1 Maccabees


1 Maccabees 1:1
And it happened, after Alexander, son of Philip, the Macedonian, who came out of the land of Chettiim, had struck Darius, king of the Persians and Medes, that he reigned in his stead, the first over Greece,

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And made many wars, and won many strongholds, and slew the kings of the earth,

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And went through to the ends of the earth, and took spoils of many nations, insomuch that the earth was quiet before him; whereupon he was exalted and his heart was lifted up.

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And he gathered a mighty strong host and ruled over countries, and nations, and kings, who became tributaries to him.

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And after these things, he fell sick, and perceived that he should die.

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Therefore he called his servants, such who were honorable, and had been brought up with him from his youth, and parted his kingdom among them, while he was still alive.

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So Alexander reigned twelves years, and then died.

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And his servants bore rule, everyone in his place.

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And after his death, they all put crowns upon themselves; so did their sons after them for many years; and evils were multiplied in the earth.

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And a wicked root came out of them, Antiochus, surnamed Epiphanes, son of Antiochus the king, who had been a hostage at Rome, and he reigned in the hundred and thirty seventh year of the kingdom of the Greeks.

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In those days, wicked men went out of Israel, who persuaded many, saying, "Let us go and make a covenant with the heathen who are round about us; for since we departed from them, we have had much sorrow."

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So this device pleased them well.

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Then some of the people were so forward herein, that they went to the king, who gave them licence to do after the ordinances of the heathen;

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Whereupon they built a place of exercise at Jerusalem according to the customs of the heathen;

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And made themselves uncircumcised, and forsook the holy covenant, and joined themselves to the heathen, and were sold to do mischief.

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Now when the kingdom was established before Antiochus, he thought to reign over Egypt, that he might have the dominion of two realms.

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Therefore he entered into Egypt with a great multitude, with chariots, and elephants, and horsemen, and a great navy,

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And made war against Ptolemy, king of Egypt; but Ptolemy was afraid of him, and fled; and many were wounded to death.

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Thus they got the strong cities in the land of Egypt and he took the spoils thereof.

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And after Antiochus had struck Egypt, he returned again in the hundred forty third year, and went up against Israel and Jerusalem with a great multitude,

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And entered proudly into the sanctuary, and took away the golden altar, and the candlestick of light, and all the vessels thereof,

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And the table of the shewbread, and the pouring vessels, and the vials, and the censers of gold, and the veil, and the crown, and the golden ornaments that were before the temple, all which he pulled off.

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He also took the silver and the gold, and the precious vessels; he also took the hidden treasures which he found.

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And when he had taken all away, he went into his own land, having made a great massacre, and spoken very proudly.

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Therefore there was a great mourning in Israel, in every place where they were;

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So that the princes and elders mourned, the virgins and young men were made feeble, and the beauty of women was changed.

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Every bridegroom took up lamentation, and she who sat in the marriage chamber was in heaviness,

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The land was also moved for the inhabitants thereof, and all the house of Jacob was covered with confusion.

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And after two years fully expired, the king sent his chief collector of tribute to the cities of Judah, who came to Jerusalem with a great multitude,

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And spoke peaceable words to them, but all was deceit; for when they had given him credence, he suddenly fell upon the city, and struck it very sore, and destroyed many people of Israel.

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And when he had taken the spoils of the city, he set it on fire, and pulled down the houses and walls thereof on every side.

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But they took the women and children captive, and possessed the cattle.

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Then they built the city of David with a great and strong wall, and with mighty towers, and made it a stronghold for them.

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And they put a sinful nation therein, wicked men, and fortified themselves therein.

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They stored it also with armor and victuals, and when they had gathered the spoils of Jerusalem together, they laid them up there, and so they became a sore snare;

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For it was a place to lie in wait against the sanctuary, and an evil adversary to Israel.

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Thus they shed innocent blood on every side of the sanctuary, and defiled it;

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Insomuch that the inhabitants of Jerusalem fled because of them; whereupon the city was made a habitation of strangers, and became strange to those who were born in her; and her own children left her.

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Her sanctuary was laid waste like a wilderness, her feasts were turned into mourning, her sabbaths into reproach, her honor into contempt.

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As had been her glory, so was her dishonor increased, and her excellency was turned into mourning.

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Moreover, king Antiochus wrote to his whole kingdom, that all should be one people,

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And everyone should leave his laws; so all the heathen agreed according to the commandment of the king.

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Indeed, many of the Israelites also consented to his religion, and sacrificed to idols, and profaned the sabbath.

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For the king had sent letters by messengers to Jerusalem and the cities of Judah that they should follow the strange laws of the land,

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And forbid burnt offerings, and sacrifice, and drink offerings, in the temple; and that they should profane the sabbaths and festival days;

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And pollute the sanctuary and holy people;

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Set up altars, and groves, and chapels of idols, and sacrifice swine's flesh, and unclean beasts;

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That they should also leave their children uncircumcised, and make their souls abominable with all manner of uncleanness and profanation;

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To the end they might forget the law, and change all the ordinances.

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And whoever would not do according to the commandment of the king, he said, he should die.

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In the selfsame manner, he wrote to his whole kingdom, and appointed overseers over all the people, commanding the cities of Judah to sacrifice, city by city.

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Then many of the people were gathered to them, to wit, everyone who forsook the law; and so they committed evils in the land;

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And drove the Israelites into secret places, even wherever they could flee for succour.

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Now the fifteenth day of the month Casleu, in the hundred forty fifth year, they set up the abomination of desolation upon the altar, and built idol altars throughout the cities of Judah on every side;

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And burnt incense at the doors of their houses, and in the streets.

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And when they had rent the books of the law in pieces which they found, they burnt them with fire.

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And whoever was found with any book of the testament, or if any committed to the law, the king's commandment was, that they should put him to death.

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Thus they did by their authority to the Israelites every month, to as many who were found in the cities.

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Now the twenty fifth day of the month, they did sacrifice upon the idol altar, which was upon the altar of God.

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At which time, according to the commandment, they put certain women to death, who had caused their children to be circumcised.

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And they hanged the infants about their necks, and rifled their houses, and slew those who had circumcised them.

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Howbeit, many in Israel were fully resolved and confirmed in themselves not to eat any unclean thing.

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Therefore, they received to rather die, that they might not be defiled with meats, and that they might not profane the holy covenant; so then they died.

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And there was very great wrath upon Israel.

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In those days, Mattathias arose, the son of John, the son of Simeon, a priest of the sons of Joarib, from Jerusalem, and dwelt in Modin.

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And he had five sons, Joannan, called Caddis;

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Simon; called Thassi;

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Judas, who was called Maccabeus;

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Eleazar, called Avaran; and Jonathan, whose surname was Apphus.

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And when he saw the blasphemies that were committed in Judah and Jerusalem,

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He said, "Woe is me! Why was I born to see this misery of my people, and of the holy city, and to dwell there, when it was delivered into the hand of the enemy, and the sanctuary into the hand of strangers?

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Her temple has become as a man without glory.

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Her glorious vessels are carried away into captivity, her infants are slain in the streets, her young men with the sword of the enemy.

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What nation has not had a part in her kingdom and gotten of her spoils?

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All her ornaments are taken away; of a free woman, she has become a bondslave.

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And, behold, our sanctuary, even our beauty and our glory, is laid waste, and the Gentiles have profaned it.

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To what end therefore will we live any longer?"

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Then Mattathias and his sons rent their clothes, and put on sackcloth, and mourned very sore.

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In the meanwhile, the king's officers, such who compelled the people to revolt, came into the city Modin, to make them sacrifice.

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And when many of Israel came to them, Mattathias and his sons also came together.

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Then the king's officers answered and said to Mattathias on this wise, "You are a ruler, and an honorable and great man in this city, and strengthened with sons and brethren;

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Now therefore come first, and fulfill the king's commandment, as all the heathen have done, indeed, and the men of Judah also, and such who remain at Jerusalem; so you and your house will be in the number of the king's friends, and you and your children will be honored with silver and gold, and many rewards."

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Then Mattathias answered and spoke with a loud voice, "Though all the nations who are under the king's dominion obey him, and everyone falls away from the religion of their fathers, and gives consent to his commandments;

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Yet I and my sons and my brethren will walk in the covenant of our fathers.

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God forbid that we should forsake the law and the ordinances.

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We will not listen to the king's words, to go from our religion, either on the right hand, or the left."

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Now when he had left speaking these words, one of the Jews came in the sight of all to sacrifice on the altar which was at Modin, according to the king's commandment.

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Which thing, when Mattathias saw, he was inflamed with zeal, and his reins trembled, neither could he forbear to show his anger according to judgment; therefore he ran, and slew him upon the altar.

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Also, the king's commissioner, who compelled men to sacrifice, he killed at that time, and he pulled down the altar.

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Thus he dealt zealously for the law of God as Phinees did to Zambri, the son of Salom.

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And Mattathias cried throughout the city with a loud voice, saying, "Whoever is zealous of the law, and maintains the covenant, let him follow me."

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So he and his sons fled into the mountains, and left all that they ever had in the city.

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Then many who sought after justice and judgment went down into the wilderness, to dwell there;

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Both they and their children, and their wives; and their cattle; because afflictions increased sore upon them.

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Now when it was told to the king's servants, and the host that was at Jerusalem, in the city of David, that certain men, who had broken the king's commandment, had gone down into the secret places in the wilderness,

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A great number pursued after them, and having overtaken them, they camped against them, and made war against them on the sabbath day.

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And they said to them, "Let that which you have done now suffice; come forth, and do according to the commandment of the king, and you will live."

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But they said, "We will not come forth, neither will we do the king's commandment, to profane the sabbath day."

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So they then gave them the battle with all speed.

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Howbeit they did not answer them, neither did they cast a stone at them, nor stopped the places where they lay hidden;

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But said, "Let us all die in our innocency; heaven and earth will testify for us, that you put us to death wrongfully."

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So they rose up against them in battle on the sabbath, and they slew them, with their wives and children and their cattle, to the number of a thousand people.

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Now when Mattathias and his friends understood hereof, they mourned for them right sore.

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And one of them said to another, "If we all do as our brethren have done, and do not fight for our lives and laws against the heathen, they will now quickly root us out of the earth."

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At that time, they therefore decreed, saying, "Whoever will come to make battle with us on the sabbath day, we will fight against him; neither will we all die, as our brethren who were murdered in the secret places."

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Then a company of Assideans came to him, who were mighty men of Israel, even all such who were voluntarily devoted to the law.

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Also all those who fled for persecution joined themselves to them, and were a stay to them.

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So they joined their forces, and struck sinful men in their anger, and wicked men in their wrath; but the rest fled to the heathen for succour.

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Then Mattathias and his friends went round about, and pulled down the altars;

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And whatever children they found within the coast of Israel uncircumcised, they circumcised them valiantly.

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They also pursued after the proud men, and the work prospered in their hand.

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So they recovered the law out of the hand of the Gentiles, and out of the hand of kings, neither did they let the sinner triumph.

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Now when the time drew near that Mattathias should die, he said to his sons, "Now pride and rebuke have gotten strength, and the time of destruction, and the wrath of indignation;

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Now therefore, my sons, be zealous for the law, and give your lives for the covenant of your fathers.

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Call to remembrance what acts our fathers did in their time; so you will receive great honor and an everlasting name.

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Was Abraham not found faithful in temptation, and it was imputed to him for righteousness? *Romans 4:3*Galatians 3:6*James 2:23

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Joseph, in the time of his distress, kept the commandment and was made lord of Egypt.

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Phinees, our father, in being zealous and fervent, obtained the covenant of an everlasting priesthood.

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Jesus, for fulfilling the word, was made a judge in Israel.

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Caleb, for bearing witness before the congregation, received the heritage of the land.

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David, for being merciful, possessed the throne of an everlasting kingdom.

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Elijah, for being zealous and fervent for the law, was taken up into heaven.

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Ananias, Azarias, and Misael, by believing, were saved out of the flame.

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Daniel, for his innocency, was delivered from the mouth of lions.

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And thus consider throughout all ages, that none who put their trust in Him will be overcome.

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Then do not fear the words of a sinful man; for his glory will be dung and worms.

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Today he will be lifted up and tomorrow he will not be found, because he is returned into his dust, and his thought has come to nothing.

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Therefore, you my sons, be valiant and show yourselves men in the behalf of the law; for by it, will you obtain glory.

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And behold, I know that your brother Simon is a man of counsel, always give ear to him; he will be a father to you.

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As for Judas Maccabeus, he has been mighty and strong, even from his youth up; let him be your captain, and fight the battle of the people.

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Also take to you all those who observe the law, and avenge the wrong of your people.

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Fully recompense the heathen, and take heed to the commandments of the law."

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So he blessed them, and was gathered to his fathers.

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And he died in the hundred forty sixth year, and his sons buried him in the sepulchres of his fathers at Modin, and all Israel made great lamentation for him.

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Then his son Judas, called Maccabeus, rose up in his stead.

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And all his brethren helped him, and so did all those who held with his father, and they fought the battle of Israel with cheerfulness.

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So he gave his people great honor, and put on a breastplate as a giant, and girt his warlike harness about him, and he made battles, protecting the host with his sword.

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In his acts, he was like a lion, and like a lion's whelp, roaring for his prey.

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For he pursued the wicked, and sought them out, and burnt up those who vexed his people.

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Therefore, the wicked shrunk for fear of him, and all the workers of iniquity were troubled, because salvation prospered in his hand.

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He also grieved many kings, and made Jacob glad with his acts, and his memorial is blessed forever.

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Moreover, he went through the cities of Judah, destroying the ungodly out of them, and turning wrath away from Israel;

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So that he was renowned to the utmost part of the earth, and he received such to him who were ready to perish.

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Then Apollonius gathered the Gentiles together, and a great host out of Samaria, to fight against Israel.

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Which thing, when Judas perceived, he went forth to meet him, and so he struck him, and slew him; many also fell down slain, but the rest fled.

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Therefore, Judas took their spoils, and Apollonius' sword also, and therewith, he fought all his life long.

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Now when Seron, a prince of the army of Syria, heard say that Judas had gathered a multitude and company of the faithful to him to go out with him to war;

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He said, "I will get myself a name and honor in the kingdom; for I will go fight with Judas and those who are with him, who despise the king's commandment."

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So he made himself ready to go up, and a mighty host of the ungodly went with him to help him, and to be avenged of the Children of Israel.

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And when he came near to the going up of Bethhoron, Judas went forth to meet him with a small company;

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Who, when they saw the host coming to meet them, said to Judas, "How will we be able, being so few, to fight against so great a multitude and so strong, seeing we are ready to faint with fasting all this day?"

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To whom Judas answered, "It is no hard matter for many to be shut up in the hands of a few; and with the God of heaven, it is all one, to deliver with a great multitude, or a small company; *3:13*8:65 - 66

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For the victory of battle does not stand in the multitude of a host; but strength comes from heaven.

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They come against us in much pride and iniquity to destroy us, and our wives and children, and to spoil us;

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But we fight for our lives and our laws.

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Therefore the Lord Himself will overthrow them before our face; and as for you, do not be afraid of them."

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Now as soon as he had left off speaking, he leapt suddenly upon them, and so Seron and his host were overthrown before him.

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And they pursued them from the going down of Bethhoron to the plain, where about eight hundred men of them were slain; and the residue fled into the land of the Philistines.

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Then the fear of Judas and his brethren, and an exceedingly great dread, began to fall upon the nations round about them;

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Insomuch that his fame came to the king, and all nations talked of the battles of Judas.

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Now when king Antiochus heard these things, he was full of indignation; therefore he sent and gathered all the forces of his realm together, even a very strong army.

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He also opened his treasure, and gave his soldiers pay for a year, commanding them to be ready whenever he should need them.

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Nevertheless, when he saw that the money of his treasures failed and that the tributes in the country were small, because of the dissension and plague, which he had brought upon the land in taking away the laws which had been of old time;

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He feared that he should not be able to bear the charges any longer, nor to have such gifts to give so liberally as he did before; for he had abounded above the kings who were before him.

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Therefore, being greatly perplexed in his mind, he determined to go into Persia, to take the tributes of the countries there, and to gather much money.

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So he left Lysias, a nobleman, and one of the blood royal, to oversee the affairs of the king from the river Euphrates to the borders of Egypt;

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And to bring up his son Antiochus, until he came again.

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Moreover, he delivered the half of his forces to him, and the elephants, and gave him charge of all things that he would have done, as also concerning those who dwelt in Judah and Jerusalem;

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To knowledge, that he should send an army against them, to destroy and root out the strength of Israel, and the remnant of Jerusalem, and to take away their memorial from that place;

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And that he should place strangers in all their quarters, and divide their land by lot.

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So the king took the half of the forces that remained, and departed from Antioch, his royal city, the hundred forty seventh year; and having passed the river Euphrates, he went through the high countries.

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Then Lysias chose Ptolemy, the son of Dorymenes, Nicanor, and Gorgias, mighty men of the king's friends;

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And he sent forty thousand footmen with them, and seven thousand horsemen, to go into the land of Judah, and to destroy it, as the king commanded.

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So they went forth with all their power, and came and pitched by Emmaus in the plain country.

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And the merchants of the country, hearing the fame of them, took silver and very much gold, with servants, and came into the camp to buy the Children of Israel for slaves; a power also of Syria and of the land of the Philistines joined themselves to them.

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Now when Judas and his brethren saw that miseries had multiplied, and that the forces encamped themselves in their borders; for they knew how the king had given commandment to destroy the people, and utterly abolish them;

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They said one to another, "Let us restore the decayed fortune of our people, and let us fight for our people and the sanctuary."

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Then the congregation was gathered together, that they might be ready for battle, and that they might pray, and ask mercy and compassion.

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Now Jerusalem lay void as a wilderness, there were none of her children who went in or out; the sanctuary also was trodden down, and foreigners kept the stronghold; the heathen had their habitation in that place; and joy was taken from Jacob, and the pipe with the harp ceased.

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Therefore, the Israelites assembled themselves together, and came to Maspha, over against Jerusalem; for in Maspha was the place where they prayed aforetime in Israel.

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Then they fasted that day, and put on sackcloth, and cast ashes upon their heads, and rent their clothes,

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And laid open the Book of the law, wherein the heathen had sought to paint the likeness of their images.

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They also brought the priests' garments, and the firstfruits, and the tithes; and they stirred up the Nazarites, who had accomplished their days.

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Then they cried with a loud voice toward heaven, saying, "What will we do with these, and where will we carry them away?

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For Your sanctuary is trodden down and profaned, and Your priests are in heaviness, and brought low.

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And look, the heathen have assembled together against us to destroy us; what things they imagine against us, You know.

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How will we be able to stand against them, unless You, O God, be our help?"

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Then they sounded with trumpets, and cried with a loud voice.

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And after this, Judas ordained captains over the people, even captains over thousands, and over hundreds, and over fifties, and over tens.

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But as for such who were building houses, or had betrothed wives, or were planting vineyards, or were fearful, he commanded them that they should return, every man to his own house, according to the law.

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So the camp removed, and pitched upon the south side of Emmaus.

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And Judas said, "Arm yourselves, and be valiant men, and see that you are in readiness against the morning, that you may fight with these nations, who have assembled together against us to destroy us and our sanctuary;

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For it is better for us to die in battle, than to behold the calamities of our people and our sanctuary.

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Nevertheless, as the will of God is in heaven, so let Him do."

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Then Gorgias took five thousand footmen, and a thousand of the best horsemen, and removed out of the camp by night;

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To the end he might rush in upon the camp of the Jews, and suddenly strike them. And the men of the fortress were his guides.

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Now when Judas heard thereof, he himself removed, and the valiant men with him, that he might strike the king's army which was at Emmaus,

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While as yet, the forces were dispersed from the camp.

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In the mean season, Gorgias came by night into the camp of Judas; and when he found no man there, he sought them in the mountains; for said he, "These fellows flee from us."

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But as soon as it was day, Judas showed himself in the plain with three thousand men, who nevertheless had neither armor or swords to their minds.

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And they saw the camp of the heathen, that it was strong and well harnessed, and compassed round about with horsemen; and these were experts of war.

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Then Judas said to the men who were with him, "Do not fear their multitude, neither be afraid of their assault.

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Remember how our fathers were delivered in the Red sea, when Pharaoh pursued them with an army.

1 Maccabees 4:10
Now therefore let us cry to heaven, if peradventure the Lord will have mercy upon us, and remember the covenant of our fathers, and destroy this host before our face this day;

1 Maccabees 4:11
So that all the heathen may know that there is One who delivers and saves Israel."

1 Maccabees 4:12
Then the strangers lifted up their eyes, and saw them coming over against them.

1 Maccabees 4:13
Therefore they went out of the camp to battle; but those who were with Judas sounded their trumpets.

1 Maccabees 4:14
So they joined battle, and the heathen, being discomfited, fled into the plain.

1 Maccabees 4:15
Howbeit, all the hindmost of them were slain with the sword; for they pursued them to Gazera, and to the plains of Idumea, and Azotus, and Jamnia, so that a three thousand men of them were slain.

1 Maccabees 4:16
This done, Judas returned again with his host from pursuing them,

1 Maccabees 4:17
And said to the people, "Do not be greedy of the spoil inasmuch as there is a battle before us,

1 Maccabees 4:18
And Gorgias and his host are here by us in the mountain; but stand now against our enemies, and overcome them, and after this, you may boldly take the spoils."

1 Maccabees 4:19
As Judas was still speaking these words, a part of them appeared, looking out of the mountain;

1 Maccabees 4:20
Who, when they perceived that the Jews had put their host to flight and were burning the tents; for the smoke that was seen declared what was done;

1 Maccabees 4:21
When therefore they perceived these things, they were sore afraid, and also seeing the host of Judas in the plain ready to fight,

1 Maccabees 4:22
They fled, everyone into the land of strangers.

1 Maccabees 4:23
Then Judas returned to spoil the tents, where they got much gold, and silver, and blue silk, and purple of the sea, and great riches.

1 Maccabees 4:24
After this, they went home, and sung a song of thanksgiving, and praised the Lord in heaven; because it is good, because His mercy endures forever.

1 Maccabees 4:25
Thus Israel had a great deliverance that day.

1 Maccabees 4:26
Now all the strangers who had escaped came and told Lysias what had happened;

1 Maccabees 4:27
Who, when he heard thereof, was confounded and discouraged, because neither such things as he would, were done to Israel, nor such things as the king commanded him, had come to pass.

1 Maccabees 4:28
The next year following, therefore, Lysias gathered sixty thousand choice men of foot together, and five thousand horsemen, that he might subdue them.

1 Maccabees 4:29
So they came into Idumea, and pitched their tents at Bethsura, and Judas met them with ten thousand men.

1 Maccabees 4:30
And when he saw that mighty army, he prayed and said, "Blessed are You, O Savior of Israel, who quelled the violence of the mighty man by the hand of Your servant David, and gave the host of strangers into the hands of Jonathan the son of Saul, and his armorbearer;

1 Maccabees 4:31
Shut up this army in the hand of Your people Israel, and let them be confounded in their power and horsemen;

1 Maccabees 4:32
Make them to be of no courage, and cause the boldness of their strength to fall away, and let them quake at their destruction;

1 Maccabees 4:33
Cast them down with the sword of those who love You, and let all those who know Your name praise You with thanksgiving."

1 Maccabees 4:34
So they joined battle; and about five thousand men were slain of the host of Lysias, even before them were they slain.

1 Maccabees 4:35
Now when Lysias saw his army put to flight, and the manliness of Judas' soldiers, and how they were ready to either live or die valiantly, he went into Antiochia, and gathered a company of strangers together, and having made his army greater than it was, he purposed to come again into Judea.

1 Maccabees 4:36
Then Judas and his brethren said, "Behold, our enemies are discomfited; let us go up to cleanse and dedicate the sanctuary."

1 Maccabees 4:37
Upon this, all the host assembled themselves together, and went up into Mount Zion.

1 Maccabees 4:38
And when they saw the sanctuary desolate, and the altar profaned, and the gates burned up, and shrubs growing in the courts as in a forest, or in one of the mountains, indeed, and the priests' chambers pulled down;

1 Maccabees 4:39
They rent their clothes, and made great lamentation, and cast ashes upon their heads,

1 Maccabees 4:40
And fell down flat to the ground upon their faces, and blew an alarm with the trumpets, and cried toward heaven.

1 Maccabees 4:41
Then Judas appointed certain men to fight against those who were in the fortress, until he had cleansed the sanctuary.

1 Maccabees 4:42
So he chose priests of blameless conversation, such who had pleasure in the law;

1 Maccabees 4:43
Who cleansed the sanctuary, and bore out the defiled stones into an unclean place.

1 Maccabees 4:44
And when as they consulted what to do with the altar of burnt offerings, which was profaned;

1 Maccabees 4:45
They thought it best to pull it down, unless it should be a reproach to them, because the heathen had defiled it; therefore they pulled it down,

1 Maccabees 4:46
And laid up the stones in the mountain of the temple in a convenient place, until a prophet should come to show what should be done with them.

1 Maccabees 4:47
Then they took whole stones according to the law, and built a new altar according to the former;

1 Maccabees 4:48
And made up the sanctuary, and the things that were within the temple, and made the courts holy.

1 Maccabees 4:49
They also made new holy vessels, and they brought the candlestick into the temple, and the altar of burnt offerings, and of incense, and the table.

1 Maccabees 4:50
And they burned incense upon the altar, and they lighted the lamps that were upon the candlestick, that they might give light in the temple.

1 Maccabees 4:51
Furthermore, they set the loaves upon the table, and spread out the veils, and finished all the works which they had begun to make.

1 Maccabees 4:52
Now on the twenty fifth day of the ninth month, which is called the month Casleu, in the hundred forty eighth year, they rose up early in the morning,

1 Maccabees 4:53
And offered sacrifice according to the law upon the new altar of burnt offerings, which they had made.

1 Maccabees 4:54
Look, at what time and what day the heathen had profaned it, even in that was it dedicated with songs, and citherns, and harps, and cymbals.

1 Maccabees 4:55
Then all the people fell upon their faces, prostrating [to God] *48:29 and praising the God of heaven, who had given them good success.

1 Maccabees 4:56
And so they kept the dedication of the altar for eight days and offered burnt offerings with gladness, and sacrificed the sacrifice of deliverance and praise.

1 Maccabees 4:57
They also decked the forefront of the temple with crowns of gold, and with shields; and they renewed the gates and the chambers, and hung doors upon them.

1 Maccabees 4:58
Thus there was a very great gladness among the people, for the reproach of the heathen was put away.

1 Maccabees 4:59
Moreover, Judas and his brethren, with the whole congregation of Israel, ordained that the days of the dedication of the altar should be kept in their season from year to year by the space of eight days, from the twenty fifth day of the month Casleu, with mirth and gladness.

1 Maccabees 4:60
At that time also, they built up the Mount Zion with high walls and strong towers round about, unless the Gentiles should come and tread it down as they had done before.

1 Maccabees 4:61
And they set a garrison there to keep it, and fortified Bethsura to preserve it; that the people might have a defence against Idumea.

1 Maccabees 5:1
Now when the nations round about heard that the altar was built and the sanctuary renewed as before, it displeased them very much.

1 Maccabees 5:2
Therefore, they thought to destroy the generation of Jacob that was among them, and they thereupon began to slay and destroy the people.

1 Maccabees 5:3
Then Judas fought against the children of Esau in Idumea at Arabattine, because they besieged Gael; and he gave them a great overthrow, and abated their courage, and took their spoils.

1 Maccabees 5:4
Also he remembered the injury of the children of Bean, who had been a snare and an offence to the people, in that they lay in wait for them in the ways.

1 Maccabees 5:5
He therefore shut them up in the towers, and encamped against them, and utterly destroyed them, and burned the towers of that place with fire, and all who were therein.

1 Maccabees 5:6
Afterward, he passed over to the children of Ammon, where he found a mighty power, and much people, with Timotheus their captain.

1 Maccabees 5:7
So he fought many battles with them, until they were discomfited before him at length; and he struck them.

1 Maccabees 5:8
And when he had taken Jazar, with the towns belonging thereto, he returned into Judea.

1 Maccabees 5:9
Then the heathen who were at Galaad assembled themselves together against the Israelites who were in their quarters, to destroy them; but they fled to the fortress of Dathema.

1 Maccabees 5:10
And sent letters to Judas and his brethren, "The heathen who are round about us are assembled together against us to destroy us;

1 Maccabees 5:11
And they are preparing to come and take the fortress whereto we have fled, Timotheus being captain of their host.

1 Maccabees 5:12
Now therefore come, and deliver us from their hands, for many of us are slain;

1 Maccabees 5:13
Indeed, all our brethren who were in the places of Tobie are put to death; they have also carried away their wives and their children captives, and borne away their stuff; and they have destroyed about a thousand men there."

1 Maccabees 5:14
While these letters were still being read, behold, there came other messengers from Galilee with their clothes rent, who reported on this wise,

1 Maccabees 5:15
And said, "Those of Ptolemais, and of Tyrus, and Sidon, and all Galilee of the Gentiles, are assembled together against us to consume us."

1 Maccabees 5:16
Now when Judas and the people heard these words, a great congregation assembled together, to consult what they should do for their brethren, who were in trouble, and assaulted of them.

1 Maccabees 5:17
Then Judas said to Simon his brother, "Choose out men, and go and deliver your brethren who are in Galilee, for I and Jonathan my brother will go into the country of Galaad."

1 Maccabees 5:18
So he left Joseph, the son of Zacharias, and Azarias, captains of the people, with the remnant of the host in Judea to keep it.

1 Maccabees 5:19
To whom he gave commandment, saying, "Take the charge of this people, and see that you do not make war against the heathen until the time that we come again."

1 Maccabees 5:20
Now three thousand men were given to Simon to go into Galilee, and eight thousand men to Judas for the country of Galaad.

1 Maccabees 5:21
Then Simon went into Galilee, where he fought many battles with the heathen, so that the heathen were discomfited by him.

1 Maccabees 5:22
And he pursued them to the gate of Ptolemais; and about three thousand men of the heathen were slain, whose spoils he took.

1 Maccabees 5:23
And those who were in Galilee, and in Arbattis, with their wives and their children, and all that they had, he took away with him, and brought them into Judea with great joy.

1 Maccabees 5:24
Judas Maccabeus also, and his brother Jonathan went over Jordan, and travelled three days' journey in the wilderness,

1 Maccabees 5:25
Where they met with the Nabathites, who came to them in a peaceable manner, and told them everything that had happened to their brethren in the land of Galaad;

1 Maccabees 5:26
And how many of them were shut up in Bosora, and Bosor, and Alema, Casphor, Maked, and Carnaim; all these cities are strong and great;

1 Maccabees 5:27
And that they were shut up in the rest of the cities of the country of Galaad, and that they had appointed to bring their host tomorrow against the forts, and to take them, and to destroy them all in one day.

1 Maccabees 5:28
Hereupon Judas and his host turned suddenly by the way of the wilderness to Bosora; and when he had won the city, he slew all the males with the edge of the sword, and took all their spoils, and burned the city with fire,

1 Maccabees 5:29
From there, he removed by night, and went until he came to the fortress.

1 Maccabees 5:30
And they looked up early in the morning, and, behold, there was an innumerable people bearing ladders and other engines of war, to take the fortress; for they assaulted them.

1 Maccabees 5:31
When Judas therefore saw that the battle had begun, and that the cry of the city went up to heaven, with trumpets, and a great sound,

1 Maccabees 5:32
He said to his host, "Fight this day for your brethren."

1 Maccabees 5:33
So he went forth behind them in three companies, who sounded their trumpets, and cried with prayer.

1 Maccabees 5:34
Then the host of Timotheus, knowing that it was Maccabeus, fled from him; therefore he struck them with a great slaughter; so that about eight thousand men of them were killed that day.

1 Maccabees 5:35
This done, Judas turned aside to Maspha; and after he had assaulted it, he took and slew all the males therein, and received the spoils thereof and burnt it with fire.

1 Maccabees 5:36
From there, he went and took Casphon, Maged, Bosor, and the other cities of the country of Galaad.

1 Maccabees 5:37
After these things, Timotheus gathered another host and encamped against Raphon beyond the brook.

1 Maccabees 5:38
So Judas sent men to espy the host, who brought him word, saying, "All the heathen who are round about us have assembled to them, even a very great host.

1 Maccabees 5:39
He has also hired the Arabians to help them and they have pitched their tents beyond the brook, ready to come and fight against you." Upon this, Judas went to meet them.

1 Maccabees 5:40
Then Timotheus said to the captains of his host, "When Judas and his host come near the brook, if he first passes over to us, we will not be able to withstand him; for he will mightily prevail against us;

1 Maccabees 5:41
But if he is afraid, and camps beyond the river, we will go over to him, and prevail against him."

1 Maccabees 5:42
Now when Judas came near the brook, he caused the scribes of the people to remain by the brook; to whom he gave commandment, saying, "Let no man to remain in the camp, but let all come to the battle."

1 Maccabees 5:43
So he went first over to them, and all the people after him; then all the heathen, being discomfited before him, cast away their weapons, and fled to the temple that was at Carnaim.

1 Maccabees 5:44
But they took the city, and burned the temple with all who were therein. Thus Carnaim was subdued, neither could they stand any longer before Judas.

1 Maccabees 5:45
Then Judas gathered all the Israelites together who were in the country of Galaad, from the least to the greatest, even their wives, and their children, and their stuff, a very great host, to the end they might come into the land of Judea.

1 Maccabees 5:46
Now when they came to Ephron (this was a great city in the way as they should go, very well fortified), they could not turn from it, either on the right hand or the left, but must pass through the midst of it.

1 Maccabees 5:47
Then those of the city shut them out, and stopped up the gates with stones.

1 Maccabees 5:48
Whereupon Judas sent to them in peaceable manner, saying, "Let us pass through your land to go into our own country, and none will do you any hurt; we will only pass through on foot;" howbeit they would not open to him.

1 Maccabees 5:49
Therefore Judas commanded a proclamation to be made throughout the host, that every man should pitch his tent in the place where he was.

1 Maccabees 5:50
So the soldiers pitched, and assaulted the city all that day and all that night, until the city was delivered into his hands;

1 Maccabees 5:51
Who then slew all the males with the edge of the sword, and rased the city, and took the spoils thereof, and passed through the city over those who were slain.

1 Maccabees 5:52
After this, they went over Jordan into the great plain before Bethsan.

1 Maccabees 5:53
And Judas gathered together those who came behind, and exhorted the people all the way through, until they came into the land of Judea.

1 Maccabees 5:54
So they went up to Mount Zion with joy and gladness, where they offered burnt offerings, because not one of them was slain until they had returned in peace.

1 Maccabees 5:55
Now in those days, as Judas and Jonathan were in the land of Galaad, and Simon his brother in Galilee before Ptolemais,

1 Maccabees 5:56
Joseph, the son of Zacharias, and Azarias, captains of the garrisons, heard of the valiant acts and warlike deeds which they had done.

1 Maccabees 5:57
Therefore they said, "Let us also get ourselves a name, and go fight against the heathen who are round about us."

1 Maccabees 5:58
So when they had given charge to the garrison that was with them, they went toward Jamnia.

1 Maccabees 5:59
Then Gorgias and his men came out of the city to fight against them.

1 Maccabees 5:60
And so it was, that Joseph and Azaras were put to flight, and pursued to the borders of Judea; and about two thousand men of the people of Israel were slain that day.

1 Maccabees 5:61
Thus there was a great overthrow among the Children of Israel, because they were not obedient to Judas and his brethren, but thought to do some valiant act.

1 Maccabees 5:62
Moreover, these men did not come of the seed of those, by whose hand, deliverance was given to Israel.

1 Maccabees 5:63
Howbeit, the man Judas and his brethren were greatly renowned in the sight of all Israel, and of all the heathen, wherever their name was heard of;

1 Maccabees 5:64
Insomuch that the people assembled to them with joyful acclamations.

1 Maccabees 5:65
Afterward, Judas went forth with his brethren, and fought against the children of Esau in the land toward the south, where he struck Hebron, and the towns thereof, and pulled down the fortress of it, and burned the towers thereof round about.

1 Maccabees 5:66
From there, he removed to go into the land of the Philistines, and passed through Samaria.

1 Maccabees 5:67
At that time, certain priests, desirous to show their valor, were slain in battle, for they went out to fight unadvisedly.

1 Maccabees 5:68
So Judas turned to Azotus in the land of the Philistines, and when he had pulled down their altars, and burned their carved images with fire, and spoiled their cities, he returned into the land of Judea.

1 Maccabees 6:1
About that time, king Antiochus, travelling through the high countries heard say, that Elymais in the country of Persia was a city greatly renowned for riches, silver, and gold;

1 Maccabees 6:2
And that there was a very rich temple in it, wherein were coverings of gold, and breastplates, and shields, which Alexander, son of Philip, the Macedonian king, who reigned first among the Grecians, had left there.

1 Maccabees 6:3
Therefore, he came and sought to take the city, and to spoil it; but he was not able, because those of the city, having had warning thereof,

1 Maccabees 6:4
Rose up against him in battle; so he fled, and departed there with great heaviness, and returned to Babylon.

1 Maccabees 6:5
Moreover, one who brought him tidings came into Persia, that the armies, which went against the land of Judea, were put to flight;

1 Maccabees 6:6
And that Lysias, who went forth first with a great power, was driven away of the Jews; and that they were made strong by the armor, and power, and store of spoils, which they had gotten of the armies, whom they had destroyed;

1 Maccabees 6:7
Also that they had pulled down the abomination, which he had set up upon the altar in Jerusalem, and that they had encompassed about the sanctuary with high walls, as before, and his city Bethsura.

1 Maccabees 6:8
Now when the king heard these words, he was astonished and sorely moved; whereupon he laid himself down upon his bed, and fell sick for grief, because it had not befallen him as he had looked for.

1 Maccabees 6:9
And he continued there for many days; for his grief was ever more and more, and he made account that he should die.

1 Maccabees 6:10
Therefore he called for all his friends, and said to them, "The sleep has gone from my eyes, and my heart fails for very care.

1 Maccabees 6:11
And I thought with myself, 'Into what tribulation have I come, and how great a flood of misery is it, wherein now I am! For I was bountiful and beloved in my power.'

1 Maccabees 6:12
But now I remember the evils that I did at Jerusalem, and that I took all the vessels of gold and silver that were therein, and sent to destroy the inhabitants of Judea without a cause.

1 Maccabees 6:13
I perceive therefore that, for this cause, these troubles have come upon me, and, behold, I perish through great grief in a strange land."

1 Maccabees 6:14
Then he called for Philip, one of his friends, whom he made ruler over all his realm,

1 Maccabees 6:15
And gave him the crown, and his robe, and his signet, to the end he should bring up his son Antiochus, and nourish him up for the kingdom.

1 Maccabees 6:16
So king Antiochus died there in the hundred forty ninth year.

1 Maccabees 6:17
Now when Lysias knew that the king was dead, he set up Antiochus his son, whom he had brought up being young, to reign in his stead, and he called his name Eupator.

1 Maccabees 6:18
About this time, those who were in the tower shut up the Israelites round about the sanctuary, and always sought their hurt, and the strengthening of the heathen.

1 Maccabees 6:19
Therefore Judas, purposing to destroy them, called all the people together to besiege them.

1 Maccabees 6:20
So they came together, and besieged them in the hundred fiftieth year, and he made mounts for shot against them, and other engines.

1 Maccabees 6:21
Howbeit, some of those who were besieged got forth, to whom some ungodly men of Israel joined themselves;

1 Maccabees 6:22
And they went to the king, and said, "How long will it be before you execute judgment, and avenge our brethren?

1 Maccabees 6:23
We have been willing to serve your father, and to do as he would have us, and to obey his commandments;

1 Maccabees 6:24
For which cause those of our nation besiege the tower, and are alienated from us; moreover as many of us whom they could light on, they slew, and spoiled our inheritance.

1 Maccabees 6:25
Neither have they stretched out their hand against us only, but also against their borders.

1 Maccabees 6:26
And, behold, this day, they are besieging the tower at Jerusalem, to take it; they have also fortified the sanctuary and Bethsura.

1 Maccabees 6:27
Therefore if you do not prevent them quickly, they will do greater things than these, neither will you be able to rule them."

1 Maccabees 6:28
Now when the king heard this, he was angry, and gathered all his friends together, and the captains of his army, and those who had charge of the horse.

1 Maccabees 6:29
There also came to him from other kingdoms, and from isles of the sea, bands of hired soldiers.

1 Maccabees 6:30
So that the number of his army was a hundred thousand footmen, and twenty thousand horsemen, and thirty two elephants exercised in battle.

1 Maccabees 6:31
These went through Idumea, and pitched against Bethsura, which they assaulted for many days, making engines of war; but those of Bethsura came out, and burned them with fire, and fought valiantly.

1 Maccabees 6:32
Upon this, Judas removed from the tower, and pitched in Bathzacharias, over against the king's camp.

1 Maccabees 6:33
Then the king, rising very early, marched fiercely with his host toward Bathzacharias, where his armies made them ready to battle, and sounded the trumpets.

1 Maccabees 6:34
And to the end they might provoke the elephants to fight, they showed them the blood of grapes and mulberries.

1 Maccabees 6:35
Moreover, they divided the beasts among the armies, and they appointed a thousand men for every elephant, armed with coats of mail, and with helmets of brass on their heads; and beside this, five hundred horsemen of the best were ordained for every beast.

1 Maccabees 6:36
These were ready at every occasion; wherever the beast was, and wherever the beast went, they also went, neither did they depart from him.

1 Maccabees 6:37
And there were strong towers of wood upon the beasts, which covered every one of them, and were girt fast to them with devices; thirty two strong men were also upon every one, who fought upon them, beside the Indian who ruled him.

1 Maccabees 6:38
As for the remnant of the horsemen, they set them on this side and that side at the two parts of the host, giving them signs what to do, and being all harnessed over amidst the ranks.

1 Maccabees 6:39
Now when the sun shone upon the shields of gold and brass, the mountains glistened therewith, and shined like lamps of fire.

1 Maccabees 6:40
So part of the king's army, being spread upon the high mountains, and part on the valleys below, marched on safely and in order.

1 Maccabees 6:41
Therefore, all who heard the noise of their multitude, and the marching of the company, and the rattling of the harness, were moved; for the army was very great and mighty.

1 Maccabees 6:42
Then Judas and his host drew near, and entered into battle, and six hundred men of the king's army were slain.

1 Maccabees 6:43
Eleazar also, surnamed Savaran, perceiving that one of the beasts, armed with royal harness, was higher than all the rest, and supposing that the king was upon him,

1 Maccabees 6:44
Put himself in jeopardy, to the end he might deliver his people, and get himself a perpetual name;

1 Maccabees 6:45
Therefore he ran upon him courageously through the midst of the battle, slaying on the right hand and on the left, so that they were divided from him on both sides.

1 Maccabees 6:46
Which done, he crept under the elephant, and thrust him under, and slew him; whereupon the elephant fell down upon him, and there he died.

1 Maccabees 6:47
Howbeit, the rest of the Jews, seeing the strength of the king, and the violence of his forces, turned away from them.

1 Maccabees 6:48
Then the king's army went up to Jerusalem to meet them, and the king pitched his tents against Judea, and against Mount Zion.

1 Maccabees 6:49
But he made peace with those who were in Bethsura; for they came out of the city, because they had no victuals there to endure the siege, it being a year of rest to the land.

1 Maccabees 6:50
So the king took Bethsura, and set a garrison there to keep it.

1 Maccabees 6:51
As for the sanctuary, he besieged it for many days; and set artillery with engines and instruments there to cast fire and stones, and pieces to cast darts and slings.

1 Maccabees 6:52
Whereupon they also made engines against their engines, and battled for a long season.

1 Maccabees 6:53
Yet at the last, their vessels, being without victuals (for it was the seventh year, and those in Judea who were delivered from the Gentiles, had eaten up the residue of the store);

1 Maccabees 6:54
There were but a few left in the sanctuary, because the famine so prevailed against them, that they were fain to disperse themselves, every man to his own place.

1 Maccabees 6:55
At that time, Lysias heard say, that Philip, whom Antiochus the king, while he lived, had appointed to bring up his son Antiochus, that he might be king,

1 Maccabees 6:56
Was returned out of Persia and Media, and also the king's host that went with him, and that he sought to take the ruling of the affairs to him.

1 Maccabees 6:57
Therefore, he went in all haste, and said to the king and the captains of the host and the company, "We decay daily, and our victuals are but small, and the place we lay siege to is strong, and the affairs of the kingdom lie upon us;

1 Maccabees 6:58
Now therefore let us be friends with these men, and make peace with them, and with all their nation;

1 Maccabees 6:59
And covenant with them, that they will live after their laws, as they did before; for they are therefore displeased, and have done all these things, because we abolished their laws."

1 Maccabees 6:60
So the king and the princes were content; therefore he sent to them to make peace; and they accepted thereof.

1 Maccabees 6:61
Also, the king and the princes made an oath to them; whereupon they went out of the stronghold.

1 Maccabees 6:62
Then the king entered into Mount Zion; but when he saw the strength of the place, he broke his oath that he had made, and gave commandment to pull down the wall round about.

1 Maccabees 6:63
Afterward, he departed in all haste, and returned to Antiochia, where he found Philip to be master of the city; so he fought against him, and took the city by force.

1 Maccabees 7:1
In the hundred and fifty first year, Demetrius, the son of Seleucus, departed from Rome, and came up with a few men to a city of the sea coast, and reigned there.

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And as he entered into the palace of his ancestors, so it was, that his forces had taken Antiochus and Lysias, to bring them to him.

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Therefore, when he knew it, he said, "Let me not see their faces."

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So his host slew them. Now when Demetrius was set upon the throne of his kingdom,

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All the wicked and ungodly men of Israel came to him, having Alcimus, who was desirous to be high priest, for their captain;

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And they accused the people to the king, saying, "Judas and his brethren have slain all your friends, and driven us out of our own land.

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Now therefore send some man whom you trust, and let him go and see what havoc he has made among us, and in the king's land, and let him punish them with all those who aid them."

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Then the king chose Bacchides, a friend of the king, who ruled beyond the flood, and was a great man in the kingdom, and faithful to the king,

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And he sent him with that wicked Alcimus, whom he made high priest, and commanded that he should take vengeance of the Children of Israel.

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So they departed, and came with a great power into the land of Judea, where they sent messengers to Judas and his brethren with deceitfully peaceable words.

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But they gave no heed to their words; for they saw that they had come with a great power.

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Then a company of scribes assembled there to Alcimus and Bacchides, to require justice.

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Now the Assideans were the first among the Children of Israel who sought peace of them;

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For said they, "One who is a priest of the seed of Aaron has come with this army, and he will do us no wrong."

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So he spoke to them, peaceably, and swore to them, saying, "We will procure the harm, neither of you or your friends."

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Whereupon they believed him; howbeit he took sixty men of them, and slew them in one day, according to the words which he wrote,

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"They have cast out the flesh of your saints, and they have shed their blood round about Jerusalem, and there were none to bury them."

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Therefore the fear and dread of them fell upon all the people, who said, "There is neither truth or righteousness in them; for they have broken the covenant and oath that they made."

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After this, Bacchides removed from Jerusalem, and pitched his tents in Bezeth, where he sent and took many of the men who had forsaken him, and also some of the people, and when he had slain them, he cast them into the great pit.

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Then he committed the country to Alcimus, and left with him a power to aid him; so Bacchides went to the king.

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But Alcimus contended for the high priesthood.

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And all such who troubled the people resorted to him, who, after they had gotten the land of Judah into their power, did much hurt in Israel.

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Now when Judas saw all the mischief that Alcimus and his company had done among the Israelites, even above the heathen,

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He went out into all the coasts of Judea round about, and took vengeance of those who had revolted from him, so that they no longer went forth into the country.

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On the other side, when Alcimus saw that Judas and his company had gotten the upper hand, and knew that he was not able to abide their force, he went again to the king, and said all the worst of them that he could.

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Then the king sent Nicanor, one of his honorable princes, a man who bore deadly hate to Israel, with commandment to destroy the people.

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So Nicanor came to Jerusalem with a great force; and deceitfully sent to Judas and his brethren with friendly words, saying,

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"Let there be no battle between me and you; I will come with a few men, that I may see you in peace."

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He came therefore to Judas, and they saluted one another peaceably. Howbeit, the enemies were prepared to take Judas away by violence.

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Which thing, after it was known to Judas, to knoweldge, that he came to him with deceit, he was sore afraid of him, and would see his face no more.

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Nicanor also, when he saw that his counsel was discovered, went out to fight against Judas beside Capharsalama;

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Where about five thousand men were slain of Nicanor's side, and the rest fled into the city of David.

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After this, Nicanor went up to Mount Zion, and some of the priests and some of the elders of the people came out of the sanctuary to salute him peaceably, and to show him the burnt sacrifice that was offered for the king.

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But he mocked them, and laughed at them, and abused them shamefully, and spoke proudly,

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And swore in his wrath, saying, "Unless Judas and his host are now delivered into my hands, if ever I come again in safety, I will burn up this house;" and with that, he went out in a great rage.

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Then the priests entered in, and stood before the altar and the temple, weeping, and saying,

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"You, O Lord, chose this house to be called by Your name, and to be a house of prayer and petition for Your people;

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Be avenged of this man and his host, and let them fall by the sword; remember their blasphemies, and do not let them continue any longer."

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So Nicanor went out of Jerusalem, and pitched his tents in Bethhoron, where a host met him out of Syria.

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But Judas pitched in Adasa with three thousand men, and there he prayed, saying,

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"O Lord, when those who were sent from the king of the Assyrians blasphemed, Your angel went out, and struck a hundred eighty five thousand of them.

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Even so, destroy this host before us this day, that the rest may know that he has spoken blasphemously against Your sanctuary, and judge him according to his wickedness."

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So the thirteenth day of the month Adar, the hosts joined battle; but Nicanor's host was discomfited, and he himself was first slain in the battle.

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Now when Nicanor's host saw that he was slain, they cast away their weapons, and fled.

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Then they pursued after them a day's journey, from Adasa to Gazera, sounding an alarm after them with their trumpets.

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Whereupon they came forth out of all the towns of Judea round about, and closed them in; so that they, turning back upon those who pursued them, were all slain with the sword, and not one of them was left.

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Afterwards, they took the spoils, and the prey, and struck off Nicanors head, and his right hand, which he stretched out so proudly, and brought them away, and hanged them up toward Jerusalem.

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For this cause, the people rejoiced greatly, and they kept that day [as] a day of great gladness.

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Moreover, they ordained to keep this day yearly, being the thirteenth of Adar.

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Thus the land of Judah was in rest a little while.
1 Maccabees 8:1
Now Judas had heard of the Romans, that they were mighty and valiant men, and such who would lovingly accept all who joined themselves to them, and make a league of amity with all who came to them;

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And that they were men of great valor. It was also told to him of their wars and noble acts which they had done among the Galatians, and how they had conquered them, and brought them under tribute;

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And what they had done in the country of Spain, for the winning of the mines of the silver and gold which are there;

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And that, by their policy and patience, they had conquered all the place, though it was very far from them; and the kings also who came against them from the uttermost part of the earth, until they had discomfited them, and given them a great overthrow, so that the rest gave them tribute every year;

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Beside this, how they had discomfited Philip in battle, and Perseus, king of the Citims, with others who lifted themselves up against them, and had overcome them;

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How also, Antiochus, the great king of Asia, who came against them in battle, having a hundred and twenty elephants, with horsemen, and chariots, and a very great army, was discomfited by them;

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And how they took him alive, and covenanted that he and such who reigned after him should pay a great tribute, and give hostages, and that which was agreed upon,

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And the country of India, and Media and Lydia and of the most ideal countries, which they took of him, and gave to king Eumenes;

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Moreover, how the Grecians had determined to come and destroy them;

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And that they, having knowledge thereof, sent a certain captain against them, and fighting with them, slew many of them, and carried their wives and their children away captives, and spoiled them, and took possession of their lands, and pulled down their strongholds, and brought them to be their servants to this day;

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It was told to him besides, how they destroyed and brought all other kingdoms and isles under their dominion, that resisted them at any time;

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But with their friends and such who relied upon them, they kept amity; and that they had conquered kingdoms both far and near, insomuch that all who heard of their name were afraid of them;

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Also that, whom they would help to a kingdom, those reign; and whom again they would, they displace; finally, that they were greatly exalted;

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Yet for all this, none of them wore a crown or were clothed in purple, to be magnified thereby;

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Moreover, how they had made for themselves a senate house, wherein three hundred and twenty men sat in council daily, always consulting for the people, to the end they might be well ordered;

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And that every year they committed their government to one man, who ruled over all their country, and that all were obedient to that one, and that there was neither envy or emmulation among them.

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In consideration of these things, Judas chose Eupolemus, the son of John, the son of Accos, and Jason, the son of Eleazar, and sent them to Rome, to make a league of amity and confederacy with them,

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And to intreat them that they would take the yoke from them; for they saw that the kingdom of the Grecians oppressed Israel with servitude.

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They therefore went to Rome, which was a very great journey, and came into the senate, where they spoke and said,

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"Judas Maccabeus with his brethren, and the people of the Jews, have sent us to you, to make a confederacy and peace with you, and that we might be registered [as] your confederates and friends."

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So that matter pleased the Romans well.

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And this is the copy of the epistle which the senate wrote back again in tables of brass, and sent to Jerusalem, that they might have a memorial of peace and confederacy by them there;

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"Good success is to the Romans, and to the people of the Jews, by sea and by land forever; the sword also and enemy are far from them,

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If any war comes first upon the Romans or any of their confederates throughout all their dominion,

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The people of the Jews will help them, as the time will be appointed, with all their heart;

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Neither will they give anything to those who make war upon them, or aid them with victuals, weapons, money, or ships, as it has seemed good to the Romans; but they will keep their covenants without therefore taking anything.

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In the same manner also, if war comes first upon the nation of the Jews, the Romans will help them with all their heart, accordingly as the time will be appointed them;

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Neither will victuals be given to those who take part against them, or weapons, or money, or ships, as it has seemed good to the Romans; but they will keep their covenants, and that without deceit."

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According to these articles, the Romans made a covenant with the people of the Jews.

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Howbeit, if hereafter, the one party or the other will think to add or diminish anything, they may do it at their pleasures, and whatever they will add or take away will be ratified.

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And as touching the evils that Demetrius does to the Jews, we have written to him, saying, "Why did you make your yoke heavy upon our friends and confederates the Jews?

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If they therefore complain anymore against you, we will do them justice, and fight with you by sea and by land."

1 Maccabees 9:1
Furthermore, when Demetrius heard the Nicanor and his host were slain in battle, he sent Bacchides and Alcimus into the land of Judea the second time, and the chief strength of his host with them;

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Who went forth by the way that leads to Galgala, and pitched their tents before Masaloth, which is in Arbela, and after they had won it, they slew many people.

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Also the first month of the hundred and fifty second year, they encamped before Jerusalem;

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From which they removed, and went to Berea, with twenty thousand footmen and two thousand horsemen.

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Now Judas had pitched his tents at Eleasa, and three thousand chosen men with him;

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Who, seeing the multitude of the other army to be so great, were sore afraid; whereupon many conveyed themselves out of the host, insomuch that no more but eight hundred men abode of them.

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When Judas therefore saw that his host slipped away, and that the battle pressed upon him, he was sorely troubled in mind, and much distressed, for he had no time to gather them together.

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Nevertheless, to those who remained he said, "Let us arise and go up against our enemies, if peradventure we may be able to fight with them."

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But they dehorted him, saying, "We will never be able; let us now rather save our lives, and hereafter we will return with our brethren, and fight against them; for we are but few."

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Then Judas said, "God forbid that I should do this thing, and flee away from them; if our time has come, let us die as men for our brethren, and let us not stain our honor."

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With that, the host of Bacchides removed out of their tents, and stood over against them, their horsemen being divided into two troops, and their slingers and archers, going before the host and those who marched in the foreward, were all mighty men.

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As for Bacchides, he was in the right wing; so the host drew near on the two parts, and sounded their trumpets.

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Those also of Judas' side, even they sounded their trumpets also, so that the earth shook at the noise of the armies, and the battle continued from morning until night.

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Now when Judas perceived that Bacchides and the strength of his army were on the right side, he took all the hardy men with him,

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Who discomfited the right wing, and pursued them to the Mount Azotus.

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But when those of the left wing saw that those of the right wing were discomfited, they followed upon Judas and those who were with him, hard at the heels from behind;

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Whereupon there was a sore battle, insomuch that many were slain on both parts.

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Judas was also killed, and the remnant fled.

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Then Jonathan and Simon took Judas their brother, and buried him in the sepulchre of his fathers in Modin.

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Moreover, they bewailed him, and all Israel made great lamentation for him, and mourned many days, saying,

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"How the valiant man has fallen, who delivered Israel!"

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As for the other things concerning Judas and his wars, and the noble acts which he did, and his greatness, they are not written; for they were very many.

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Now after the death of Judas, the wicked began to put forth their heads in all the coasts of Israel, and all such who worked iniquity arose up.

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In those days there was also a very great famine, by reason whereof the country revolted, and went with them.

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Then Bacchides chose the wicked men, and made them lords of the country.

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And they made inquiry and search for Judas' friends, and brought them to Bacchides, who took vengeance of them, and used them despitefully.

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So there was a great affliction in Israel, the like whereof was not since the time that a prophet was not seen among them.

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For this cause, all Judas' friends came together, and said to Jonathan,

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"Since your brother Judas died, we have no man like him to go forth against our enemies, and Bacchides, and against those of our nation who are adversaries to us.

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Now we have therefore chosen you this day to be our prince and captain in his stead, that you may fight our battles."

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Upon this, Jonathan took the governance upon him at that time, and rose up instead of his brother Judas.

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But when Bacchides got knowledge thereof, he sought to slay him

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Then Jonathan, and Simon his brother, and all who were with him, perceiving that, fled into the wilderness of Thecoe, and pitched their tents by the water of the pool Asphar.

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Which, when Bacchides understood, he came near Jordan with all his host upon the sabbath day.

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Now Jonathan had sent his brother John, a captain of the people, to pray his friends the Nabathites, that they might leave their carriage with them, which was much.

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But the children of Jambri came out of Medaba, and took John, and all that he had, and went their way with it.

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After this, word came to Jonathan and Simon his brother, that the children of Jambri made a great marriage, and were bringing the bride from Nadabatha with a great train, as being the daughter of one of the great princes of Chanaan.

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Therefore they remembered John their brother, and went up, and hid themselves under the covert of the mountain;

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Where they lifted up their eyes, and looked, and, behold, there was much ado and great carriage; and the bridegroom came forth, and his friends and brethren, to meet them with drums, and instruments of music, and many weapons.

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Then Jonathan and those who were with him rose up against them from the place where they lay in ambush, and made a slaughter of them in such sort, as many fell down dead, and the remnant fled into the mountain, and they took all their spoils.

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Thus the marriage was turned into mourning, and the noise of their melody into lamentation.

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So when they had fully avenged the blood of their brother, they turned again to the marsh of Jordan.

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Now when Bacchides heard hereof, he came on the sabbath day to the banks of Jordan with a great power.

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Then Jonathan said to his company, "Let us now go up and fight for our lives, for it does not stand with us today, as in time past;

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For, behold, the battle is before us and behind us, and the water of Jordan on this side and that side, the marsh likewise and wood, neither is there place for us to turn aside.

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Therefore cry now to heaven, that you may be delivered from the hand of your enemies."

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With that they joined battle, and Jonathan stretched forth his hand to strike Bacchides, but he turned back from him.

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Then Jonathan and those who were with him leapt into Jordan, and swam over to the other bank; howbeit, the other did not pass over Jordan to them.

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So about a thousand men were slain of Bacchides' side that day.

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Afterward, Bacchides returned to Jerusalem and repaired the strong cites in Judea; the fort in Jericho, and Emmaus, and Bethhoron, and Bethel, and Thamnatha, Pharathoni, and Taphon, he strengthened these with high walls, with gates and with bars.

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And he set a garrison in them, that they might work malice upon Israel.

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He also fortified the city Bethsura, and Gazera, and the tower, and put forces in them, and provision of victuals.

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Besides, he took the chief men's sons in the country for hostages, and put them into the tower at Jerusalem to be kept.

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Moreover, in the hundred and fifty third year, in the second month, Alcimus commanded that the wall of the inner court of the sanctuary should be pulled down; he also pulled down the works of the prophets.

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And as he began to pull down, even at that time, Alcimus was plagued, and his enterprizes hindered; for his mouth was stopped, and he was taken with a palsy, so that he could no longer speak anything, nor give order concerning his house.

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So Alcimus died at that time with great torment.

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Now when Bacchides saw that Alcimus was dead, he returned to the king; whereupon the land of Judea was in rest for two years.

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Then all the ungodly men held a council, saying, "Behold, Jonathan and his company are at ease, and dwell without care; now therefore we will bring Bacchides here, who will take them all in one night."

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So they went and consulted with him.

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Then he removed and came with a great host, and privily sent letters to his adherents in Judea, that they should take Jonathan and those who were with him; howbeit they could not, because their counsel was known to them.

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Therefore they took of the men of the country, who were authors of that mischief, about fifty persons, and slew them.

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Afterward, Jonathan and Simon, and those who were with him, got themselves away to Bethbasi, which is in the wilderness, and they repaired the decays thereof, and made it strong.

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Which thing, when Bacchides knew, he gathered all his host together, and sent word to those who were of Judea.

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Then he went and laid siege against Bethbasi; and they fought against it a long season and made engines of war.

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But Jonathan left his brother Simon in the city, and went forth himself into the country, and he went forth with a certain number.

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And he struck Odonarkes and his brethren, and the children of Phasiron in their tent.

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And when he began to strike them, and came up with his forces, Simon and his company went out of the city, and burned up the engines of war,

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And fought against Bacchides, who was discomfited by them, and they afflicted him sore; for his counsel and travail was in vain.

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Therefore he was very angry at the wicked men who gave him counsel to come into the country, inasmuch that he slew many of them, and purposed to return into his own country.

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Whereof, when Jonathan had knowledge, he sent ambassadors to him, to the end he should make peace with him, and deliver them the prisoners.

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Which thing he accepted, and did according to his demands, and swore to him that he would never do him harm all the days of his life.

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When he had therefore restored the prisoners to him whom he had taken aforetime out of the land of Judea, he returned and went his way into his own land, neither did he come anymore into their borders.

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Thus the sword ceased from Israel; but Jonathan dwelt at Machmas, and began to govern the people; and he destroyed the ungodly men out of Israel.

1 Maccabees 10:1
In the hundred and sixtieth year, Alexander, the son of Antiochus, surnamed Epiphanes, went up and took Ptolemais; for the people had received him, by means whereof he reigned there,

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Now when king Demetrius heard thereof, he gathered an exceedingly great host together, and went forth against him to fight.

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Moreover, Demetrius sent letters to Jonathan with loving words, so that he magnified him.

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For he said, "Let us first make peace with him, before he joins with Alexander against us;

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Else he will remember all the evils that we have done against him, and against his brethren and his people."

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Therefore he gave him authority to gather a host together, and to provide weapons, that he might aid him in battle; he also commanded that the hostages that were in the tower should be delivered to him.

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Then Jonathan came to Jerusalem, and read the letters in the audience of all the people, and of those who were in the tower;

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Who were sore afraid, when they heard that the king had given him authority to gather a host together.

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Whereupon those of the tower delivered their hostages to Jonathan, and he delivered them to their parents.

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This done, Jonathan settled himself in Jerusalem, and began to build and repair the city.

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And he commanded the workmen to build the walls and the Mount Zion and about with square stones for fortification; and they did so.

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Then the strangers, who were in the fortresses which Bacchides had built, fled away;

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Insomuch that every man left his place, and went into his own country.

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Only at Bethsura, certain of those who had forsaken the law and the commandments remained still; for it was their place of refuge.

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Now when king Alexander had heard what promises Demetrius had sent to Jonathan; when it was also told to him of the battles and noble acts which he and his brethren had done, and of the pains that they had endured,

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He said, "Will we find such another man? Now we will therefore make him our friend and confederate."

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Upon this, he wrote a letter, and sent it to him, according to these words, saying,

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"King Alexander sends greeting to his brother Jonathan;

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We have heard of you, that you are a man of great power, and meet to be our friend.

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Therefore, we now ordain you this day to be the high priest of your nation, and to be called the king's friend; (and therewithal he sent him a purple robe and a crown of gold) and we require you to take our part, and keep friendship with us."

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So in the seventh month of the hundred and sixtieth year, at the feast of the tabernacles, Jonathan put on the holy robe, and gathered forces together, and provided much armor.

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Whereof, when Demetrius heard, he was very sorry, and said,

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"What have we done, that Alexander has prevented us in making amity with the Jews to strengthen himself?

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I also will write words of encouragement to them, and promise them dignities and gifts, that I may have their aid."

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He therefore sent to them to this effect; "King Demetrius sends greeting to the people of the Jews;

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Whereas you have kept covenants with us, and continued in our friendship, not joining yourselves with our enemies, we have heard hereof, and are glad.

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Now therefore continue to still be faithful to us, and we will recompense you well for the things you do in our behalf,

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And will grant you many immunities, and give you rewards.

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And now I free you, and for your sake, I release all the Jews, from tributes, and from the customs of salt, and from crown taxes,

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And from that which appertains to me to receive for the third part or the seed, and the half of the fruit of the trees, I release it from this day forth, so that they will not be taken of the land of Judea, nor of the three governments that are added thereto out of the country of Samaria and Galilee, from this day forth forevermore.

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Let Jerusalem also be holy and free, with the borders thereof, both from tenths and tributes.

1 Maccabees 10:32
And as for the tower which is at Jerusalem, I yield up authority over it, and give the high priest, that he may set such men in it as he will choose to keep it.

1 Maccabees 10:33
Moreover, I freely set every one of the Jews at liberty, who were carried captives out of the land of Judea into any part of my kingdom, and I will that all my officers remit the tributes, even of their cattle.

1 Maccabees 10:34
Furthermore, I will that all the feasts, and sabbaths, and new moons, and solemn days, and the three days before the feast, and the three days after the feast will all be of immunity and freedom for all the Jews in my realm.

1 Maccabees 10:35
Also, no man will have authority to meddle with or to molest any of them in any matter.

1 Maccabees 10:36
I will further, that about thirty thousand men of the Jews be enrolled among the king's forces, to whom pay will be given, as belongs to all king's forces.

1 Maccabees 10:37
And of them, some will be placed in the king's strongholds, of whom also, some will be set over the affairs of the kingdom, which are of trust; and I will that their overseers and governors be of themselves, and that they live after their own laws, even as the king has commanded in the land of Judea.

1 Maccabees 10:38
And concerning the three governments that are added to Judea from the country of Samaria, let them be joined with Judea, that they may be reckoned to be under one, nor bound to obey an authority other than the high priest's.

1 Maccabees 10:39
As for Ptolemais, and the land pertaining thereto, I give it as a free gift to the sanctuary at Jerusalem for the necessary expenses of the sanctuary.

1 Maccabees 10:40
Moreover, every year I give fifteen thousand shekels of silver out of the king's accounts from the places appertaining.

1 Maccabees 10:41
And all the overplus, which the officers did not pay in, as in former time, will from now on be given toward the works of the temple.

1 Maccabees 10:42
And beside this, the five thousand shekels of silver, which they took from the uses of the temple out of the accounts year by year, even those things will be released, because they appertain to the priests who minister.

1 Maccabees 10:43
And whoever they are who flee to the temple at Jerusalem, or are within the liberties hereof, being indebted to the king, or for any other matter, let them be at liberty, and all that they have in my realm.

1 Maccabees 10:44
For the building also, and repairing of the works of the sanctuary, expenses will be given of the king's accounts.

1 Maccabees 10:45
Indeed, and for the building of the walls of Jerusalem, and the fortifying thereof round about, expenses will be given out of the king's accounts, as also for the building of the walls in Judea."

1 Maccabees 10:46
Now when Jonathan and the people heard these words, they gave no credit to them, nor received them, because they remembered the great evil that he had done in Israel; for he had afflicted them very sore.

1 Maccabees 10:47
But with Alexander, they were well pleased, because he was the first who entreated of true peace with them, and they were always confederate with him.

1 Maccabees 10:48
Then king Alexander gathered great forces, and camped over against Demetrius.

1 Maccabees 10:49
And after the two kings had joined battle, Demetrius' host fled; but Alexander followed after him, and prevailed against them.

1 Maccabees 10:50
And he continued the battle very sorely until the sun went down; and that day, Demetrius was slain.

1 Maccabees 10:51
Afterward, Alexander sent ambassadors to Ptolemy, king of Egypt, with a message to this effect;

1 Maccabees 10:52
"Forasmuch as I have come again to my realm, and am set in the throne of my progenitors, and have gotten the dominion, and overthrown Demetrius, and recovered our country;

1 Maccabees 10:53
For after I had joined battle with him, both he and his host were discomfited by us, so that we sit in the throne of his kingdom;

1 Maccabees 10:54
Now therefore, let us make a league of amity together, and now give me your daughter to wife; and I will be your son-in-law, and will give both you and her according to your dignity."

1 Maccabees 10:55
Then Ptolemy the king gave answer, saying, "Happy is the day wherein you returned into the land of your fathers, and sat in the throne of their kingdom.

1 Maccabees 10:56
And now I will do to you as you have written; meet me therefore at Ptolemais, that we may see one another; for I will marry my daughter to you according to your desire."

1 Maccabees 10:57
So Ptolemy went out of Egypt with his daughter Cleopatra, and they came to Ptolemais in the hundred and sixty second year;

1 Maccabees 10:58
Where king Alexander, meeting him, he gave his daughter Cleopatra to him, and celebrated her marriage at Ptolemais with great glory, as the manner of kings is.

1 Maccabees 10:59
Now king Alexander had written to Jonathan, that he should come and meet him.

1 Maccabees 10:60
Who thereupon went honorably to Ptolemais, where he met the two kings, and gave them and their friends silver and gold, and many presents, and found favor in their sight.

1 Maccabees 10:61
At that time, certain pestilent fellows of Israel, men of a wicked life, assembled themselves against him, to accuse him; but the king would not hear them.

1 Maccabees 10:62
Indeed, more than that, the king commanded to take off his garments, and clothe him in purple; and they did so.

1 Maccabees 10:63
And he made him sit by himself, and said into his princes, "Go with him into the midst of the city, and make a proclamation, that no man complains against him of any matter, and that no man troubles him for any manner of cause."

1 Maccabees 10:64
Now when his accusers saw that he was honored according to the proclamation, and clothed in purple, they all fled away.

1 Maccabees 10:65
So the king honored him, and wrote him among his chief friends, and made him a duke, and partaker of his dominion.

1 Maccabees 10:66
Afterward, Jonathan returned to Jerusalem with peace and gladness.

1 Maccabees 10:67
Furthermore, in the hundred and sixty fifth year, Demetrius, son of Demetrius, came out of Crete into the land of his fathers;

1 Maccabees 10:68
Whereof, when king Alexander heard, he was right sorry, and returned into Antioch.

1 Maccabees 10:69
Then Demetrius made Apollonius, the governor of Celosyria, his general, who gathered a great host together, and camped in Jamnia, and sent the high priest to Jonathan, saying,

1 Maccabees 10:70
"You alone lift up yourself against us, and I am laughed to scorn for your sake, and reproached; and why do you vaunt your power against us in the mountains?

1 Maccabees 10:71
Now therefore, if you trust in your own strength, come down to us into the plain field, and let us try the matter there together; for with me is the power of the cities.

1 Maccabees 10:72
Ask and learn who I am, and the rest who take our part, and they will tell you that your foot is not able to revert in their own land.

1 Maccabees 10:73
Therefore, you will now not be able to abide the horsemen and so great a power in the plain, where is neither stone or flint, nor place to flee to."

1 Maccabees 10:74
So when Jonathan heard these words of Apollonius, he was moved in his mind, and choosing ten thousand men, he went out of Jerusalem, where Simon his brother met him to help him.

1 Maccabees 10:75
And he pitched his tents against Joppa; but; those of Joppa shut him out of the city, because Apollonius had a garrison there.

1 Maccabees 10:76
Then Jonathan laid siege to it; whereupon those of the city let him in for fear; and so Jonathan won Joppa.

1 Maccabees 10:77
Whereof, when Apollonius heard, he took three thousand horsemen, with a great host of footmen, and went to Azotus as one who journeyed, and therewithal drew him forth into the plain; because he had a great number of horsemen, in whom he put his trust.

1 Maccabees 10:78
Then Jonathan followed after him to Azotus, where the armies joined battle.

1 Maccabees 10:79
Now Apollonius had left a thousand horsemen in ambush.

1 Maccabees 10:80
And Jonathan knew that there was an ambush behind him; for they had encompassed in his host, and cast darts at the people, from morning until evening.

1 Maccabees 10:81
But the people stood still, as Jonathan had commanded them; and so the enemies' horses were tired.

1 Maccabees 10:82
Then Simon brought forth his host, and set them against the footmen, (for the horsemen were spent) who were discomfited by him, and fled.

1 Maccabees 10:83
The horsemen also, being scattered in the field, fled to Azotus, and went into Bethdagon, their idol's temple, for safety.

1 Maccabees 10:84
But Jonathan set fire on Azotus, and the cities round about it, and took their spoils; and the temple of Dagon, with those who had fled into it, he burned with fire.

1 Maccabees 10:85
Thus well near eight thousand men were burned and slain with the sword.

1 Maccabees 10:86
And from there, Jonathan removed his host, and camped against Ascalon, where the men of the city came forth, and met him with great pomp.

1 Maccabees 10:87
After this, Jonathan and his host returned to Jerusalem, having many spoils.

1 Maccabees 10:88
Now when king Alexander heard these things, he honored Jonathan yet more.

1 Maccabees 10:89
And sent him a buckle of gold, as the use is to be given to such who are of the king's blood; he gave him also Accaron with the borders thereof in possession.

1 Maccabees 11:1
And the king of Egypt gathered a great host together, like the sand that lies upon the sea shore, and many ships, and went about through deceit to get Alexander's kingdom, and join it to his own.

1 Maccabees 11:2
Whereupon he took his journey into Spain in a peaceable manner, so that those of the cities opened to him, and met him; for king Alexander had commanded them so to do, because he was his brother-in-law.

1 Maccabees 11:3
Now as Ptolemy entered into the cities, he set a garrison of soldiers in every one of them to keep it.

1 Maccabees 11:4
And when he came near Azotus, they showed him the temple of Dagon that was burnt, and Azotus and the suburbs thereof that were destroyed, and the bodies that were cast abroad and those whom he had burnt in the battle; for they had made heaps of them by the way where he should pass.

1 Maccabees 11:5
They also told the king whatever Jonathan had done, to the intent he might blame him; but the king held his peace.

1 Maccabees 11:6
Then Jonathan met the king with great pomp at Joppa, where they saluted one another and lodged.

1 Maccabees 11:7
Afterward, Jonathan, when he had gone with the king to the river called Eleutherus, returned again to Jerusalem.

1 Maccabees 11:8
King Ptolemy therefore, having gotten the dominion of the cities by the sea to Seleucia upon the sea coast, imagined wicked counsels against Alexander.

1 Maccabees 11:9
Whereupon he sent ambasadors to king Demetrius, saying, "Come, let us make a league between us, and I will give you my daughter whom Alexander has, and you will reign in your father's kingdom;

1 Maccabees 11:10
For I repent that I gave my daughter to him, for he sought to slay me."

1 Maccabees 11:11
Thus he slandered him, because he was desirous of his kingdom.

1 Maccabees 11:12
Therefore he took his daughter from him, and gave her to Demetrius, and forsook Alexander, so that their hatred was openly known.

1 Maccabees 11:13
Then Ptolemy entered into Antioch, where he set two crowns upon his head, the crown of Asia, and of Egypt.

1 Maccabees 11:14
In the mean season, king Alexander was in Cilicia, because those who dwelt in those parts had revolted from him.

1 Maccabees 11:15
But when Alexander heard of this, he came to war against him; whereupon king Ptolemy brought forth his host, and met him with a mighty power, and put him to flight.

1 Maccabees 11:16
So Alexander fled into Arabia there to be defended; but king Ptolemy was exalted;

1 Maccabees 11:17
For Zabdiel the Arabian took off Alexander's head, and sent it to Ptolemy.

1 Maccabees 11:18
King Ptolemy also died the third day after, and those who were in the strongholds were slain of one another.

1 Maccabees 11:19
By this means, Demetrius reigned in the hundred sixty seventh year.

1 Maccabees 11:20
At the same time, Jonathan gathered together those who were in Judea to take the tower that was in Jerusalem; and he made many engines of war against it.

1 Maccabees 11:21
Then ungodly persons came, who hated their own people, [and] went to the king, and told him that Jonathan besieged the tower,

1 Maccabees 11:22
Whereof, when he heard, he was angry, and immediately removing, he came to Ptolemais, and wrote to Jonathan, that he should not lay siege to the tower, but come and speak with him at Ptolemais in great haste.

1 Maccabees 11:23
Nevertheless, Jonathan, when he heard this, commanded to still besiege it; and he chose some of the elders of Israel and the priests, and put himself in peril;

1 Maccabees 11:24
And took silver and gold, and raiment, and various presents besides, and went to Ptolemais to the king, where he found favor in his sight.

1 Maccabees 11:25
And though certain ungodly men of the people had made complaints against him,

1 Maccabees 11:26
Yet the king entreated him as his predecessors had done before, and promoted him in the sight of all his friends,

1 Maccabees 11:27
And confirmed him in the high priesthood, and in all the honors that he had before, and gave him preeminence among his chief friends.

1 Maccabees 11:28
Then Jonathan desired the king, that he would make Judea free from tribute, as also the three governments, with the country of Samaria; and he promised him three hundred talents.

1 Maccabees 11:29
So the king consented, and wrote letters to Jonathan of all these things after this manner;

1 Maccabees 11:30
"King Demetrius to his brother Jonathan, and to the nation of the Jews, sends greeting;

1 Maccabees 11:31
We send you here a copy of the letter which we wrote to our cousin Lasthenes concerning you, that you might see it.

1 Maccabees 11:32
King Demetrius to his father Lasthenes sends greeting;

1 Maccabees 11:33
We are determined to do good to the people of the Jews, who are our friends, and keep covenants with us, because of their good will toward us.

1 Maccabees 11:34
Therefore we have ratified the borders of Judea to them, with the three governments of Apherema and Lydda and Ramathem, which are added to Judea from the country of Samaria, and all things appertaining to them, for all such who do sacrifice in Jerusalem, instead of the payments which the king received of them yearly aforetime out of the fruits of the earth and of trees.

1 Maccabees 11:35
And as for other things that belong to us, of the tithes and customs pertaining to us, as also the saltpits, and the crown taxes, which are due to us, we discharge them of them all for their relief.

1 Maccabees 11:36
And nothing hereof will be revoked from this time forth forever.

1 Maccabees 11:37
Now therefore see that you make a copy of these things, and let it be delivered to Jonathan, and set upon the holy mount in a conspicuous place."

1 Maccabees 11:38
After this, when king Demetrius saw that the land was quiet before him, and that no resistance was made against him, he sent away all his forces, every one to his own place, except certain bands of strangers, whom he had gathered from the isles of the heathen; therefore all the forces of his fathers hated him.

1 Maccabees 11:39
Moreover, there was one Tryphon, who had been of Alexander's part afore, who, seeing that all the host murmured against Demetrius, went to Simalcue the Arabian who brought up Antiochus, the young son of Alexander,

1 Maccabees 11:40
And lay sore upon him to deliver him this young Antiochus, that he might reign in his father's stead; he told him therefore all that Demetrius had done, and how his men of war were at enmity with him, and he remained there a long season.

1 Maccabees 11:41
In the mean time, Jonathan sent to king Demetrius, that he would cast those of the tower out of Jerusalem, and those also in the fortresses; for they fought against Israel.

1 Maccabees 11:42
So Demetrius sent to Jonathan, saying, "I will not only do this for you and your people, but I will greatly honor you and your nation, if opportunity serves.

1 Maccabees 11:43
Now therefore you will do well, if you send me men to help me; for all my forces have gone from me."

1 Maccabees 11:44
Upon this, Jonathan sent him three thousand strong men to Antioch; and when they came to the king, the king was very glad of their coming.

1 Maccabees 11:45
Howbeit, those who were of the city gathered themselves together into the midst of the city, to the number of an hundred and twenty thousand men, and would have slain the king.

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Therefore the king fled into the court, but those of the city kept the passages of the city, and began to fight.

1 Maccabees 11:47
Then the king called to the Jews for help, who came to him all at once, and dispersing themselves through the city, slew that day in the city to the number of a hundred thousand.

1 Maccabees 11:48
They also set fire on the city, and got many spoils that day, and delivered the king.

1 Maccabees 11:49
So when those of the city saw that the Jews had gotten the city as they would, their courage was abated; therefore they made supplication to the king, and cried, saying,

1 Maccabees 11:50
"Grant us peace, and let the Jews cease from assaulting us and the city."

1 Maccabees 11:51
With that they cast away their weapons, and made peace; and the Jews were honored in the sight of the king, and in the sight of all who were in his realm; and they returned to Jerusalem, having great spoils.

1 Maccabees 11:52
So king Demetrius sat on the throne of his kingdom, and the land was quiet before him.

1 Maccabees 11:53
Nevertheless, he dissembled in all that he ever spoke, and estranged himself from Jonathan, neither did he reward him according to the benefits which he had received of him, but troubled him very sore.

1 Maccabees 11:54
After this, Tryphon returned, and with him the young child Antiochus, who reigned, and was crowned.

1 Maccabees 11:55
Then all the men of war gathered to him, whom Demetrius had put away, and they fought against Demetrius, who turned his back and fled.

1 Maccabees 11:56
Moreover, Tryphon took the elephants, and won Antioch.

1 Maccabees 11:57
At that time, young Antiochus wrote to Jonathan, saying, "I confirm you in the high priesthood, and appoint you ruler over the four governments, and to be one of the king's friends.

1 Maccabees 11:58
Upon this, he sent him golden vessels to be served in, and gave him leave to drink in gold, and to be clothed in purple, and to wear a golden buckle.

1 Maccabees 11:59
He also made his brother Simon captain from the place called The ladder of Tyrus to the borders of Egypt.

1 Maccabees 11:60
Then Jonathan went forth, and passed through the cities beyond the water, and all the forces of Syria gathered themselves to him to help him; and when he came to Ascalon, those of the city met him honorably.

1 Maccabees 11:61
From where he went to Gaza, but those of Gaza shut him out; therefore he laid siege to it, and burned the suburbs thereof with fire, and spoiled them.

1 Maccabees 11:62
Afterward, when those of Gaza made supplication to Jonathan, he made peace with them, and took the sons of their chief men for hostages, and sent them to Jerusalem, and passed through the country to Damascus.

1 Maccabees 11:63
Now when Jonathan heard that Demetrius' princes had come to Cades, which is in Galilee, with a great power, purposing to remove him out of the country,

1 Maccabees 11:64
He went to meet them, and left Simon his brother in the country.

1 Maccabees 11:65
Then Simon encamped against Bethsura and fought against it for a long season, and shut it up;

1 Maccabees 11:66
But they desired to have peace with him, which he granted them, and then put them out from there, and took the city, and set a garrison in it.

1 Maccabees 11:67
As for Jonathan and his host, they pitched at the water of Gennesar, from where they got them early in the morning to the plain of Nasor.

1 Maccabees 11:68
And, behold, the host of strangers met them in the plain, who, having laid men in ambush for him in the mountains, came themselves over against him.

1 Maccabees 11:69
So when those who lay in ambush rose out of their places and joined battle, all who were of Jonathan's side fled;

1 Maccabees 11:70
Insomuch that there was not one of them left, except Mattathias, the son of Absalom, and Judas, the son of Calphi, the captains of the host.

1 Maccabees 11:71
Then Jonathan rent his clothes, and cast earth upon his head, and prayed.

1 Maccabees 11:72
Afterwards, turning again to battle, he put them to flight, and so they ran away.

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Now when his own men who had fled saw this, they turned again to him, and pursued them with him to Cades, even to their own tents, and there they camped.

1 Maccabees 11:74
So about three thousand men of the heathen were slain that day; but Jonathan returned to Jerusalem.

1 Maccabees 12:1
Now when Jonathan saw that time served him, he chose certain men, and sent them to Rome to confirm and renew the friendship that they had with them.

1 Maccabees 12:2
He also sent letters to the Lacedemonians, and to other places, for the same purpose.

1 Maccabees 12:3
So they went to Rome, and entered into the senate, and said, "Jonathan the high priest, and the people of the Jews, sent us to you, to the end you should renew the friendship, which you had with them, and league, as in former time."

1 Maccabees 12:4
Upon this, the Romans gave them letters to the governors of every place that they should bring them into the land of Judea peaceably.

1 Maccabees 12:5
And this is the copy of the letters which Jonathan wrote to the Lacedemonians;

1 Maccabees 12:6
"Jonathan the high priest, and the elders of the nation, and the priests, and the other of the Jews, to the Lacedemonians their brethren send greeting;

1 Maccabees 12:7
There were letters sent in times past to Onias, the high priest, from Darius, who reigned then among you, to signify that you are our brethren, as the copy here underwritten does specify.

1 Maccabees 12:8
At which time, Onias entreated the ambassador who was sent honorably, and received the letters, wherein declaration was made of the league and friendship.

1 Maccabees 12:9
Therefore we also, albeit we need none of these things, that we have the Holy Books of Scripture in our hands to comfort us,

1 Maccabees 12:10
Have nevertheless attempted to send to you for the renewing of brotherhood and friendship, unless we should become strangers to you altogether; for a long time has passed since you sent to us.

1 Maccabees 12:11
We therefore, at all times without ceasing, both in our feasts, and other convenient days, do remember you in the sacrifices which we offer, and in our prayers, as reason is, and as it becomes us to think upon our brethren;

1 Maccabees 12:12
And we are right glad of your honor.

1 Maccabees 12:13
As for ourselves, we have had great troubles and wars on every side, forsomuch as the kings who are round about us have fought against us.

1 Maccabees 12:14
Howbeit, we would not be troublesome to you, nor to others of our confederates and friends, in these wars;

1 Maccabees 12:15
For we have help from heaven that succours us, so we are delivered from our enemies, and our enemies are brought under foot.

1 Maccabees 12:16
For this cause we chose Numenius, the son of Antiochus, and Antipater, the son of Jason, and sent them to the Romans, to renew the amity that we had with them, and the former league.

1 Maccabees 12:17
We commanded them to also go to you, and to salute and deliver you our letters concerning the renewing of our brotherhood.

1 Maccabees 12:18
Therefore you will now do well to give us an answer thereto."

1 Maccabees 12:19
And this is the copy of the letters which Oniares sent.

1 Maccabees 12:20
"Areus, king of the Lacedemonians, to Onias the high priest, greeting;

1 Maccabees 12:21
It is found in writing, that the Lacedemonians and Jews are brethren, and that they are of the stock of Abraham;

1 Maccabees 12:22
Now therefore, since this has come to our knowledge, you will do well to write to us of your prosperity.

1 Maccabees 12:23
We do write back again to you, that your cattle and goods are ours, and ours are yours. We do therefore command our ambassadors to make report to you on this wise."

1 Maccabees 12:24
Now when Jonathan heard that Demebius' princes had come to fight against him with a greater host than before,

1 Maccabees 12:25
He removed from Jerusalem, and met them in the land of Amathis; for he gave them no respite to enter his country.

1 Maccabees 12:26
He sent spies also to their tents, who came again, and told him that they were appointed to come upon them in the night season.

1 Maccabees 12:27
Therefore as soon the sun was down, Jonathan commanded his men to watch, and to be in arms, that all the night long they might be ready to fight; he also sent forth centinels round about the host.

1 Maccabees 12:28
But when the adversaries heard that Jonathan and his men were ready for battle, they feared, and trembled in their hearts, and they kindled fires in their camp.

1 Maccabees 12:29
Howbeit, Jonathan and his company did not know it until the morning; for they saw the lights burning.

1 Maccabees 12:30
Then Jonathan pursued after them, but did not overtake them; for they had gone over the river Eleutherus.

1 Maccabees 12:31
Therefore Jonathan turned to the Arabians, who were called Zabadeans, and struck them, and took their spoils.

1 Maccabees 12:32
And removing there, he came to Damascus, and so passed through all the country,

1 Maccabees 12:33
Simon also went forth, and passed through the country to Ascalon, and the holds there adjoining, from where he turned aside to Joppa, and won it.

1 Maccabees 12:34
For he had heard that they would deliver the hold to those who took Demetrius' part; therefore he set a garrison there to keep it.

1 Maccabees 12:35
After this, Jonathan came home again, and calling the elders of the people together, he consulted with them about building strongholds in Judea,

1 Maccabees 12:36
And making the walls of Jerusalem higher, and raising a great mount between the tower and the city, to separate it from the city, that it might be alone, that men might neither sell or buy in it.

1 Maccabees 12:37
Upon this, they came together to build up the city, forasmuch as part of the wall toward the brook on the east side had fallen down, and they repaired that which was called Caphenatha.

1 Maccabees 12:38
Simon also set up Adida in Sephela, and made it strong with gates and bars.

1 Maccabees 12:39
Now Tryphon went about to get the kingdom of Asia, and to kill Antiochus the king, that he might set the crown upon his own head.

1 Maccabees 12:40
Howbeit, he was afraid that Jonathan would not let him, and that he would fight against him; therefore he sought a way to take Jonathan, that he might kill him. So he removed, and came to Bethsan.

1 Maccabees 12:41
Then Jonathan went out to meet him with forty thousand men chosen for the battle, and came to Bethsan.

1 Maccabees 12:42
Now when Tryphon saw Jonathan come with so great a force, he did not stretch his hand against him;

1 Maccabees 12:43
But received him honorably, and commended him to all his friends, and gave him gifts, and commanded his men of war to be as obedient to him, as to himself.

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To Jonathan he also said, "Why have you brought all this people to so great trouble, seeing there is no war between us?

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Therefore, now send them home again, and choose a few men to wait on you, and come with me to Ptolemais, for I will give it you, and the rest of the strongholds and forces, and all that have any charge; as for me, I will return and depart; for this is the cause of my coming."

1 Maccabees 12:46
So Jonathan, believing him, did as he bade him, and sent his host away, who went into the land of Judea.

1 Maccabees 12:47
And with himself, he retained but three thousand men, of whom he sent two thousand into Galilee, and one thousand went with him.

1 Maccabees 12:48
Now as soon as Jonathan entered into Ptolemais, those of Ptolemais shut the gates and took him, and all those who came with him, they slew with the sword.

1 Maccabees 12:49
Then Tryphon sent a host of footmen and horsemen into Galilee, and into the great plain, to destroy all Jonathan's company.

1 Maccabees 12:50
But when they knew that Jonathan and those who were with him were taken and slain, they encouraged one another; and went close together, prepared to fight.

1 Maccabees 12:51
Therefore, those who followed upon them, perceiving that they were ready to fight for their lives, turned back again.

1 Maccabees 12:52
Whereupon they all came into the land of Judea peaceably, and there they bewailed Jonathan, and those who were with him, and they were sore afraid; therefore all Israel made great lamentation.

1 Maccabees 12:53
Then all the heathen who were round about then sought to destroy them; for they said, "They have no captain, nor any to help them; now therefore let us make war upon them, and take away their memorial from among men."

1 Maccabees 13:1
Now when Simon heard that Tryphon had gathered together a great host to invade the land of Judea, and destroy it,

1 Maccabees 13:2
And saw that the people were in great trembling and fear, he went up to Jerusalem, and gathered the people together,

1 Maccabees 13:3
And gave them exhortation, saying, "You yourselves know what great things I, and my brethren, and my father's house, have done for the laws and the sanctuary, the battles also and troubles which we have seen.

1 Maccabees 13:4
By reason whereof all my brethren are slain for Israel's sake, and I am left alone.

1 Maccabees 13:5
Now therefore be it far from me, that I should spare my own life in any time of trouble; for I am no better than my brethren.

1 Maccabees 13:6
Doubtless, I will avenge my nation, and the sanctuary, and our wives, and our children; for all the heathen have gathered to destroy us of very malice."

1 Maccabees 13:7
Now as soon as the people heard these words, their spirit revived.

1 Maccabees 13:8
And they answered with a loud voice, saying, "You will be our leader instead of Judas and Jonathan your brother.

1 Maccabees 13:9
Fight our battles, and whatever you command us, that, we will do."

1 Maccabees 13:10
So he then gathered together all the men of war, and made haste to finish the walls of Jerusalem, and he fortified it round about.

1 Maccabees 13:11
He also sent Jonathan, the son of Absolom, and with him a great power, to Joppa; who, casting out those who were therein, remained there in it.

1 Maccabees 13:12
So Tryphon removed from Ptolemaus with a great power to invade the land of Judea, and Jonathan was with him in ward.

1 Maccabees 13:13
But Simon pitched his tents at Adida, over against the plain.

1 Maccabees 13:14
Now when Tryphon knew that Simon had risen up instead of his brother Jonathan, and meant to join battle with him, he sent messengers to him, saying,

1 Maccabees 13:15
"Whereas we have Jonathan your brother in hold, it is for money that he is owing to the king's treasure, concerning the business that was committed to him.

1 Maccabees 13:16
Therefore, now send a hundred talents of silver, and two of his sons for hostages, that when he is at liberty, he may not revolt from us, and we will let him go."

1 Maccabees 13:17
Hereupon Simon, albeit he perceived that they spoke deceitfully to him, still sent the money and the children, unless peradventure, he should procure great hatred of the people to himself;

1 Maccabees 13:18
Who might have said, "Because I did not send him the money and the children, therefore Jonathan is dead."

1 Maccabees 13:19
So he sent them the children and the hundred talents; howbeit, Tryphon dissembled, neither would he let Jonathan go.

1 Maccabees 13:20
And after this, Tryphon came to invade the land and destroy it, going round about by the way that leads to Adora; but Simon and his host marched against him in every place, wherever he went.

1 Maccabees 13:21
Now those who were in the tower sent messengers to Tryphon, to the end that he should hasten his coming to them by the wilderness, and send them victuals.

1 Maccabees 13:22
Therefore Tryphon readied all his horsemen to come that night; but a very great snow fell, by reason whereof he did not come. So he departed, and came into the country of Galaad.

1 Maccabees 13:23
And when he came near Bascama, he slew Jonathan, who was buried there.

1 Maccabees 13:24
Afterward, Tryphon returned and went into his own land.

1 Maccabees 13:25
Then Simon sent and took the bones of Jonathan his brother, and buried them in Modin, the city of his fathers.

1 Maccabees 13:26
And all Israel made great lamentation for him, and bewailed him for many days.

1 Maccabees 13:27
Simon also built a monument upon the sepulchre of his father and his brethren, and raised it aloft to the sight, with hewn stone behind and before.

1 Maccabees 13:28
Moreover, he set up seven pyramids, one against another, for his father, and his mother, and his four brethren.

1 Maccabees 13:29
And in these, he made cunning devices, about the which he set great pillars, and upon the pillars, he made all their armor for a perpetual memory, and by the armor, carved ships, that they might be seen of all who sail on the sea.

1 Maccabees 13:30
This is the sepulchre which he made at Modin, and it still stands to this day.

1 Maccabees 13:31
Now Tryphon dealt deceitfully with the young king Antiochus, and slew him.

1 Maccabees 13:32
And he reigned in his stead, and crowned himself king of Asia, and brought a great calamity upon the land.

1 Maccabees 13:33
Then Simon built up the strongholds in Judea, and fenced them about with high towers, and great walls, and gates, and bars, and laid up victuals therein.

1 Maccabees 13:34
Moreover, Simon chose men, and sent to king Demetrius, to the end he should give the land an immunity, because all that Tryphon did was to spoil.

1 Maccabees 13:35
To whom king Demetrius answered and wrote after this manner;

1 Maccabees 13:36
"King Demetrius to Simon the high priest, and friend of kings, as also to the elders and nation of the Jews, sends greeting;

1 Maccabees 13:37
The golden crown, and the scarlet robe, which you sent to us, we have received; and we are ready to make a stedfast peace with you, indeed, and to write to our officers, to confirm the immunities which we have granted.

1 Maccabees 13:38
And whatever covenants we have made with you will stand; and the strongholds, which you have built, will be your own.

1 Maccabees 13:39
As for any oversight or fault committed to this day, we forgive it, and the crown tax also, which you owe us; and if there were any other tributes paid in Jerusalem, it will no longer be paid.

1 Maccabees 13:40
And look who are meet among you to be in our court, let then be enrolled, and let there be peace between us."

1 Maccabees 13:41
Thus the yoke of the heathen was taken away from Israel in the hundred seventieth year.

1 Maccabees 13:42
Then the people of Israel began to write in their instruments and contracts, "In the first year of Simon the high priest, the governor and leader of the Jews.

1 Maccabees 13:43
In those days, Simon camped against Gaza and besieged it round about; he also made an engine of war, and set it by the city, and battered a certain tower, and took it.

1 Maccabees 13:44
And those who were in the engine leaped into the city; whereupon there was a great uproar in the city;

1 Maccabees 13:45
Insomuch that the people of the city rent their clothes, and climbed upon the walls with their wives and children, and cried with a loud voice, beseeching Simon to grant them peace.

1 Maccabees 13:46
And they said, "Do not deal with us according to our wickedness, but according to your mercy."

1 Maccabees 13:47
So Simon was appeased toward them, and fought no more against them, but put them out of the city, and cleansed the houses wherein the idols were, and so entered into it with songs and thanksgiving.

1 Maccabees 13:48
Indeed, he put all uncleanness out of it, and placed such men there who would keep the law, and made it stronger than it was before, and built a dwellingplace therein for himself.

1 Maccabees 13:49
Those also of the tower in Jerusalem were kept so strait, that they could neither come forth, nor go into the country, nor buy, nor sell; therefore they were in great distress for want of victuals, and a great number of them perished through famine.

1 Maccabees 13:50
Then they cried to Simon, beseeching him to be at one with them; which thing he granted to them; and when he had put them out from there, he cleansed the tower from pollutions;

1 Maccabees 13:51
And entered into it the twenty third day of the second month in the hundred seventy first year, with thanksgiving, and branches of palm trees, and with harps, and cymbals, and with viols, and hymns, and songs; because a great enemy was destroyed out of Israel.

1 Maccabees 13:52
He also ordained that that day should be kept every year with gladness. Moreover, the hill of the temple that was by the tower, he made stronger than it was, and he dwelt there himself with his company.

1 Maccabees 13:53
And when Simon saw that John his son was a valiant man, he made him captain of all the hosts; and he dwelt in Gazera.

1 Maccabees 14:1
Now in the hundred seventy second year, king Demetrius gathered his forces together, and went into Media to get him help to fight against Tryphone.

1 Maccabees 14:2
But when Arsaces, the king of Persia and Media, heard that Demetrius had entered within his borders, he sent one of his princes to take him alive;

1 Maccabees 14:3
Who went and struck the host of Demetrius, and took him, and brought him to Arsaces, by whom he was put in ward.

1 Maccabees 14:4
As for the land of Judea, that was quiet all the days of Simon; for he sought the good of his nation in such wise, that his authority and honor pleased them well evermore.

1 Maccabees 14:5
And as he was honorable in all his acts, so in this, he took Joppa for a haven, and made an entrance to the isles of the sea,

1 Maccabees 14:6
And enlarged the bounds of his nation, and recovered the country,

1 Maccabees 14:7
And gathered a great number of captives together, and had the dominion of Gazera, and Bethsura, and the tower, out of the which he took all uncleaness, neither were there any who resisted him.

1 Maccabees 14:8
Then they did until their ground in peace, and the earth gave her increase, and the trees of the field their fruit.

1 Maccabees 14:9
The ancient men all sat in the streets, communing together of good things, and the young men put on glorious and warlike apparel.

1 Maccabees 14:10
He provided victuals for the cities, and set all manner of munition in them, so that his honorable name was renowned to the end of the world.

1 Maccabees 14:11
He made peace in the land, and Israel rejoiced with great joy;

1 Maccabees 14:12
For every man sat under his vine and his fig tree, and there were none to fray them;

1 Maccabees 14:13
Neither were there any left in the land to fight against them; indeed, the kings themselves were overthrown in those days.

1 Maccabees 14:14
Moreover, he strengthened all those of his people who were brought low; he searched out the law; and he took away every contemner of the law and wicked person.

1 Maccabees 14:15
He beautified the sanctuary, and multiplied vessels of the temple.

1 Maccabees 14:16
Now when it was heard at Rome, and as far as Sparta, that Jonathan was dead, they were very sorry.

1 Maccabees 14:17
But as soon as they heard that his brother Simon was made high priest in his stead, and ruled the country, and the cities therein;

1 Maccabees 14:18
They wrote to him in tables of brass, to renew the friendship and league which they had made with Judas and Jonathan his brethren;

1 Maccabees 14:19
Which writings were read before the congregation at Jerusalem.

1 Maccabees 14:20
And this is the copy of the letters that the Lacedemonians sent; "The rulers of the Lacedemonians, with the city, to Simon the high priest, and the elders, and priests, and residue of the people of the Jews, our brethren, send greeting;

1 Maccabees 14:21
The ambassadors who were sent to our people certified us of your glory and honor; therefore we were glad of their coming,

1 Maccabees 14:22
And registered the things that they spoke in the council of the people in this manner; Numenius, son of Antiochus, and Antipater, son of Jason, the Jews' ambassadors, came to us to renew the friendship they had with us.

1 Maccabees 14:23
And it pleased the people to entertain the men honorably, and to put the copy of their ambassage in public records, to the end the people of the Lacedemonians might have a memorial thereof; furthermore we have written a copy thereof to Simon the high priest."

1 Maccabees 14:24
After this, Simon sent Numenius to Rome with a great shield of gold of a thousand pound weight to confirm the league with them.

1 Maccabees 14:25
Whereof when the people heard, they said, "What thanks will we give to Simon and his sons?

1 Maccabees 14:26
For he and his brethren and the house of his father have established Israel, and chased away their enemies from them in fight, and confirmed their liberty."

1 Maccabees 14:27
So they then wrote it in tables of brass, which they set upon pillars in Mount Zion; and this is the copy of the writing; "The eighteenth day of the month Elul, in the hundred seventy second year, being the third year of Simon the high priest,

1 Maccabees 14:28
At Saramel in the great congregation of the priests, and people, and rulers of the nation, and elders of the country, were these things notified to us.

1 Maccabees 14:29
Forasmuch as oftentimes there have been wars in the country, wherein for the maintenance of their sanctuary, and the law, Simon, the son of Mattathias, of the posterity of Jarib, together with his brethren, put themselves in jeopardy, and resisting the enemies of their nation, did their nation great honor;"

1 Maccabees 14:30
(For after that, Jonathan, having gathered his nation together, and been their high priest, was added to his people,

1 Maccabees 14:31
Their enemies prepared to invade their country, that they might destroy it, and lay hands on the sanctuary;

1 Maccabees 14:32
At which time Simon rose up, and fought for his nation, and spent much of his own substance, and armed the valiant men of his nation and gave them wages,

1 Maccabees 14:33
And fortified the cities of Judea, together with Bethsura, that lies upon the borders of Judea, where the armor of the enemies had been before; but he set a garrison of Jews there;

1 Maccabees 14:34
Moreover, he fortified Joppa, which lies upon the sea, and Gazera, that borders upon Azotus, where the enemies had dwelt before; but he placed Jews there, and furnished them with all things convenient for the reparation thereof).

1 Maccabees 14:35
The people therefore sang the acts of Simon, and to what glory he thought to bring his nation, made him their governor and chief priest, because he had done all these things, and for the justice and faith which he kept to his nation, and that he sought to exalt his people by all means.

1 Maccabees 14:36
For in his time, things prospered in his hands, so that the heathen were taken out of their country, and those also who were in the city of David in Jerusalem, who had made themselves a tower, out of which they issued, and polluted all about the sanctuary, and did much hurt in the holy place;

1 Maccabees 14:37
But he placed Jews therein, and fortified it for the safety of the country and the city, and raised up the walls of Jerusalem.

1 Maccabees 14:38
King Demetrius also confirmed him in the high priesthood according to those things,

1 Maccabees 14:39
And made him one of his friends, and honored him with great honor.

1 Maccabees 14:40
For he had heard say, that the Romans had called the Jews their friends and confederates and brethren; and that they had entertained the ambassadors of Simon honorably;

1 Maccabees 14:41
Also that the Jews and priests were well pleased that Simon should be their governor and high priest forever, until there should arise a faithful prophet;

1 Maccabees 14:42
Moreover, that he should be their captain, and should take charge of the sanctuary, to set them over their works, and over the country, and over the armor, and over the fortresses, that, I say, he should take charge of the sanctuary;

1 Maccabees 14:43
Beside this, that he should be obeyed of every man, and that all the writings in the country should be made in his name, and that he should be clothed in purple, and wear gold;

1 Maccabees 14:44
Also that it should be lawful for none of the people or priests to break any of these things, or to deny his words, or to gather an assembly in the country without him, or to be clothed in purple, or wear a buckle of gold;

1 Maccabees 14:45
And whoever should do otherwise, or break any of these things, he should be punished.

1 Maccabees 14:46
Thus it seemed well to all the people to deal with Simon, and to do as has been said.

1 Maccabees 14:47
Then Simon accepted hereof, and was well pleased to be high priest, and captain and governor of the Jews and priests, and to defend them all.

1 Maccabees 14:48
So they commanded that this writing should be put in tables of brass, and that they should be set up within the compass of the sanctuary in a conspicuous place;

1 Maccabees 14:49
Also that the copies thereof should be laid up in the treasury, to the end that Simon and his sons might have them.

1 Maccabees 15:1
Moreover, Antiochus, son of Demetrius the king, sent letters from the isles of the sea to Simon the priest and prince of the Jews, and to all the people;

1 Maccabees 15:2
The contents whereof were these; "King Antiochus to Simon the high priest and prince of his nation, and to the people of the Jews, greeting;

1 Maccabees 15:3
Forasmuch as certain pestilent men have usurped the kingdom of our fathers, and my purpose is to challenge it again, that I may restore it to the old estate, and to that end have gathered a multitude of foreign soldiers together, and prepared ships of war;

1 Maccabees 15:4
My meaning also being to go through the country, that I may be avenged of those who have destroyed it, and made many cities in the kingdom desolate;

1 Maccabees 15:5
Now I therefore confirm to you all the oblations which the kings before me granted you, and whatever gifts they granted besides.

1 Maccabees 15:6
I give you leave also to coin money for your country with your own stamp.

1 Maccabees 15:7
And as concerning Jerusalem and the sanctuary, let them be free; and all the armor that you have made, and fortresses that you have built, and keep in your hands, let them remain to you.

1 Maccabees 15:8
And if anything is, or will be, owing to the king, let it be forgiven to you from this time forth forevermore.

1 Maccabees 15:9
Furthermore, when we have obtained our kingdom, we will honor you, and your nation, and your temple, with great honor, so that your honor will be known throughout the world."

1 Maccabees 15:10
In the hundred seventy fourth year, Antiochus went into the land of his fathers; at which time, all the forces came together to him, so that few were left with Tryphon.

1 Maccabees 15:11
Therefore being pursued by king Antiochus, he fled to Dora, which lies by the sea side;

1 Maccabees 15:12
For he saw that troubles came upon him all at once, and that his forces had forsaken him.

1 Maccabees 15:13
Then Antiochus camped against Dora, having a hundred and twenty thousand men of war with him, and eight thousand horsemen.

1 Maccabees 15:14
And when he had encompassed the city round about, and joined ships close to the town on the sea side, he vexed the city by land and by sea, neither did he let any to go out or in.

1 Maccabees 15:15
In the mean season, Numenius and his company came from Rome, having letters to the kings and countries; wherein were written these things;

1 Maccabees 15:16
"Lucius, consul of the Romans to king Ptolemy, greeting;

1 Maccabees 15:17
The Jews' ambassadors, our friends and confederates, came to us to renew the old friendship and league, being sent from Simon the high priest, and from the people of the Jews;

1 Maccabees 15:18
And they brought a shield of gold of a thousand pounds.

1 Maccabees 15:19
We thought it good therefore to write to the kings and countries, that they should do them no harm, nor fight against them, their cities, or countries, nor yet aid their enemies against them.

1 Maccabees 15:20
It also seemed good to us to receive the shield of them.

1 Maccabees 15:21
If therefore there are any pestilent fellows, who have fled from their country to you, deliver them to Simon the high priest, that he may punish them according to their own law."

1 Maccabees 15:22
He likewise wrote the same things to Demetrius the king, and Attalus, to Ariarathes, and Arsaces,

1 Maccabees 15:23
And to all the countries and to Sampsames, and the Lacedemonians, and to Delus, and Myndus, and Sicyon, and Caria, and Samos, and Pamphylia, and Lycia, and Halicarnassus, and Rhodus, and Aradus, and Cos, and Side, and Aradus, and Gortyna, and Cnidus, and Cyprus, and Cyrene.

1 Maccabees 15:24
And they wrote the copy hereof to Simon the high priest.

1 Maccabees 15:25
So Antiochus the king camped against Dora the second day, assaulting it continually, and making engines, by which means he shut up Tryphon, that he could neither go out or in.

1 Maccabees 15:26
At that time, Simon sent him two thousand chosen men to aid him; silver also, and gold, and much armor.

1 Maccabees 15:27
Nevertheless, he would not receive them, but broke all the covenants which he had made with him before, and became strange to him.

1 Maccabees 15:28
Furthermore, he sent Athenobius to him, one of his friends, to commune with him, and say, "You withhold Joppa and Gazera; with the tower that is in Jerusalem, which are cities of my realm.

1 Maccabees 15:29
You have wasted the borders thereof, and done great hurt in the land, and gotten the dominion of many places within my kingdom.

1 Maccabees 15:30
Now therefore deliver the cities which you have taken, and the tributes of the places, whereof you have gotten dominion without the borders of Judea;

1 Maccabees 15:31
Or else give me five hundred talents of silver for them; and for the harm that you have done, and the tributes of the cities, another five hundred talents; if not, we will come and fight against you.

1 Maccabees 15:32
So Athenobius, the king's friend, came to Jerusalem; and when he saw the glory of Simon, and the cupboard of gold and silver plate, and his great attendance, he was astonished, and told him the king's message.

1 Maccabees 15:33
Then Simon answered and said to him, "We have neither taken other men's land, nor held that which appertains to others, but the inheritance of our fathers, which our enemies wrongfully had in possession a certain time.

1 Maccabees 15:34
Therefore we, having opportunity, hold the inheritance of our fathers.

1 Maccabees 15:35
And whereas you demand Joppa and Gazera, albeit they did great harm to the people in our country, yet we will give you a hundred talents for them." Hereto, Athenobius did not answer him a word;

1 Maccabees 15:36
But returned in a rage to the king, and made report to him of these speeches, and of the glory of Simon, and of all that he had seen; whereupon the king was exceedingly angry.

1 Maccabees 15:37
In the mean time, Tryphon fled by ship to Orthosias.

1 Maccabees 15:38
Then the king made Cendebeus captain of the sea coast, and gave him a host of footmen and horsemen,

1 Maccabees 15:39
And commanded him to remove his host toward Judea; he also commanded him to build up Cedron, and to fortify the gates, and to war against the people; but as for the king himself, he pursued Tryphon.

1 Maccabees 15:40
So Cendebeus came to Jamnia and began to provoke the people and to invade Judea, and to take the people prisoners, and slay them.

1 Maccabees 15:41
And when he had built up Cedrou, he set horsemen there, and a host of footmen, to the end that issuing out, they might make outroads upon the ways of Judea, as the king had commanded him.

1 Maccabees 16:1
Then John came up from Gazera, and told Simon his father what Cendebeus had done.

1 Maccabees 16:2
Therefore Simon called his two eldest sons, Judas and John, and said to them, "I, and my brethren, and my father's house, have ever from my youth to this day fought against the enemies of Israel; and things have prospered so well in our hands, that we have delivered Israel oftentimes.

1 Maccabees 16:3
But now I am old, and you, by God's mercy, are of a sufficient age; be instead of me and my brother, and go and fight for our nation, and the help from heaven is with you."

1 Maccabees 16:4
So he chose twenty thousand men of war with horsemen out of the country, who went out against Cendebeus, and rested that night at Modin.

1 Maccabees 16:5
And when they rose in the morning, and went into the plain, behold, a mighty great host both of footmen and horsemen came against them; howbeit, there was a water brook between them.

1 Maccabees 16:6
So he and his people pitched over against them; and when he saw that the people were afraid to go over the water brook, he went first over himself, and then the men, seeing him, passed through after him.

1 Maccabees 16:7
That done, he divided his men, and set the horsemen in the midst of the footmen; for the enemies' horsemen were very many.

1 Maccabees 16:8
Then they sounded with the holy trumpets; whereupon Cendebeus and his host were put to flight, so that many of them were slain, and the remnant got themselves to the stronghold.

1 Maccabees 16:9
At that time, Judas, John's brother, was wounded; but John still followed after them, until he came to Cedron, which Cendebeus had built.

1 Maccabees 16:10
So they fled even to the towers in the fields of Azotus; therefore he burned it with fire; so that about two thousand men of them were slain. Afterward, he returned into the land of Judea in peace.

1 Maccabees 16:11
Moreover, in the plain of Jericho, Ptolemeus, the son of Abubus, was made captain, and he had an abundance of silver and gold;

1 Maccabees 16:12
For he was the high priest's son-in-law.

1 Maccabees 16:13
Therefore he, [with] his heart being lifted up, thought to get the country to himself, and thereupon deceitfully consulted against Simon and his sons to destroy them.

1 Maccabees 16:14
Now Simon was visiting the cities that were in the country, and taking care for the good ordering of them; at which time he came down himself to Jericho with his sons, Mattathias and Judas, in the hundred seventy seventh year, in the eleventh month, called Sabat;

1 Maccabees 16:15
Where the son of Abubus, receiving them deceitfully into a little hold, called Docus, which he had built, made them a great banquet; howbeit, he had hid men there.

1 Maccabees 16:16
So when Simon and his sons had drunk largely, Ptolemy and his men rose up, and took their weapons, and came upon Simon into the banqueting place, and slew him, and his two sons, and some of his servants.

1 Maccabees 16:17
In which doing, he committed a great treachery, and recompensed evil for good.

1 Maccabees 16:18
Then Ptolemy wrote these things, and sent to the king, that he should send him a host to aid him, and he would deliver the country and cities to him.

1 Maccabees 16:19
He also sent others to Gazera to kill John; and he sent letters to the tribunes to come to him, that he might give them silver, and gold, and rewards.

1 Maccabees 16:20
And he sent others to take Jerusalem, and the mountain of the temple.

1 Maccabees 16:21
Now one had run before to Gazera and told John that his father and brethren were slain, and Ptolemy has sent to slay you also.

1 Maccabees 16:22
Hereof, when he heard, he was sorely astonished; so he laid hands on those who had come to destroy him, and slew them; for he knew that they sought to ruin him.

1 Maccabees 16:23
As concerning the rest of the acts of John, and his wars, and worthy deeds that he did, and the building of the walls which he made, and his doings,

1 Maccabees 16:24
Behold, these are written in the chronicles of his priesthood, from the time he was made high priest after his father.