Isaiah 1:11 - 12, Torah
[Then] to what purpose [is] the multitude of your sacrifices to Me?" The Lord says, "I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I do not delight in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of male goats. When you come to appear before Me to tread My courts, who has required this at your hand?
Jeremiah 7:22 - 24, Torah
For I did not speak to your fathers, nor command them in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, concerning burnt offerings or sacrifices. But I commanded them this thing, saying, 'Obey My voice, and I will be your God, and you will be My people, and walk in all the ways that I have commanded you, that it may be well to you.' But they did not listen, nor incline their ear, but they walked in the counsels [and] in the imagination of their evil heart, and went backward, and not forward."
Leviticus 17:11, Torah
For [they said,] "The life of the flesh [is] in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls, for it [is] the blood [that] makes an atonement for the soul."
[So] O you who have believed, indeed, intoxicants, gambling, divining arrows, and [sacrificing on] stone altars are but defilement from the work of Satan, so avoid it that you may be successful.
Prohibited to you is that Sacrificed on Stone Altars
They Sacrificed their Sons and Daughters to Devils
The Lord Spoke these Words and Added No More
Satan Threw into it Some Misunderstanding
Pour out the Blood and Cover it with Dust
I do Not Want them to Feed Me
Mention the Name of God over them
Eat from them and Feed the Needy and the Beggar
Its Expiation is the Feeding of Needy People
Decreed is Fasting as it was Decreed Before
For Forty Days he Ate Nothing
Prohibited to you are dead animals, blood, the flesh of swine, and that which has been dedicated to other than God, and [those animals] killed by strangling or by a violent blow or by a head-long fall or by the goring of horns, and those from which a wild animal has eaten, except what you [are able to] slaughter [before its death], and those which are sacrificed on stone altars, and [prohibited is] that you seek decision through divining arrows. That is grave disobedience.
Isaiah 1:11 - 12, Torah
"To what purpose [is] the multitude of your sacrifices to Me?" The Lord says, "I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I do not delight in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of male goats. When you come to appear before Me to tread My courts, who has required this at your hand?
Hosea 6:6 - 7, Torah
For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings. But they, like men, have transgressed the covenant, they have dealt treacherously against Me there.
Isaiah 43:23 - 27, Torah
[And so] you have not [actually] brought Me the small cattle of your burnt offerings; neither have you honored Me with your sacrifices. I have not caused you to serve with an offering, nor wearied you with incense. You have bought Me no sweet cane with money, neither have you [actually] filled Me with the fat of your sacrifices, but you have made Me serve with your sins, you have wearied Me with your iniquities. [For] I, [even] I, [am] He who blots out your transgressions for My own sake, and will not remember your sins. [So] put Me in remembrance, let us plead together, declare, that you may be justified. Your first father has sinned, and your teachers have transgressed against Me -
Isaiah 66:3 - 4, Torah
[And thus] he who kills an ox [is as if] he slew a man; he who sacrifices a lamb, [as if] he cut off a dog's neck; he who offers an oblation, [as if he offered] swine's blood; he who burns incense, [as if] he blessed an idol. They have chosen their own ways, and their soul delights in their abominations. I will also choose their delusions, and will bring their fears upon them; because when I called, none answered; when I spoke, they did not hear, but they did evil before My eyes, and chose [that] in which I did not delight.
Psalms 51:16 - 17, Torah
[For] You do not desire sacrifice; else I would give [it], You do not delight in burnt offering. The sacrifices of God [are] a broken spirit, a broken and a contrite heart, O God, You will not despise.
Micah 6:6 - 8, Torah
[So] with what will I come before the Lord, [and] bow myself before the High God? Will I come before Him with burnt offerings, with calves of a year old? Will the Lord be pleased with thousands of rams, [or] with ten thousands of rivers of oil? Will I give my firstborn [for] my transgression, the fruit of my body [for] the sin of my soul? He has shown you, O man, what [is] good; and what does the Lord require of you, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with your God?
[Sirach 35:1 - 7], Torah
[Thus] he who keeps the law brings enough offerings; he who takes heed to the commandment offers a peace offering. He who requites a goodturn offers fine flour; and he who gives alms sacrifices praise. To depart from wickedness is a thing pleasing to the Lord; and to forsake unrighteousness is a propitiation. You will not appear empty before the Lord. For all these things [are to be done] because of the commandment. The offering of the righteous makes the altar fat, and the sweet savor thereof is before the Most High. The sacrifice of a just man is acceptable. And the memorial thereof will never be forgotten.
And likewise, to many of the polytheists, their partners have made [to seem] pleasing the killing of their children in order to bring about their destruction and to cover them with confusion in their religion. And if God had willed, they would not have done so. So leave them and that which they invent.
Psalms 106:35 - 37, Torah
[For they] were mingled among the heathen, and learned their works. And they served their idols, which were a snare to them. They sacrificed their sons and their daughters to devils.
2 Kings 17:16 - 17, Torah
[For] they left all the commandments of the Lord their God, and made themselves molten images, [even] two calves, and made a grove, and prostrated to all the host of heaven, and served Baal. And they caused their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire, and used divination and enchantments, and sold their souls to do evil in the sight of the Lord, to provoke Him to anger.
Psalms 106:38 - 39, Torah
[For they] shed innocent blood, [even] the blood of their sons and of their daughters, whom they sacrificed to the idols of Canaan, and the land was polluted with blood. Thus they were defiled with their own works, and went whoring with their own inventions.
1 Corinthians 10:20, Gospel
[And thus,] I [say] that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God, and I am not willing that you should have fellowship with devils.
Deuteronomy 12:31 - 32, Torah
[Thus] you will not do so to the Lord your God, for every abomination to the Lord, which He hates, they have done to their gods; for they have even burnt their sons and their daughters in the fire to their gods. [And so] whatever thing I command you, observe to do it, you will not add thereto, nor diminish from it.
[And thus] those will have lost who killed their children in foolishness without knowledge and prohibited what God had provided for them, inventing untruth about God. They have gone astray and were not [rightly] guided.
Jeremiah 7:31, Torah
"[For] they have built the high places of Tophet, which [is] in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire; which I did not command [them], neither did it come into My heart.
Jeremiah 19:5, Torah
[And] they have built also the high places of Baal, to burn their sons with fire [for] burnt offerings to Baal, which I did not command, nor spoke [it], neither did [it] come into My mind."
[So] We wrote for him on the tablets [something] of all things - instruction and explanation for all things, [saying], "Take them with determination and order your people to take the best of it."
Deuteronomy 5:1 - 2, Torah
[So] Moses called all Israel, and said to them, "Hear, O Israel, the statutes and judgements which I speak in your ears this day, that you may learn them, and keep, and do them. The Lord our God made a covenant with us in Horeb -
Deuteronomy 5:6 - 10, Torah
[Saying,] 'I [am] the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage. You will have no other gods before Me. You will not make [any] graven image, [or] any likeness [of any thing] that [is] in heaven above, or that [is] in the earth beneath, or that [is] in the waters beneath the earth. You will not prostrate to them, nor serve them, for I the Lord your God [am] a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth [generation] of those who hate Me, and showing mercy to thousands of those who love Me and keep My commandments.
Deuteronomy 5:12 - 15, Torah
[And] keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the Lord your God has commanded you. Six days you will labor, and do all your work. But the seventh day [is] the sabbath of the Lord your God, [in it] you will not do any work - you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your ox, nor your donkey, nor any of your cattle, nor your stranger who [is] within your gates; that your manservant and your maidservant may rest as well as you. And remember that you were a servant in the land of Egypt, and [that] the Lord your God brought you out from there through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm, therefore the Lord your God commanded you to keep the sabbath day.
Deuteronomy 5:16, Torah
[And] honor your father and your mother, as the Lord your God has commanded you; that your days may be prolonged, and that it may go well with you, in the land which the Lord your God gives you.
Deuteronomy 5:21, Torah
Neither will you desire your neighbor's wife, neither will you covet your neighbor's house, his field, or his manservant, or his maidservant, his ox, or his donkey, or any [thing] that [is] your neighbor's.'
Deuteronomy 5:22, Torah
[And thus] the Lord spoke these words to all your assembly in the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice, and He added no more. And He wrote them in two tables of stone, and delivered them to me."
[Barnabas 2:7 - 8], Gospel
[So] again He says to them; "Did I command your fathers when they went forth from the land of Egypt to bring Me whole burnt offerings and sacrifices? No, this was My command to them, 'Let none of you bear a grudge of evil against his neighbor in his heart, and do not love a false oath."
Deuteronomy 5:32 - 33, Torah
You will therefore observe to do as the Lord your God has commanded you, you will not turn aside to the right hand or to the left. You will walk in all the ways which the Lord your God has commanded you, that you may live, and [that it may be] well with you, and [that] you may prolong [your] days in the land which you will possess.
Exodus 29:20 - 21, Torah
"[Whereby] you will kill the ram, and take of his blood, and put [it] upon the tip of the right ear of Aaron, and upon the tip of the right ear of his sons, and upon the thumb of their right hand, and upon the great toe of their right foot, and sprinkle the blood upon the altar round about. And you will take of the blood that [is] upon the altar, and of the anointing oil, and sprinkle [it] upon Aaron, and upon his garments, and upon his sons, and upon the garments of his sons with him, and he will be made holy, and his garments, and his sons, and his sons' garments with him.
Leviticus 4:16 - 20, Torah
And the priest who is anointed will bring of the bullock's blood to the tabernacle of the congregation. And the priest will dip his finger [in some] of the blood, and sprinkle [it] seven times before the Lord, [even] before the veil. And he will put [some] of the blood upon the horns of the altar which [is] before the Lord, that [is] in the tabernacle of the congregation, and will pour out all the blood at the bottom of the altar of the burnt offering, which [is at] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. And he will take all his fat from him, and burn [it] upon the altar. And he will do with the bullock as he did with the bullock for a sin offering, so he will do with this, and the priest will make an atonement for them, and it will be forgiven them.
Hebrews 9:13 - 14, Gospel
[And so] if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifies the purifying of the flesh, how much more will the blood of the Messiah, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
22:52 - 53, Qur'an
But God abolishes that which Satan throws in; then God makes precise His verses. And God is Knowing and Wise. [That is] so He may make what Satan throws in a trial for those within whose hearts is disease and those hard of heart. And indeed, the wrongdoers are in extreme dissension -
7:16 - 17, Qur'an
[For Satan] said, "Because You have made me err, I will surely sit in wait for them on Your straight path. Then I will come to them from before them and from behind them and on their right and on their left, and You will not find most of them grateful [to You]."
Deuteronomy 28:14 - 15, Torah
[And so God said,] "You will not go aside from any of the words which I command you this day, [to] the right hand, or [to] the left, to go after other gods to serve them. But it will come to pass, if you will not hear the voice of the Lord your God, to observe to do all His commandments and His statutes which I command you this day; that all these curses will come upon you, and overtake you."
So for their breaking of the covenant We cursed them and made their hearts hard. They distort words from their [proper] usages and have forgotten a portion of that of which they were reminded. And you will still observe deceit among them, except a few of them. But pardon them and overlook [their misdeeds]. Indeed, God loves the doers of good.
5:15 - 16, Qur'an
[So] O People of the Scripture, there has come to you Our messenger making clear to you much of what you used to conceal of the Scripture and overlooking much. There has come to you from God a light and a clear Book - by which God guides those who pursue His pleasure to the ways of peace and brings them out from darknesses into the light, by His permission, and guides them to a straight path.
[So] O you who have believed, indeed, intoxicants, gambling, divining arrows, and [sacrificing on] stone altars are but defilement from the work of Satan, so avoid it that you may be successful.
Leviticus 17:10, Torah
Whatever man [there is] of the house of Israel, or of the strangers who sojourn among you, who eats any manner of blood; I will even set My Face against that soul who eats blood, and will cut him off from among his people.
Leviticus 17:13, Torah
And whatever man [there is] of the Children of Israel, or of the strangers who sojourn among you, who hunts and catches any beast or fowl that may be eaten; he will even pour out the blood thereof, and cover it with dust.
Leviticus 17:14, Torah
For [blood is] the life of all flesh; the blood [is] for the life thereof, therefore I said to the Children of Israel, "You will not eat the blood of any manner of flesh, for the life of all flesh [is] the blood, whoever eats it will be cut off."
Acts 15:28 - 29, Gospel
[And so] it seemed good to the Holy Spirit, and to us, to lay upon you no greater burden than these necessary things; that you abstain from blood, and meats offered to idols, and from things strangled, and from fornication, from which if you keep yourselves, you will do well.
Deuteronomy 12:23 - 25, Torah
[So] be sure that you do not eat the blood, for the blood [is] the life; and you may not eat the life with the flesh. You will not eat it; you will pour it upon the earth as water. You will not eat it; that it may go well with you, and with your children after you, when you will do [that which is] right in the sight of the Lord.
2:172 - 173, Qur'an
[So] O you who have believed, eat from the good things which We have provided for you and be grateful to God if it is [indeed] Him that you serve. He has only forbidden to you blood, dead animals, the flesh of swine, and that which has been dedicated to other than God. But whoever is forced [by necessity], neither desiring [it] nor transgressing [its limit], there is no sin upon him. Indeed, God is Forgiving and Merciful.
80:24 - 32, Qur'an
[So] let mankind look at his food - how We poured down water in torrents, then We broke open the earth, splitting [it with sprouts], and caused to grow within it grain and grapes and herbage and olive and palm trees and gardens of dense shrubbery and fruit and grass - [as] enjoyment for you and your grazing livestock.
22:63 - 64, Qur'an
[So] do you not see that God has sent down rain from the heaven and the earth becomes green? Indeed, God is Subtle and Aware. To Him belongs what is in the heavens and what is on the earth. And indeed, God is the Free of need, the Praiseworthy.
Acts 17:24 - 25, Gospel
[So I declare Him to you,] God, who made the world and all things therein, seeing that He is Lord of heaven and earth, does not dwell in temples made with hands; neither is He attended by men's hands, as though He needed anything, seeing He gives life to all, and breath, and all things.
[So] say, "Is it other than God I should take as a protector, Creator of the heavens and the earth, while it is He who feeds and is not fed?" Say, "Indeed, I have been commanded to be the first [among you] who submit [to God] and [was commanded], 'Do not ever be of the polytheists.'"
They ask you, what has been made lawful for them. Say, "Lawful for you are [all] good foods and [game caught by] what you have trained of hunting animals which you train as God has taught you. So eat of what they catch for you, and mention the name of God upon it, and fear God." Indeed, God is swift in account.
And do not eat of that upon which the name of God has not been mentioned, for indeed, it is grave disobedience. And indeed do the devils inspire their allies [among men] to dispute with you. And if you were to obey them, indeed, you would be associators [of others with Him] -
1 Corinthians 10:28, Gospel
[And thus] if any man says to you, "This is offered in sacrifice to idols," do not eat for his sake who showed it, and for conscience sake, for the earth [is] the Lord's, and the fullness thereof.
22:34 - 36, Qur'an
And [thus] for all religion We have appointed a rite that they may mention the name of God over what He has provided for them of animals. For your god is one God, so to Him submit. And give good tidings to the humble [before their Lord] - who, when God is mentioned, their hearts are fearful, and [to] the patient over what has afflicted them, and the establishers of prayer and those who spend from what We have provided them. And the camels and cattle We have appointed for you as among the symbols of God; for you therein is good. So mention the name of God over them when lined up [for sacrifice]; and when they are down on their sides, then eat from them and feed the needy and the beggar. Thus have We subjected them to you that you may be grateful.
[Whereby] God has made the Ka'bah, the Sacred House, standing for the people and [has sanctified] the sacred months and the sacrificial animals and the garlands [by which they are identified]. That is so you may know that God knows what is in the heavens and what is in the earth and that God is Knowing of all things -
6:118 - 119, Qur'an
So eat of that [meat] upon which the name of God has been mentioned, if you are believers in His verses. And why should you not eat of that upon which the name of God has been mentioned while He has explained in detail to you what He has forbidden you, excepting that to which you are compelled. And indeed do many lead [others] astray through their [own] inclinations without knowledge. Indeed, your Lord - He is most knowing of the transgressors.
90:10 - 18, Qur'an
Have [We] shown him the two ways? But he has not broken through the difficult pass. And what can make you know what is [breaking through] the difficult pass? It is the freeing of a slave, or feeding on a day of severe hunger, an orphan of near relationship or a needy person in misery. And then being among those who believed and advised one another to patience and advised one another to compassion. Those are the companions of the right.
76:7 - 9, Qur'an
They [are those who] fulfill [their] vows and fear a Day whose evil will be widespread. And they give food in spite of love for it to the needy, the orphan, and the captive, [saying], "We feed you only for the Countenance of God. We wish not from you reward or gratitude."
Luke 14:13 - 14, Gospel
[And thus,] when you make a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind. And you will be blessed; for they cannot recompense you, for you will be recompensed at the Resurrection of the just.
[But] when it is said to them, "Spend from that which God has provided for you," those who disbelieve say to those who believe, "Should we feed one whom, if God had willed, He would have fed? You are not but in clear error."
30:37 - 38, Qur'an
Do they not see that God extends provision for whom He wills and restricts [it]? Indeed, in that are signs for a people who believe. So give the relative his right, as well as the needy and the traveler. That is best for those who desire the Countenance of God, and it is they who will be the successful.
And the camels and cattle We have appointed for you as among the symbols of God; for you therein is good. So mention the name of God over them when lined up [for sacrifice]; and when they are down on their sides, then eat from them and feed the needy and the beggar. Thus have We subjected them to you that you may be grateful.
Their meat will not reach God, nor will their blood, but what reaches Him is piety from you. Thus have We subjected them to you that you may glorify God for that [to] which He has guided you; and give good tidings to the doers of good.
God will not impose blame upon you for what is meaningless in your oaths, but He will impose blame upon you for [breaking] what you intended of oaths. So its expiation is the feeding of ten needy people from the average of that which you feed your [own] families or clothing them or the freeing of a slave. But whoever cannot find [or afford it] - then a fast of three days [is required]. That is the expiation for oaths when you have sworn. But guard your oaths. Thus does God make clear to you His verses that you may be grateful.
Leviticus 6:1 - 6, Torah
[So likewise, remember when] the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, "If a soul sins, and commits a trespass against the Lord, and lies to his neighbor in that which was delivered him to keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or has deceived his neighbor; or has found that which was lost, and lies concerning it, and swears falsely; in any of all these that a man does, sinning therein. Then it will be, because he has sinned, and is guilty, that he will restore that which he took away violently, or the thing which he has deceitfully gotten, or that which was delivered to him to keep, or the lost thing which he found, or all that about which he has sworn falsely; he will even restore it in the principal, and will add the fifth part more thereto, [and] give it to him to whom it appertains, in the day of his trespass offering. And he will bring his trespass offering to the Lord, a ram without blemish out of the flock, with your estimation, for a trespass offering, to the priest.
Leviticus 5:15, Torah
[And thus] if a soul commits a trespass, and sins through ignorance, in the holy things of the Lord; then he will bring for his trespass to the Lord a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with your estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering.
Deuteronomy 12:18, Torah
[And] you must eat them before the Lord your God in the place which the Lord your God will choose, you and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant, and the Levite who [is] within your gates, and you will rejoice before the Lord your God in all that you put your hands to.
Deuteronomy 12:7, Torah
And [thus] there you will eat before the Lord your God, and you will rejoice in all that you put your hand to, you and your households, wherein the Lord your God has blessed you.
Deuteronomy 12:21, Torah
[But] if the place which the Lord your God has chosen to put His name is too far from you, then you will kill of your herd and of your flock, which the Lord has given you, as I have commanded you, and you will eat in your gates whatever your soul lusts after.
Leviticus 22:19 - 20, Torah
[But you will offer] at your own will a male without blemish, of the cattle, of the sheep, or of the goats. [Thus] whatever has a blemish, you will not offer [that], for it will not be acceptable for you -
Malachi 1:8, Torah
[For] if you offer the blind for sacrifice, [is it] not evil? And if you offer the lame and sick, [is it] not evil? Offer it now to your governor; will he be pleased with you, or accept your person?" The Lord of hosts says.
[So] O you who have believed, [you must only] spend from the good things which you have earned and from that which We have produced for you from the earth. And do not aim toward the defective therefrom, spending [from that] while you would not take it [yourself] except with closed eyes. And know that God is Free of need and Praiseworthy.
5:94 - 95, Qur'an
[And] O you who have believed, God will surely test you through something of the game that your hands and spears [can] reach, that God may make evident those who fear Him unseen. And whoever transgresses after that - for him is a painful punishment. O you who have believed, do not kill game while you are prohibited. And whoever of you kills it intentionally - the penalty is an equivalent from sacrificial animals to what he killed, as judged by two just men among you as an offering [to God] delivered to the Ka'bah, or an expiation the feeding of needy people or the equivalent of that in fasting, that he may taste the consequence of his deed. God has pardoned what is past; but whoever returns [to violation], then God will take retribution from him. And God is Almighty and Owner of Retribution.
2 Samuel 1:12, Torah
[Likewise, David] mourned, and wept, and fasted until evening, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of the Lord, and for the house of Israel; because they had fallen by the sword.
2 Samuel 3:35, Torah
And when all the people came to cause David to eat meat while it was still day, David swore, saying, "So God will do to me, and more also, if I taste bread, or anything else, until the sun is down."
2:183 - 184, Qur'an
[So] O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may fear [God] - [fasting for] a limited number of days. So whoever among you is ill or on a journey [during them] - then an equal number of other days. And upon those who are able to afford it - a ransom [as substitute] of feeding a poor person [each day]. And whoever volunteers excess - it is better for him. But to fast is best for you, if you only knew.
[And] the night preceding fasting, it has been made permissible for you to go to your wives. They are clothing for you and you are clothing for them. God knows that you used to deceive yourselves, so He accepted your repentance and forgave you. So now, have relations with them and seek that which God has decreed for you. And eat and drink until the white thread of dawn becomes distinct to you from the black thread [of night]. Then complete the fast until the night. And do not have relations with them as long as you are devoted in the mosques. These are the limits [set by] God, so do not approach them. Thus does God make clear His ordinances to the people that they may fear [God].
Matthew 6:16 - 18, Gospel
"Moreover, when you fast, do not be as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance, for they disfigure their faces, that they may appear to men to fast. Verily I say to you, 'They have their reward.' But you, when you fast, anoint your head, and wash your face; that you do not appear to men to fast, but to your [Creator] who is in the hidden, and your [Creator], who sees in the hidden, will reward you openly -"
[For] indeed, God will admit those who have believed and done righteous deeds to gardens [of Paradise] beneath which rivers flow, but those who disbelieve enjoy themselves and eat as grazing livestock eat, and the Fire will be a residence for them.
Deuteronomy 8:2, Torah
[So] you will remember all the ways which the Lord your God led you these forty years in the wilderness, to humble you, [and] to test you, to know what [was] in your heart, whether you would keep His commandments or not -
Deuteronomy 8:3, Torah
[So] He humbled you, and let you hunger, and fed you with manna, which you did not know, neither did your fathers know; that He might make you know that man does not live by bread only, but man lives by every [word] that proceeds out of the mouth of the Lord.
Exodus 34:27 - 28, Torah
And [so] the Lord said to Moses, "Write these words, for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel." And [so] he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights; he neither ate bread, nor drank water. And He wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.
1 Kings 19:8 - 9, Torah
And [likewise, Elijah] arose, and ate and drank, and went in the strength of that meat for forty days and forty nights to Horeb, the Mount of God. And he came there to a cave, and lodged there; and, behold, the word of the Lord [came] to him, and He said to him, "What do you do here, Elijah?"
Luke 4:1 - 2, Gospel
And [likewise,] Jesus, being full of the Holy Spirit, returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness, being tempted of the devil for forty days. And in those days he ate nothing; and when they had ended, he afterward hungered.
Jonah 3:3 - 5, Torah
[And remember when] Jonah arose, and went to Nineveh, according to the word of the Lord. Now Nineveh was an exceedingly great city of three days' journey. And Jonah began to enter into the city a day's journey, and he cried, and said, "Yet forty days, and Nineveh will be overthrown." So the people of Nineveh believed God, and proclaimed a fast, and put on sackcloth, from the greatest of them even to the least of them.
[2 Ezra 14:42], Torah
[And remember when] the Highest gave understanding to the five men [with Ezra], and they wrote the wonderful visions of the night that were told, which they did not know; and they sat forty days, and they wrote in the day, and at night they ate bread.
[So similarly,] the month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey - then an equal number of other days. God intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [He wants] for you to complete the period [~thirty days] and to glorify God for that [to] which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful.
And complete the Pilgrimage and 'umrah for God. But if you are prevented, then [offer] what can be obtained with ease of sacrificial animals. And do not shave your heads until the sacrificial animal has reached its place of slaughter. And whoever among you is ill or has an ailment of the head, then a ransom of fasting [three days] or charity or sacrifice. And when you are secure, then whoever performs 'umrah [during the Pilgrimage months] followed by pilgrimage, then [offer] what can be obtained with ease of sacrificial animals. And whoever cannot find [a sacrificial animal], then a fast of three days during pilgrimage and of seven when you have returned [home]. Those are ten complete [days]. This is for those whose family is not in the area of the Sacred Mosque. And fear God and know that God is severe in penalty.
Deuteronomy 29:5 - 6, Torah
[For] I have led you forty years in the wilderness, your clothes are not waxed old upon you, and your shoe is not waxed old upon your foot. You have not eaten bread, neither have you drunk wine or strong drink, that you might know that I [am] the Lord your God.