1 Maccabees 8:1
Now Judas had heard of the Romans, that they were mighty and valiant men, and such who would lovingly accept all who joined themselves to them, and make a league of amity with all who came to them;
1 Maccabees 8:2
And that they were men of great valor. It was also told to him of their wars and noble acts which they had done among the Galatians, and how they had conquered them, and brought them under tribute;
1 Maccabees 8:3
And what they had done in the country of Spain, for the winning of the mines of the silver and gold which are there;
1 Maccabees 8:4
And that, by their policy and patience, they had conquered all the place, though it was very far from them; and the kings also who came against them from the uttermost part of the earth, until they had discomfited them, and given them a great overthrow, so that the rest gave them tribute every year;
1 Maccabees 8:5
Beside this, how they had discomfited Philip in battle, and Perseus, king of the Citims, with others who lifted themselves up against them, and had overcome them;
1 Maccabees 8:6
How also, Antiochus, the great king of Asia, who came against them in battle, having a hundred and twenty elephants, with horsemen, and chariots, and a very great army, was discomfited by them;
1 Maccabees 8:7
And how they took him alive, and covenanted that he and such who reigned after him should pay a great tribute, and give hostages, and that which was agreed upon,
1 Maccabees 8:8
And the country of India, and Media and Lydia and of the most ideal countries, which they took of him, and gave to king Eumenes;
1 Maccabees 8:9
Moreover, how the Grecians had determined to come and destroy them;
1 Maccabees 8:10
And that they, having knowledge thereof, sent a certain captain against them, and fighting with them, slew many of them, and carried their wives and their children away captives, and spoiled them, and took possession of their lands, and pulled down their strongholds, and brought them to be their servants to this day;
1 Maccabees 8:11
It was told to him besides, how they destroyed and brought all other kingdoms and isles under their dominion, that resisted them at any time;
1 Maccabees 8:12
But with their friends and such who relied upon them, they kept amity; and that they had conquered kingdoms both far and near, insomuch that all who heard of their name were afraid of them;
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Also that, whom they would help to a kingdom, those reign; and whom again they would, they displace; finally, that they were greatly exalted;
1 Maccabees 8:14
Yet for all this, none of them wore a crown or were clothed in purple, to be magnified thereby;
1 Maccabees 8:15
Moreover, how they had made for themselves a senate house, wherein three hundred and twenty men sat in council daily, always consulting for the people, to the end they might be well ordered;
1 Maccabees 8:16
And that every year they committed their government to one man, who ruled over all their country, and that all were obedient to that one, and that there was neither envy or emmulation among them.
1 Maccabees 8:17
In consideration of these things, Judas chose Eupolemus, the son of John, the son of Accos, and Jason, the son of Eleazar, and sent them to Rome, to make a league of amity and confederacy with them,
1 Maccabees 8:18
And to intreat them that they would take the yoke from them; for they saw that the kingdom of the Grecians oppressed Israel with servitude.
1 Maccabees 8:19
They therefore went to Rome, which was a very great journey, and came into the senate, where they spoke and said,
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"Judas Maccabeus with his brethren, and the people of the Jews, have sent us to you, to make a confederacy and peace with you, and that we might be registered [as] your confederates and friends."
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So that matter pleased the Romans well.
1 Maccabees 8:22
And this is the copy of the epistle which the senate wrote back again in tables of brass, and sent to Jerusalem, that they might have a memorial of peace and confederacy by them there;
1 Maccabees 8:23
"Good success is to the Romans, and to the people of the Jews, by sea and by land forever; the sword also and enemy are far from them,
1 Maccabees 8:24
If any war comes first upon the Romans or any of their confederates throughout all their dominion,
1 Maccabees 8:25
The people of the Jews will help them, as the time will be appointed, with all their heart;
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Neither will they give anything to those who make war upon them, or aid them with victuals, weapons, money, or ships, as it has seemed good to the Romans; but they will keep their covenants without therefore taking anything.
1 Maccabees 8:27
In the same manner also, if war comes first upon the nation of the Jews, the Romans will help them with all their heart, accordingly as the time will be appointed them;
1 Maccabees 8:28
Neither will victuals be given to those who take part against them, or weapons, or money, or ships, as it has seemed good to the Romans; but they will keep their covenants, and that without deceit."
1 Maccabees 8:29
According to these articles, the Romans made a covenant with the people of the Jews.
1 Maccabees 8:30
Howbeit, if hereafter, the one party or the other will think to add or diminish anything, they may do it at their pleasures, and whatever they will add or take away will be ratified.
1 Maccabees 8:31
And as touching the evils that Demetrius does to the Jews, we have written to him, saying, "Why did you make your yoke heavy upon our friends and confederates the Jews?
1 Maccabees 8:32
If they therefore complain anymore against you, we will do them justice, and fight with you by sea and by land."
1 Maccabees 9:1
Furthermore, when Demetrius heard the Nicanor and his host were slain in battle, he sent Bacchides and Alcimus into the land of Judea the second time, and the chief strength of his host with them;
1 Maccabees 9:2
Who went forth by the way that leads to Galgala, and pitched their tents before Masaloth, which is in Arbela, and after they had won it, they slew many people.
1 Maccabees 9:3
Also the first month of the hundred and fifty second year, they encamped before Jerusalem;
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From which they removed, and went to Berea, with twenty thousand footmen and two thousand horsemen.
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Now Judas had pitched his tents at Eleasa, and three thousand chosen men with him;
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Who, seeing the multitude of the other army to be so great, were sore afraid; whereupon many conveyed themselves out of the host, insomuch that no more but eight hundred men abode of them.
1 Maccabees 9:7
When Judas therefore saw that his host slipped away, and that the battle pressed upon him, he was sorely troubled in mind, and much distressed, for he had no time to gather them together.
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Nevertheless, to those who remained he said, "Let us arise and go up against our enemies, if peradventure we may be able to fight with them."
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But they dehorted him, saying, "We will never be able; let us now rather save our lives, and hereafter we will return with our brethren, and fight against them; for we are but few."
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Then Judas said, "God forbid that I should do this thing, and flee away from them; if our time has come, let us die as men for our brethren, and let us not stain our honor."
1 Maccabees 9:11
With that, the host of Bacchides removed out of their tents, and stood over against them, their horsemen being divided into two troops, and their slingers and archers, going before the host and those who marched in the foreward, were all mighty men.
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As for Bacchides, he was in the right wing; so the host drew near on the two parts, and sounded their trumpets.
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Those also of Judas' side, even they sounded their trumpets also, so that the earth shook at the noise of the armies, and the battle continued from morning until night.
1 Maccabees 9:14
Now when Judas perceived that Bacchides and the strength of his army were on the right side, he took all the hardy men with him,
1 Maccabees 9:15
Who discomfited the right wing, and pursued them to the Mount Azotus.
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But when those of the left wing saw that those of the right wing were discomfited, they followed upon Judas and those who were with him, hard at the heels from behind;
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Whereupon there was a sore battle, insomuch that many were slain on both parts.
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Judas was also killed, and the remnant fled.
1 Maccabees 9:19
Then Jonathan and Simon took Judas their brother, and buried him in the sepulchre of his fathers in Modin.
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Moreover, they bewailed him, and all Israel made great lamentation for him, and mourned many days, saying,
1 Maccabees 9:21
"How the valiant man has fallen, who delivered Israel!"
1 Maccabees 9:22
As for the other things concerning Judas and his wars, and the noble acts which he did, and his greatness, they are not written; for they were very many.
1 Maccabees 9:23
Now after the death of Judas, the wicked began to put forth their heads in all the coasts of Israel, and all such who worked iniquity arose up.
1 Maccabees 9:24
In those days there was also a very great famine, by reason whereof the country revolted, and went with them.
1 Maccabees 9:25
Then Bacchides chose the wicked men, and made them lords of the country.
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And they made inquiry and search for Judas' friends, and brought them to Bacchides, who took vengeance of them, and used them despitefully.
1 Maccabees 9:27
So there was a great affliction in Israel, the like whereof was not since the time that a prophet was not seen among them.
1 Maccabees 9:28
For this cause, all Judas' friends came together, and said to Jonathan,
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"Since your brother Judas died, we have no man like him to go forth against our enemies, and Bacchides, and against those of our nation who are adversaries to us.
1 Maccabees 9:30
Now we have therefore chosen you this day to be our prince and captain in his stead, that you may fight our battles."
1 Maccabees 9:31
Upon this, Jonathan took the governance upon him at that time, and rose up instead of his brother Judas.
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But when Bacchides got knowledge thereof, he sought to slay him
1 Maccabees 9:33
Then Jonathan, and Simon his brother, and all who were with him, perceiving that, fled into the wilderness of Thecoe, and pitched their tents by the water of the pool Asphar.
1 Maccabees 9:34
Which, when Bacchides understood, he came near Jordan with all his host upon the sabbath day.
1 Maccabees 9:35
Now Jonathan had sent his brother John, a captain of the people, to pray his friends the Nabathites, that they might leave their carriage with them, which was much.
1 Maccabees 9:36
But the children of Jambri came out of Medaba, and took John, and all that he had, and went their way with it.
1 Maccabees 9:37
After this, word came to Jonathan and Simon his brother, that the children of Jambri made a great marriage, and were bringing the bride from Nadabatha with a great train, as being the daughter of one of the great princes of Chanaan.
1 Maccabees 9:38
Therefore they remembered John their brother, and went up, and hid themselves under the covert of the mountain;
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Where they lifted up their eyes, and looked, and, behold, there was much ado and great carriage; and the bridegroom came forth, and his friends and brethren, to meet them with drums, and instruments of music, and many weapons.
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Then Jonathan and those who were with him rose up against them from the place where they lay in ambush, and made a slaughter of them in such sort, as many fell down dead, and the remnant fled into the mountain, and they took all their spoils.
1 Maccabees 9:41
Thus the marriage was turned into mourning, and the noise of their melody into lamentation.
1 Maccabees 9:42
So when they had fully avenged the blood of their brother, they turned again to the marsh of Jordan.
1 Maccabees 9:43
Now when Bacchides heard hereof, he came on the sabbath day to the banks of Jordan with a great power.
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Then Jonathan said to his company, "Let us now go up and fight for our lives, for it does not stand with us today, as in time past;
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For, behold, the battle is before us and behind us, and the water of Jordan on this side and that side, the marsh likewise and wood, neither is there place for us to turn aside.
1 Maccabees 9:46
Therefore cry now to heaven, that you may be delivered from the hand of your enemies."
1 Maccabees 9:47
With that they joined battle, and Jonathan stretched forth his hand to strike Bacchides, but he turned back from him.
1 Maccabees 9:48
Then Jonathan and those who were with him leapt into Jordan, and swam over to the other bank; howbeit, the other did not pass over Jordan to them.
1 Maccabees 9:49
So about a thousand men were slain of Bacchides' side that day.
1 Maccabees 9:50
Afterward, Bacchides returned to Jerusalem and repaired the strong cites in Judea; the fort in Jericho, and Emmaus, and Bethhoron, and Bethel, and Thamnatha, Pharathoni, and Taphon, he strengthened these with high walls, with gates and with bars.
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And he set a garrison in them, that they might work malice upon Israel.
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He also fortified the city Bethsura, and Gazera, and the tower, and put forces in them, and provision of victuals.
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Besides, he took the chief men's sons in the country for hostages, and put them into the tower at Jerusalem to be kept.
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Moreover, in the hundred and fifty third year, in the second month, Alcimus commanded that the wall of the inner court of the sanctuary should be pulled down; he also pulled down the works of the prophets.
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And as he began to pull down, even at that time, Alcimus was plagued, and his enterprizes hindered; for his mouth was stopped, and he was taken with a palsy, so that he could no longer speak anything, nor give order concerning his house.
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So Alcimus died at that time with great torment.
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Now when Bacchides saw that Alcimus was dead, he returned to the king; whereupon the land of Judea was in rest for two years.
1 Maccabees 9:58
Then all the ungodly men held a council, saying, "Behold, Jonathan and his company are at ease, and dwell without care; now therefore we will bring Bacchides here, who will take them all in one night."
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So they went and consulted with him.
1 Maccabees 9:60
Then he removed and came with a great host, and privily sent letters to his adherents in Judea, that they should take Jonathan and those who were with him; howbeit they could not, because their counsel was known to them.
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Therefore they took of the men of the country, who were authors of that mischief, about fifty persons, and slew them.
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Afterward, Jonathan and Simon, and those who were with him, got themselves away to Bethbasi, which is in the wilderness, and they repaired the decays thereof, and made it strong.
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Which thing, when Bacchides knew, he gathered all his host together, and sent word to those who were of Judea.
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Then he went and laid siege against Bethbasi; and they fought against it a long season and made engines of war.
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But Jonathan left his brother Simon in the city, and went forth himself into the country, and he went forth with a certain number.
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And he struck Odonarkes and his brethren, and the children of Phasiron in their tent.
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And when he began to strike them, and came up with his forces, Simon and his company went out of the city, and burned up the engines of war,
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And fought against Bacchides, who was discomfited by them, and they afflicted him sore; for his counsel and travail was in vain.
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Therefore he was very angry at the wicked men who gave him counsel to come into the country, inasmuch that he slew many of them, and purposed to return into his own country.
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Whereof, when Jonathan had knowledge, he sent ambassadors to him, to the end he should make peace with him, and deliver them the prisoners.
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Which thing he accepted, and did according to his demands, and swore to him that he would never do him harm all the days of his life.
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When he had therefore restored the prisoners to him whom he had taken aforetime out of the land of Judea, he returned and went his way into his own land, neither did he come anymore into their borders.
1 Maccabees 9:73
Thus the sword ceased from Israel; but Jonathan dwelt at Machmas, and began to govern the people; and he destroyed the ungodly men out of Israel.
1 Maccabees 10:1
In the hundred and sixtieth year, Alexander, the son of Antiochus, surnamed Epiphanes, went up and took Ptolemais; for the people had received him, by means whereof he reigned there,
1 Maccabees 10:2
Now when king Demetrius heard thereof, he gathered an exceedingly great host together, and went forth against him to fight.
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Moreover, Demetrius sent letters to Jonathan with loving words, so that he magnified him.
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For he said, "Let us first make peace with him, before he joins with Alexander against us;
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Else he will remember all the evils that we have done against him, and against his brethren and his people."
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Therefore he gave him authority to gather a host together, and to provide weapons, that he might aid him in battle; he also commanded that the hostages that were in the tower should be delivered to him.
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Then Jonathan came to Jerusalem, and read the letters in the audience of all the people, and of those who were in the tower;
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Who were sore afraid, when they heard that the king had given him authority to gather a host together.
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Whereupon those of the tower delivered their hostages to Jonathan, and he delivered them to their parents.
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This done, Jonathan settled himself in Jerusalem, and began to build and repair the city.
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And he commanded the workmen to build the walls and the Mount Zion and about with square stones for fortification; and they did so.
1 Maccabees 10:12
Then the strangers, who were in the fortresses which Bacchides had built, fled away;
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Insomuch that every man left his place, and went into his own country.
1 Maccabees 10:14
Only at Bethsura, certain of those who had forsaken the law and the commandments remained still; for it was their place of refuge.
1 Maccabees 10:15
Now when king Alexander had heard what promises Demetrius had sent to Jonathan; when it was also told to him of the battles and noble acts which he and his brethren had done, and of the pains that they had endured,
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He said, "Will we find such another man? Now we will therefore make him our friend and confederate."
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Upon this, he wrote a letter, and sent it to him, according to these words, saying,
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"King Alexander sends greeting to his brother Jonathan;
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We have heard of you, that you are a man of great power, and meet to be our friend.
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Therefore, we now ordain you this day to be the high priest of your nation, and to be called the king's friend; (and therewithal he sent him a purple robe and a crown of gold) and we require you to take our part, and keep friendship with us."
1 Maccabees 10:21
So in the seventh month of the hundred and sixtieth year, at the feast of the tabernacles, Jonathan put on the holy robe, and gathered forces together, and provided much armor.
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Whereof, when Demetrius heard, he was very sorry, and said,
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"What have we done, that Alexander has prevented us in making amity with the Jews to strengthen himself?
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I also will write words of encouragement to them, and promise them dignities and gifts, that I may have their aid."
1 Maccabees 10:25
He therefore sent to them to this effect; "King Demetrius sends greeting to the people of the Jews;
1 Maccabees 10:26
Whereas you have kept covenants with us, and continued in our friendship, not joining yourselves with our enemies, we have heard hereof, and are glad.
1 Maccabees 10:27
Now therefore continue to still be faithful to us, and we will recompense you well for the things you do in our behalf,
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And will grant you many immunities, and give you rewards.
1 Maccabees 10:29
And now I free you, and for your sake, I release all the Jews, from tributes, and from the customs of salt, and from crown taxes,
1 Maccabees 10:30
And from that which appertains to me to receive for the third part or the seed, and the half of the fruit of the trees, I release it from this day forth, so that they will not be taken of the land of Judea, nor of the three governments that are added thereto out of the country of Samaria and Galilee, from this day forth forevermore.
1 Maccabees 10:31
Let Jerusalem also be holy and free, with the borders thereof, both from tenths and tributes.
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And as for the tower which is at Jerusalem, I yield up authority over it, and give the high priest, that he may set such men in it as he will choose to keep it.
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Moreover, I freely set every one of the Jews at liberty, who were carried captives out of the land of Judea into any part of my kingdom, and I will that all my officers remit the tributes, even of their cattle.
1 Maccabees 10:34
Furthermore, I will that all the feasts, and sabbaths, and new moons, and solemn days, and the three days before the feast, and the three days after the feast will all be of immunity and freedom for all the Jews in my realm.
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Also, no man will have authority to meddle with or to molest any of them in any matter.
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I will further, that about thirty thousand men of the Jews be enrolled among the king's forces, to whom pay will be given, as belongs to all king's forces.
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And of them, some will be placed in the king's strongholds, of whom also, some will be set over the affairs of the kingdom, which are of trust; and I will that their overseers and governors be of themselves, and that they live after their own laws, even as the king has commanded in the land of Judea.
1 Maccabees 10:38
And concerning the three governments that are added to Judea from the country of Samaria, let them be joined with Judea, that they may be reckoned to be under one, nor bound to obey an authority other than the high priest's.
1 Maccabees 10:39
As for Ptolemais, and the land pertaining thereto, I give it as a free gift to the sanctuary at Jerusalem for the necessary expenses of the sanctuary.
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Moreover, every year I give fifteen thousand shekels of silver out of the king's accounts from the places appertaining.
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And all the overplus, which the officers did not pay in, as in former time, will from now on be given toward the works of the temple.
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And beside this, the five thousand shekels of silver, which they took from the uses of the temple out of the accounts year by year, even those things will be released, because they appertain to the priests who minister.
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And whoever they are who flee to the temple at Jerusalem, or are within the liberties hereof, being indebted to the king, or for any other matter, let them be at liberty, and all that they have in my realm.
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For the building also, and repairing of the works of the sanctuary, expenses will be given of the king's accounts.
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Indeed, and for the building of the walls of Jerusalem, and the fortifying thereof round about, expenses will be given out of the king's accounts, as also for the building of the walls in Judea."
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Now when Jonathan and the people heard these words, they gave no credit to them, nor received them, because they remembered the great evil that he had done in Israel; for he had afflicted them very sore.
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But with Alexander, they were well pleased, because he was the first who entreated of true peace with them, and they were always confederate with him.
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Then king Alexander gathered great forces, and camped over against Demetrius.
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And after the two kings had joined battle, Demetrius' host fled; but Alexander followed after him, and prevailed against them.
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And he continued the battle very sorely until the sun went down; and that day, Demetrius was slain.
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Afterward, Alexander sent ambassadors to Ptolemy, king of Egypt, with a message to this effect;
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"Forasmuch as I have come again to my realm, and am set in the throne of my progenitors, and have gotten the dominion, and overthrown Demetrius, and recovered our country;
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For after I had joined battle with him, both he and his host were discomfited by us, so that we sit in the throne of his kingdom;
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Now therefore, let us make a league of amity together, and now give me your daughter to wife; and I will be your son-in-law, and will give both you and her according to your dignity."
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Then Ptolemy the king gave answer, saying, "Happy is the day wherein you returned into the land of your fathers, and sat in the throne of their kingdom.
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And now I will do to you as you have written; meet me therefore at Ptolemais, that we may see one another; for I will marry my daughter to you according to your desire."
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So Ptolemy went out of Egypt with his daughter Cleopatra, and they came to Ptolemais in the hundred and sixty second year;
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Where king Alexander, meeting him, he gave his daughter Cleopatra to him, and celebrated her marriage at Ptolemais with great glory, as the manner of kings is.
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Now king Alexander had written to Jonathan, that he should come and meet him.
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Who thereupon went honorably to Ptolemais, where he met the two kings, and gave them and their friends silver and gold, and many presents, and found favor in their sight.
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At that time, certain pestilent fellows of Israel, men of a wicked life, assembled themselves against him, to accuse him; but the king would not hear them.
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Indeed, more than that, the king commanded to take off his garments, and clothe him in purple; and they did so.
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And he made him sit by himself, and said into his princes, "Go with him into the midst of the city, and make a proclamation, that no man complains against him of any matter, and that no man troubles him for any manner of cause."
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Now when his accusers saw that he was honored according to the proclamation, and clothed in purple, they all fled away.
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So the king honored him, and wrote him among his chief friends, and made him a duke, and partaker of his dominion.
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Afterward, Jonathan returned to Jerusalem with peace and gladness.
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Furthermore, in the hundred and sixty fifth year, Demetrius, son of Demetrius, came out of Crete into the land of his fathers;
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Whereof, when king Alexander heard, he was right sorry, and returned into Antioch.
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Then Demetrius made Apollonius, the governor of Celosyria, his general, who gathered a great host together, and camped in Jamnia, and sent the high priest to Jonathan, saying,
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"You alone lift up yourself against us, and I am laughed to scorn for your sake, and reproached; and why do you vaunt your power against us in the mountains?
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Now therefore, if you trust in your own strength, come down to us into the plain field, and let us try the matter there together; for with me is the power of the cities.
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Ask and learn who I am, and the rest who take our part, and they will tell you that your foot is not able to revert in their own land.
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Therefore, you will now not be able to abide the horsemen and so great a power in the plain, where is neither stone or flint, nor place to flee to."
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So when Jonathan heard these words of Apollonius, he was moved in his mind, and choosing ten thousand men, he went out of Jerusalem, where Simon his brother met him to help him.
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And he pitched his tents against Joppa; but; those of Joppa shut him out of the city, because Apollonius had a garrison there.
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Then Jonathan laid siege to it; whereupon those of the city let him in for fear; and so Jonathan won Joppa.
1 Maccabees 10:77
Whereof, when Apollonius heard, he took three thousand horsemen, with a great host of footmen, and went to Azotus as one who journeyed, and therewithal drew him forth into the plain; because he had a great number of horsemen, in whom he put his trust.
1 Maccabees 10:78
Then Jonathan followed after him to Azotus, where the armies joined battle.
1 Maccabees 10:79
Now Apollonius had left a thousand horsemen in ambush.
1 Maccabees 10:80
And Jonathan knew that there was an ambush behind him; for they had encompassed in his host, and cast darts at the people, from morning until evening.
1 Maccabees 10:81
But the people stood still, as Jonathan had commanded them; and so the enemies' horses were tired.
1 Maccabees 10:82
Then Simon brought forth his host, and set them against the footmen, (for the horsemen were spent) who were discomfited by him, and fled.
1 Maccabees 10:83
The horsemen also, being scattered in the field, fled to Azotus, and went into Bethdagon, their idol's temple, for safety.
1 Maccabees 10:84
But Jonathan set fire on Azotus, and the cities round about it, and took their spoils; and the temple of Dagon, with those who had fled into it, he burned with fire.
1 Maccabees 10:85
Thus well near eight thousand men were burned and slain with the sword.
1 Maccabees 10:86
And from there, Jonathan removed his host, and camped against Ascalon, where the men of the city came forth, and met him with great pomp.
1 Maccabees 10:87
After this, Jonathan and his host returned to Jerusalem, having many spoils.
1 Maccabees 10:88
Now when king Alexander heard these things, he honored Jonathan yet more.
1 Maccabees 10:89
And sent him a buckle of gold, as the use is to be given to such who are of the king's blood; he gave him also Accaron with the borders thereof in possession.
1 Maccabees 11:1
And the king of Egypt gathered a great host together, like the sand that lies upon the sea shore, and many ships, and went about through deceit to get Alexander's kingdom, and join it to his own.
1 Maccabees 11:2
Whereupon he took his journey into Spain in a peaceable manner, so that those of the cities opened to him, and met him; for king Alexander had commanded them so to do, because he was his brother-in-law.
1 Maccabees 11:3
Now as Ptolemy entered into the cities, he set a garrison of soldiers in every one of them to keep it.
1 Maccabees 11:4
And when he came near Azotus, they showed him the temple of Dagon that was burnt, and Azotus and the suburbs thereof that were destroyed, and the bodies that were cast abroad and those whom he had burnt in the battle; for they had made heaps of them by the way where he should pass.
1 Maccabees 11:5
They also told the king whatever Jonathan had done, to the intent he might blame him; but the king held his peace.
1 Maccabees 11:6
Then Jonathan met the king with great pomp at Joppa, where they saluted one another and lodged.
1 Maccabees 11:7
Afterward, Jonathan, when he had gone with the king to the river called Eleutherus, returned again to Jerusalem.
1 Maccabees 11:8
King Ptolemy therefore, having gotten the dominion of the cities by the sea to Seleucia upon the sea coast, imagined wicked counsels against Alexander.
1 Maccabees 11:9
Whereupon he sent ambasadors to king Demetrius, saying, "Come, let us make a league between us, and I will give you my daughter whom Alexander has, and you will reign in your father's kingdom;
1 Maccabees 11:10
For I repent that I gave my daughter to him, for he sought to slay me."
1 Maccabees 11:11
Thus he slandered him, because he was desirous of his kingdom.
1 Maccabees 11:12
Therefore he took his daughter from him, and gave her to Demetrius, and forsook Alexander, so that their hatred was openly known.
1 Maccabees 11:13
Then Ptolemy entered into Antioch, where he set two crowns upon his head, the crown of Asia, and of Egypt.
1 Maccabees 11:14
In the mean season, king Alexander was in Cilicia, because those who dwelt in those parts had revolted from him.
1 Maccabees 11:15
But when Alexander heard of this, he came to war against him; whereupon king Ptolemy brought forth his host, and met him with a mighty power, and put him to flight.
1 Maccabees 11:16
So Alexander fled into Arabia there to be defended; but king Ptolemy was exalted;
1 Maccabees 11:17
For Zabdiel the Arabian took off Alexander's head, and sent it to Ptolemy.
1 Maccabees 11:18
King Ptolemy also died the third day after, and those who were in the strongholds were slain of one another.
1 Maccabees 11:19
By this means, Demetrius reigned in the hundred sixty seventh year.
1 Maccabees 11:20
At the same time, Jonathan gathered together those who were in Judea to take the tower that was in Jerusalem; and he made many engines of war against it.
1 Maccabees 11:21
Then ungodly persons came, who hated their own people, [and] went to the king, and told him that Jonathan besieged the tower,
1 Maccabees 11:22
Whereof, when he heard, he was angry, and immediately removing, he came to Ptolemais, and wrote to Jonathan, that he should not lay siege to the tower, but come and speak with him at Ptolemais in great haste.
1 Maccabees 11:23
Nevertheless, Jonathan, when he heard this, commanded to still besiege it; and he chose some of the elders of Israel and the priests, and put himself in peril;
1 Maccabees 11:24
And took silver and gold, and raiment, and various presents besides, and went to Ptolemais to the king, where he found favor in his sight.
1 Maccabees 11:25
And though certain ungodly men of the people had made complaints against him,
1 Maccabees 11:26
Yet the king entreated him as his predecessors had done before, and promoted him in the sight of all his friends,
1 Maccabees 11:27
And confirmed him in the high priesthood, and in all the honors that he had before, and gave him preeminence among his chief friends.
1 Maccabees 11:28
Then Jonathan desired the king, that he would make Judea free from tribute, as also the three governments, with the country of Samaria; and he promised him three hundred talents.
1 Maccabees 11:29
So the king consented, and wrote letters to Jonathan of all these things after this manner;
1 Maccabees 11:30
"King Demetrius to his brother Jonathan, and to the nation of the Jews, sends greeting;
1 Maccabees 11:31
We send you here a copy of the letter which we wrote to our cousin Lasthenes concerning you, that you might see it.
1 Maccabees 11:32
King Demetrius to his father Lasthenes sends greeting;
1 Maccabees 11:33
We are determined to do good to the people of the Jews, who are our friends, and keep covenants with us, because of their good will toward us.
1 Maccabees 11:34
Therefore we have ratified the borders of Judea to them, with the three governments of Apherema and Lydda and Ramathem, which are added to Judea from the country of Samaria, and all things appertaining to them, for all such who do sacrifice in Jerusalem, instead of the payments which the king received of them yearly aforetime out of the fruits of the earth and of trees.
1 Maccabees 11:35
And as for other things that belong to us, of the tithes and customs pertaining to us, as also the saltpits, and the crown taxes, which are due to us, we discharge them of them all for their relief.
1 Maccabees 11:36
And nothing hereof will be revoked from this time forth forever.
1 Maccabees 11:37
Now therefore see that you make a copy of these things, and let it be delivered to Jonathan, and set upon the holy mount in a conspicuous place."
1 Maccabees 11:38
After this, when king Demetrius saw that the land was quiet before him, and that no resistance was made against him, he sent away all his forces, every one to his own place, except certain bands of strangers, whom he had gathered from the isles of the heathen; therefore all the forces of his fathers hated him.
1 Maccabees 11:39
Moreover, there was one Tryphon, who had been of Alexander's part afore, who, seeing that all the host murmured against Demetrius, went to Simalcue the Arabian who brought up Antiochus, the young son of Alexander,
1 Maccabees 11:40
And lay sore upon him to deliver him this young Antiochus, that he might reign in his father's stead; he told him therefore all that Demetrius had done, and how his men of war were at enmity with him, and he remained there a long season.
1 Maccabees 11:41
In the mean time, Jonathan sent to king Demetrius, that he would cast those of the tower out of Jerusalem, and those also in the fortresses; for they fought against Israel.
1 Maccabees 11:42
So Demetrius sent to Jonathan, saying, "I will not only do this for you and your people, but I will greatly honor you and your nation, if opportunity serves.
1 Maccabees 11:43
Now therefore you will do well, if you send me men to help me; for all my forces have gone from me."
1 Maccabees 11:44
Upon this, Jonathan sent him three thousand strong men to Antioch; and when they came to the king, the king was very glad of their coming.
1 Maccabees 11:45
Howbeit, those who were of the city gathered themselves together into the midst of the city, to the number of an hundred and twenty thousand men, and would have slain the king.
1 Maccabees 11:46
Therefore the king fled into the court, but those of the city kept the passages of the city, and began to fight.
1 Maccabees 11:47
Then the king called to the Jews for help, who came to him all at once, and dispersing themselves through the city, slew that day in the city to the number of a hundred thousand.
1 Maccabees 11:48
They also set fire on the city, and got many spoils that day, and delivered the king.
1 Maccabees 11:49
So when those of the city saw that the Jews had gotten the city as they would, their courage was abated; therefore they made supplication to the king, and cried, saying,
1 Maccabees 11:50
"Grant us peace, and let the Jews cease from assaulting us and the city."
1 Maccabees 11:51
With that they cast away their weapons, and made peace; and the Jews were honored in the sight of the king, and in the sight of all who were in his realm; and they returned to Jerusalem, having great spoils.
1 Maccabees 11:52
So king Demetrius sat on the throne of his kingdom, and the land was quiet before him.
1 Maccabees 11:53
Nevertheless, he dissembled in all that he ever spoke, and estranged himself from Jonathan, neither did he reward him according to the benefits which he had received of him, but troubled him very sore.
1 Maccabees 11:54
After this, Tryphon returned, and with him the young child Antiochus, who reigned, and was crowned.
1 Maccabees 11:55
Then all the men of war gathered to him, whom Demetrius had put away, and they fought against Demetrius, who turned his back and fled.
1 Maccabees 11:56
Moreover, Tryphon took the elephants, and won Antioch.
1 Maccabees 11:57
At that time, young Antiochus wrote to Jonathan, saying, "I confirm you in the high priesthood, and appoint you ruler over the four governments, and to be one of the king's friends.
1 Maccabees 11:58
Upon this, he sent him golden vessels to be served in, and gave him leave to drink in gold, and to be clothed in purple, and to wear a golden buckle.
1 Maccabees 11:59
He also made his brother Simon captain from the place called The ladder of Tyrus to the borders of Egypt.
1 Maccabees 11:60
Then Jonathan went forth, and passed through the cities beyond the water, and all the forces of Syria gathered themselves to him to help him; and when he came to Ascalon, those of the city met him honorably.
1 Maccabees 11:61
From where he went to Gaza, but those of Gaza shut him out; therefore he laid siege to it, and burned the suburbs thereof with fire, and spoiled them.
1 Maccabees 11:62
Afterward, when those of Gaza made supplication to Jonathan, he made peace with them, and took the sons of their chief men for hostages, and sent them to Jerusalem, and passed through the country to Damascus.
1 Maccabees 11:63
Now when Jonathan heard that Demetrius' princes had come to Cades, which is in Galilee, with a great power, purposing to remove him out of the country,
1 Maccabees 11:64
He went to meet them, and left Simon his brother in the country.
1 Maccabees 11:65
Then Simon encamped against Bethsura and fought against it for a long season, and shut it up;
1 Maccabees 11:66
But they desired to have peace with him, which he granted them, and then put them out from there, and took the city, and set a garrison in it.
1 Maccabees 11:67
As for Jonathan and his host, they pitched at the water of Gennesar, from where they got them early in the morning to the plain of Nasor.
1 Maccabees 11:68
And, behold, the host of strangers met them in the plain, who, having laid men in ambush for him in the mountains, came themselves over against him.
1 Maccabees 11:69
So when those who lay in ambush rose out of their places and joined battle, all who were of Jonathan's side fled;
1 Maccabees 11:70
Insomuch that there was not one of them left, except Mattathias, the son of Absalom, and Judas, the son of Calphi, the captains of the host.
1 Maccabees 11:71
Then Jonathan rent his clothes, and cast earth upon his head, and prayed.
1 Maccabees 11:72
Afterwards, turning again to battle, he put them to flight, and so they ran away.
1 Maccabees 11:73
Now when his own men who had fled saw this, they turned again to him, and pursued them with him to Cades, even to their own tents, and there they camped.
1 Maccabees 11:74
So about three thousand men of the heathen were slain that day; but Jonathan returned to Jerusalem.
1 Maccabees 12:1
Now when Jonathan saw that time served him, he chose certain men, and sent them to Rome to confirm and renew the friendship that they had with them.
1 Maccabees 12:2
He also sent letters to the Lacedemonians, and to other places, for the same purpose.
1 Maccabees 12:3
So they went to Rome, and entered into the senate, and said, "Jonathan the high priest, and the people of the Jews, sent us to you, to the end you should renew the friendship, which you had with them, and league, as in former time."
1 Maccabees 12:4
Upon this, the Romans gave them letters to the governors of every place that they should bring them into the land of Judea peaceably.
1 Maccabees 12:5
And this is the copy of the letters which Jonathan wrote to the Lacedemonians;
1 Maccabees 12:6
"Jonathan the high priest, and the elders of the nation, and the priests, and the other of the Jews, to the Lacedemonians their brethren send greeting;
1 Maccabees 12:7
There were letters sent in times past to Onias, the high priest, from Darius, who reigned then among you, to signify that you are our brethren, as the copy here underwritten does specify.
1 Maccabees 12:8
At which time, Onias entreated the ambassador who was sent honorably, and received the letters, wherein declaration was made of the league and friendship.
1 Maccabees 12:9
Therefore we also, albeit we need none of these things, that we have the Holy Books of Scripture in our hands to comfort us,
1 Maccabees 12:10
Have nevertheless attempted to send to you for the renewing of brotherhood and friendship, unless we should become strangers to you altogether; for a long time has passed since you sent to us.
1 Maccabees 12:11
We therefore, at all times without ceasing, both in our feasts, and other convenient days, do remember you in the sacrifices which we offer, and in our prayers, as reason is, and as it becomes us to think upon our brethren;
1 Maccabees 12:12
And we are right glad of your honor.
1 Maccabees 12:13
As for ourselves, we have had great troubles and wars on every side, forsomuch as the kings who are round about us have fought against us.
1 Maccabees 12:14
Howbeit, we would not be troublesome to you, nor to others of our confederates and friends, in these wars;
1 Maccabees 12:15
For we have help from heaven that succours us, so we are delivered from our enemies, and our enemies are brought under foot.
1 Maccabees 12:16
For this cause we chose Numenius, the son of Antiochus, and Antipater, the son of Jason, and sent them to the Romans, to renew the amity that we had with them, and the former league.
1 Maccabees 12:17
We commanded them to also go to you, and to salute and deliver you our letters concerning the renewing of our brotherhood.
1 Maccabees 12:18
Therefore you will now do well to give us an answer thereto."
1 Maccabees 12:19
And this is the copy of the letters which Oniares sent.
1 Maccabees 12:20
"Areus, king of the Lacedemonians, to Onias the high priest, greeting;
1 Maccabees 12:21
It is found in writing, that the Lacedemonians and Jews are brethren, and that they are of the stock of Abraham;
1 Maccabees 12:22
Now therefore, since this has come to our knowledge, you will do well to write to us of your prosperity.
1 Maccabees 12:23
We do write back again to you, that your cattle and goods are ours, and ours are yours. We do therefore command our ambassadors to make report to you on this wise."
1 Maccabees 12:24
Now when Jonathan heard that Demebius' princes had come to fight against him with a greater host than before,
1 Maccabees 12:25
He removed from Jerusalem, and met them in the land of Amathis; for he gave them no respite to enter his country.
1 Maccabees 12:26
He sent spies also to their tents, who came again, and told him that they were appointed to come upon them in the night season.
1 Maccabees 12:27
Therefore as soon the sun was down, Jonathan commanded his men to watch, and to be in arms, that all the night long they might be ready to fight; he also sent forth centinels round about the host.
1 Maccabees 12:28
But when the adversaries heard that Jonathan and his men were ready for battle, they feared, and trembled in their hearts, and they kindled fires in their camp.
1 Maccabees 12:29
Howbeit, Jonathan and his company did not know it until the morning; for they saw the lights burning.
1 Maccabees 12:30
Then Jonathan pursued after them, but did not overtake them; for they had gone over the river Eleutherus.
1 Maccabees 12:31
Therefore Jonathan turned to the Arabians, who were called Zabadeans, and struck them, and took their spoils.
1 Maccabees 12:32
And removing there, he came to Damascus, and so passed through all the country,
1 Maccabees 12:33
Simon also went forth, and passed through the country to Ascalon, and the holds there adjoining, from where he turned aside to Joppa, and won it.
1 Maccabees 12:34
For he had heard that they would deliver the hold to those who took Demetrius' part; therefore he set a garrison there to keep it.
1 Maccabees 12:35
After this, Jonathan came home again, and calling the elders of the people together, he consulted with them about building strongholds in Judea,
1 Maccabees 12:36
And making the walls of Jerusalem higher, and raising a great mount between the tower and the city, to separate it from the city, that it might be alone, that men might neither sell or buy in it.
1 Maccabees 12:37
Upon this, they came together to build up the city, forasmuch as part of the wall toward the brook on the east side had fallen down, and they repaired that which was called Caphenatha.
1 Maccabees 12:38
Simon also set up Adida in Sephela, and made it strong with gates and bars.
1 Maccabees 12:39
Now Tryphon went about to get the kingdom of Asia, and to kill Antiochus the king, that he might set the crown upon his own head.
1 Maccabees 12:40
Howbeit, he was afraid that Jonathan would not let him, and that he would fight against him; therefore he sought a way to take Jonathan, that he might kill him. So he removed, and came to Bethsan.
1 Maccabees 12:41
Then Jonathan went out to meet him with forty thousand men chosen for the battle, and came to Bethsan.
1 Maccabees 12:42
Now when Tryphon saw Jonathan come with so great a force, he did not stretch his hand against him;
1 Maccabees 12:43
But received him honorably, and commended him to all his friends, and gave him gifts, and commanded his men of war to be as obedient to him, as to himself.
1 Maccabees 12:44
To Jonathan he also said, "Why have you brought all this people to so great trouble, seeing there is no war between us?
1 Maccabees 12:45
Therefore, now send them home again, and choose a few men to wait on you, and come with me to Ptolemais, for I will give it you, and the rest of the strongholds and forces, and all that have any charge; as for me, I will return and depart; for this is the cause of my coming."
1 Maccabees 12:46
So Jonathan, believing him, did as he bade him, and sent his host away, who went into the land of Judea.
1 Maccabees 12:47
And with himself, he retained but three thousand men, of whom he sent two thousand into Galilee, and one thousand went with him.
1 Maccabees 12:48
Now as soon as Jonathan entered into Ptolemais, those of Ptolemais shut the gates and took him, and all those who came with him, they slew with the sword.
1 Maccabees 12:49
Then Tryphon sent a host of footmen and horsemen into Galilee, and into the great plain, to destroy all Jonathan's company.
1 Maccabees 12:50
But when they knew that Jonathan and those who were with him were taken and slain, they encouraged one another; and went close together, prepared to fight.
1 Maccabees 12:51
Therefore, those who followed upon them, perceiving that they were ready to fight for their lives, turned back again.
1 Maccabees 12:52
Whereupon they all came into the land of Judea peaceably, and there they bewailed Jonathan, and those who were with him, and they were sore afraid; therefore all Israel made great lamentation.
1 Maccabees 12:53
Then all the heathen who were round about then sought to destroy them; for they said, "They have no captain, nor any to help them; now therefore let us make war upon them, and take away their memorial from among men."
1 Maccabees 13:1
Now when Simon heard that Tryphon had gathered together a great host to invade the land of Judea, and destroy it,
1 Maccabees 13:2
And saw that the people were in great trembling and fear, he went up to Jerusalem, and gathered the people together,
1 Maccabees 13:3
And gave them exhortation, saying, "You yourselves know what great things I, and my brethren, and my father's house, have done for the laws and the sanctuary, the battles also and troubles which we have seen.
1 Maccabees 13:4
By reason whereof all my brethren are slain for Israel's sake, and I am left alone.
1 Maccabees 13:5
Now therefore be it far from me, that I should spare my own life in any time of trouble; for I am no better than my brethren.
1 Maccabees 13:6
Doubtless, I will avenge my nation, and the sanctuary, and our wives, and our children; for all the heathen have gathered to destroy us of very malice."
1 Maccabees 13:7
Now as soon as the people heard these words, their spirit revived.
1 Maccabees 13:8
And they answered with a loud voice, saying, "You will be our leader instead of Judas and Jonathan your brother.
1 Maccabees 13:9
Fight our battles, and whatever you command us, that, we will do."
1 Maccabees 13:10
So he then gathered together all the men of war, and made haste to finish the walls of Jerusalem, and he fortified it round about.
1 Maccabees 13:11
He also sent Jonathan, the son of Absolom, and with him a great power, to Joppa; who, casting out those who were therein, remained there in it.
1 Maccabees 13:12
So Tryphon removed from Ptolemaus with a great power to invade the land of Judea, and Jonathan was with him in ward.
1 Maccabees 13:13
But Simon pitched his tents at Adida, over against the plain.
1 Maccabees 13:14
Now when Tryphon knew that Simon had risen up instead of his brother Jonathan, and meant to join battle with him, he sent messengers to him, saying,
1 Maccabees 13:15
"Whereas we have Jonathan your brother in hold, it is for money that he is owing to the king's treasure, concerning the business that was committed to him.
1 Maccabees 13:16
Therefore, now send a hundred talents of silver, and two of his sons for hostages, that when he is at liberty, he may not revolt from us, and we will let him go."
1 Maccabees 13:17
Hereupon Simon, albeit he perceived that they spoke deceitfully to him, still sent the money and the children, unless peradventure, he should procure great hatred of the people to himself;
1 Maccabees 13:18
Who might have said, "Because I did not send him the money and the children, therefore Jonathan is dead."
1 Maccabees 13:19
So he sent them the children and the hundred talents; howbeit, Tryphon dissembled, neither would he let Jonathan go.
1 Maccabees 13:20
And after this, Tryphon came to invade the land and destroy it, going round about by the way that leads to Adora; but Simon and his host marched against him in every place, wherever he went.
1 Maccabees 13:21
Now those who were in the tower sent messengers to Tryphon, to the end that he should hasten his coming to them by the wilderness, and send them victuals.
1 Maccabees 13:22
Therefore Tryphon readied all his horsemen to come that night; but a very great snow fell, by reason whereof he did not come. So he departed, and came into the country of Galaad.
1 Maccabees 13:23
And when he came near Bascama, he slew Jonathan, who was buried there.
1 Maccabees 13:24
Afterward, Tryphon returned and went into his own land.
1 Maccabees 13:25
Then Simon sent and took the bones of Jonathan his brother, and buried them in Modin, the city of his fathers.
1 Maccabees 13:26
And all Israel made great lamentation for him, and bewailed him for many days.
1 Maccabees 13:27
Simon also built a monument upon the sepulchre of his father and his brethren, and raised it aloft to the sight, with hewn stone behind and before.
1 Maccabees 13:28
Moreover, he set up seven pyramids, one against another, for his father, and his mother, and his four brethren.
1 Maccabees 13:29
And in these, he made cunning devices, about the which he set great pillars, and upon the pillars, he made all their armor for a perpetual memory, and by the armor, carved ships, that they might be seen of all who sail on the sea.
1 Maccabees 13:30
This is the sepulchre which he made at Modin, and it still stands to this day.
1 Maccabees 13:31
Now Tryphon dealt deceitfully with the young king Antiochus, and slew him.
1 Maccabees 13:32
And he reigned in his stead, and crowned himself king of Asia, and brought a great calamity upon the land.
1 Maccabees 13:33
Then Simon built up the strongholds in Judea, and fenced them about with high towers, and great walls, and gates, and bars, and laid up victuals therein.
1 Maccabees 13:34
Moreover, Simon chose men, and sent to king Demetrius, to the end he should give the land an immunity, because all that Tryphon did was to spoil.
1 Maccabees 13:35
To whom king Demetrius answered and wrote after this manner;
1 Maccabees 13:36
"King Demetrius to Simon the high priest, and friend of kings, as also to the elders and nation of the Jews, sends greeting;
1 Maccabees 13:37
The golden crown, and the scarlet robe, which you sent to us, we have received; and we are ready to make a stedfast peace with you, indeed, and to write to our officers, to confirm the immunities which we have granted.
1 Maccabees 13:38
And whatever covenants we have made with you will stand; and the strongholds, which you have built, will be your own.
1 Maccabees 13:39
As for any oversight or fault committed to this day, we forgive it, and the crown tax also, which you owe us; and if there were any other tributes paid in Jerusalem, it will no longer be paid.
1 Maccabees 13:40
And look who are meet among you to be in our court, let then be enrolled, and let there be peace between us."
1 Maccabees 13:41
Thus the yoke of the heathen was taken away from Israel in the hundred seventieth year.
1 Maccabees 13:42
Then the people of Israel began to write in their instruments and contracts, "In the first year of Simon the high priest, the governor and leader of the Jews.
1 Maccabees 13:43
In those days, Simon camped against Gaza and besieged it round about; he also made an engine of war, and set it by the city, and battered a certain tower, and took it.
1 Maccabees 13:44
And those who were in the engine leaped into the city; whereupon there was a great uproar in the city;
1 Maccabees 13:45
Insomuch that the people of the city rent their clothes, and climbed upon the walls with their wives and children, and cried with a loud voice, beseeching Simon to grant them peace.
1 Maccabees 13:46
And they said, "Do not deal with us according to our wickedness, but according to your mercy."
1 Maccabees 13:47
So Simon was appeased toward them, and fought no more against them, but put them out of the city, and cleansed the houses wherein the idols were, and so entered into it with songs and thanksgiving.
1 Maccabees 13:48
Indeed, he put all uncleanness out of it, and placed such men there who would keep the law, and made it stronger than it was before, and built a dwellingplace therein for himself.
1 Maccabees 13:49
Those also of the tower in Jerusalem were kept so strait, that they could neither come forth, nor go into the country, nor buy, nor sell; therefore they were in great distress for want of victuals, and a great number of them perished through famine.
1 Maccabees 13:50
Then they cried to Simon, beseeching him to be at one with them; which thing he granted to them; and when he had put them out from there, he cleansed the tower from pollutions;
1 Maccabees 13:51
And entered into it the twenty third day of the second month in the hundred seventy first year, with thanksgiving, and branches of palm trees, and with harps, and cymbals, and with viols, and hymns, and songs; because a great enemy was destroyed out of Israel.
1 Maccabees 13:52
He also ordained that that day should be kept every year with gladness. Moreover, the hill of the temple that was by the tower, he made stronger than it was, and he dwelt there himself with his company.
1 Maccabees 13:53
And when Simon saw that John his son was a valiant man, he made him captain of all the hosts; and he dwelt in Gazera.
1 Maccabees 14:1
Now in the hundred seventy second year, king Demetrius gathered his forces together, and went into Media to get him help to fight against Tryphone.
1 Maccabees 14:2
But when Arsaces, the king of Persia and Media, heard that Demetrius had entered within his borders, he sent one of his princes to take him alive;
1 Maccabees 14:3
Who went and struck the host of Demetrius, and took him, and brought him to Arsaces, by whom he was put in ward.
1 Maccabees 14:4
As for the land of Judea, that was quiet all the days of Simon; for he sought the good of his nation in such wise, that his authority and honor pleased them well evermore.
1 Maccabees 14:5
And as he was honorable in all his acts, so in this, he took Joppa for a haven, and made an entrance to the isles of the sea,
1 Maccabees 14:6
And enlarged the bounds of his nation, and recovered the country,
1 Maccabees 14:7
And gathered a great number of captives together, and had the dominion of Gazera, and Bethsura, and the tower, out of the which he took all uncleaness, neither were there any who resisted him.
1 Maccabees 14:8
Then they did until their ground in peace, and the earth gave her increase, and the trees of the field their fruit.
1 Maccabees 14:9
The ancient men all sat in the streets, communing together of good things, and the young men put on glorious and warlike apparel.
1 Maccabees 14:10
He provided victuals for the cities, and set all manner of munition in them, so that his honorable name was renowned to the end of the world.
1 Maccabees 14:11
He made peace in the land, and Israel rejoiced with great joy;
1 Maccabees 14:12
For every man sat under his vine and his fig tree, and there were none to fray them;
1 Maccabees 14:13
Neither were there any left in the land to fight against them; indeed, the kings themselves were overthrown in those days.
1 Maccabees 14:14
Moreover, he strengthened all those of his people who were brought low; he searched out the law; and he took away every contemner of the law and wicked person.
1 Maccabees 14:15
He beautified the sanctuary, and multiplied vessels of the temple.
1 Maccabees 14:16
Now when it was heard at Rome, and as far as Sparta, that Jonathan was dead, they were very sorry.
1 Maccabees 14:17
But as soon as they heard that his brother Simon was made high priest in his stead, and ruled the country, and the cities therein;
1 Maccabees 14:18
They wrote to him in tables of brass, to renew the friendship and league which they had made with Judas and Jonathan his brethren;
1 Maccabees 14:19
Which writings were read before the congregation at Jerusalem.
1 Maccabees 14:20
And this is the copy of the letters that the Lacedemonians sent; "The rulers of the Lacedemonians, with the city, to Simon the high priest, and the elders, and priests, and residue of the people of the Jews, our brethren, send greeting;
1 Maccabees 14:21
The ambassadors who were sent to our people certified us of your glory and honor; therefore we were glad of their coming,
1 Maccabees 14:22
And registered the things that they spoke in the council of the people in this manner; Numenius, son of Antiochus, and Antipater, son of Jason, the Jews' ambassadors, came to us to renew the friendship they had with us.
1 Maccabees 14:23
And it pleased the people to entertain the men honorably, and to put the copy of their ambassage in public records, to the end the people of the Lacedemonians might have a memorial thereof; furthermore we have written a copy thereof to Simon the high priest."
1 Maccabees 14:24
After this, Simon sent Numenius to Rome with a great shield of gold of a thousand pound weight to confirm the league with them.
1 Maccabees 14:25
Whereof when the people heard, they said, "What thanks will we give to Simon and his sons?
1 Maccabees 14:26
For he and his brethren and the house of his father have established Israel, and chased away their enemies from them in fight, and confirmed their liberty."
1 Maccabees 14:27
So they then wrote it in tables of brass, which they set upon pillars in Mount Zion; and this is the copy of the writing; "The eighteenth day of the month Elul, in the hundred seventy second year, being the third year of Simon the high priest,
1 Maccabees 14:28
At Saramel in the great congregation of the priests, and people, and rulers of the nation, and elders of the country, were these things notified to us.
1 Maccabees 14:29
Forasmuch as oftentimes there have been wars in the country, wherein for the maintenance of their sanctuary, and the law, Simon, the son of Mattathias, of the posterity of Jarib, together with his brethren, put themselves in jeopardy, and resisting the enemies of their nation, did their nation great honor;"
1 Maccabees 14:30
(For after that, Jonathan, having gathered his nation together, and been their high priest, was added to his people,
1 Maccabees 14:31
Their enemies prepared to invade their country, that they might destroy it, and lay hands on the sanctuary;
1 Maccabees 14:32
At which time Simon rose up, and fought for his nation, and spent much of his own substance, and armed the valiant men of his nation and gave them wages,
1 Maccabees 14:33
And fortified the cities of Judea, together with Bethsura, that lies upon the borders of Judea, where the armor of the enemies had been before; but he set a garrison of Jews there;
1 Maccabees 14:34
Moreover, he fortified Joppa, which lies upon the sea, and Gazera, that borders upon Azotus, where the enemies had dwelt before; but he placed Jews there, and furnished them with all things convenient for the reparation thereof).
1 Maccabees 14:35
The people therefore sang the acts of Simon, and to what glory he thought to bring his nation, made him their governor and chief priest, because he had done all these things, and for the justice and faith which he kept to his nation, and that he sought to exalt his people by all means.
1 Maccabees 14:36
For in his time, things prospered in his hands, so that the heathen were taken out of their country, and those also who were in the city of David in Jerusalem, who had made themselves a tower, out of which they issued, and polluted all about the sanctuary, and did much hurt in the holy place;
1 Maccabees 14:37
But he placed Jews therein, and fortified it for the safety of the country and the city, and raised up the walls of Jerusalem.
1 Maccabees 14:38
King Demetrius also confirmed him in the high priesthood according to those things,
1 Maccabees 14:39
And made him one of his friends, and honored him with great honor.
1 Maccabees 14:40
For he had heard say, that the Romans had called the Jews their friends and confederates and brethren; and that they had entertained the ambassadors of Simon honorably;
1 Maccabees 14:41
Also that the Jews and priests were well pleased that Simon should be their governor and high priest forever, until there should arise a faithful prophet;
1 Maccabees 14:42
Moreover, that he should be their captain, and should take charge of the sanctuary, to set them over their works, and over the country, and over the armor, and over the fortresses, that, I say, he should take charge of the sanctuary;
1 Maccabees 14:43
Beside this, that he should be obeyed of every man, and that all the writings in the country should be made in his name, and that he should be clothed in purple, and wear gold;
1 Maccabees 14:44
Also that it should be lawful for none of the people or priests to break any of these things, or to deny his words, or to gather an assembly in the country without him, or to be clothed in purple, or wear a buckle of gold;
1 Maccabees 14:45
And whoever should do otherwise, or break any of these things, he should be punished.
1 Maccabees 14:46
Thus it seemed well to all the people to deal with Simon, and to do as has been said.
1 Maccabees 14:47
Then Simon accepted hereof, and was well pleased to be high priest, and captain and governor of the Jews and priests, and to defend them all.
1 Maccabees 14:48
So they commanded that this writing should be put in tables of brass, and that they should be set up within the compass of the sanctuary in a conspicuous place;
1 Maccabees 14:49
Also that the copies thereof should be laid up in the treasury, to the end that Simon and his sons might have them.
1 Maccabees 15:1
Moreover, Antiochus, son of Demetrius the king, sent letters from the isles of the sea to Simon the priest and prince of the Jews, and to all the people;
1 Maccabees 15:2
The contents whereof were these; "King Antiochus to Simon the high priest and prince of his nation, and to the people of the Jews, greeting;
1 Maccabees 15:3
Forasmuch as certain pestilent men have usurped the kingdom of our fathers, and my purpose is to challenge it again, that I may restore it to the old estate, and to that end have gathered a multitude of foreign soldiers together, and prepared ships of war;
1 Maccabees 15:4
My meaning also being to go through the country, that I may be avenged of those who have destroyed it, and made many cities in the kingdom desolate;
1 Maccabees 15:5
Now I therefore confirm to you all the oblations which the kings before me granted you, and whatever gifts they granted besides.
1 Maccabees 15:6
I give you leave also to coin money for your country with your own stamp.
1 Maccabees 15:7
And as concerning Jerusalem and the sanctuary, let them be free; and all the armor that you have made, and fortresses that you have built, and keep in your hands, let them remain to you.
1 Maccabees 15:8
And if anything is, or will be, owing to the king, let it be forgiven to you from this time forth forevermore.
1 Maccabees 15:9
Furthermore, when we have obtained our kingdom, we will honor you, and your nation, and your temple, with great honor, so that your honor will be known throughout the world."
1 Maccabees 15:10
In the hundred seventy fourth year, Antiochus went into the land of his fathers; at which time, all the forces came together to him, so that few were left with Tryphon.
1 Maccabees 15:11
Therefore being pursued by king Antiochus, he fled to Dora, which lies by the sea side;
1 Maccabees 15:12
For he saw that troubles came upon him all at once, and that his forces had forsaken him.
1 Maccabees 15:13
Then Antiochus camped against Dora, having a hundred and twenty thousand men of war with him, and eight thousand horsemen.
1 Maccabees 15:14
And when he had encompassed the city round about, and joined ships close to the town on the sea side, he vexed the city by land and by sea, neither did he let any to go out or in.
1 Maccabees 15:15
In the mean season, Numenius and his company came from Rome, having letters to the kings and countries; wherein were written these things;
1 Maccabees 15:16
"Lucius, consul of the Romans to king Ptolemy, greeting;
1 Maccabees 15:17
The Jews' ambassadors, our friends and confederates, came to us to renew the old friendship and league, being sent from Simon the high priest, and from the people of the Jews;
1 Maccabees 15:18
And they brought a shield of gold of a thousand pounds.
1 Maccabees 15:19
We thought it good therefore to write to the kings and countries, that they should do them no harm, nor fight against them, their cities, or countries, nor yet aid their enemies against them.
1 Maccabees 15:20
It also seemed good to us to receive the shield of them.
1 Maccabees 15:21
If therefore there are any pestilent fellows, who have fled from their country to you, deliver them to Simon the high priest, that he may punish them according to their own law."
1 Maccabees 15:22
He likewise wrote the same things to Demetrius the king, and Attalus, to Ariarathes, and Arsaces,
1 Maccabees 15:23
And to all the countries and to Sampsames, and the Lacedemonians, and to Delus, and Myndus, and Sicyon, and Caria, and Samos, and Pamphylia, and Lycia, and Halicarnassus, and Rhodus, and Aradus, and Cos, and Side, and Aradus, and Gortyna, and Cnidus, and Cyprus, and Cyrene.
1 Maccabees 15:24
And they wrote the copy hereof to Simon the high priest.
1 Maccabees 15:25
So Antiochus the king camped against Dora the second day, assaulting it continually, and making engines, by which means he shut up Tryphon, that he could neither go out or in.
1 Maccabees 15:26
At that time, Simon sent him two thousand chosen men to aid him; silver also, and gold, and much armor.
1 Maccabees 15:27
Nevertheless, he would not receive them, but broke all the covenants which he had made with him before, and became strange to him.
1 Maccabees 15:28
Furthermore, he sent Athenobius to him, one of his friends, to commune with him, and say, "You withhold Joppa and Gazera; with the tower that is in Jerusalem, which are cities of my realm.
1 Maccabees 15:29
You have wasted the borders thereof, and done great hurt in the land, and gotten the dominion of many places within my kingdom.
1 Maccabees 15:30
Now therefore deliver the cities which you have taken, and the tributes of the places, whereof you have gotten dominion without the borders of Judea;
1 Maccabees 15:31
Or else give me five hundred talents of silver for them; and for the harm that you have done, and the tributes of the cities, another five hundred talents; if not, we will come and fight against you.
1 Maccabees 15:32
So Athenobius, the king's friend, came to Jerusalem; and when he saw the glory of Simon, and the cupboard of gold and silver plate, and his great attendance, he was astonished, and told him the king's message.
1 Maccabees 15:33
Then Simon answered and said to him, "We have neither taken other men's land, nor held that which appertains to others, but the inheritance of our fathers, which our enemies wrongfully had in possession a certain time.
1 Maccabees 15:34
Therefore we, having opportunity, hold the inheritance of our fathers.
1 Maccabees 15:35
And whereas you demand Joppa and Gazera, albeit they did great harm to the people in our country, yet we will give you a hundred talents for them." Hereto, Athenobius did not answer him a word;
1 Maccabees 15:36
But returned in a rage to the king, and made report to him of these speeches, and of the glory of Simon, and of all that he had seen; whereupon the king was exceedingly angry.
1 Maccabees 15:37
In the mean time, Tryphon fled by ship to Orthosias.
1 Maccabees 15:38
Then the king made Cendebeus captain of the sea coast, and gave him a host of footmen and horsemen,
1 Maccabees 15:39
And commanded him to remove his host toward Judea; he also commanded him to build up Cedron, and to fortify the gates, and to war against the people; but as for the king himself, he pursued Tryphon.
1 Maccabees 15:40
So Cendebeus came to Jamnia and began to provoke the people and to invade Judea, and to take the people prisoners, and slay them.
1 Maccabees 15:41
And when he had built up Cedrou, he set horsemen there, and a host of footmen, to the end that issuing out, they might make outroads upon the ways of Judea, as the king had commanded him.
1 Maccabees 16:1
Then John came up from Gazera, and told Simon his father what Cendebeus had done.
1 Maccabees 16:2
Therefore Simon called his two eldest sons, Judas and John, and said to them, "I, and my brethren, and my father's house, have ever from my youth to this day fought against the enemies of Israel; and things have prospered so well in our hands, that we have delivered Israel oftentimes.
1 Maccabees 16:3
But now I am old, and you, by God's mercy, are of a sufficient age; be instead of me and my brother, and go and fight for our nation, and the help from heaven is with you."
1 Maccabees 16:4
So he chose twenty thousand men of war with horsemen out of the country, who went out against Cendebeus, and rested that night at Modin.
1 Maccabees 16:5
And when they rose in the morning, and went into the plain, behold, a mighty great host both of footmen and horsemen came against them; howbeit, there was a water brook between them.
1 Maccabees 16:6
So he and his people pitched over against them; and when he saw that the people were afraid to go over the water brook, he went first over himself, and then the men, seeing him, passed through after him.
1 Maccabees 16:7
That done, he divided his men, and set the horsemen in the midst of the footmen; for the enemies' horsemen were very many.
1 Maccabees 16:8
Then they sounded with the holy trumpets; whereupon Cendebeus and his host were put to flight, so that many of them were slain, and the remnant got themselves to the stronghold.
1 Maccabees 16:9
At that time, Judas, John's brother, was wounded; but John still followed after them, until he came to Cedron, which Cendebeus had built.
1 Maccabees 16:10
So they fled even to the towers in the fields of Azotus; therefore he burned it with fire; so that about two thousand men of them were slain. Afterward, he returned into the land of Judea in peace.
1 Maccabees 16:11
Moreover, in the plain of Jericho, Ptolemeus, the son of Abubus, was made captain, and he had an abundance of silver and gold;
1 Maccabees 16:12
For he was the high priest's son-in-law.
1 Maccabees 16:13
Therefore he, [with] his heart being lifted up, thought to get the country to himself, and thereupon deceitfully consulted against Simon and his sons to destroy them.
1 Maccabees 16:14
Now Simon was visiting the cities that were in the country, and taking care for the good ordering of them; at which time he came down himself to Jericho with his sons, Mattathias and Judas, in the hundred seventy seventh year, in the eleventh month, called Sabat;
1 Maccabees 16:15
Where the son of Abubus, receiving them deceitfully into a little hold, called Docus, which he had built, made them a great banquet; howbeit, he had hid men there.
1 Maccabees 16:16
So when Simon and his sons had drunk largely, Ptolemy and his men rose up, and took their weapons, and came upon Simon into the banqueting place, and slew him, and his two sons, and some of his servants.
1 Maccabees 16:17
In which doing, he committed a great treachery, and recompensed evil for good.
1 Maccabees 16:18
Then Ptolemy wrote these things, and sent to the king, that he should send him a host to aid him, and he would deliver the country and cities to him.
1 Maccabees 16:19
He also sent others to Gazera to kill John; and he sent letters to the tribunes to come to him, that he might give them silver, and gold, and rewards.
1 Maccabees 16:20
And he sent others to take Jerusalem, and the mountain of the temple.
1 Maccabees 16:21
Now one had run before to Gazera and told John that his father and brethren were slain, and Ptolemy has sent to slay you also.
1 Maccabees 16:22
Hereof, when he heard, he was sorely astonished; so he laid hands on those who had come to destroy him, and slew them; for he knew that they sought to ruin him.
1 Maccabees 16:23
As concerning the rest of the acts of John, and his wars, and worthy deeds that he did, and the building of the walls which he made, and his doings,
1 Maccabees 16:24
Behold, these are written in the chronicles of his priesthood, from the time he was made high priest after his father.