands toward Him; and immediately the Holy One heard them out of heaven, and delivered them by the ministry of Esay.
He smote the host of the Assyrians, and His angel destroyed them.
For Ezekiel had done the thing that pleased the Lord, and was strong in the ways of David his father, as Esay the prophet, who was great and faithful in his vision, had commanded him.
In his time, the sun went backward, and he lengthened the king's life.
He saw by an excellent spirit what should come to pass at the last, and he comforted those who mourned in Zion.
He showed what should come to pass forever, and secret things or ever they came.
The remembrance of Josiah is like the composition of the perfume that is made by the art of the apothecary; it is sweet as honey in all mouths, and as music at a banquet of wine.
He behaved himself uprightly in the conversion of the people, and took away the abominations of iniquity.
He directed his heart to the Lord, and in the time of the ungodly, he established the worship of God.
All, except David and Ezekiel and Josiah, were defective; for they forsook the law of the Most High, even the kings of Judah failed.
Therefore He gave their power to others, and their glory to a strange nation.
They burnt the chosen city of the sanctuary, and made the streets desolate, according to the prophecy of Jeremiah.
For they entreated him evil, who nevertheless was a prophet, sanctified in his mother's womb, that he might root out, and afflict, and destroy; and that he might build up also, and plant.
It was Ezekiel who saw the glorious vision, which was shown him upon the chariot of the cherubims.
For he made mention of the enemies under the figure of the rain, and directed those who went right.
And of the twelve prophets, let the memorial be blessed, and let their bones flourish again out of their place; for they comforted Jacob, and delivered them by assured hope.
How will we magnify Zorobabel? Even he was as a signet on the right hand;
But upon the earth was no man created like Enoch; for he was taken from the earth.
Neither was there a young man born like Joseph, a governor of his brethren, a stay of the people, whose bones were regarded of the Lord.
Sem and Seth were in great honor among men, and so was Adam above every living thing in creation.
Simon the high priest, the son of Onias, who, in his life, repaired the house again, and in his days, fortified the temple;
And by him, the double height was built from the foundation, the high fortress of the wall about the temple;
In his days, the cistern to receive water, being measured as the sea, was covered with plates of brass;
He took care of the temple that it should not fall, and fortified the city against besieging;
How he was honored in the midst of the people in his coming out of the sanctuary!
He was as the morning star in the midst of a cloud, and as the moon at the full;
As the sun shining upon the temple of the Most High, and as the rainbow giving light in the bright clouds;
And as the flower of roses in the spring of the year, as lilies by the rivers of waters, and as the branches of the frankincense tree in the time of summer;
As fire and incense in the censer, and as a vessel of beaten gold set with all manner of precious stones;
And as a fair olive tree budding forth fruit, and as a cypress tree which grows up to the clouds.
When he put on the robe of honor, and was clothed with the perfection of glory, when he went up to the holy altar, he made the garment of holiness honorable.
When he took the portions out of the priests' hands, he himself stood by the hearth of the altar, encompassed about, as a young cedar in Libanus; and as palm trees, they encompassed him round about.
So were all the sons of Aaron in their glory, and the oblations of the Lord in their hands, before all the congregation of Israel.
And finishing the service at the altar, that he might adorn the offering of the Most High Almighty,
He stretched out his hand to the cup, and poured of the blood of the grape, he poured out a sweetsmelling savor at the foot of the altar to the Most High King of all.
Then the sons of Aaron shouted, and sounded the silver trumpets, and made a great noise to be heard, for a remembrance before the Most High.
Then all the people hasted together, and fell down to the earth upon their faces to worship their Lord God Almighty, the Most High.
The singers also sang praises with their voices, with great variety of sounds, a sweet melody was made.
And the people besought the Lord, the Most High, by prayer before Him who is merciful, until the solemnity of the Lord had ended, and they had finished His service.
Then he went down, and lifted up his hands over the whole congregation of the Children of Israel, to give the blessing of the Lord with his lips, and to rejoice in His name.
And they bowed themselves down to worship the second time, that they might receive a blessing from the Most High.
Now therefore, bless the God of all, who only does wondrous things everywhere, who exalts our days from the womb, and deals with us according to His mercy.
He grants us joyfulness of heart, and that peace may be in our days in Israel forever;
That He would confirm His mercy with us, and deliver us at His time!
There are two manner of nations which my heart abhors, and the third is no nation;
Those who sit upon the mountain of Samaria, and those who dwell among the Philistines, and that foolish people who dwell in Sichem.
Jesus, the son of Sirach of Jerusalem, has written in this book, the instruction of understanding and knowledge, who, out of his heart, poured forth wisdom.
Blessed is he who will be exercised in these things; and he who lays them up in his heart will become wise.
For if he does them, he will be strong to all things; for the light of the Lord leads him, who gives wisdom to the godly. Blessed is the name of the Lord forever. Amen, Amen.
[A Prayer of Jesus, the son of Sirach.]
I will thank You, O Lord and King, and praise You, O God my Savior; I give praise to Your name;
For You are my defender and helper, and have preserved my body from destruction, and from the snare of the slanderous tongue, and from the lips that forge lies, and have been my helper against my adversaries;
And have delivered me, according to the multitude of the mercies and greatness of Your name, from the teeth of those who were ready to devour me, and out of the hands of such who sought after my life, and from the manifold afflictions which I had;
From the choking of fire on every side, and from the midst of the fire which I did not kindle;
From the depth of the belly of Hell, from an unclean tongue, and from lying words.
By an accusation to the king from an unrighteous tongue, my soul drew near even to death, my life was near to Hell beneath.
They encompassed me on every side, and there was no man to help me; I looked for the succour of men, but there was none.
Then I thought upon Your mercy, O Lord, and upon Your acts of old, how You deliver such who wait for You, and save them out of the hands of the enemies.
Then I lifted up my supplications from the earth, and prayed for deliverance from death.
I called upon the Lord, the Father of my lord, that He would not leave me in the days of my trouble, and in the time of the proud, when there was no help.
I will praise Your name continually, and will sing praises with thanksgiving; and so my prayer was heard;
For You saved me from destruction, and delivered me from the evil time; therefore I will give thanks, and praise You, and bless Your name, O Lord.
When I was yet young, or ever I went abroad, I desired wisdom openly in my prayer.
I prayed for her before the temple, and will seek her out even to the end.
Even from the flower until the grape was ripe, my heart has delighted in her; my foot went the right way, from my youth up, I sought after her.
I bowed down my ear a little, and received her, and got much learning.
I profited therein, therefore I will ascribe glory to Him who gives me wisdom.
For I purposed to do after her, and I earnestly followed that which is good; so I will not be confounded.
My soul has wrestled with her, and in my doings, I was exact; I stretched forth my hands to the heaven above, and bewailed my ignorances of her.
I directed my soul to her, and I found her in pureness; I have had my heart joined with her from the beginning, therefore I will not be forsaken.
My heart was troubled in seeking her; therefore I have gotten a good possession.
The Lord has given me a tongue for my reward, and I will praise Him therewith.
Draw near to me, you unlearned, and dwell in the house of learning.
Why are you slow, and what do you say to these things, seeing your souls are very thirsty?
I opened my mouth, and said, "Buy her for yourselves without money.
Put your neck under the yoke, and let your soul receive instruction; she is hard at hand to find."
Behold with your eyes, how I have but little labor, and have gotten much rest to me.
Get learning with a great sum of money, and get much gold by her.
Let your soul rejoice in His mercy, and do not be ashamed of His praise.
Work your work in season, and in his time, He will give you your reward.