In the third to twelfth year of the reign of Ahasuerus, the father of Darius
Mordecai - who had been carried away from Jerusalem with the captivity that had been carried away with Jeconiah, king of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon, had carried away - took Esther for his own daughter.
And when these days had expired, the king made a feast to all the people who were present in the palace Shushan, both to the great and small, for seven days, in the court of the garden of the king's palace;
[Where there were] white, green, and blue, [hangings], fastened with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and pillars of marble, the beds [were of] gold and silver, upon a pavement of red, and blue, and white, and black, marble.
On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was good with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains who served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,
And next to him [was] Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, [and] Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king's face, [and] who sat the first in the kingdom);
And Memucan answered before the king and the princes, Vashti the queen has not done wrong only to the king, but also to all the princes, and to all the people who [are] in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus.
For [this] deed of the queen will come abroad to all women, so that they will despise their husbands in their eyes, when it will be reported, 'The king Ahasuerus commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she did not come.'
If it pleases the king, let a royal commandment go from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, that it not be altered, 'That Vashti no longer comes before king Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate to another who is better than she.'
And when the king's decree, which he will make, will be published throughout all his empire (for it is great), all the wives will give honor to their husbands, both to the great and small."
For he sent letters into all the king's provinces, into every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language, that every man should bear rule in his own house, and that [it] should be published according to the language of every people.
And let the king appoint officers in all the provinces of his kingdom, that they may gather together all the fair young virgins to the palace Shushan, to the house of the women, to the custody of Hege, the king's chamberlain, keeper of the women; and let their things for purification be given [to them].
And he brought up Hadassah, that [is], Esther, his uncle's daughter, for she had neither father or mother, and the maid [was] fair and beautiful; whom Mordecai, when her father and mother were dead, took for his own daughter.
So it came to pass, when the king's commandment and his decree was heard, and when many maidens were gathered together to the palace Shushan, to the custody of Hegai, that Esther was brought also to the king's house, to the custody of Hegai, keeper of the women.
And the maiden pleased him, and she obtained kindness of him; and he speedily gave her her things for purification, with such things that belonged to her, and seven maidens, [who were] approved to be given her, out of the king's house, and he preferred her and her maids to the best [place] of the house of the women.
Now when every maid's turn was brought to go in to king Ahasuerus, after that she had been twelve months, according to the manner of the women (for the days of their purifications were accomplished, [to knowledge], six months with oil of myrrh, and six months with sweet odors, and with [other] things for the purifying of the women);
In the evening, she went, and on the morrow, she returned into the second house of the women, to the custody of Shaashgaz, the king's chamberlain, who kept the servant-wives, she no longer came in to the king, except the king delighted in her, and she was called by name.
Now when the turn of Esther, the daughter of Abihail, the uncle of Mordecai, who had taken her for his daughter, was brought to go in to the king, she required nothing but what Hegai, the king's chamberlain, the keeper of the women, appointed. And Esther obtained favor in the sight of all those who looked upon her.
And the king loved Esther above all the women, and she obtained grace and favor in his sight more than all the virgins; so that he set the royal crown upon her head, and made her queen instead of Vashti.
In those days, while Mordecai sat in the king's gate, two of the king's chamberlains, Bigthan and Teresh, of those who kept the door, were wroth, and sought to lay hand on the king Ahasuerus.
Now it came to pass, when they spoke daily to him, and he did not listen to them, that they told Haman, to see whether Mordecai's matters would stand, for he had told those who he [was], a Jew.
And he thought scornfully, to lay his hands on Mordecai alone; for they had shown him the people of Mordecai, therefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews who [were] throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, [even] the people of Mordecai.
In the first month, that [is], the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that [is], the lot, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, [to] the twelfth [month], that [is], the month Adar.
And Haman said to king Ahasuerus, "There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the people in all the provinces of your kingdom; and their laws [are] diverse from all people; neither do they keep the king's laws, therefore it [is] not for the king's profit to leave them.
If it pleases the king, let it be written that they may be destroyed, and I will pay ten thousand talents of silver to the hands of those who have the charge of the business, to bring [it] into the king's treasuries."
Then the king's scribes were called on the thirteenth day of the first month, and it was written according to all that Haman had commanded the king's lieutenants, and to the governors who [were] over every province, and to the rulers of every people of every province according to the writing thereof, and [to] every people after their language; it was written in the name of king Ahasuerus, and sealed with the king's ring.
And the letters were sent by posts into all the king's provinces, to destroy, to kill, and to cause to perish, all Jews, both young and old, little children and women, in one day, [even] upon the thirteenth [day] of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar, and [to take] the spoil of them for a prey.
And in every province, wherever the king's commandment and his decree came, [there was] great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes.
So Esther's maids and her chamberlains came and told [it] to her. Then the queen was exceedingly grieved; and she sent raiment to clothe Mordecai, and to take away his sackcloth from him, but he did not receive [it].
Also he gave him the copy of the writing of the decree that was given at Shushan to destroy them, to show [it] to Esther, and to declare [it] to her, and to charge her that she should go in to the king, to make supplication to him, and to make request before him for her people.
All the king's servants, and the people of the king's provinces, do know, that whoever, whether man or woman, will come to the king into the inner court, who is not called, [there is] one law of his to put [him] to death, except such to whom the king will hold out the golden scepter, that he may live, but I have not been called to come in to the king these thirty days.
For if you altogether hold your peace at this time, [then] enlargement and deliverance will arise to the Jews from another place; but you and your father's house will be destroyed, and who knows whether you are brought to the kingdom for [such] a time as this?"
"Go, gather together all the Jews who are present in Shushan, and fast for me, and neither eat or drink for three days, night or day, I also and my maidens will fast likewise; and so I will go in to the king, which [is] not according to the law, and if I perish, I perish."
Now it came to pass on the third day, that Esther put on [her] royal [apparel], and stood in the inner court of the king's house, over against the king's house, and the king sat upon his royal throne in the royal house, over against the gate of the house.
And it was so, when the king saw Esther the queen standing in the court, [that] she obtained favor in his sight, and the king held out to Esther the golden scepter that [was] in his hand. So Esther drew near, and touched the top of the scepter.
And the king said to Esther at the banquet of wine, "What [is] your petition? And it will be granted to you, and what [is] your request? Even to the half of the kingdom, it will be performed."
If I have found favor in the sight of the king, and if it pleases the king to grant my petition, and to perform my request, let the king and Haman come to the banquet that I will prepare for them, and I will do tomorrow as the king has said."
Then Haman went forth that day, joyful and with a glad heart, but when Haman saw Mordecai in the king's gate, that he did not stand up, nor moved for him, he was full of indignation against Mordecai.
And Haman told them of the glory of his riches, and the multitude of his children, and all [the things] wherein the king had promoted him, and how he had advanced him above the princes and servants of the king.
Then Zeresh his wife and all his friends said to him, "Let a gallows be made, fifty cubits high, and tomorrow speak to the king that Mordecai may be hanged thereon, then go in rejoicing with the king to the banquet." And the thing pleased Haman; and he caused the gallows to be made.
And the king said, "Who [is] in the court?" Now Haman was brought into the outer court of the king's house, to speak to the king to hang Mordecai on the gallows that he had prepared for him.
So Haman came in. And the king said to him, "What will be done to the man whom the king delights to honor?" Now Haman thought in his heart, "To whom would the king delight to do honor more than myself?"
And let this apparel and horse be delivered to the hand of one of the king's most noble princes, that they may array the man [withal] whom the king delights to honor, and bring him on horseback through the street of the city, and proclaim before him, 'Thus will it be done to the man whom the king delights to honor.'"
Then the king said to Haman, "Make haste, [and] take the apparel and the horse, as you have said, and do even so to Mordecai the Jew, who sits at the king's gate, let nothing fail of all that you have spoken."
Then Haman took the apparel and the horse, and arrayed Mordecai, and brought him on horseback through the street of the city, and proclaimed before him, "Thus will it be done to the man whom the king delights to honor."
And Haman told Zeresh his wife and all his friends every [thing] that had befallen him. Then his wise men and Zeresh his wife said to him, "If Mordecai [is] of the seed of the Jews, before whom you have begun to fall, you will not prevail against him, but will surely fall before him."
And the king said again to Esther on the second day at the banquet of wine, "What [is] your petition, queen Esther? And it will be granted you, and what [is] your request? And it will be performed, [even] to the half of the kingdom."
For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish. But if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, I had held my tongue, although the enemy could not countervail the king's damage."
And the king, arising from the banquet of wine in his wrath, [went] into the palace garden, and Haman stood up to make request for his life to Esther the queen; for he saw that there was evil determined against him by the king.
Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine; and Haman had fallen upon the bed whereon Esther [was]. Then the king said, "Will he also force the queen before me in the house?" As the word went out of the king's mouth, they covered Haman's face.
And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, "Behold also, the gallows, fifty cubits high, which Haman had made for Mordecai, who had spoken good for the king, stands in the house of Haman." Then the king said, "Hang him thereon."
And Esther spoke yet again before the king, and fell down at his feet, and besought him with tears to put away the mischief of Haman the Agagite, and his device that he had devised against the Jews.
And said, "If it pleases the king, and if I have found favor in his sight, and the thing [seems] right before the king, and I [am] pleasing in his eyes, let it be written to reverse the letters devised by Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, which he wrote to destroy the Jews who [are] in all the king's provinces.
Then the king Ahasuerus said to Esther the queen and to Mordecai the Jew, "Behold, I have given Esther the house of Haman, and they have hanged him upon the gallows, because he laid his hand upon the Jews.
Write also for the Jews, as it is good in your eyes, in the king's name, and seal [it] with the king's ring, for the writing which is written in the king's name, and sealed with the king's ring, no man may reverse."
Then the king's scribes were called at that time in the third month, that [is], the month Sivan, on the twenty third [day] thereof; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded to the Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which [are] from India to Ethiopia, a hundred twenty seven provinces, to every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language, and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their language.
Wherein the king granted the Jews who [were] in every city to gather themselves together, and to stand for their life, to destroy, to slay, and to cause to perish, all the power of the people and province that would assault them, [both] little ones and women, and [to take] the spoil of them for a prey,
The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province [was] published to all people, and that the Jews should be ready against that day to avenge themselves on their enemies.
And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a garment of fine linen and purple, and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad.
And in every province, and in every city, wherever the king's commandment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast and a good day. And many of the people of the land became Jews; for the fear of the Jews fell upon them.
Now in the twelfth month, that [is], the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the same, when the king's commandment and his decree drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the enemies of the Jews hoped to have power over them (though it was turned to the contrary, that the Jews had rule over those who hated them);
The Jews gathered themselves together in their cities throughout all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, to lay hand on such who sought their hurt, and no man could withstand them; for the fear of them fell upon all people.
And the king said to Esther the queen, "The Jews have slain and destroyed five hundred men in the palace Shushan, and the ten sons of Haman; what have they done in the rest of the king's provinces? Now what [is] your petition? And it will be granted you, or what [is] your request further? And it will be done."
Then Esther said, "If it pleases the king, let it be granted to the Jews who [are] in Shushan to do tomorrow also according to this day's decree, and let Haman's ten sons be hanged upon the gallows."
For the Jews who [were] in Shushan gathered themselves together on the fourteenth day also of the month Adar, and slew three hundred men at Shushan; but they did not lay their hand on the prey.
But the other Jews who [were] in the king's provinces gathered themselves together, and stood for their lives, and had rest from their enemies, and slew seventy five thousand of their foes, but they did not lay their hands on the prey,
But the Jews who [were] at Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth [day] thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the fifteenth [day] of the same, they rested and made it a day of feasting and gladness.
Therefore the Jews of the villages, who dwelt in the unwalled towns, made the fourteenth day of the month Adar [a day of] gladness and feasting, and a good day, and of sending portions to one another.
As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies, and the month which was turned to them from sorrow to joy, and from mourning into a good day, that they should make them [into] days of feasting and joy, and of sending portions to one another, and gifts to the poor.
Because Haman, the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that [is], the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;
But when [Esther] came before the king, he commanded by letters that his wicked device, which he devised against the Jews, should return upon his own head, and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows.
Therefore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur. Therefore for all the words of this letter, and [of that] which they had seen concerning this matter, and which had come to them,
The Jews ordained, and took upon them, and upon their seed, and upon all such who joined themselves to them, so as it should not fail, that they would keep these two days according to their writing, and according to their [appointed] time every year;
And [that] these days [should be] remembered and kept throughout every generation, every family, every province, and every city; and [that] these days of Purim should not fail from among the Jews, nor the memorial of them perish from their seed.
To confirm these days of Purim in their [appointed] times, accordingly as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry.
And all the acts of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordecai, whereto the king advanced him, [are] they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Media and Persia?