In the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar in the kingdom of Babylon, and in the first year of Darius the king, the son of Ahasuerus, and in the first year of king Cyrus
In the third year of Jehoiakim, Nebuchadnezzar beseiged Jerusalem. And I, Daniel, understood by books the number of the years, whereof the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah the prophet, that He would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem.
In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, Nebuchadnezzar came, king of Babylon, to Jerusalem, and besieged it. [*17:5]
And the Lord gave Jehoiakim, king of Judah, into his hand, with part of the vessels of the House of God, which he carried into the land of Shinar to the house of his god; and he brought the vessels into the treasure house of his god.
And the king spoke to Ashpenaz, the master of his eunuchs, that he should bring [some] of the Children of Israel, and of the king's seed, and of the princes;
Children in whom [there was] no blemish, but well favored, and skillful in all wisdom, and cunning in knowledge, and understanding science, and such who [had] ability in them to stand in the king's palace, and whom they might teach the learning and the tongue of the Chaldeans.
And the king appointed them a daily provision of the king's meat, and of the wine which he drank, so nourishing them for three years, that at the end thereof they might stand before the king.
Now among these were of the Children of Judah, Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah.
To whom the prince of the eunuchs gave names, for he gave to Daniel [the name] of Belteshazzar; and to Hananiah, of Shadrach; and to Mishael, of Meshach; and to Azariah, of Abednego.
But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king's meat, nor with the wine which he drank, therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.
Now God had brought Daniel into favor and tender love with the prince of the eunuchs.
And the prince of the eunuchs said to Daniel, "I fear my lord the king, who has appointed your meat and your drink, for why should he see your faces being languid over the children who [are] of your sort? Then you will make [me] endanger my head to the king."
Then Daniel said to Melzar, whom the prince of the eunuchs had set over Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah,
"Test your servants, I beseech you, for ten days; and let them give us seeds to eat, and water to drink.
Then let our countenances be looked upon before you, and the countenance of the children who eat of the portion of the king's meat, and as you see, deal with your servants."
So he consented to them in this matter, and tested them for ten days.
And at the end of ten days, their countenances appeared fairer and fatter in flesh than all the children who ate the portion of the king's meat.
Thus Melzar took away the portion of their meat, and the wine that they should drink; and gave them seeds.
As for these four children, God gave them knowledge and skill in all learning and wisdom, and Daniel had understanding in all visions and dreams.
Now at the end of the days that the king had said he should bring them in, then the prince of the eunuchs brought them in before Nebuchadnezzar.
And the king communed with them; and among them all, none were found like Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, therefore they stood before the king.
And in all matters of wisdom [and] understanding, that the king inquired of them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians [and] astrologers who [were] in all his realm.
And Daniel continued [even] to the first year of king Cyrus.
And in the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuchadnezzar dreamed dreams, whereby his spirit was troubled, and his sleep broke from him.
Then the king commanded to call the magicians, and the astrologers, and the sorcerers, and the Chaldeans, to show the king his dreams. So they came and stood before the king.
And the king said to them, "I have dreamed a dream, and my spirit was troubled to know the dream."
Then the Chaldeans spoke to the king in Syriack, "O king, live forever, tell your servants the dream, and we will show the interpretation."
The king answered and said to the Chaldeans, "The thing has gone from me, if you will not make the dream known to me, with the interpretation thereof, you will be cut in pieces, and your houses will be made a dunghill.
But if you show the dream, and the interpretation thereof, you will receive gifts and rewards and great honor of me, therefore show me the dream, and the interpretation thereof."
They answered again and said, "Let the king tell his servants the dream, and we will show the interpretation of it."
The king answered and said, "I know of certainty that you would gain the time, because you see the thing has gone from me.
But if you will not make the dream known to me, [there is but] one decree for you, for you have prepared lying and corrupt words to speak before me, until the time is changed, therefore tell me the dream, and I will know that you can show me the interpretation thereof."
The Chaldeans answered before the king, and said, "There is not a man upon the earth who can show the king's matter, therefore [there is] no king, lord, nor ruler, [who] asked such things at any magician, or astrologer, or Chaldean.
And [it is] a rare thing that the king requires, and there is none other who can show it before the king, except the gods, whose dwelling is not with flesh."
For this cause the king was angry and very furious, and commanded to destroy all the wise [men] of Babylon.
And the decree went forth that the wise [men] should be slain; and they sought Daniel and his fellows to be slain.
Then Daniel answered with counsel and wisdom to Arioch, the captain of the king's guard, who had gone forth to slay the wise [men] of Babylon.
He answered and said to Arioch, the king's captain, "Why [is] the decree [so] hasty from the king?" Then Arioch made the thing known to Daniel.
Then Daniel went in, and desired of the king that he would give him time, and that he would show the king the interpretation.
Then Daniel went to his house, and made the thing known to Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, his companions.
That they would desire mercies of the God of heaven concerning this secret; that Daniel and his fellows should not perish with the rest of the wise [men] of Babylon.
Then the secret was revealed to Daniel in a night vision. Then Daniel blessed the God of heaven.
Daniel answered and said, "Blessed is the name of God forever and ever, for wisdom and might are His.
And He changes the times and the seasons, He removes kings, and sets up kings, He gives wisdom to the wise, and knowledge to those who know understanding.
He reveals the deep and secret things, He knows what [is] in the darkness, and the light dwells with Him.
I thank You, and praise You, O You God of my fathers, who have given me wisdom and might, and have made known to me now what we desired of You, for You have [now] made known to us the king's matter."
Therefore Daniel went in to Arioch, whom the king had ordained to destroy the wise [men] of Babylon, he went and said thus to him; "Do not destroy the wise [men] of Babylon, bring me in before the king, and I will show to the king the interpretation."
Then Arioch brought in Daniel before the king in haste, and said thus to him, "I have found a man of the captives of Judah, who will make the interpretation known to the king."
The king answered and said to Daniel, whose name [was] Belteshazzar, "Are you able to make the dream known to me which I have seen, and the interpretation thereof?"
Daniel answered in the presence of the king, and said, "The secret which the king has demanded, the wise [men], the astrologers, the magicians, [and] the soothsayers, cannot show to the king;
But there is a God in heaven who reveals secrets, and makes known what will be in the latter days to the king Nebuchadnezzar. Your dream, and the visions of your head upon your bed, are these;
As for you, O king, your thoughts came [into your mind] upon your bed, what should come to pass hereafter, and He who reveals secrets makes known to you what will come to pass.
But as for me, this secret is not revealed to me for [any] wisdom that I have more than any living, but for [their] sakes that will make the interpretation known to the king, and that you might know the thoughts of your heart.
You, O king, saw, and behold a great image. This great image, whose brightness [was] excellent, stood before you; and the form thereof [was] terrible.
This image's head [was] of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass,
His legs of iron, his feet part of iron and part of clay.
You saw until a stone was cut out without hands, which struck the image upon his feet [that was] of iron and clay, and broke them to pieces.
Then the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, were broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them, and the stone that struck the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth.
This [is] the dream; and we will tell the interpretation thereof before the king.
You, O king, [are] a king of kings, for the God of heaven has given you a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory.
And wherever the children of men dwell, He has given the beasts of the field and the fowls of the heaven into your hand, and has made you ruler over them all. You [are] this head of gold.
And after you, another kingdom will arise, inferior to you, and a third kingdom of brass, which will bear rule over all the earth.
And the fourth kingdom will be strong as iron, forasmuch as iron breaks in pieces and subdues all [things], and as iron that breaks all these, it will break in pieces and bruise.
And whereas you saw the feet and toes, part of potters' clay, and part of iron, the kingdom will be divided; but there will be in it of the strength of the iron, forasmuch as you saw the iron mixed with miry clay.
And [as] the toes of the feet [were] part of iron, and part of clay, [so] the kingdom will be partly strong, and partly broken.
And whereas you saw iron mixed with miry clay, they will mingle themselves with the seed of men, but they will not cleave to one another, even as iron is not mixed with clay.
And in the days of these kings, the God of heaven will set up a kingdom, which will never be destroyed, and the kingdom will not be left to other people, [but] it will break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it will stand forever.
Forasmuch as you saw that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it broke the iron, the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold in pieces; the great God has made known to the king what will come to pass hereafter, and the dream [is] certain, and the interpretation thereof sure."
Then the king Nebuchadnezzar fell upon his face, and worshiped Daniel, and commanded that they should offer an oblation and sweet odors to him.
The king answered to Daniel, and said, "Of a truth [it is], that your God [is] a God of gods, and a Lord of kings, and a revealer of secrets, seeing you could reveal this secret."
Then the king made Daniel a great man, and gave him many great gifts, and made him ruler over the whole province of Babylon, and chief of the governors over all the wise [men] of Babylon.
Then Daniel requested of the king, and he set Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, over the affairs of the province of Babylon, but Daniel [sat] in the gate of the king.
Nebuchadnezzar the king made an image of gold, whose height [was] sixty cubits, [and] the breadth thereof six cubits, he set it up in the plain of Dura, in the province of Babylon.
Then Nebuchadnezzar the king sent to gather the princes together, the governors, and the captains, the judges, the treasurers, the counselors, the sheriffs, and all the rulers of the provinces, to come to the dedication of the image which Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up.
Then the princes, the governors, and captains, the judges, the treasurers, the counselors, the sheriffs, and all the rulers of the provinces, were gathered together to the dedication of the image that Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up; and they stood before the image that Nebuchadnezzar had set up.
Then a herald cried aloud, "To you it is commanded, O people, nations, and languages,
[That] at what time you hear the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, dulcimer, and all kinds of music, you fall down and worship the golden image that Nebuchadnezzar the king has set up.
And whoever does not fall down and worship, will be cast into the midst of a burning fiery furnace the same hour."
Therefore at that time, when all the people heard the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, and all kinds of music, all the people, the nations, and the languages, fell down [and] worshiped the golden image that Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up.
Therefore at that time, some Chaldeans came near, and accused the Jews.
They spoke and said to the king Nebuchadnezzar, "O king, live forever.
You, O king, have made a decree, that every man who will hear the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, and dulcimer, and all kinds of music, will fall down and worship the golden image.
And whoever does not fall and worship, [that] he should be cast into the midst of a burning fiery furnace.
There are certain Jews whom you have set over the affairs of the province of Babylon, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego; these men, O king, have not regarded you, they do not serve your gods, nor worship the golden image which you have set up."
Then Nebuchadnezzar, in [his] rage and fury, commanded to bring Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego. Then they brought these men before the king.
Nebuchadnezzar spoke and said to them, "[Is it] true, O Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, do you not serve my gods, nor worship the golden image which I have set up?
Now if you are ready, that at what time you hear the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, and dulcimer, and all kinds of music, fall down and worship the image which I have made; [well], but if you do not worship, you will be cast into the midst of a burning fiery furnace the same hour; and who [is] that God who will deliver you out of my hands?"
Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, answered and said to the king, "O Nebuchadnezzar, we [are] not careful to answer you in this matter.
If it is [so], our God whom we serve is able to deliver us from the burning fiery furnace, and He will deliver [us] out of your hand, O king.
But if not, be it known to you, O king, that we will not serve your gods, nor worship the golden image which you have set up."
Then Nebuchadnezzar was full of fury, and the form of his visage was changed against Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, [therefore] he spoke, and commanded that they should heat the furnace unit, seven times more than it was perceived to be heated.
And he commanded the most mighty men who [were] in his army to bind Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, [and] to cast [them] into the burning fiery furnace.
Then these men were bound in their coats, their hosen, and their hats, and their [other] garments, and were cast into the midst of the burning fiery furnace.
Therefore, because the king's commandment was urgent, and the furnace, exceedingly hot, the flame of the fire slew those men who took up Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego.
And these three men, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, fell down bound into the midst of the burning fiery furnace.
Then, Nebuchadnezzar the king was astonished, and rose up in haste, [and] spoke, and said to his counselors, "Did we not cast three men bound into the midst of the fire?" They answered and said to the king, "True, O king."
He answered and said, "Behold, I see four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire, and they have no hurt; and the form of the fourth is like the son of God."
Then Nebuchadnezzar came near the mouth of the burning fiery furnace, [and] spoke, and said, "Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, you servants of the Most High God, come forth, and come [here]." Then Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, came forth of the midst of the fire.
And the princes, governors, and captains, and the king's counselors, being gathered together, saw these men, upon whose bodies the fire had no power, nor was a hair of their head singed, neither were their coats changed, nor had the smell of fire passed on them.
[Then] Nebuchadnezzar spoke, and said, "Blessed [is] the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, who has sent His angel, and delivered His servants who trusted in Him, and have changed the king's word, and yielded their bodies, that they might not serve or worship any god, except their own God.
Therefore I make a decree: That every people, nation, and language, who speaks anything amiss against the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, will be cut in pieces, and their houses will be made a dunghill, because there is no other god who can deliver after this sort."
Then the king promoted Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, in the province of Babylon.
Nebuchadnezzar the king, to all people, nations, and languages, who dwell in all the earth; "Peace be multiplied to you.
I thought it good to show the signs and wonders that the high God has shown to me.
How great [are] His signs! And how mighty [are] His wonders! His kingdom [is] an everlasting kingdom, and His dominion [is] from generation to generation.
I, Nebuchadnezzar, was at rest in my house, and flourishing in my palace.
I saw a dream which made me afraid, and the thoughts upon my bed and the visions of my head troubled me.
Therefore I made a decree to bring in all the wise [men] of Babylon before me, that they might make the interpretation of the dream known to me.
Then the magicians came in, [and] the astrologers, the Chaldeans, and the soothsayers, and I told the dream before them; but they did not make the interpretation thereof known to me.
But at the last, Daniel came in before me, whose name [was] Belteshazzar, according to the name of my god, and in whom [is] the spirit of the holy gods, and before him, I told the dream, [saying],
'O Belteshazzar, master of the magicians, because I know that the spirit of the holy gods [is] in you, and no secret troubles you, tell me the visions of my dream that I have seen, and the interpretation thereof.'
Thus [were] the visions of my head in my bed; I saw, and behold a tree in the midst of the earth, and the height thereof [was] great.
The tree grew, and was strong, and the height thereof reached to heaven, and the sight thereof to the end of all the earth.
The leaves thereof [were] fair, and the fruit thereof much, and in it [was] meat for all, the beasts of the field had shadow under it, and the fowls of the heaven dwelt in the boughs thereof, and all flesh was fed of it.
I saw in the visions of my head upon my bed, and, behold, a watcher and a holy one came down from heaven;
He cried aloud, and said thus, 'Hew down the tree, and cut off his branches, shake off his leaves, and scatter his fruit, let the beasts get away from under it, and the fowls from his branches.
Nevertheless leave the stump of his roots in the earth, even with a band of iron and brass, in the tender grass of the field; and let it be wet with the dew of heaven, and [let] his portion [be] with the beasts in the grass of the earth.
Let his heart be changed from man's, and let a beast's heart be given to him; and they will pass over him seven times.
This matter [is] by the decree of the watchers, and the demand by the word of the holy ones, to the intent that the living may know that the Most High rules in the kingdom of men, and gives it to whomever He wills, and sets the lowest of men up over it.'
This dream, I, king Nebuchadnezzar, have seen. Now you, O Belteshazzar, declare the interpretation thereof, forasmuch as all the wise [men] of my kingdom are not able to make the interpretation known to me, but you [are] able; for the spirit of the holy gods [is] in you."
Then Daniel, whose name [was] Belteshazzar, was astonished for one hour, and his thoughts troubled him. The king spoke, and said, "Belteshazzar, do not let the dream, or the interpretation thereof, trouble you." Belteshazzar answered and said, "My lord, the dream [is] to those who hate you, and the interpretation thereof to your enemies.
The tree that you saw, which grew, and was strong, whose height reached to the heaven, and the sight thereof to all the earth;
Whose leaves [were] fair, and the fruit thereof much, and in it [was] meat for all; under which the beasts of the field dwelt, and upon whose branches, the fowls of the heaven had their habitation.
It [is] you, O king, who have grown and become strong, for your greatness has grown, and reaches to heaven, and your dominion to the end of the earth.
And whereas the king saw a watcher and a holy one coming down from heaven, and saying, 'Hew the tree down, and destroy it; yet leave the stump of the roots thereof in the earth, even with a band of iron and brass, in the tender grass of the field; and let it be wet with the dew of heaven, and [let] his portion [be] with the beasts of the field, until they pass over him seven times;'
This [is] the interpretation, O king, and this [is] the decree of the Most High, which has come upon my lord the king.
That they will drive you from men, and your dwelling will be with the beasts of the field, and they will make you eat grass as oxen, and they will wet you with the dew of heaven, and will pass over you seven times, until you know that the Most High rules in the kingdom of men, and gives it to whomever He wills.
And whereas they commanded to leave the stump of the tree roots; your kingdom will be sure to you, after that, you will have known that the heavens do rule.
Therefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable to you, and break off your sins by righteousness, and your iniquities by showing mercy to the poor; if it may be a lengthening of your tranquillity."
All this came upon the king Nebuchadnezzar.
At the end of twelve months he walked in the palace of the kingdom of Babylon.
The king spoke, and said, "Is this not great Babylon, that I have built for the house of the kingdom by the might of my power, and for the honor of my majesty?"
While the word [was] in the king's mouth, there fell a voice from heaven, [saying], "O king Nebuchadnezzar, to you it is spoken; 'The kingdom has departed from you.
And they will drive you from men, and your dwelling [will be] with the beasts of the field, they will make you eat grass as oxen, and will pass over you seven times, until you know that the Most High rules in the kingdom of men, and gives it to whomever He wills.'"
And at the end of the days, I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up my eyes to heaven, and my understanding returned to me, and I blessed the Most High, and I praised and honored Him who lives forever [*1 Timothy 1:17, *25:58], whose dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom [is] from generation to generation.
And all the inhabitants of the earth [are] reputed as nothing, and He does according to His will in the army of heaven, and [among] the inhabitants of the earth, and none can strike His hand, or say to Him, 'What do You do?'
At the same time my reason returned to me; and for the glory of my kingdom, my honor and brightness returned to me; and my counselors and my lords sought me; and I was established in my kingdom, and excellent majesty was added to me.
Now I, Nebuchadnezzar, praise and extol and honor the King of heaven, all whose works [are] truth, and His ways judgment, and those who walk in pride, He is able to abase."
Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand.
Belshazzar, while he tasted the wine, commanded to bring the golden and silver vessels which his father Nebuchadnezzar had taken out of the temple which [was] in Jerusalem; that the king, and his princes, his wives, and his servant-wives, might drink therein.
Then they brought the golden vessels that were taken out of the temple of the House of God which [was] at Jerusalem; and the king, and his princes, his wives, and his servant-wives, drank in them.
They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone.
In the same hour, fingers of a man's hand came forth, and wrote over against the candlestick upon the plaister of the wall of the king's palace, and the king saw the part of the hand that wrote.
Then the king's countenance was changed, and his thoughts troubled him, so that the joints of his loins were loosed, and his knees struck against one another.
The king cried aloud to bring in the astrologers, the Chaldeans, and the soothsayers. [And] the king spoke, and said to the wise [men] of Babylon, "Whoever will read this writing, and show me the interpretation thereof, will be clothed with scarlet, and [have] a chain of gold about his neck, and will be the third ruler in the kingdom."
Then all the king's wise [men] came in, but they could not read the writing, nor make the interpretation thereof known to the king.
Then king Belshazzar was greatly troubled, and his countenance was changed in him, and his lords were astonished.
[Now] the queen, by reason of the words of the king and his lords, came into the banquet house, [and] the queen spoke and said, "O king, live forever, do not let your thoughts trouble you, nor let your countenance be changed.
There is a man in your kingdom, in whom [is] the spirit of the holy gods; and in the days of your father, light and understanding and wisdom, like the wisdom of the gods, was found in him; whom the king Nebuchadnezzar, your father, the king, [I say], your father, made master of the magicians, astrologers, Chaldeans, [and] soothsayers;
Forasmuch as an excellent spirit, and knowledge, and understanding, interpreting of dreams, and showing of hard sentences, and dissolving of doubts, were found in the same Daniel, whom the king named Belteshazzar, now let Daniel be called, and he will show the interpretation."
Then Daniel was brought in before the king. [And] the king spoke and said to Daniel, "[Are] you that Daniel, who [is] of the children of the captivity of Judah, whom the king my father brought out of Jewry?
I have even heard of you, that the spirit of the gods [is] in you, and [that] light and understanding and excellent wisdom are found in you.
And now the wise [men], the astrologers, have been brought in before me, that they should read this writing, and make the interpretation thereof known to me, but they could not show the interpretation of the thing.
And I have heard of you, that you can make interpretations, and dissolve doubts; now if you can read the writing, and make the interpretation thereof known to me, you will be clothed with scarlet, and [have] a chain of gold about your neck, and will be the third ruler in the kingdom."
Then Daniel answered and said before the king, "Let your gifts be to yourself, and give your rewards to another; yet I will read the writing to the king, and make known to him the interpretation.
O you king, the Most High God gave Nebuchadnezzar (your father) a kingdom, and majesty, and glory, and honor.
And for the majesty that He gave him, all people, nations, and languages, trembled and feared before him; whom he willed, he slew; and whom he willed, he kept alive; and whom he willed, he set up; and whom he willed, he put down.
But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, he was deposed from his kingly throne, and they took his glory from him.
And he was driven from the sons of men; and his heart was made like the beasts, and his dwelling [was] with the wild donkeys, they fed him with grass like oxen, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven; until he knew that the Most High God ruled in the kingdom of men, and [that] He appoints over it whomever He wills.
And you, his son, O Belshazzar, have not humbled your heart, though you knew all this;
But have lifted yourself up against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of His House before you, and you, and your lords, your wives, and your servant-wives, have drunk wine in them; and you have praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which do not see, nor hear, nor know, and the God in whose hand your breath [is], and whose [are] all your ways, you have not glorified."
Then the part of the hand was sent from him; and this writing was written.
And this [is] the writing that was written, "MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN."
This [is] the interpretation of the thing, MENE; God has numbered your kingdom, and finished it.
TEKEL; You are weighed in the balances, and are found wanting.
PERES; Your kingdom is divided, and given to the Medes and Persians.
Then Belshazzar commanded, and they clothed Daniel with scarlet, and [put] a chain of gold about his neck, and made a proclamation concerning him, that he should be the third ruler in the kingdom.
In that night, Belshazzar, the king of the Chaldeans, was slain.
And Darius the Median took the kingdom, [being] about sixty two years old.
It pleased Darius to set over the kingdom a hundred and twenty princes, who should be over the whole kingdom;
And over these three chancellors; of whom Daniel [was] first, that the princes might give accounts to them, and the king should have no damage.
Then this Daniel was preferred above the chancellors and princes, because an excellent spirit [was] in him; and the king thought to set him over the whole realm.
Then the chancellors and princes sought to find occasion against Daniel concerning the kingdom; but they could find no occasion or fault; forasmuch as he [was] faithful, neither was there any error or fault found in him.
Then these men said, "We will not find any occasion against this Daniel, except we find [it] against him concerning the law of his God."
Then these chancellors and princes assembled together to the king, and said thus to him, "King Darius, live forever.
All the chancellors of the kingdom, the governors, and the princes, the counselors, and the captains, have consulted together to establish a royal statute, and to make a firm decree, that whoever will ask a petition of any god or man for thirty days, except of you, O king, he will be cast into the den of lions.
Now, O king, establish the decree, and sign the writing, that it is not changed, according to the law of the Medes and Persians, which does not alter."
Therefore king Darius signed the writing and the decree.
Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went into his house; and his windows being open in his chamber toward Jerusalem, he knelt upon his knees three times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before his God, as he did aforetime.
Then these men assembled, and found Daniel praying and making supplication before his God.
Then they came near, and spoke before the king concerning the king's decree; "Have you not signed a decree, that every man who will ask [a petition] of any god or man within thirty days, except of you, O king, will be cast into the den of lions?" The king answered and said, "The thing [is] true, according to the law of the Medes and Persians, which does not alter."
Then they answered and said before the king, "That Daniel, who [is] of the children of the captivity of Judah, does not regard you, O king, nor the decree that you have signed, but makes his petition three times a day."
Then the king, when he heard [these] words, was sore displeased with himself, and set [his] heart on Daniel to deliver him, and he labored until the going down of the sun to deliver him.
Then these men assembled to the king, and said to the king, "Know, O king, that the law of the Medes and Persians [is], 'That no decree or statute which the king establishes may be changed.'"
Then the king commanded, and they brought Daniel, and cast [him] into the den of lions. [Now] the king spoke and said to Daniel, "Your God whom you serve continually, He will deliver you."
And a stone was brought, and laid upon the mouth of the den; and the king sealed it with his own signet, and with the signet of his lords; that the purpose might not be changed concerning Daniel.
Then the king went to his palace, and passed the night fasting, neither were instruments of music brought before him, and his sleep went from him.
And when he came to the den, he cried with a lamentable voice to Daniel, [and] the king spoke and said to Daniel, "O Daniel, servant of the living God [*19:93, *21:26], is your God, whom you serve continually, able to deliver you from the lions?"
Then Daniel said to the king, "O king, live forever.
My God has sent His angel, and has shut the lions' mouths, that they have not hurt me, forasmuch as innocence was found in me before Him; and also before you, O king, I have done no hurt."
Then the king was exceedingly glad for him, and commanded that they should take Daniel up out of the den. So Daniel was taken up out of the den, and no manner of hurt was found upon him, because he believed in his God.
And the king commanded, and they brought those men who had accused Daniel, and they cast [them] into the den of lions, them, their children, and their wives; and the lions had the mastery of them, and broke all their bones in pieces until they came at the bottom of the den.
Then king Darius wrote to all people, nations, and languages, who dwell in all the earth; "Peace be multiplied to you.
I make a decree: That in every dominion of my kingdom, men tremble and fear before the God of Daniel, for He [is] the living God, and steadfast forever, and His kingdom, [that] which will not be destroyed, and His dominion [will be even] to the end.
He delivers and rescues, and He works signs and wonders in heaven and in earth, who has delivered Daniel from the power of the lions."
So this Daniel prospered in the reign of Darius, and in the reign of Cyrus the Persian.
In the first year of Belshazzar, king of Babylon, Daniel had a dream and visions of his head upon his bed, then he wrote the dream, [and] told the sum of the matters.
Daniel spoke and said, "I saw in my vision by night, and, behold, the four winds of the heaven strove upon the great sea.
And four great beasts came up from the sea, diverse from one another.
The first [was] like a lion, and had eagle's wings, I beheld until the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and was set up upon the feet as a man, and a man's heart was given to it.
And behold, another beast, a second, like a bear, and it raised itself up on one side, and [it had] three ribs in its mouth between its teeth, and they said thus to it, "Arise, devour much flesh."
After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and exceedingly strong; and it had great iron teeth, it devoured and broke in pieces, and stamped the residue with its feet, and it [was] diverse from all the beasts that [were] before it; and it had ten horns.
I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before which, three of the first horns were plucked up by the roots, and, behold, in this horn [were] eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things. [*Barnabas 4:5]
I beheld until the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days sat, whose garment [was] white as snow, and the hair of His head like the pure wool, His Throne [was like] the fiery flame, [and] His wheels [as] burning fire.
A fiery stream issued and came forth from before Him, thousand thousands ministered to Him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before Him, the Judgment was set, and the books were opened.
I beheld then because of the voice of the great words which the horn spoke, I beheld [even] until the beast was slain, and his body destroyed, and given to the burning flame.
I saw in the night visions, and, behold, [one] like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven [*Luke 21:27], and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before Him.
And there, dominion was given to him, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him, his dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, which will not pass away, and his kingdom [that] which will not be destroyed.
I Daniel was grieved in my spirit in the midst of [my] body, and the visions of my head troubled me.
I came near one of those who stood by, and asked him the truth of all this. So he told me, and made me know the interpretation of the things.
These great beasts, which are four, [are] four kings, [which] will arise out of the earth.
But the saints of the Most High will take the kingdom, and possess the kingdom forever, even forever and ever.
Then I would know the truth of the fourth beast, which was diverse from all the others, exceedingly dreadful, whose teeth [were of] iron, and his nails [of] brass; [which] devoured, broke in pieces, and stamped the residue with his feet;
And of the ten horns that [were] in his head, and [of] the other which came up, and before whom three fell; even [of] that horn that had eyes, and a mouth that spoke very great things, whose look [was] more stout than his fellows.
I beheld, and the same horn made war with the saints, and prevailed against them;
Until the Ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the Most High; and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom.
Thus he said, 'The fourth beast will be the fourth kingdom upon earth, which will be diverse from all kingdoms, and will devour the whole earth, and will tread it down, and break it in pieces.
And the ten horns out of this kingdom [are] ten kings [that] will arise, and another will rise after them; and he will be diverse from the first, and he will subdue three kings.
And he will speak [great] words against the Most High, and will wear out the saints of the Most High, and think to change times and laws, and they will be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.
But the judgment will sit, and they will take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy [it] to the end.
And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, will be given to the people of the saints of the Most High, whose kingdom [is] an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions will serve and obey Him.'
Here [is] the end of the matter. As for me Daniel, my cogitations troubled me greatly, and my countenance changed in me, but I kept the matter in my heart."
In the third year of the reign of king Belshazzar, a vision appeared to me, [even to] me Daniel, after that which had appeared to me at first.
And I saw in a vision; and it came to pass, when I saw, that I [was] at Shushan [in] the palace, which [is] in the province of Elam; and I saw in a vision, and I was by the river of Ulai.
Then I lifted up my eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river, a ram which had [two] horns, and the [two] horns [were] high; but one [was] higher than the other, and the higher came up last.
I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither [were there any] that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.
And as I was considering, behold, a male goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and did not touch the ground, and the goat [had] a notable horn between his eyes.
And he came to the ram that had [two] horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran to him in the fury of his power.
And I saw him come close to the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and struck the ram, and broke his two horns, and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him, and there were none that could deliver the ram out of his hand.
Therefore the male goat waxed very great, and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it, four notable ones came up toward the four winds of heaven.
And out of one of them, a little horn came forth, which waxed exceedingly great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant [land].
And it waxed great, [even] to the host of heaven; and it cast down [some] of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them.
Indeed, he magnified [himself] even to the prince of the host, and the daily [sacrifice] was taken away by him, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.
And a host was given [to him] against the daily [sacrifice] by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practiced, and prospered.
Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said to that certain [saint] who spoke, "How long [will] the vision [be concerning] the daily [sacrifice], and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?"
And he said to me, "To two thousand three hundred days; then the sanctuary will be cleansed."
And it came to pass, when I, [even] I Daniel, had seen the vision, and sought for the meaning, then, behold, there stood before me, as the appearance of a man.
And I heard a man's voice between [the banks of] Ulai, who called, and said, "Gabriel, make this [man] to understand the vision."
So he came near where I stood, and when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face, but he said to me, "Understand, O Son of man, for the vision [will be] at the time of the End."
Now as he was speaking with me, I was in a deep sleep on my face toward the ground, but he touched me, and set me upright.
And he said, "Behold, I will make you know what will be in the Last End of the Indignation, for the End [will be] at the time appointed.
The ram which you saw having [two] horns [are] the kings of Media and Persia.
And the rough goat [is] the king of Grecia, and the great horn that [is] between his eyes [is] the first king.
Now that being broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms will stand up out of the nation, but not in his power.
And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are brought to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, will stand up.
And his power will be mighty, but not by his own power, and he will destroy wonderfully, and will prosper, and practice, and will destroy the mighty and the holy people.
And through his policy he will also cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he will magnify [himself] in his heart, and he will destroy many by peace, he will also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he will be broken without hand.
And the vision of the evening and the morning which was told [is] true, therefore shut up the vision; for it [will be] for many days."
In the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, understood by books the number of the years, whereof the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah the prophet, that He would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem. [*Jeremiah 25:11 - 12, *Jeremiah 29:10]
And I set my face to the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes.
And I prayed to the Lord my God, and made my confession, and said, "O Lord, the great and dreadful God, keeping the covenant and mercy to those who love Him, and to those who keep His commandments;
We have sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, and have rebelled, even by departing from Your precepts and from Your judgments.
Neither have we listened to Your servants the prophets, who spoke in Your name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land.
O Lord, righteousness [belongs] to You, but to us, confusion of faces, as at this day; to the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to all Israel, [who are] near, and [who are] far off, through all the countries where You have driven them, because of their trespass that they have trespassed against You.
O Lord, to us [belongs] confusion of face, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, because we have sinned against You.
To the Lord our God [belong] mercies and forgivenesses, though we have rebelled against Him;
Indeed, all Israel have transgressed Your law, even by departing, that they might not obey Your voice; therefore the curse is poured upon us, and the oath that [is] written in the law of Moses [*Deuteronomy 28:45 - 52], the servant of God, because we have sinned against Him.
And He has confirmed His words, which He spoke against us, and against our judges who judged us, by bringing a great evil upon us, for under the whole heaven, it has not been done as has been done upon Jerusalem.
As [it is] written in the law of Moses, all this evil has come upon us, yet we did not make our prayer before the Lord our God, that we might turn from our iniquities, and understand Your truth.
Therefore the Lord has watched upon the evil, and brought it upon us, for the Lord our God [is] righteous in all His works which He does, for we did not obey His voice.
And now, O Lord our God, who have brought Your people forth out of the land of Egypt with a mighty hand, and have gotten Yourself renown, as at this day; we have sinned, we have done wickedly.
O Lord, according to all Your righteousness, I beseech You, let Your anger and Your fury be turned away from Your city Jerusalem, Your holy mountain, because for our sins, and for the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and Your people [have become] a reproach to all [who are] about us.
Now therefore, O our God, hear the prayer of Your servant, and his supplications, and cause Your Face to shine upon Your sanctuary that is desolate, for the Lord's sake.
O my God, incline Your ear, and hear; open Your eyes, and behold our desolations, and the city which is called by Your name, for we do not present our supplications before You for our righteousnesses, but for Your great mercies.
O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, listen and do; do not defer, for Your own sake, O my God, for Your city and Your people are called by Your name."
Indeed, while I [was] speaking in prayer, even the man Gabriel [~*19:17], whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, touched me about the time of the evening oblation.
And he informed [me], and talked with me, and said, "O Daniel, I have now come forth to give you skill and understanding.
At the beginning of your supplications, the commandment came forth, and I have come to show [you]; for you [are] greatly beloved, therefore understand the matter, and consider the vision.
Seventy weeks are determined upon your people and upon your holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the Most Holy.
Know therefore and understand, [that] from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem to the Messiah the Prince [will be] seven weeks, and sixty two weeks, the street will be built again, and the wall, even in troublesome times.
And after sixty two weeks, the Messiah will be cut off, but not for himself, and the people of the prince who will come will destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof [will be] with a flood, and to the end of the war desolations are determined.
And he will confirm the covenant with many for one week, and in the midst of the week, he will cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations, he will make [it] desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined will be poured upon the desolate."
In the third year of Cyrus, king of Persia, a thing was revealed to Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar; and the thing [was] true, but the time appointed [was] long, and he understood the thing, and had understanding of the vision.
In those days, I, Daniel, was mourning for three full weeks.
I ate no pleasant bread, neither flesh or wine came in my mouth, neither did I anoint myself at all, until three whole weeks were fulfilled.
Then I lifted up my eyes, and looked, and behold a certain man clothed in linen, whose loins [were] girded with fine gold of Uphaz:
His body [was] also like the beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes as lamps of fire, and his arms and his feet like in color to polished brass, and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude. [*Revelation 1:13 - 16]
And I, Daniel, alone saw the vision, for the men who were with me did not see the vision; but a great quaking fell upon them, so that they fled to hide themselves.
Therefore I was left alone, and saw this great vision, and there remained no strength in me, for my splendor was turned in me into corruption, and I retained no strength.
Yet I heard the voice of his words, and when I heard the voice of his words, then I was in a deep sleep on my face, and my face toward the ground.
And, behold, a hand touched me, which set me upon my knees and [upon] the palms of my hands.
And he said to me, "O Daniel, a man greatly beloved, understand the words that I speak to you, and stand upright, for I am now sent to you." And when he had spoken this word to me, I stood trembling.
But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me for twenty one days, but, look, Michael, one of the chief princes [*2:98], came to help me; and I remained there with the kings of Persia.
Now I have come to make you understand what will befall your people in the latter days, for the vision [is] still for [many] days."
And when he had spoken such words to me, I set my face toward the ground, and I became dumb.
And, behold, [one] like the similitude of the sons of men touched my lips, then I opened my mouth, and spoke, and said to him who stood before me, "O my lord, by the vision, my sorrows are turned upon me, and I have retained no strength.
For how can the servant of this, my lord, talk with this, my lord? For as for me, straightway there remained no strength in me, neither is there breath left in me."
Then there came again and touched me, [one] like the appearance of a man, and he strengthened me,
And said, "O man, greatly beloved, do not fear, peace [be] to you, be strong, indeed, be strong." And when he had spoken to me, I was strengthened, and said, "Let my lord speak; for you have strengthened me."
But I will show you that which is noted in the Scripture of Truth, and [there are] none who hold with me in these things, but Michael your prince [*2:98]."
Also I in the first year of Darius the Mede, [even] I, stood to confirm and to strengthen him.
And now I will show you the truth. Behold, there will yet stand up, three kings in Persia; and the fourth will be far richer than [them] all, and by his strength, through his riches, he will stir up all against the realm of Grecia.
And a mighty king will stand up, who will rule with great dominion, and do according to his will.
And when he will stand up, his kingdom will be broken, and will be divided toward the four winds of heaven; and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled, for his kingdom will be plucked up, even for others beside those.
And the king of the south will be strong, and [one] of his princes; and he will be strong above him, and have dominion; his dominion [will be] a great dominion.
And in the end of years, they will join themselves together; for the king's daughter of the south will come to the king of the north to make an agreement, but she will not retain the power of the arm; neither will he stand, nor his arm, but she will be given up, and those who brought her, and he who fathered her, and he who strengthened her in [these] times.
But out of a branch of her roots, [one] will stand up in his estate, who will come with an army, and will enter into the fortress of the king of the north, and will deal against them, and will prevail.
And will also carry their gods captives into Egypt, with their princes, [and] with their precious vessels of silver and of gold; and he will continue [more] years than the king of the north.
So the king of the south will come into [his] kingdom, and will return into his own land.
But his sons will be stirred up, and will assemble a multitude of great forces, and [one] will certainly come, and overflow, and pass through, then he will return, and be stirred up, [even] to his fortress.
And the king of the south will be moved with choler, and will come forth and fight with him, [even] with the king of the north, and he will set forth a great multitude; but the multitude will be given into his hand.
[And] when he has taken away the multitude, his heart will be lifted up; and he will cast down [many] ten thousands, but he will not be strengthened [by it].
For the king of the north will return, and will set forth a multitude greater than the former, and will certainly come after certain years with a great army and with much riches.
And in those times, many there will stand up against the king of the south, also the robbers of your people will exalt themselves to establish the vision; but they will fall.
So the king of the north will come, and cast up a mount, and take the most fenced cities, and the arms of the south will not withstand, neither his chosen people, neither [will there be any] strength to withstand.
But he who comes against him will do according to his own will, and none will stand before him, and he will stand in the glorious land, which will be consumed by his hand.
He will also set his face to enter with the strength of his whole kingdom, and upright ones with him; thus he will do, and he will give him the daughter of women, corrupting her, but she will not stand [on his side], neither be for him.
After this, he will turn his face to the isles, and will take many, but a prince for his own behalf will cause the reproach offered by him to cease; without his own reproach, he will cause [it] to turn upon him.
Then he will turn his face toward the fort of his own land, but he will stumble and fall, and not be found.
Then a raiser of taxes will stand up in his estate [in] the glory of the kingdom, but within a few days, he will be destroyed, neither in anger, nor in battle.
And in his estate, a vile person will stand up, to whom they will not give the honor of the kingdom, but he will come in peaceably, and obtain the kingdom by flatteries.
And with the arms of a flood they will be overflown from before him, and will be broken; indeed, also the prince of the covenant.
And after the league [made] with him, he will work deceitfully, for he will come up, and will become strong with a small people.
He will enter peaceably even upon the fattest places of the province; and he will do [that] which his fathers have not done, nor his fathers' fathers; he will scatter the prey among them, and spoil, and riches, [indeed], and he will forecast his devices against the strongholds, even for a time.
And he will stir up his power and his courage against the king of the south with a great army; and the king of the south will be stirred up to battle with a very great and mighty army; but he will not stand, for they will forecast devices against him.
Indeed, those who feed of the portion of his meat will destroy him, and his army will overflow, and many will fall down slain.
And both these kings' hearts [will be] to do mischief, and they will speak lies at one table; but it will not prosper, for the end [will] still [be] at the time appointed.
Then he will return into his land with great riches; and his heart [will be] against the holy covenant; and he will do [exploits], and return to his own land.
At the time appointed, he will return, and come toward the south; but it will not be as the former, or as the latter.
For the ships of Chittim will come against him, therefore he will be grieved, and return, and have indignation against the holy covenant, so he will do; he will even return, and have intelligence with those who forsake the holy covenant.
And arms will stand on his part, and they will pollute the sanctuary of strength, and will take away the daily [sacrifice], and they will place the abomination that makes desolate.
And such who do wickedly against the covenant, he will corrupt by flatteries, but the people who know their God will be strong, and do [exploits].
And those who understand among the people will instruct many, yet they will fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, [many] days.
Now when they will fall, they will be helped with a little help, but many will cleave to them with flatteries.
And [some] of them of understanding will fall, to refine them, and to purge, and to make [them] white, [even] to the time of the end, because [it is] yet for a time appointed.
And the king will do according to his will; and he will exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and will speak marvelous things against the God of gods, and will prosper until the indignation is accomplished, for that which is determined, will be done.
Neither will he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god, for he will magnify himself above all.
But in his estate, he will honor the God of forces, and a god whom his fathers did not know, he will honor with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things.
Thus he will do in the most strongholds with a strange god, whom he will acknowledge [and] increase with glory, and he will cause them to rule over many, and will divide the land for gain.
And at the time of the end, the king of the south will push at him, and the king of the north will come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he will enter into the countries, and will overflow and pass over.
He will also enter into the glorious land, and many [countries] will be overthrown, but these will escape out of his hand, [even] Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon.
He will stretch forth his hand also upon the countries, and the land of Egypt will not escape.
But he will have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt, and the Libyans and the Ethiopians [will be] at his steps.
But tidings out of the east and out of the north will trouble him, therefore he will go forth with great fury to destroy, and to utterly doom many.
And at that time, Michael will stand up [*2:98], the great prince who stands for the children of your people, and there will be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation [even] to that same time [*Matthew 24:21], and at that time your people will be delivered, everyone who will be found written in the book.
And many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth will awake, some to Everlasting Life, and some to shame [and] Everlasting Contempt.
And those who are wise will shine as the brightness of the firmament; and those who turn many to righteousness as the stars forever and ever.
But you, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, [even] to the time of the end, many will run here and there, and knowledge will be increased."
Then I, Daniel, looked, and, behold, there stood two others, the one on this side of the bank of the river, and the other on that side of the bank of the river.
And [one] said to the man clothed in linen, who [was] upon the waters of the river, "How long [will it be to] the end of these wonders?"
And I heard the man clothed in linen, who [was] upon the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand to heaven, and swore by Him who lives forever that [it will be] for a time, times, and a half; and when He will have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people, all these [things] will be finished.
And I heard, but I did not understand, then I said, "O my Lord, what [will be] the end of these [things]?"
And he said, "Go your way, Daniel, for the words [are] closed up and sealed until the time of the end.
Many will be purified, and made white, and tried; but the wicked will do wickedly, and none of the wicked will understand; but the wise will understand.
And from the time [that] the daily [sacrifice] will be taken away, and the abomination that makes desolate set up, [there will be] a thousand two hundred and ninety days.
Blessed [is] he who waits, and comes to the thousand three hundred and thirty five days.
But go you your way until the end [is], for you will rest, and stand in your lot at the end of the days."