I did Not Command Concerning Sacrifices - they Walked in the Counsels of their Evil Heart

It is Not Possible that the Blood of Goats Should Take Away Sins, Rather, I Blot out your Transgressions for My Sake

Psalms 50:13, Torah
[God said,] "Will I eat the flesh of bulls, or drink the blood of goats?

Isaiah 1:11 - 12, Torah
[Then] to what purpose [is] the multitude of your sacrifices to Me?"  The Lord says, "I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I do not delight in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of male goats.  When you come to appear before Me to tread My courts, who has required this at your hand?

Jeremiah 7:22 - 24, Torah
For I did not speak to your fathers, nor command them in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, concerning burnt offerings or sacrifices.  But I commanded them this thing, saying, 'Obey My voice, and I will be your God, and you will be My people, and walk in all the ways that I have commanded you, that it may be well to you.'  But they did not listen, nor incline their ear, but they walked in the counsels [and] in the imagination of their evil heart, and went backward, and not forward."

Leviticus 17:11, Torah
For [they said,] "The life of the flesh [is] in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls, for it [is] the blood [that] makes an atonement for the soul."

Hebrews 10:4, Gospel
[But it is] not possible that the blood of bulls and goats should take away sins.

Isaiah 43:25, Torah
[Rather,] I, [even] I, [am] He who blots out your transgressions for My own sake, and will not remember your sins.

20:82, Qur'an
[For] indeed, I am the Perpetual Forgiver of whoever repents and believes and does righteousness and then continues in guidance.

5:74, Qur'an
So will they not repent to God and seek His forgiveness?  And God is Forgiving and Merciful.

5:90, Qur'an
[So] O you who have believed, indeed, intoxicants, gambling, divining arrows, and [sacrificing on] stone altars are but defilement from the work of Satan, so avoid it that you may be successful.


Sections of Sacrifices


Prohibited to you is that Sacrificed on Stone Altars - it is Defilement from the Work of Satan

I do Not Delight in the Blood of Bullocks or of Lambs or of Male Goats

5:3, Qur'an
Prohibited to you are dead animals, blood, the flesh of swine, and that which has been dedicated to other than God, and [those animals] killed by strangling or by a violent blow or by a head-long fall or by the goring of horns, and those from which a wild animal has eaten, except what you [are able to] slaughter [before its death], and those which are sacrificed on stone altars, and [prohibited is] that you seek decision through divining arrows.  That is grave disobedience.

[Barnabas 2:4], Gospel
[Thus] He has made manifest to us by all the prophets that He wants neither sacrifices or whole burnt offerings or oblations, saying at one time -

Isaiah 1:11 - 12, Torah
"To what purpose [is] the multitude of your sacrifices to Me?"  The Lord says, "I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I do not delight in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of male goats.  When you come to appear before Me to tread My courts, who has required this at your hand?

Jeremiah 6:20, Torah
[And] to what purpose does there come to Me incense from Sheba, and the sweet cane from a far country?  Your burnt offerings [are] not acceptable, nor your sacrifices sweet to Me.

Hosea 6:6 - 7, Torah
For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice; and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings.  But they, like men, have transgressed the covenant, they have dealt treacherously against Me there.

Isaiah 43:23 - 27, Torah
[And so] you have not [actually] brought Me the small cattle of your burnt offerings; neither have you honored Me with your sacrifices.  I have not caused you to serve with an offering, nor wearied you with incense.  You have bought Me no sweet cane with money, neither have you [actually] filled Me with the fat of your sacrifices, but you have made Me serve with your sins, you have wearied Me with your iniquities.  [For] I, [even] I, [am] He who blots out your transgressions for My own sake, and will not remember your sins.  [So] put Me in remembrance, let us plead together, declare, that you may be justified.  Your first father has sinned, and your teachers have transgressed against Me -

Hebrews 10:11, Gospel
[For] every priest stands daily, ministering and offering the same sacrifices often times, which can never take away sins.

Hebrews 10:4, Gospel
[For it is] not possible that the blood of bulls and goats should take away sins.

Isaiah 66:3 - 4, Torah
[And thus] he who kills an ox [is as if] he slew a man; he who sacrifices a lamb, [as if] he cut off a dog's neck; he who offers an oblation, [as if he offered] swine's blood; he who burns incense, [as if] he blessed an idol.  They have chosen their own ways, and their soul delights in their abominations.  I will also choose their delusions, and will bring their fears upon them; because when I called, none answered; when I spoke, they did not hear, but they did evil before My eyes, and chose [that] in which I did not delight.

Hebrews 10:6, Gospel
[Thus] You have had no pleasure in [sacrifices] for sin and burnt offerings.

Proverbs 21:3, Torah
To do justice and judgement [is] more acceptable to the Lord than sacrifice.

Psalms 51:16 - 17, Torah
[For] You do not desire sacrifice; else I would give [it], You do not delight in burnt offering.  The sacrifices of God [are] a broken spirit, a broken and a contrite heart, O God, You will not despise.

Micah 6:6 - 8, Torah
[So] with what will I come before the Lord, [and] bow myself before the High God?  Will I come before Him with burnt offerings, with calves of a year old?  Will the Lord be pleased with thousands of rams, [or] with ten thousands of rivers of oil?  Will I give my firstborn [for] my transgression, the fruit of my body [for] the sin of my soul?  He has shown you, O man, what [is] good; and what does the Lord require of you, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with your God?

[Sirach 35:1 - 7], Torah
[Thus] he who keeps the law brings enough offerings; he who takes heed to the commandment offers a peace offering.  He who requites a goodturn offers fine flour; and he who gives alms sacrifices praise.  To depart from wickedness is a thing pleasing to the Lord; and to forsake unrighteousness is a propitiation.  You will not appear empty before the Lord.  For all these things [are to be done] because of the commandment.  The offering of the righteous makes the altar fat, and the sweet savor thereof is before the Most High.  The sacrifice of a just man is acceptable.  And the memorial thereof will never be forgotten.


They Sacrificed their Sons and Daughters to Devils, which I did Not Command them

They were Defiled with their Own Works and Inventions

6:137, Qur'an
And likewise, to many of the polytheists, their partners have made [to seem] pleasing the killing of their children in order to bring about their destruction and to cover them with confusion in their religion.  And if God had willed, they would not have done so.  So leave them and that which they invent.

Psalms 106:35 - 37, Torah
[For they] were mingled among the heathen, and learned their works.  And they served their idols, which were a snare to them.  They sacrificed their sons and their daughters to devils.

2 Kings 17:16 - 17, Torah
[For] they left all the commandments of the Lord their God, and made themselves molten images, [even] two calves, and made a grove, and worshiped all the host of heaven, and served Baal.  And they caused their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire, and used divination and enchantments, and sold their souls to do evil in the sight of the Lord, to provoke Him to anger.

Psalms 106:38 - 39, Torah
[For they] shed innocent blood, [even] the blood of their sons and of their daughters, whom they sacrificed to the idols of Canaan, and the land was polluted with blood.  Thus they were defiled with their own works, and went whoring with their own inventions.

1 Corinthians 10:20, Gospel
[And thus,] I [say] that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God, and I am not willing that you should have fellowship with devils.

Deuteronomy 12:31 - 32, Torah
[Thus] you will not do so to the Lord your God, for every abomination to the Lord, which He hates, they have done to their gods; for they have even burnt their sons and their daughters in the fire to their gods.  [And so] whatever thing I command you, observe to do it, you will not add thereto, nor diminish from it.

17:31, Qur'an
[So] do not kill your children for fear of poverty.  We provide for them and for you.  Indeed, their killing is ever a great sin.

6:140, Qur'an
[And thus] those will have lost who killed their children in foolishness without knowledge and prohibited what God had provided for them, inventing untruth about God.  They have gone astray and were not [rightly] guided.

Jeremiah 7:31, Torah
"[For] they have built the high places of Tophet, which [is] in the valley of the son of Hinnom, to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire; which I did not command [them], neither did it come into My heart.

Jeremiah 19:5, Torah
[And] they have built also the high places of Baal, to burn their sons with fire [for] burnt offerings to Baal, which I did not command, nor spoke [it], neither did [it] come into My mind."


The Lord Spoke these Words, and He Added No More

God Made a Covenant with us in Horeb

7:144, Qur'an
[God] said, "O Moses, I have chosen you over the people with My messages and My words [to you].  So take what I have given you and be among the grateful.

Deuteronomy 4:2, Torah
You will not add to the word which I command you, neither will you diminish [anything] from it, that you may keep the commandments of the Lord your God which I command you."

7:145, Qur'an
[So] We wrote for him on the tablets [something] of all things - instruction and explanation for all things, [saying], "Take them with determination and order your people to take the best of it."

Deuteronomy 5:1 - 2, Torah
[So] Moses called all Israel, and said to them, "Hear, O Israel, the statutes and judgements which I speak in your ears this day, that you may learn them, and keep, and do them.  The Lord our God made a covenant with us in Horeb -

Deuteronomy 5:6 - 10, Torah
[Saying,] 'I [am] the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage.  You will have no other gods before Me.  You will not make [any] graven image, [or] any likeness [of any thing] that [is] in heaven above, or that [is] in the earth beneath, or that [is] in the waters beneath the earth.  You will not prostrate to them, nor serve them, for I the Lord your God [am] a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth [generation] of those who hate Me, and showing mercy to thousands of those who love Me and keep My commandments.

Deuteronomy 5:11, Torah
[And] you will not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold [him] guiltless who takes His name in vain.

Deuteronomy 5:12 - 15, Torah
[And] keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the Lord your God has commanded you.   Six days you will labor, and do all your work.  But the seventh day [is] the sabbath of the Lord your God, [in it] you will not do any work - you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your ox, nor your donkey, nor any of your cattle, nor your stranger who [is] within your gates; that your manservant and your maidservant may rest as well as you.  And remember that you were a servant in the land of Egypt, and [that] the Lord your God brought you out from there through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm, therefore the Lord your God commanded you to keep the sabbath day.

Deuteronomy 5:16, Torah
[And] honor your father and your mother, as the Lord your God has commanded you; that your days may be prolonged, and that it may go well with you, in the land which the Lord your God gives you.

Deuteronomy 5:17 - 20, Torah
You will not kill.  Neither will you commit adultery.  Neither will you steal.  Neither will you bear false witness against your neighbor.

Deuteronomy 5:21, Torah
Neither will you desire your neighbor's wife, neither will you covet your neighbor's house, his field, or his manservant, or his maidservant, his ox, or his donkey, or any [thing] that [is] your neighbor's.'

Deuteronomy 5:22, Torah
[And thus] the Lord spoke these words to all your assembly in the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice, and He added no more.  And He wrote them in two tables of stone, and delivered them to me."

[Barnabas 2:7 - 8], Gospel
[So] again He says to them; "Did I command your fathers when they went forth from the land of Egypt to bring Me whole burnt offerings and sacrifices?  No, this was My command to them, 'Let none of you bear a grudge of evil against his neighbor in his heart, and do not love a false oath."

Deuteronomy 5:32 - 33, Torah
You will therefore observe to do as the Lord your God has commanded you, you will not turn aside to the right hand or to the left.  You will walk in all the ways which the Lord your God has commanded you, that you may live, and [that it may be] well with you, and [that] you may prolong [your] days in the land which you will possess.


We did Not Send Before you Any Prophet Except that Satan Threw into it Some Misunderstanding -

Sprinkle the Blood upon the Altar, the Ear of Aaron, his Thumb, Great Toe and Garments, and he will be Made Holy

22:52, Qur'an
We did not send before you any messenger or prophet except that when he spoke [or recited], Satan threw into it [some misunderstanding] -

Exodus 29:20 - 21, Torah
"[Whereby] you will kill the ram, and take of his blood, and put [it] upon the tip of the right ear of Aaron, and upon the tip of the right ear of his sons, and upon the thumb of their right hand, and upon the great toe of their right foot, and sprinkle the blood upon the altar round about.  And you will take of the blood that [is] upon the altar, and of the anointing oil, and sprinkle [it] upon Aaron, and upon his garments, and upon his sons, and upon the garments of his sons with him, and he will be made holy, and his garments, and his sons, and his sons' garments with him.

Leviticus 4:16 - 20, Torah
And the priest who is anointed will bring of the bullock's blood to the tabernacle of the congregation.  And the priest will dip his finger [in some] of the blood, and sprinkle [it] seven times before the Lord, [even] before the veil.  And he will put [some] of the blood upon the horns of the altar which [is] before the Lord, that [is] in the tabernacle of the congregation, and will pour out all the blood at the bottom of the altar of the burnt offering, which [is at] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.  And he will take all his fat from him, and burn [it] upon the altar.  And he will do with the bullock as he did with the bullock for a sin offering, so he will do with this, and the priest will make an atonement for them, and it will be forgiven them.

Leviticus 17:11, Torah
For the life of the flesh [is] in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls, for it [is] the blood [that] makes an atonement for the soul."

22:52 - 53, Qur'an
But God abolishes that which Satan throws in; then God makes precise His verses.  And God is Knowing and Wise.  [That is] so He may make what Satan throws in a trial for those within whose hearts is disease and those hard of heart.  And indeed, the wrongdoers are in extreme dissension.

43:62, Qur'an
[So] never let Satan avert you.  Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy.

7:16 - 17, Qur'an
[For Satan] said, "Because You have put me in error, I will surely sit in wait for them on Your straight path.  Then I will come to them from before them and from behind them and on their right and on their left, and You will not find most of them grateful [to You]."

Deuteronomy 28:14 - 15, Torah
[And so God said,] "You will not go aside from any of the words which I command you this day, [to] the right hand, or [to] the left, to go after other gods to serve them.  But it will come to pass, if you will not hear the voice of the Lord your God, to observe to do all His commandments and His statutes which I command you this day; that all these curses will come upon you, and overtake you."

5:13, Qur'an
So for their breaking of the covenant We cursed them and made their hearts hard.  They distort words from their [proper] usages and have forgotten a portion of that of which they were reminded.  And you will still observe deceit among them, except a few of them.  But pardon them and overlook [their misdeeds].  Indeed, God loves the doers of good.

5:15 - 16, Qur'an
[So] O People of the Scripture, there has come to you Our messenger making clear to you much of what you used to conceal of the Scripture and overlooking much.  There has come to you from God a light and a clear Book - by which God guides those who pursue His pleasure to the ways of peace and brings them out from darknesses into the light, by His permission, and guides them to a straight path.

5:90, Qur'an
[So] O you who have believed, indeed, intoxicants, gambling, divining arrows, and [sacrificing on] stone altars are but defilement from the work of Satan, so avoid it that you may be successful.


Do Not Eat the Blood, you will Pour it Upon the Earth as Water

2:173, Qur'an
He has only forbidden to you blood, dead animals, the flesh of swine, and that which has been dedicated to other than God.  But whoever is forced [by necessity], neither desiring [it] nor transgressing [its limit], there is no sin upon him.  Indeed, God is Forgiving and Merciful.

Acts 15:28 - 29, Gospel
[And so] it seemed good to the Holy Spirit, and to us, to lay upon you no greater burden than these necessary things; that you abstain from blood, and meats offered to idols, and from things strangled, and from fornication, from which if you keep yourselves, you will do well. 

Leviticus 17:14, Torah
For [blood is] the life of all flesh; the blood [is] for the life thereof, therefore I said to the Children of Israel,"You will not eat the blood of any manner of flesh, for the life of all flesh [is] the blood, whoever eats it will be cut off."

Deuteronomy 12:23 - 24, Torah
[So] be sure that you do not eat the blood, for the blood [is] the life; and you may not eat the life with the flesh.  You will not eat it; you will pour it upon the earth as water.


Eat from them and Feed the Needy and the Beggar

We Feed you Only for the Countenance of God

90:10 - 18, Qur'an
Have [We] shown him the two ways?  But he has not broken through the difficult pass.  And what can make you know what is [breaking through] the difficult pass?  It is the feeding on a day of severe hunger, an orphan of near relationship or a needy person in misery, or the freeing of a slave.  And then being among those who believed and advised one another to patience and advised one another to compassion.  Those are the companions of the right.

76:7 - 9, Qur'an
They [are those who] fulfill [their] vows and fear a Day whose evil will be widespread.  And they give food in spite of love for it to the needy, the orphan, and the captive, [saying], "We feed you only for the Countenance of God.  We wish not from you reward or gratitude."

Luke 14:13 - 14, Gospel
[And thus,] when you make a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind.  And you will be blessed; for they cannot recompense you, for you will be recompensed at the Resurrection of the just.

[2 Ezra 2:20], Torah
[So] do right to the widow, judge for the fatherless, give to the poor, defend the orphan, clothe the naked.

36:47, Qur'an
[But] when it is said to them, "Spend from that which God has provided for you," those who disbelieve say to those who believe, "Should we feed one whom, if God had willed, He would have fed?  You are not but in clear error."

30:37 - 38, Qur'an
Do they not see that God extends provision for whom He wills and restricts [it]?  Indeed, in that are signs for a people who believe.  So give the relative his right, as well as the needy and the traveler.  That is best for those who desire the Countenance of God, and it is they who will be the successful.

Deuteronomy 15:11, Torah
For the poor will never cease out of the land, therefore I command you, saying, "You will open your hand wide to your brother, to your poor, and to your needy, in your land."

16:5, Qur'an
And [so] the grazing livestock He has created for you; in them is warmth and [numerous] benefits, and from them you eat.

22:36, Qur'an
[Thus] the camels and cattle We have appointed for you as among the symbols of God; for you therein is good.  So mention the name of God upon them when lined up [for sacrifice]; and when they are [lifeless] on their sides, then eat from them and feed the needy and the beggar.  Thus have We subjected them to you that you may be grateful.

22:37, Qur'an
Their meat will not reach God, nor will their blood, but what reaches Him is piety from you.  Thus have We subjected them to you that you may glorify God for that [to] which He has guided you; and give good tidings to the doers of good.


I do Not Want them to Feed Me

God is the Continual Provider and Free of Need

Psalms 50:13, Torah
Will I eat the flesh of bulls, or drink the blood of goats?

51:57 - 58, Qur'an
[No,] I do not want from them any provision, nor do I want them to feed Me.  Indeed, it is God who is the [continual] Provider, the firm possessor of strength -

11:6, Qur'an
[Whereby] there is no creature on earth but that upon God is its provision, and He knows its place of dwelling and place of storage.  All is in a clear register.

Luke 12:24, Gospel
[So] consider the ravens, for they neither sow nor reap; which neither have storehouse nor barn; and God feeds them, how much more are you better than the fowls?

29:60, Qur'an
And [so] how many a creature carries not its [own] provision?  God provides for it and for you.  And He is the Hearing, the Knowing.

52:37, Qur'an
Or do they have the depositories [containing the provision] of your Lord?  Or are they the controllers [of them]?

15:21, Qur'an
[Rather,] there is not a thing but that with Us are its depositories, and We do not send it down except according to a known measure.

80:24 - 32, Qur'an
[So] let mankind look at his food - how We poured down water in torrents, then We broke open the earth, splitting [it with sprouts], and caused to grow within it grain and grapes and herbage and olive and palm trees and gardens of dense shrubbery and fruit and grass - [as] enjoyment for you and your grazing livestock.

22:63 - 64, Qur'an
[So] do you not see that God has sent down rain from the heaven and the earth becomes green?  Indeed, God is Subtle and Acquainted.  To Him belongs what is in the heavens and what is on the earth.  And indeed, God is the Free of need, the Praiseworthy.

Acts 17:24 - 25, Gospel
[So I declare Him to you,] God, who made the world and all things therein, seeing that He is Lord of heaven and earth, does not dwell in temples made with hands; neither is He worshiped with men's hands, as though He needed anything, seeing He gives life to all, and breath, and all things.

6:14, Qur'an
[So] say, "Is it other than God I should take as a protector, Creator of the heavens and the earth, while it is He who feeds and is not fed?"  Say, "Indeed, I have been commanded to be the first [among you] who submit [to God] and [was commanded], 'Do not ever be of the polytheists.'"

20:132, Qur'an
[So] enjoin prayer upon your family [and people] and be steadfast therein. We ask you not for provision; We provide for you, and the [best] outcome is for [those of] righteousness.


Their Hands have Not Produced it, so will they Not be Grateful?

So Mention the Name of God over what He has Provided for you of Sacrificial Animals

Genesis 1:26, Torah
God said, "Let Us make man in Our image, after Our likeness, and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth."

36:71 - 73, Qur'an
[So] do they not see that We have created for them from what Our hands have made, grazing livestock, and [then] they are their owners?  And We have tamed them for them, so some of them they ride, and some of them they eat.  And for them therein are [other] benefits and drinks, so will they not be grateful?

56:68 - 69, Qur'an
And have you seen the water that you drink?  Is it you who brought it down from the clouds, or is it We who bring it down?

15:21 - 22, Qur'an
[Rather,] We have sent the fertilizing winds and sent down water from the heaven and given you drink from it.  And you are not its retainers.

56:63 - 64, Qur'an
And have you seen that [seed] which you sow?  Is it you who makes it grow, or are We the grower?

Psalms 104:14, Torah
[Rather, it is] He [who] causes the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man, that He may bring forth food out of the earth.

6:141 - 142, Qur'an
[Thus] it is He who causes gardens to grow, [both] trellised and untrellised, and palm trees and crops of different [kinds of] food and olives and pomegranates, similar and dissimilar.  Eat of [each of] its fruit when it yields and give its due [alms] on the day of its harvest.  And be not excessive.  Indeed, He does not like those who commit excess.  And of the grazing livestock are carriers [of burdens] and those [too] small.  Eat of what God has provided for you and do not follow the footsteps of Satan.  Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy.

6:121, Qur'an
[So] do not eat of that upon which the name of God has not been mentioned, for indeed, it is grave disobedience.  And indeed do the devils inspire their allies [among men] to dispute with you.  And if you were to obey them, indeed, you would be associators [of others with Him].

22:34, Qur'an
[Thus] for all religion We have appointed a rite [of sacrifice] that they may mention the name of God over what He has provided for them of [sacrificial] animals.  For your god is one God, so to Him submit.

22:33, Qur'an
[And so] for you, the animals marked for sacrifice are benefits for a specified term; then their place of sacrifice is at the ancient House -

5:97, Qur'an
[Whereby] God has made the Ka'bah, the Sacred House, standing for the people and [has sanctified] the sacred months and the sacrificial animals and the garlands [by which they are identified].  That is so you may know that God knows what is in the heavens and what is in the earth and that God is Knowing of all things.

45:13, Qur'an
And He has subjected to you whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth - all from Him.  Indeed in that are signs for a people who give thought.

26:132 - 134, Qur'an
[So] fear He who provided you with that which you know, provided you with grazing livestock and children and gardens and springs.


Its Expiation is the Feeding of Needy People or the Equivalent of that in Fasting

That he may Taste the Consequence of his Deed

5:89, Qur'an
God will not impose blame upon you for what is meaningless in your oaths, but He will impose blame upon you for [breaking] what you intended of oaths.  So its expiation is the feeding of ten needy people from the average of that which you feed your [own] families or clothing them or the freeing of a slave.  But whoever cannot find [or afford it] - then a fast of three days [is required].  That is the expiation for oaths when you have sworn.  But guard your oaths.  Thus does God make clear to you His verses that you may be grateful.

Leviticus 6:1 - 6, Torah
[So likewise, remember when] the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, "If a soul sins, and commits a trespass against the Lord, and lies to his neighbor in that which was delivered him to keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or has deceived his neighbor; or has found that which was lost, and lies concerning it, and swears falsely; in any of all these that a man does, sinning therein.  Then it will be, because he has sinned, and is guilty, that he will restore that which he took away violently, or the thing which he has deceitfully gotten, or that which was delivered to him to keep, or the lost thing which he found, or all that about which he has sworn falsely; he will even restore it in the principal, and will add the fifth part more thereto, [and] give it to him to whom it appertains, in the day of his trespass offering.  And he will bring his trespass offering to the Lord, a ram without blemish out of the flock, with your estimation, for a trespass offering, to the priest.

Leviticus 4:27 - 28, Torah
[And thus] if any one of the common peoples sin through ignorance, while he does [something against] any of the commandments of the Lord [concerning things] which should not be done, and is guilty; or if his sin, which he has sinned, comes to his knowledge, then he will bring his offering, a kid of the goats, a female without blemish, for his sin which he has sinned.

Leviticus 22:29 - 31, Torah
And when you will offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving to the Lord, offer [it] at your own will.  On the same day it will be eaten up; you will leave none of it until the morrow, I [am] the Lord.  Therefore you will keep My commandments, and do them, I [am] the Lord.

Deuteronomy 12:18, Torah
But you must eat them before the Lord your God in the place which the Lord your God will choose, you and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant, and the Levite who [is] within your gates, and you will rejoice before the Lord your God in all that you put your hands to.

Deuteronomy 12:7, Torah
And [thus] there you will eat before the Lord your God, and you will rejoice in all that you put your hand to, you and your households, wherein the Lord your God has blessed you.

Deuteronomy 12:21, Torah
[But] if the place which the Lord your God has chosen to put His name is too far from you, then you will kill of your herd and of your flock, which the Lord has given you, as I have commanded you, and you will eat in your gates whatever your soul lusts after.

5:94 - 95, Qur'an
[So] O you who have believed, God will surely test you through something of the game that your hands and spears [can] reach, that God may make evident those who fear Him unseen.  And whoever transgresses after that - for him is a painful punishment.  O you who have believed, do not kill game while you are in the state of ihram.  And whoever of you kills it intentionally - the penalty is an equivalent from sacrificial animals to what he killed, as judged by two just men among you as an offering [to God] delivered to the Ka'bah, or an expiation the feeding of needy people or the equivalent of that in fasting, that he may taste the consequence of his deed.  God has pardoned what is past; but whoever returns [to violation], then God will take retribution from him.  And God is Almighty and Owner of Retribution.


Decreed upon you is Fasting that you May Become Righteous

But those who Disbelieve Eat as Graving Livestock Eat

[Tobit 12:8], Torah
Prayer is good with fasting and alms and righteousness.  A little with righteousness is better than much with unrighteousness.  It is better to give alms than to lay up gold.

Joel 2:12, Torah
"Therefore also now," the Lord says, "Turn [even] to Me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning."

2 Samuel 1:12, Torah
[And so David] mourned, and wept, and fasted until evening, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of the Lord, and for the house of Israel; because they had fallen by the sword.

2 Samuel 3:35, Torah
And when all the people came to cause David to eat meat while it was still day, David swore, saying, "So God will do to me, and more also, if I taste bread, or anything else, until the sun is down."

Judges 20:26, Torah
Then all the Children of Israel, and all the people, went up, and came to the House of God, and wept, and sat there before the Lord, and fasted that day until evening.

2:183 - 184, Qur'an
[So] O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous - [fasting for] a limited number of days.  So whoever among you is ill or on a journey [during them] - then an equal number of days [are to be made up].  And upon those who are able [to fast, but with hardship] - a ransom [as substitute] of feeding a poor person [each day].  And whoever volunteers excess - it is better for him.  But to fast is best for you, if you only knew.

2:187, Qur'an
[And] the night preceding fasting, it has been made permissible for you to go to your wives.  They are clothing for you and you are clothing for them.  God knows that you used to deceive yourselves, so He accepted your repentance and forgave you.  So now, have relations with them and seek that which God has decreed for you.  And eat and drink until the white thread of dawn becomes distinct to you from the black thread [of night].  Then complete the fast until the night.  And do not have relations with them as long as you are staying for worship in the mosques.  These are the limits [set by] God, so do not approach them.  Thus does God make clear His ordinances to the people that they may become righteous.

Matthew 6:16 - 18, Gospel
"Moreover, when you fast, do not be as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance, for they disfigure their faces, that they may appear to men to fast.  Verily I say to you, 'They have their reward.'  But you, when you fast, anoint your head, and wash your face; that you do not appear to men to fast, but to your [Creator] who is in the hidden, and your [Creator], who sees in the hidden, will reward you openly -"

47:12, Qur'an
[For] indeed, God will admit those who have believed and done righteous deeds to gardens [of Paradise] beneath which rivers flow, but those who disbelieve enjoy themselves and eat as grazing livestock eat, and the Fire will be a residence for them.


For Forty Days he Ate Nothing, for Man Lives Not by Bread Only, but by Every Word of God

God Led you Forty Years to Test you and Let you Hunger, that you might Know that God is your Lord

Deuteronomy 8:2, Torah
[So] you will remember all the ways which the Lord your God led you these forty years in the wilderness, to humble you, [and] to test you, to know what [was] in your heart, whether you would keep His commandments or not -

5:26, Qur'an
[When God] said, "Then indeed, it is forbidden to them for forty years [in which] they will wander throughout the land.  So do not grieve over the defiantly disobedient people."

Deuteronomy 8:3, Torah
[So] He humbled you, and let you hunger, and fed you with manna, which you did not know, neither did your fathers know; that He might make you know that man does not live by bread only, but man lives by every [word] that proceeds out of the mouth of the Lord.

Exodus 34:27 - 28, Torah
And [so] the Lord said to Moses, "Write these words, for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel."  And [so] he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights; he neither ate bread, nor drank water.  And He wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.

1 Kings 19:8 - 9, Torah
And [likewise, Elijah] arose, and ate and drank, and went in the strength of that meat for forty days and forty nights to Horeb, the Mount of God.  And he came there to a cave, and lodged there; and, behold, the word of the Lord [came] to him, and He said to him, "What do you do here, Elijah?"

Luke 4:1 - 2, Gospel
And [likewise,] Jesus, being full of the Holy Spirit, returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness, being tempted of the devil for forty days.  And in those days he ate nothing; and when they had ended, he afterward hungered.

Jonah 3:3 - 5, Torah
[And remember when] Jonah arose, and went to Nineveh, according to the word of the Lord.  Now Nineveh was an exceedingly great city of three days' journey.  And Jonah began to enter into the city a day's journey, and he cried, and said, "Yet forty days, and Nineveh will be overthrown."  So the people of Nineveh believed God, and proclaimed a fast, and put on sackcloth, from the greatest of them even to the least of them.

[2 Ezra 14:42], Torah
[And remember when] the Highest gave understanding to the five men [with Ezra], and they wrote the wonderful visions of the night that were told, which they did not know; and they sat forty days, and they wrote in the day, and at night they ate bread.

2:185, Qur'an
[So similarly,] the month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion.  So whoever sights the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey - then an equal number of other days.  God intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [He wants] for you to complete the period [thirty days] and to glorify God for that [to] which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful.

2:196, Qur'an
And complete the Pilgrimage and 'umrah for God.  But if you are prevented, then [offer] what can be obtained with ease of sacrificial animals.  And do not shave your heads until the sacrificial animal has reached its place of slaughter.  And whoever among you is ill or has an ailment of the head [making shaving necessary, must offer] a ransom of fasting [three days] or charity or sacrifice.  And when you are secure, then whoever performs 'umrah [during the Pilgrimage months] followed by pilgrimage [offers] what can be obtained with ease of sacrificial animals.  And whoever cannot find [a sacrificial animal], then a fast of three days during pilgrimage and of seven when you have returned [home].  Those are ten complete [days].  This is for those whose family is not in the area of the Sacred Mosque.  And fear God and know that God is severe in penalty.

7:142, Qur'an
[And so it is just as when] We made an appointment with Moses for thirty nights and perfected them by ten; so the term of his Lord was completed as forty nights.

Deuteronomy 29:5 - 6, Torah
[For] I have led you forty years in the wilderness, your clothes are not waxed old upon you, and your shoe is not waxed old upon your foot.  You have not eaten bread, neither have you drunk wine or strong drink, that you might know that I [am] the Lord your God.

 Sabbath                                Satan