In the third to twelfth year of the reign of Ahasuerus, the father of Darius
Mordecai - who had been carried away from Jerusalem with the captivity that had been carried away with Jeconiah, king of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon, had carried away - took Esther for his own daughter.
Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus (this [is] Ahasuerus who reigned, from India even to Ethiopia, [over] a hundred and twenty seven provinces).
[That] in those days, when king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which [was] in the palace Shushan,
In the third year of his reign, he made a feast to all his princes and his servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, [being] before him.
When he showed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honor of his excellent majesty for many days, [even] a hundred and eighty days.
And when these days had expired, the king made a feast to all the people who were present in the palace Shushan, both to the great and small, for seven days, in the court of the garden of the king's palace;
[Where there were] white, green, and blue, [hangings], fastened with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and pillars of marble, the beds [were of] gold and silver, upon a pavement of red, and blue, and white, and black, marble.
And they gave [them] drinks in vessels of gold (the vessels being diverse from one another), and royal wine in abundance, according to the state of the king.
And the drinking [was] according to the law; none compelled, for the king had appointed to all the officers of his house, that they should do according to every man's pleasure.
Also, Vashti, the queen, made a feast for the women [in] the royal house which [belonged] to king Ahasuerus.
On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was good with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven chamberlains who served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,
To bring Vashti the queen before the king with the crown royal, to show the people and the princes her beauty, for she [was] fair to look on.
But queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by [his] chamberlains, therefore the king was very wroth, and his anger burned in him.
Then the king said to the wise men, who knew the times (for so [was] the king's manner toward all who knew law and judgment.
And next to him [was] Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, [and] Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king's face, [and] who sat the first in the kingdom);
"What will we do to queen Vashti according to law, because she has not performed the commandment of the king Ahasuerus by the chamberlains?"
And Memucan answered before the king and the princes, Vashti the queen has not done wrong only to the king, but also to all the princes, and to all the people who [are] in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus.
For [this] deed of the queen will come abroad to all women, so that they will despise their husbands in their eyes, when it will be reported, 'The king Ahasuerus commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she did not come.'
[Likewise] the ladies of Persia and Media will say to all the king's princes this day, who have heard of the deed of the queen. Thus [will there arise] too much contempt and wrath.
If it pleases the king, let a royal commandment go from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, that it not be altered, 'That Vashti no longer comes before king Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate to another who is better than she.'
And when the king's decree, which he will make, will be published throughout all his empire (for it is great), all the wives will give honor to their husbands, both to the great and small."
And the saying pleased the king and the princes; and the king did according to the word of Memucan.
For he sent letters into all the king's provinces, into every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language, that every man should bear rule in his own house, and that [it] should be published according to the language of every people.
After these things, when the wrath of king Ahasuerus was appeased, he remembered Vashti, and what she had done, and what was decreed against her.
Then the king's servants who ministered to him said, "Let there be fair young virgins sought for the king.
And let the king appoint officers in all the provinces of his kingdom, that they may gather together all the fair young virgins to the palace Shushan, to the house of the women, to the custody of Hege, the king's chamberlain, keeper of the women; and let their things for purification be given [to them].
And let the maiden who pleases the king be queen instead of Vashti." And the thing pleased the king; and he did so.
[Now] in the palace Shushan there was a certain Jew, whose name [was] Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite;
Who had been carried away from Jerusalem with the captivity that had been carried away with Jeconiah, king of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon, had carried away.
And he brought up Hadassah, that [is], Esther, his uncle's daughter, for she had neither father or mother, and the maid [was] fair and beautiful; whom Mordecai, when her father and mother were dead, took for his own daughter.
So it came to pass, when the king's commandment and his decree was heard, and when many maidens were gathered together to the palace Shushan, to the custody of Hegai, that Esther was brought also to the king's house, to the custody of Hegai, keeper of the women.
And the maiden pleased him, and she obtained kindness of him; and he speedily gave her her things for purification, with such things that belonged to her, and seven maidens, [who were] approved to be given her, out of the king's house, and he preferred her and her maids to the best [place] of the house of the women.
Esther had not shown her people or her kindred, for Mordecai had charged her that she should not show [it].
And Mordecai walked every day before the court of the women's house, to know how Esther did, and what should become of her.
Now when every maid's turn was brought to go in to king Ahasuerus, after that she had been twelve months, according to the manner of the women (for the days of their purifications were accomplished, [to knowledge], six months with oil of myrrh, and six months with sweet odors, and with [other] things for the purifying of the women);
Then [every] maiden thus came to the king; whatever she desired was given to her to go with her out of the house of the women to the king's house.
In the evening, she went, and on the morrow, she returned into the second house of the women, to the custody of Shaashgaz, the king's chamberlain, who kept the servant-wives, she no longer came in to the king, except the king delighted in her, and she was called by name.
Now when the turn of Esther, the daughter of Abihail, the uncle of Mordecai, who had taken her for his daughter, was brought to go in to the king, she required nothing but what Hegai, the king's chamberlain, the keeper of the women, appointed. And Esther obtained favor in the sight of all those who looked upon her.
So Esther was taken to king Ahasuerus into his royal house in the tenth month, which [is] the month Tebeth, in the seventh year of his reign.
And the king loved Esther above all the women, and she obtained grace and favor in his sight more than all the virgins; so that he set the royal crown upon her head, and made her queen instead of Vashti.
Then the king made a great feast to all his princes and his servants, [even] Esther's feast; and he made a release to the provinces, and gave gifts, according to the state of the king.
And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordecai sat in the king's gate.
Esther had not [yet] shown her kindred or her people; as Mordecai had charged her, for Esther did the commandment of Mordecai, as when she was brought up with him.
In those days, while Mordecai sat in the king's gate, two of the king's chamberlains, Bigthan and Teresh, of those who kept the door, were wroth, and sought to lay hand on the king Ahasuerus.
And the thing was known to Mordecai, who told [it] to Esther the queen; and Esther certified the king [thereof] in Mordecai's name.
And when inquisition was made of the matter, it was found out; therefore they were both hanged on a tree, and it was written in the Book of the Chronicles before the king.
After these things, king Ahasuerus promoted Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes who [were] with him.
And all the king's servants, who [were] in the king's gate, bowed, and prostrated to Haman, for the king had so commanded concerning him. But Mordecai did not bow, nor did he prostrate.
Then the king's servants, who [were] in the king's gate, said to Mordecai, "Why do you transgress the king's commandment?"
Now it came to pass, when they spoke daily to him, and he did not listen to them, that they told Haman, to see whether Mordecai's matters would stand, for he had told those who he [was], a Jew.
And when Haman saw that Mordecai did not bow, nor did he prostrate to him, then Haman was full of wrath.
And he thought scornfully, to lay his hands on Mordecai alone; for they had shown him the people of Mordecai, therefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews who [were] throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, [even] the people of Mordecai.
In the first month, that [is], the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that [is], the lot, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, [to] the twelfth [month], that [is], the month Adar.
And Haman said to king Ahasuerus, "There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the people in all the provinces of your kingdom; and their laws [are] diverse from all people; neither do they keep the king's laws, therefore it [is] not for the king's profit to leave them.
If it pleases the king, let it be written that they may be destroyed, and I will pay ten thousand talents of silver to the hands of those who have the charge of the business, to bring [it] into the king's treasuries."
And the king took his ring from his hand, and gave it to Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the Jews' enemy.
And the king said to Haman, "The silver [is] given to you, the people also, to do with them as it seems good to you."
Then the king's scribes were called on the thirteenth day of the first month, and it was written according to all that Haman had commanded the king's lieutenants, and to the governors who [were] over every province, and to the rulers of every people of every province according to the writing thereof, and [to] every people after their language; it was written in the name of king Ahasuerus, and sealed with the king's ring.
And the letters were sent by posts into all the king's provinces, to destroy, to kill, and to cause to perish, all Jews, both young and old, little children and women, in one day, [even] upon the thirteenth [day] of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar, and [to take] the spoil of them for a prey.
The copy of the writing for a commandment was published to all people to be given in every province, that they should be ready against that day.
The posts went out, being hastened by the king's commandment, and the decree was given in the palace Shushan. And the king and Haman sat down to drink; but the city Shushan was perplexed.
When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry;
And came even before the king's gate, for none [might] enter into the king's gate clothed with sackcloth.
And in every province, wherever the king's commandment and his decree came, [there was] great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes.
So Esther's maids and her chamberlains came and told [it] to her. Then the queen was exceedingly grieved; and she sent raiment to clothe Mordecai, and to take away his sackcloth from him, but he did not receive [it].
Then Esther called for Hatach, [one] of the king's chamberlains, whom he had appointed to attend upon her, and gave him a commandment to Mordecai, to know what it [was], and why it [was].
So Hatach went forth to Mordecai to the street of the city, which [was] before the king's gate.
And Mordecai told him of all that had happened to him, and of the sum of the money that Haman had promised to pay to the king's treasuries for the Jews, to destroy them.
Also he gave him the copy of the writing of the decree that was given at Shushan to destroy them, to show [it] to Esther, and to declare [it] to her, and to charge her that she should go in to the king, to make supplication to him, and to make request before him for her people.
And Hatach came and told Esther the words of Mordecai.
Again Esther spoke to Hatach, and gave him commandment to Mordecai;
All the king's servants, and the people of the king's provinces, do know, that whoever, whether man or woman, will come to the king into the inner court, who is not called, [there is] one law of his to put [him] to death, except such to whom the king will hold out the golden scepter, that he may live, but I have not been called to come in to the king these thirty days.
And they told to Mordecai Esther's words.
Then Mordecai commanded to answer Esther, "Do not think with yourself that you will escape in the king's house, more than all the Jews.
For if you altogether hold your peace at this time, [then] enlargement and deliverance will arise to the Jews from another place; but you and your father's house will be destroyed, and who knows whether you are brought to the kingdom for [such] a time as this?"
Then Esther bade [them] to return Mordecai [this answer],
"Go, gather together all the Jews who are present in Shushan, and fast for me, and neither eat or drink for three days, night or day, I also and my maidens will fast likewise; and so I will go in to the king, which [is] not according to the law, and if I perish, I perish."
So Mordecai went his way, and did according to all that Esther had commanded him.
Now it came to pass on the third day, that Esther put on [her] royal [apparel], and stood in the inner court of the king's house, over against the king's house, and the king sat upon his royal throne in the royal house, over against the gate of the house.
And it was so, when the king saw Esther the queen standing in the court, [that] she obtained favor in his sight, and the king held out to Esther the golden scepter that [was] in his hand. So Esther drew near, and touched the top of the scepter.
Then the king said to her, "What do you will, queen Esther? And what [is] your request? It will be even given to you, to the half of the kingdom."
And Esther answered, "If [it seems] good to the king, let the king and Haman come this day to the banquet that I have prepared for him."
Then the king said, "Cause Haman to make haste, that he may do as Esther has said." So the king and Haman came to the banquet that Esther had prepared.
And the king said to Esther at the banquet of wine, "What [is] your petition? And it will be granted to you, and what [is] your request? Even to the half of the kingdom, it will be performed."
Then Esther answered and said, "My petition and my request [is];
If I have found favor in the sight of the king, and if it pleases the king to grant my petition, and to perform my request, let the king and Haman come to the banquet that I will prepare for them, and I will do tomorrow as the king has said."
Then Haman went forth that day, joyful and with a glad heart, but when Haman saw Mordecai in the king's gate, that he did not stand up, nor moved for him, he was full of indignation against Mordecai.
Nevertheless Haman refrained himself, and when he came home, he sent and called for his friends, and Zeresh his wife.
And Haman told them of the glory of his riches, and the multitude of his children, and all [the things] wherein the king had promoted him, and how he had advanced him above the princes and servants of the king.
Haman said moreover, "Indeed, Esther the queen let no man come in with the king to the banquet that she had prepared but myself; and tomorrow I am invited to her also with the king.
Yet all this avails me nothing, so long as I see Mordecai the Jew sitting at the king's gate."
Then Zeresh his wife and all his friends said to him, "Let a gallows be made, fifty cubits high, and tomorrow speak to the king that Mordecai may be hanged thereon, then go in rejoicing with the king to the banquet." And the thing pleased Haman; and he caused the gallows to be made.
On that night, the king could not sleep, and he commanded to bring the Book of Records of the Chronicles; and they were read before the king.
And it was found written, that Mordecai had told of Bigthana and Teresh, two of the king's chamberlains, the keepers of the door, who sought to lay hands on the king Ahasuerus.
And the king said, "What honor and dignity has been done to Mordecai for this?" Then the king's servants who ministered to him said, "There is nothing done for him."
And the king said, "Who [is] in the court?" Now Haman was brought into the outer court of the king's house, to speak to the king to hang Mordecai on the gallows that he had prepared for him.
And the king's servants said to him, "Behold, Haman stands in the court." And the king said, "Let him come in."
So Haman came in. And the king said to him, "What will be done to the man whom the king delights to honor?" Now Haman thought in his heart, "To whom would the king delight to do honor more than myself?"
And Haman answered the king, "For the man whom the king delights to honor,
Let the royal apparel be brought, which the king [uses] to wear, and the horse that the king rides upon, and the royal crown which is set upon his head.
And let this apparel and horse be delivered to the hand of one of the king's most noble princes, that they may array the man [withal] whom the king delights to honor, and bring him on horseback through the street of the city, and proclaim before him, 'Thus will it be done to the man whom the king delights to honor.'"
Then the king said to Haman, "Make haste, [and] take the apparel and the horse, as you have said, and do even so to Mordecai the Jew, who sits at the king's gate, let nothing fail of all that you have spoken."
Then Haman took the apparel and the horse, and arrayed Mordecai, and brought him on horseback through the street of the city, and proclaimed before him, "Thus will it be done to the man whom the king delights to honor."
And Mordecai came again to the king's gate. But Haman hastened to his house mourning, and having his head covered.
And Haman told Zeresh his wife and all his friends every [thing] that had befallen him. Then his wise men and Zeresh his wife said to him, "If Mordecai [is] of the seed of the Jews, before whom you have begun to fall, you will not prevail against him, but will surely fall before him."
And while they [were] still talking with him, the king's chamberlains came, and hastened to bring Haman to the banquet that Esther had prepared.
So the king and Haman came to banquet with Esther the queen.
And the king said again to Esther on the second day at the banquet of wine, "What [is] your petition, queen Esther? And it will be granted you, and what [is] your request? And it will be performed, [even] to the half of the kingdom."
Then Esther the queen answered and said, "If I have found favor in your sight, O king, and if it pleases the king, let my life be given to me at my petition, and my people at my request.
For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish. But if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, I had held my tongue, although the enemy could not countervail the king's damage."
Then the king Ahasuerus answered and said to Esther the queen, "Who is he, and where is he, who presumes in his heart to do so?
And Esther said, "The adversary and enemy [is] this wicked Haman." Then Haman was afraid before the king and the queen.
And the king, arising from the banquet of wine in his wrath, [went] into the palace garden, and Haman stood up to make request for his life to Esther the queen; for he saw that there was evil determined against him by the king.
Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine; and Haman had fallen upon the bed whereon Esther [was]. Then the king said, "Will he also force the queen before me in the house?" As the word went out of the king's mouth, they covered Haman's face.
And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, "Behold also, the gallows, fifty cubits high, which Haman had made for Mordecai, who had spoken good for the king, stands in the house of Haman." Then the king said, "Hang him thereon."
So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. Then the king's wrath was pacified.
On that day, the king Ahasuerus gave the house of Haman, the Jews' enemy, to Esther the queen. And Mordecai came before the king; for Esther had told what he [was] to her.
And the king took off his ring, which he had taken from Haman, and gave it to Mordecai. And Esther set Mordecai over the house of Haman.
And Esther spoke yet again before the king, and fell down at his feet, and besought him with tears to put away the mischief of Haman the Agagite, and his device that he had devised against the Jews.
Then the king held out the golden scepter toward Esther. So Esther arose, and stood before the king,
And said, "If it pleases the king, and if I have found favor in his sight, and the thing [seems] right before the king, and I [am] pleasing in his eyes, let it be written to reverse the letters devised by Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, which he wrote to destroy the Jews who [are] in all the king's provinces.
For how can I endure to see the evil that will come to my people? Or how can I endure to see the destruction of my kindred?"
Then the king Ahasuerus said to Esther the queen and to Mordecai the Jew, "Behold, I have given Esther the house of Haman, and they have hanged him upon the gallows, because he laid his hand upon the Jews.
Write also for the Jews, as it is good in your eyes, in the king's name, and seal [it] with the king's ring, for the writing which is written in the king's name, and sealed with the king's ring, no man may reverse."
Then the king's scribes were called at that time in the third month, that [is], the month Sivan, on the twenty third [day] thereof; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded to the Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which [are] from India to Ethiopia, a hundred twenty seven provinces, to every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language, and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their language.
And he wrote in the king Ahasuerus' name, and sealed [it] with the king's ring, and sent letters by posts on horseback, [and] riders on mules, camels, [and] young dromedaries.
Wherein the king granted the Jews who [were] in every city to gather themselves together, and to stand for their life, to destroy, to slay, and to cause to perish, all the power of the people and province that would assault them, [both] little ones and women, and [to take] the spoil of them for a prey,
Upon one day in all the provinces of king Ahasuerus, [namely], upon the thirteenth [day] of the twelfth month, which [is] the month Adar.
The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province [was] published to all people, and that the Jews should be ready against that day to avenge themselves on their enemies.
[So] the posts that rode upon mules [and] camels went out, being hastened and pressed on by the king's commandment. And the decree was given at the palace Shushan.
And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a garment of fine linen and purple, and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad.
The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honor.
And in every province, and in every city, wherever the king's commandment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast and a good day. And many of the people of the land became Jews; for the fear of the Jews fell upon them.
Now in the twelfth month, that [is], the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the same, when the king's commandment and his decree drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the enemies of the Jews hoped to have power over them (though it was turned to the contrary, that the Jews had rule over those who hated them);
The Jews gathered themselves together in their cities throughout all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, to lay hand on such who sought their hurt, and no man could withstand them; for the fear of them fell upon all people.
And all the rulers of the provinces, and the lieutenants, and the deputies, and officers of the king, helped the Jews; because the fear of Mordecai fell upon them.
For Mordecai [was] great in the king's house, and his fame went out throughout all the provinces, for this man Mordecai waxed greater and greater.
Thus the Jews struck all their enemies with the stroke of the sword, and slaughter, and destruction, and did what they would to those who hated them.
And in the palace Shushan, the Jews slew and destroyed five hundred men.
And Parshandatha, and Dalphon, and Aspatha,
And Poratha, and Adalia, and Aridatha,
And Parmashta, and Arisai, and Aridai, and Vajezatha,
They slew the ten sons of Haman, the son of Hammedatha, the enemy of the Jews; but they did not lay their hand on the spoil.
On that day, the number of those who were slain in the palace Shushan was brought before the king.
And the king said to Esther the queen, "The Jews have slain and destroyed five hundred men in the palace Shushan, and the ten sons of Haman; what have they done in the rest of the king's provinces? Now what [is] your petition? And it will be granted you, or what [is] your request further? And it will be done."
Then Esther said, "If it pleases the king, let it be granted to the Jews who [are] in Shushan to do tomorrow also according to this day's decree, and let Haman's ten sons be hanged upon the gallows."
And the king commanded it to be done so, and the decree was given at Shushan; and they hanged Haman's ten sons.
For the Jews who [were] in Shushan gathered themselves together on the fourteenth day also of the month Adar, and slew three hundred men at Shushan; but they did not lay their hand on the prey.
But the other Jews who [were] in the king's provinces gathered themselves together, and stood for their lives, and had rest from their enemies, and slew seventy five thousand of their foes, but they did not lay their hands on the prey,
On the thirteenth day of the month Adar; and on the fourteenth day of the same, they rested and made it a day of feasting and gladness.
But the Jews who [were] at Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth [day] thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the fifteenth [day] of the same, they rested and made it a day of feasting and gladness.
Therefore the Jews of the villages, who dwelt in the unwalled towns, made the fourteenth day of the month Adar [a day of] gladness and feasting, and a good day, and of sending portions to one another.
And Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters to all the Jews who [were] in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, [both] near and far,
To establish [this] among them, that they should keep the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth day of the same, yearly,
As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies, and the month which was turned to them from sorrow to joy, and from mourning into a good day, that they should make them [into] days of feasting and joy, and of sending portions to one another, and gifts to the poor.
And the Jews undertook to do as they had begun, and as Mordecai had written to them;
Because Haman, the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that [is], the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;
But when [Esther] came before the king, he commanded by letters that his wicked device, which he devised against the Jews, should return upon his own head, and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows.
Therefore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur. Therefore for all the words of this letter, and [of that] which they had seen concerning this matter, and which had come to them,
The Jews ordained, and took upon them, and upon their seed, and upon all such who joined themselves to them, so as it should not fail, that they would keep these two days according to their writing, and according to their [appointed] time every year;
And [that] these days [should be] remembered and kept throughout every generation, every family, every province, and every city; and [that] these days of Purim should not fail from among the Jews, nor the memorial of them perish from their seed.
Then Esther the queen, the daughter of Abihail, and Mordecai the Jew, wrote with all authority, to confirm this second letter of Purim.
And he sent the letters to all the Jews, to the hundred twenty seven provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, [with] words of peace and truth,
To confirm these days of Purim in their [appointed] times, accordingly as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry.
And the decree of Esther confirmed these matters of Purim; and it was written in the Book.
And king Ahasuerus laid a tribute upon the land, and [upon] the isles of the sea.
And all the acts of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordecai, whereto the king advanced him, [are] they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the kings of Media and Persia?
For Mordecai the Jew [was] next to king Ahasuerus, and great among the Jews, and accepted of the multitude of his brethren, seeking the wealth of his people, and speaking peace to all his seed.